WateReuse reports: minimizing concentrate and overtreating

The WateReuse Research Foundation has recently released two new reports:

Minimizing Concentrate using Advanced Oxidation, Biofiltration, and Ion-Exchange Pretreatment for Electrodialysis Reversal (WRRF-12-01)
This project demonstrates a new potentially cost-effective approach to minimizing brine production and maximizing water recovery from the membrane treatment of high-salinity reclaimed water.

Fit for Purpose Water: The Cost of Overtreating Reclaimed Water (WRRF-10-01)
The report develops and applies a Triple Bottom Line framework to help ensure that the right treatment process for the intended use is selected without expending unnecessary funds, energy, and greenhouse gas emissions.