Water Scarcity, City of Cape Town Water Crisis


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Tapping into Table Mountain aquifer is among the measures proposed to beat the drought

Western Cape looks to desal, as Eksom issues RFP

Western Cape, South Africa, is to expedite an environmental impact assessment for a mobile desalination plant, as the area is officially declared a disaster zone due to water scarcity.

Arizona centre opens to address water scarcity

The University of Arizona's Water and Energy Sustainable Technology (WEST) Centre has opened with a brief to "help enable researchers, public officials, and industry leaders to work together in developing new technologies and more energy sustainable solutions to address water scarcity," according to founding member and sponsor, Dow Water and Process Solutions.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

GE reasserts policy proposals for water reuse

Engineering giant, GE, has again urged policymakers to consider four major policy options for water recycling and reuse first unveiled at Water Arabia 2015 in February this year.

IDA to support UAE water summit as knowledge partner

The International Desalination Association has announced that it will again be supporting the International Water Summit (IWS) 2014 in Abu Dhabi, UAE, as a knowledge partner.

Chinese lead water-reuse positivity in GE survey

GE announced on 5 June 2013 the final part of the results from its three-country 3,000-sample consumer water-reuse survey.

IDA releases more detail of Portofino conference

Abstracts of four "notable" papers for the the International Desalination Association's (IDA) Desalination Industry Action For Good conference in Portofino, Italy, in May were sent out by the association on 18 February 2011.

IDA issues call for papers for Portofino conference

The International Desalination Association is seeking presentations from industry and related NGOs on how the organization and the desalination community, as a whole, can be more responsive to human needs for clean and affordable potable water.

UNEP report informs financiers about power-water relationship

The opportunities available to financial institutions to encourage the adoption of best practices, which may include the introduction of eco-friendly technologies, such as membrane technology to recycle wastewater, are stressed in a report just published by the UN Environment Programme's Finance Initiative (ENEP FI).

Inside Osmoflo's containerised desalination unit

South Africa declares drought a national disaster, weighs desal options

South Africa has declared a national disaster owing to the severe drought that is threatening to cease water supplies in City of Cape Town.

A small scale desalination plant is planned for Cape Town's V&A Waterfront

Blame game begins ahead of Cape Town's 'day zero'

Mmusi Maimane, leader of South Africa's opposition party the Democratic Alliance, has slammed the national ministry of water and sanitation for failing in its duties, pointing out the high cost of building desalination plants.

Cape Town issued tenders for temporary, mobile, and large scale desalination solutions in August and September 2017

Cape Town temporary solutions due online in two to three months

Temporary desalination facilities will begin supplying Cape Town by December or January, city mayor Patricia de Lille confirmed in a briefing on Wednesday 4 October 2017.

Cape Town kicks off three stages of tendering in water crisis response

Cape Town has outlined a "portfolio response" to its water crisis based on the work of its water resilience task team over the past 11 weeks.

Cape Town, South Africa, is in the grip of a severe drought, and has been declared officially as a disaster zone

Cape Town calls for information on desalination solutions amid drought

Cape Town has issued a request for information (RfI) about possible solutions to the city's lack of water through desalination or other advanced water treatment.

The site of Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, north of Cape Town, South Africa, may host a project to pilot desalination for municipal use

South Africa nuclear plant to install desal unit amid worsening water crisis

South Africa's electricity utility Eskom is to install a desalination unit at Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, as water shortages in Cape Town hit crisis levels, reports South Africa's News24.com.

Ensure Your Water Future is the theme for the 2017 IDA World Congress in Sao Paulo, Brazil

IDA extends deadline for Congress submissions

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has extended the deadline for submitting abstracts for consideration in the technical programme for the 2017 IDA World Congress in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The new deadline is 11:59pm (EDT) next Tuesday, November 15, 2016.

A joint effort of 'political will and professional solutions' can solve the world's water crises, says new IWA president Diane d'Arras

IWA names d'Arras of Suez Water Europe as new president

The International Water Association has named as its new president Diane d'Arras, executive vice president, Suez Water Europe.

A mixture of fixed charges, variable charges, and environmental charges for water are in use worldwide

IWA highlights levels of water consumption and tariffs globally

Households in Washington DC, US, are the biggest consumers of water compared to 169 other world cities, while households in Jinja, Uganda, use the least amount of water, a new report shows.

PwC India sets out the potential for three-party fixed price model (TPFP) contracts in water reuse

PwC India urges government to develop reuse policy

PwC India is calling on the country's state and central governments "to jointly issue a national wastewater reuse policy with clear targets, setting out the legislative, regulatory and financial measures needed to achieve those targets".

Avshalom Felber, formerly Israel Ports and Railway Authority CFO, and deputy director of budgets at Israel's Ministry of Finance, has steered IDE for 14 years

Interview: IDE Technologies CEO Avshalom Felber

Above all, IDE is a solutions provider. So says chief executive Avshalom Felber, the former financial whizz turned water industry leader, as he outlines the company's unique mix of thermal and reverse osmosis (RO) technologies, operational expertise, and contractual nous.

GE’s zero liquid discharge technology aims to achieve 99 per cent wastewater reuse at Zhuozhou Jingyuan power plant

GE supports water reuse at new power plant in ZhuoZhou City, China

GE has signed a deal to supply water reuse technology to a new coal-fired power plant, Zhuozhou Jingyuan, in Hebei province, China, to help the plant meet new, tougher standards on water pollution.

Tajikistan's capital city of Dushanbe is poised to host an international water symposium

Tajikistan to host symposium on best practice in water management

The Republic of Tajikistan and the United Nations department of economic and social affairs are running a symposium on sustainable water management on 9 August, in Tajik's capital city, Dushanbe, reports Tehran Times.

Supplies of drinking water have run out in some places in India

Water scarcity stokes civil unrest in rural India

The Times of India is reporting a series of protests about a lack of drinking water by groups of hundreds of people in rural areas of southern India.

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Innovative feed spacer technology leads to enhanced reverse osmosis element performance

Innovations in feed spacer technology can enhance the performance of reverse osmosis (RO) technologies, write Dr Carsten Schellenberg and Alan D Sharpe of Conwed Plastics and LAXNESS.

EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference

The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.

Qatari research aims to

The Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) and Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop two pilot projects that could 'radically reduce the cost and energy use' of desalination.

Qatar backs Palestinian water projects

The Qatar Development Fund has signed up to back Middle East Desalination Research Center (MERDC) projects in Palestine and Jordan.

Desalitech teams up with Pall

High-efficiency reverse osmosis (RO) system specialist, Desalitech, has entered into a non- exclusive partnership with filtration, separation and purification technology firm Pall Corporation. The  agreement will enable the companies to offer integrated microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF) and RO solutions for water treatment applications worldwide.

The new plant would supply inhabitants of Pakistan's capital city Karachi

Karachi discusses potential desalination PPP

Karachi, Pakistan, is to develop a 50 million gallons a day (227,304 m3/d) desalination plant in partnership with the private sector, reports The Express Tribune.

Barbados ponders more desalination to tackle water scarcity

Barbados is very likely to soon have another desalination plant according to minister of agriculture, food, fisheries and water resource management, David Estwick.

The tourist destination of Hurghada, Egypt, will benefit from new desalination capacity

Egypt pledges $51 billion for water projects over 20 years

Egypt is stepping up efforts to address water scarcity, pledging EGP 900 billion ($51 billion) for a national water management plan over 20 years.

Indonesia moves to avoid water crisis

Indonesia is to develop seawater desalination projects in five islands of its Thousand Islands regency in a bid to head off a drought.

CONGRESS NEWS Desalination industry embraces conservation as vital ally

Desalination industry leaders this week declared emphatic support for the role of sustainable measures alongside advances in desalination to address growing water scarcity. Opening speakers at the IDA World Congress in San Diego emphasized the importance of conservation and water recycling in meeting an escalating global challenge from water scarcity.

Oman trial plant eases water scarcity

Trial operation of a new desalination plant near the Oman capital, Muscat, is already alleviating water scarcity there according to the Oman's Public Authority for Electricity and Water.

Population growth, drought, pollution, and high levels of leakage threaten water supply in the world's big cities

The world's top 11 most water-challenged cities

The BBC world news desk has compiled a list of the top 11 cities most likely to run out of water -- and they're not where you might think.

Bahrain energy bid includes desalt

A consortium, including Saudi-owned infrastructure firm ACWA Power, has in its bid for Bahrain's 390,000 tonne a year waste-to-energy plant the provision of desalinated water.

CH2M Hill teams with PUB in India

Consultant, CH2M HILL, in partnership with the Singapore Public Utilities Board (PUB) and Singapore Cooperation Enterprise, is providing water management services to the Rajasthan state government in India.

Norwegian desalination barge venture seeks Israeli expertise

Norwegian company, EnviroNor, is recruiting Israeli expertise to provide the water-processing technology necessary for its project to convert secondhand oil barges into floating desalination and wastewater treatment plants.



Chilean mining firm strikes desalination deal with water protesters

Chilean copper mining company, Antofagasta, has struck a deal with demonstrators from the town of Salamanca in the Choapa River Valley who had been blocking access to its Los Pelambres mine in Chile, in protest against the mine's consumption of water amid severe water scarcity in the region.

San Diego hires MWH/Brown and Caldwell team to manage city's US$ 2.7 billion drinking water

The city of San Diego, California has selected environmental engineering, consulting, and construction team, MWH/Brown and Caldwell, to manage and assist in the delivery of the city's US$ 2.7 billion drinking water programme, Pure Water San Diego.

Saudi poised for sevefold hike in water reuse

Unveiling a white paper highlighting government policy options for addressing water scarcity in Saudi Arabia, GE Power & Water said the kingdom was in a position to up its reuse of wastewater sevenfold to more than 240 million m³/year.

China's 2020 desalination plans could cause emissions surge

China's 2020 ambition to produce drinking water at 3 million m³day from desalination threatens to increase carbon emissions through increased use of largely coal-fired power generation according to the World Resources Institute (WRI). The institute said the energy penalty could be offset by some 75% by greater use of water reuse.

Oasys forward osmosis concentrates in China

Massachusetts-based Oasys Water has claimed its recent contract to supply a forward osmosis brine concentrator to a fossil-fuelled power plant in China to be a world first.

Dow signs Fluor to build new Saudi desalination component factory

The Dow Chemical Company has appointed Fluor Corporation to build a new factory to manufacture reverse osmosis components for desalination plants in Saudi Arabia.

Trinidad and Tobago remain on dry alert despite desalination upgrade completion

Trinidad and Tobago remain under a dry spell alert as a completed upgrade at the desalination plant in Point Lisas takes up to two months to provide fully its increased capacity.

UK water firm plans two water reuse plants

UK water company South East Water is to develop two water reuse schemes as part of its bid to ensure supply meets demand to 2040. 

Ark W Pang

Pang joins Seven Seas Water as senior vice president

Ark W Pang has joined Seven Seas Water Corporation as senior vice president, chief business development officer and a member of the executive committee.

Registration open for WateReuse research conference

Registration is open for the 18th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination Research Conference to be held by the WateReuse Research Foundation in Las Vegas on 19-20 May 2014.

Arizona wants DPR/seawater desalination plan to start now

An immediate start on work to prepare for direct potable water reuse and seawater desalination is proposed by the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) in a report recently published by the US state's government.

WRI publishes country chart of water-stress exposure

A ranked list of countries showing their exposure to water-stress was released on 12 December 2012 by the World Resources Institute (WRI).

Japan funds desalination relief for South Pacific islands

The construction of a 30 m³/d desalination plant has relieved freshwater problems for around 200 inhabitants of Vanuavatu, one of the islands in the southern Lau Group in the South Pacific.

Desert community MD trial produces first water

First water was produced in mid-November 2013 by the membrane distillation plant set up in the Great Victoria Desert, Australia, by a team from the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Papers invited for WSTA 2014 Gulf Water Conference

The Water Science & Technology Association (WSTA) has invited papers for its 11th Gulf Water Conference on Water in the GCC ... towards efficient management in October 2014 in Muscat, Oman.

By 2050, the world will require 50 per cent more food production

IDA joins with UN's FAO to address water scarcity in agriculture

The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to partner with the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), and its Water Scarcity in Agriculture (WASAG) initiative.

Algerian minister announces desalination plant at El Marsa

Algeria's minister of water resources, Hocine Necib, announced on 6 October 2013 that a seawater desalination plant would be constructed "soon" in the town of El Marsa, according to the state‑run Algeria Press Service.

Texas will need desalination says land commissioner

The Texas Land Commissioner, Jerry Patterson, said on 29 August 2013 at the Texas Groundwater Summit in San Marcos that the state would need more alternatives such as desalination to provide a solution for its thirsty growing population.

Wade Miller stepping down as WateReuse director

The executive director of the WateReuse Association and the WateReuse Research Foundation, G Wade Miller, announced on 8 August 2013 his resignation from the two organizations effective 31 March 2014.

Governor signs bill to implement Texas water plan

A bill signed by the governor of the state of Texas, USA, on 28 May 2013 will help promote innovative water reuse and conservation in the state as it implements the State Water Plan.

Egypt anticipates a reduction in Nile river water availability following completion of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Egypt's al-Sisi has a mega desal scheme in his sights

Egypt is to build a mega desalination plant in response to water scarcity concerns, reports news24.com.

Speakers announced for IDA conference in Banff

Speakers and sessions for the May conference on Water Recycling and Desalination for the Oil & Gas Industry have been announced by the organizers, the International Desalination Association (IDA).

IDA announces May 2013 oil and gas conference

The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to organize its first technical conference focused on water treatment strategies for the oil & gas industry.

Pretreatment adaptation for Namibian SWRO plant

A 400 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Walvis Bay, Namibia, is to be upgraded under a contract announced at the end of September by Aqua Services & Engineering (ASE).

Installed desalination growth slowed in 2011‑2012

Installed desalination capacity around the world rose by only 9% last year to reach 78.4 million m³/d, according to the latest data published by the International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

Texas moves towards direct potable reuse

The US state of Texas has taken a step towards direct potable water reuse (DPR) with the Texas Water Development Board awarding a study project to Alan Plummer Associates Inc, consultants based in the state.

South Australia looks at 2050 arid-land water balance

The South Australian (SA) state government is assessing sustainable water supplies for its arid regions up to 2050 and will complete The South Australian Arid Lands Demand & Supply Statement by December 2012.

NCEDA's CEO attacks east-coast desalination critics

As Perth, on Australia's west coast, experiences its driest July on record, the CEO of the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA), Neil Palmer, has taken on the media and politicians on the country's east coast over the recent spending on desalination.

Aquatech implementing ZLD for Chinese fertilizer plant

A concentrated brine treatment plant for a Chinese fertilizer is to be provided by Aquatech in the city of Ordos in the Inner Mongolia region.

West Basin adds water efficiency to reuse & desalination

West Basin Municipal Water District in southern California recently completed a Water Efficiency Master Plan that will double water savings from to 6 billion gallons (22,710 million m³) in 17 coastal Los Angeles cities by the year 2020.

World Bank publishes report on Arab water reuse

Total water reuse in the Arab world is estimated at 2,170 million m³ per year, according to a report just published by the World Bank summarising the findings of the Expert Consultation Meeting on Wastewater Management in the Arab World, convened in Dubai in May 2011.

New Dubai base for Black & Veatch

Engineering company Black & Veatch (B&V) announced on 11 January 2012 that it has moved its Middle East office to a new location in Dubai, UAE.

EU launches low-volume desalination project in Gaza

A € 10 million desalination project for the Gaza Strip was launched on 12 December 2011 by the European Union (EU) as part of its latest contribution to supporting the Palestinian Authority.

Cautious thumbs-up for Red-Dead project feasibility

The large-scale conveyance of seawater from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea is technically possible and could deliver large amounts of desalinated water using conventional processes.

NSF publishes commercial/residential water-reuse standard

The first US national standard for commercial and residential onsite water-reuse treatment systems was published on 15 November 2011 by NSF International, the US-based public health and environmental organization.

Desalination "too expensive" as Pacific island solution

A UN aid coordinator for the Pacific region said on 2 November 2011 that desalination was probably not a future solution for drought prevention in island groups like Tuvalu and Tokelau.

Japanese fund three desalination plants for Tuvalu

A 100 m³/d desalination plant and two 10 m³/d plants are to be included in a US$ 4 million project for the drought-stricken islands of Tuvalu approved by the Pacific Environment Community (PEC) Fund on 7 October 2011.

Desalination and reuse in Water Leaders' Blue Paper

Key ideas from the Water Leaders Summit at this year's Singapore International Water Week have been captured in the latest Water Week 2011 publications, Blue Paper and Solutions.

IDA conference raises US$ 120,000 for Madagascar project

The International Desalination Association (IDA) reports that its Desalination Industry Action for Good conference has raised US$ 120,000 to help alleviate water shortages for residents of Ankililoaka, Madagascar.

Minton to lead WRRF research programs

Julie Minton has been appointed director of research programs by the WateReuse Research Foundation (WRRF), which conducts and promotes applied research on water reuse and desalination.

Keppel in US$ 46 million water-reuse JV in Tianjin

Keppel Integrated Engineering (KIE) signed a joint-venture agreement with Tianjin Eco-City Investment & Development Co (TECID) on 17 April 2011 to pursue the building, owning and operation of a water reclamation plant in the Eco-City.

Pentair to buy CPT division from Norit

Pentair Inc is to acquire the Netherlands-based Clean Process Technologies (CPT) division of Norit Holding BV in the second quarter of this year for € 503 million (US$ 705 million), plus net debt at closing.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

China to cut industrial water use per unit output

Water used for China's industry will be reduced by 7% this year and by 30% by 2015 against unit output, Zhou Changyi, director of energy conservation, told a conference in Nanjing on 28 March 2011.

Water rights row could delay Western Australia desalination plant

A row over water rights in the north-west of Australia could lead to delay in the construction of the West Pilbara Seawater Desalination Plant, despite assurances in February 2011 from Western Australia's (WA) state government that the project was on track.

China halfway to 1 million m³/d seawater desalination

China's seawater desalination capacity now stands at 524,000 m³/d, according to Li Baochun, deputy director of the Tianjin Municipal Commission of Science & Technology, quoted in the People's Daily.

Befesa wins 60,000 m³/d desalination plant in Ghana

Spain's Befesa Agua has won a US$ 110 million contract for the Nungua, Burma Camp & Industrial Sector Water Project in Ghana which involves a 60,000 m³/d desalination plant.

The Al Ansab SMBR plant is probably the largest of its type in the world.

Oman's submerged membrane bioreactor proves itself

Membrane bioreactors are a very attractive option in the Middle East, where acute water scarcity means countries are increasingly looking to reserve expensive desalinated water solely for potable use. ACWA MBR's Al Ansab submerged membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plant in Muscat, Oman, one of the biggest of its kind in the world, has recently undergone its proving process. This article first appeared in the November/December 2010 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Water scarcity is the biggest driver of water reuse, say respondents to our industry survey

Water reuse: a growing market of opportunity and challenge

Survey findings suggest a market with the technical expertise, innovative ideas, and will to service customers' water needs, while a lack of money, reluctance to take chances on new technology, and instances of poor governance present challenges.

Kalpakkam Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Plant, India

Water scarcity can make nuclear option attractive to some countries

Nuclear power and desalination have been seen as symbiotic technologies for a long time. The combination is viewed as an attractive option for countries that have nuclear capability but which also lack sufficient potable water. The author reviews recent advances in IAEA member states to improve reactors with regard to desalination. He also looks at major recent nuclear desalination studies and projects around the globe This article first appeared in the November/December 2011 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine. It has already appeared on this site, but was accidentally deleted.

Desalination promotion part of Colorado river agreement

Mexico and the USA agreed to promote cooperation on desalination technology through the construction of more competitive desalination plants as part of an agreement on the use of the Colorado river signed on 20 December 2010.

Deadline soon for InDA Congress abstracts

Abstracts for the Indian Desalination Association (InDA) Congress - InDACON 2011 - must reach the association by 1 December 2010.

Berlin venue for next GWI/IDA water summit

Former UN secretary general Kofi Annan will be the guest speaker at the next Global Water Summit organized by Global Water Intelligence and the International Desalination Association, which will be in Berlin, Germany, on 18-19 April 2011.

LA utility tops US water bond risk says report

A report published on 21 October 2010 by Ceres and Water Asset Management alleges that few participants in the US water and electricity bond market -- including investors, bond rating agencies and the utilities themselves -- are accounting for growing water scarcity, legal conflicts and other threats in their analyses.

Befesa chooses ERI again for Qingdao seawater desalination

The 100,000 m³/d Qingdao seawater desalination plant in China is to become the seventh Befesa- built reverse-osmosis plant to use PX isobaric energy-recovery devices from Energy Recovery Inc (ERI).

Miguel Angel Sanz, director of strategic development at Suez treatment infrastructure, will steer the IDA to 2019

IDA names Sanz new president as World Congress opens in Sao Paulo

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has named Miguel Angel Sanz, director of strategic development at Suez treatment infrastructure, as its new president for 2017 to 2019, as IDA World Congress 2017 opened in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Monday 16 October 2017.

CaribDA to sponsor Chile desalination seminar

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) announced on 14 October 2010 that it would be a sponsor of a seminar on Desalination, Innovations & Sustainable Development to be held in Antofagasta, Chile, during 29 November - 1 December 2010.

The report, Water Reuse: Drivers, Innovations and Public Perceptions, is available to download from the link below

Industry eyes 30 per cent growth in reuse revenues this year

Industry professionals in desalination and water reuse are strongly optimistic about the outlook for growth in reuse activity in the year ahead, a new survey by Water. desalination + reuse can reveal.

Portofino, Italy

Rotary International joins IDA for Social Responsibility desalination event

A three day international conference in Italy in 2011 on Development of Desalination Technology for Social Responsibility features for the first time a unique cooperation between the International Desalination Association (IDA) and Rotary International.

1,100 US counties face water supply crisis by 2050, says report

A new analysis for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), examining the effects of global warming on water supply and demand in the contiguous United States, has found that more than 1,100 counties will face higher risks of water shortages by mid-century as the result of global warming.

GE signs up for Indian industry wastewater reuse partnership

GE and Ramky Enviro Engineers, the Indian environment and waste management organization, have signed emergency water and industrial wastewater treatment agreements specifically designed to address India's industrial wastewater treatment and recycling needs.

Aquatech unveils Dutch subsidiary

Aquatech, US provider of desalination, water reuse and zero-liquid discharge (ZLD) sytems, announced on 15 April 2010 the establishment of Aquatech BV, a fully owned subsidiary in Leiden, the Netherlands.


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