Tender, Tender, Tunisia, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Desalination, Kenya, Water Quality, Malta


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Indians providing MBR wastewater treatment in Africa

Indian water technology provider Shivsu Canadian Clear International Ltd has won orders worth US$ 6 million from private organizations and governments in Africa to set up membrane-based industrial wastewater treatment plants in Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia.

Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise

Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.

Tunisia poised to tender for Sfax desalination plant

Tunisia's national water company, Sonede, is poised to launch a tender for the construction of its 150,000 m³/day desalination plant at the coastal city, Sfax in May 2015.

Desalination booming in Tunisia

Desalination in Tunisia took a major step forward in July with the award of the 50,000 m³/d Djerba seawater desalination contract to a consortium including Befesa of Spain, announced on 14 July 2010, and the launch of a tender for the supply of ten brackish-water desalination plants at the end of the month.

Qala village is at the eastern most point of Gozo Island, close to the main Maltese archipelago

Malta tenders Euro 10 million desalination project

The Water Services Corporation of Malta has issued a tender for a reverse osmosis plant at Hondoq Bay on the Island of Gozo.

OPWP seeks consultant for two desalination projects

The Oman Power and Water Procurement Company SAOC (OPWP) has invited specialized companies to submit offers for supervisory consultancy services for the Ghubrah IWP and Barka I water projects, both of which involve desalination plants.

Texas desalination RFQ period ends on 14 September

The qualification period for a feasibility study for a large seawater desalination plant in Texas, USA, ends on 14 September 2012.

Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

Prequalification invited for Ghubrah IWP in Oman

Submissions have been invited by Oman Power & Water Procurement Company by 17 November 2011 for qualification to tender for the development of an independent water project at Ghubrah (Ghubrah IWP) in Muscat governate.

Consolidated bidding for Mexican SWRO desalination

Consolidated Water Co (CWCO) has declared itself to be one of the tenderers for the El Salitral desalination plant in Baja California, Mexico. Bids are due by June.

Accusations fly in Israeli desalination chaos

Chaos still reigns in Israel over the Ashdod desalination plant, which is now the subject of accusations from the national water company Mekorot against losing tenderers Shikun u'Binui (SKBN) and Global Environmental Services (GES).

Eight bidders for Singapore's second desalination plant

Eight companies/consortia had expressed interest in Singapore's second and largest desalination plant when the tender for the project closed on 23 October 2010.

Bidding for largest solar desalination plant opens soon

Tenders for the world's largest solar-powered seawater desalination plant in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, will be invited next month by utility company Utico Middle East.

Singapore tenders 318,500 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A tender for a 70 MIGD (318,500 m³/d) desalination plant to be built at Tuas, Singapore, was launched on 30 June 2010 by the country's national water agency, PUB.

Mexican desalination tender reported set for April

Conagua, the national water authority of Mexico, is reported to be set to launch a tender in April for a 21,500 m³/d desalination plant in Baja California.

Mumbai desalination study deadline extended

The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) in India has extended until 15 November 2009 its tender deadline for a techno-economic feasibility study for a desalination plant in Mubai, according to a local website.

Hutchison leaves Ashdod desalination bidding race

The Israeli national water company, Mekorot, has confirmed reports from Israel that the Hutchison group has dropped out of the bidding for the Ashdod desalination plant.

Siemens seeks bigger Israel desalination role

According to reports from Israel, Siemens is looking to up its stake in the 275,000 m³/d Soreq desalination plant from supplier to equity partner.

Ashdod desalination tender launched by Mekorot

Mekorot Development & Enterprises (MD&E), a subsidiary of the Israeli national water company, issued on 1 February 2009 a tender for the design, building, commissioning and supervision on a turnkey basis of the Ashdod seawater desalination plant.

Oman's Sur desalination plant seeks large expansion

The owner and operator of Oman's Sur seawater desalination plant, Sharqiyah Desalination Company (SDC), has filed a bid with the Oman Tender Board for approval of a proposed expansion of 10.6 MIGD (48,000 m³/d) to the plant.

Consultants sought for Ajman SWRO desalination

The Federal Electricity and Water Authority (FEWA) in the UAE has issued a tender (19W/2013) for consultancy services for a seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Al Zawra, Ajman.

Tender for Chennai RO water-reuse plant feasibility

Bids are due by 22 February 2012 for a prefeasibility study for a 45,000 m³/d membrane-based tertiary wastewater treatment plant in Chennai, India.

Singapore's Changi wastewater reclamation plant.

Tender later this year for Changi expansion

A tender will be called in the second half of 2011 for construction and installation of an expansion to Singapore's Changi Water Reclamation Plant using membrane technology.

City of Sydney seeks water recycling masterplan

The City of Sydney is seeking tenders to develop a decentralised water masterplan to produce more 10 % of the Australian city's water supply from local sources.

Mombasa County in Keyna is looking to seawater desalination to make up a 73 per cent water supply shortfall

Kenya's Mombasa County seeks bids for desalination project

Mombasa County, Kenya, is inviting sealed bids and expressions of interest for a contract to manage procurement of a major desalination project.

The city of Mombasa on the Indian Ocean has an estimated population of 1.2 million

Reports: Mombasa awards desalination contract

Mombasa County, Keyna, has awarded a design, build and operate contract for new desalination capacity, reports Daily Nation.

The most-read stories on desalination and water reuse in 2018 around the globe

Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018

The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.

The city of Sfax is at a central point along Tunisia's Mediterranean coastline

Tunisia's SONEDE secures $328 million for Sfax seawater desal project

Tunisia's national water utility SONEDE has secured a loan of JPY 36.7 billion ($328 million) from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to build a seawater desalination plant at Sfax.

Kenya signs MoU for Mombasa desalination study

The government of Kenya has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for Toyota Tsusho Corporation to carry out a feasibility study for a 100,000 m³/d desalination plant in the Mombasa district.

IDE to hold workshop at key UNEP meeting in Kenya

Leading desalination company IDE Technologies will be presenting its Progreen™ reverse-osmosis desalination technology at the 12th Special Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GC/GMEF) of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Kenya on 20-22 February 2012.

The Innova 100 m³/d automatic RO system

Automatic Italian RO bought by Kenyan resort

A means of getting reverse-osmosis (RO) into sub-Saharan Africa has been provided by Italy's Innova Ltd, which recently delivered its first automatic seawater RO desalination plant with 100 m³/d capacity to a tourist resort in Kenya.

Lamu old town, Kenya, is a UNESCO World Heritage site

Kenya authorities signal desalination project in Lamu County

The LAPSSET Authority is to build a desalination facility in Lamu County, Kenya, reports Kenya News Agency.

KfW signs Djerba desalination loan agreement in Tunisia

Tunisia's Société Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE) signed an agreement on 22 August 2013 with the German development bank KfW for a loan of around € 60 million for the Djerba seawater desalination plant.

Tunisia desalination project completes feasibility check

Tunisia's National Water Company has completed a feasibility study for a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located at Zaarat, in the south east of the country. The plant will be constructed in two 50,000 m³/d phases.

Mombasa is hoping to become the first African city to host the IDA World Congress

Kenya's a contender for IDA 2021 World Congress

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has shortlisted Mombasa, Kenya, among four finalists to host its 2021 World Congress, reports The Star.

Three desalination plants for south Tunisia in 2011

The Tunisian government announced on 30 August 2010 that Société Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE), the national water agency, had developed a plan for the creation in 2011 of three water desalination plants in the Gabes region at a total cost of more than TND 14 million (US$ 9.4 million).

Bank agrees desalination study funding in Tunisia

A study of seawater desalination at Zarat, Tunisia, was one of nine projects and programs given grants by the African Development Bank (AfDB) in agreements signed with the Tunisian government on 12 March 2010.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

Tenders soon for Tunisian desalination plants

International tenders were due to be invited in October 2008 by the Tunisian water company Sonede for the remaining 11 of 14 desalination plants to be built as part of a national program to improve water supply in southern Tunisia.

Korean-led venture strikes Tunisian desalination plant deal

South Korean-owned, water treatment company GS Inima Environment has secured a €69.4 million ($93.9 million) deal to build a desalination plant in Tunisia.

The new desalination plant at Playas de Rosarito will be on the coast adjacent to the existing power station

Consolidated Water lines up Mexican mega-project

The Playas de Rosarito seawater RO desalination mega-plant project has been six years in the making. It began as a twinkle in Consolidated Water's eye even before Mexico had introduced its new public-private partnerships law, but the act's introduction in 2012 gave the project a clear structure for moving ahead.

The Sidem distillers were delivered in two major shipments direct to the project site, each one weighing 2,600 tonnes. Six of the distillers were shipped from UAE, and the other four came from China

How we delivered Az Zour North phase one

"With hindsight we were very lucky to get everything through on time and that our construction partner Hyundai Heavy Industries was on time. Fortunately we escaped a lot of those little wrinkles that need sorting out during construction, and can drag on and on, and so we kept to time," says Andy Biffen, chief executive of project delivery vehicle Az Zour Shamal.

Access to clean drinking water has emerged as an election issue in Pakistan

Pakistan election debate spotlights desalination

The Pakistan People's Party (PPP) has promised to prioritise investments in desalination plants as part of its election manifesto 2018, as popular concern over water scarcity grows.

Ceramic nanofiltration company gets big investor

ItN Nanovation AG, a start-up company in Saarbrucken, Germany, making nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 9 December 2010 a framework investment agreement with the US investment fund YA Global Master SPV Ltd, part of the Yorkville Group.

Methane to power Queensland CSG desalination plant

A desalination plant in southwest Queensland for the burgeoning coal-seam gas (CSG) industry is to be built by a consortium of GE and Laing O'Rourke for leading Australian gas explorer and producer QGC.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

Wellthy has tested its system on waters from Yangon river, whose turbidity is rising due to lengthening rainy seasons in Myanmar

Tokyo's Wellthy Corp forms joint venture in Myanmar

Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation subsidiary Wellthy Corp has formed a joint venue with Myanmar Water Engineering & Products (MWEP) to provide EPC and water quality analysis services in Myanmar.

Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages

Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.

EBRD in talks with Egypt on desalination finance

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is negotiating with the public private partnership (PPP) unit of Egypt's ministry of finance over possible private sector involvement in the unit's infrastructure projects including a desalination facility.

ADWEA issues RfP for Mirfa power and desalination

The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) last week issued a request for proposals from prequalified bidders for its build‑own‑operate extension of power generation and reverse osmosis (RO) water desalination at Al Mirfa.

Sixteen bid for Texas seawater desalination qualification

The Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (GBRA) in Texas, USA, has received 16 responses to its request for qualifications issued in April 2012 for a feasibility study of a major seawater desalination project to supply the river basin with a fresh source of water.

Oman to issue tenders for two projects

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) is poised to issue a prequalification tender to build new water desalination plants across the sultanate.

Nirosoft wins large Colombian desalination plant

Nirosoft Industries Ltd has been awarded a contract by Pacific Rubiales Energy Corp (PREC) for design and construction of a produced-water desalination plant in Colombia.

RWL consortium wins Baja California desalination deal

Mid market water treatment firm, RWL Water, in a consortium with Mexican partners, Libra Ingenieros and RJ Ingenieria, has won a contract to build a 22,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in San Quintín, Baja California.

Cyprus desalination failure 'setback for European aid'

Failure to implement the seawater desalination plant at Sirianokhori/Kumköy in the Turkish part of Cyprus represents a significant setback for the overall European Community assistance programme to this region, according to the European Court of Auditors (ECA).

DEWA defers Hassyan project indefinitely

After endless delays, the Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) announced on 18 April 2012 that it has finally deferred the Hassyan I independent power project (IPP), which would have had a 450,000 m³/d desalination component, until further notice.

RFQ issued for Huntington Beach desalination engineers

Engineering firms have been invited to qualify to serve as the Owner's Engineer for the Huntington Beach Seawater Desalination Project in California, USA.

Pentair X-Flow UF pretreatment for Ashdod desalination

The giant Ashdod seawater reverse-osmosis desalination (SWRO) plant under construction in Israel is to have ultrafiltration (UF) pretreatment supplied by Pentair X-Flow.

Sumitomo grouping ahead for Kuwait power/desalination

A consortium of Sumitomo Corporation, International Power-GDF Suez and Abdullah Hamad Al Sagar and Bros Co has been declared preferred bidder for the Az Zour North Independent Power & Water Project in Kuwait.

Proposals invited for Oman's Al Ghubrah desalination

The Oman Power & Water Procurement Company issued a request for proposals to prequalified bidders on 4 March 2012 for a build-own-operate contract for the construction of a desalination-based independent water project (IWP) in Al Ghubrah with a capacity of 42 MIGD (191,000 m³/d).

Sydney desalination lease shortlist now only three - report

The shortlist for the lease to run the 250,000 m³/d capacity Sydney desalination plant is reported to have been narrowed to three consortia.

Singapore to build fourth desalination plant

Singapore's national water agency, PUB, has tendered for the provision of consultancy services for a desalination plant in Marina East - the country's fourth.

Feasibility study sought for Durban desalination

Umgeni Water, a major bulk water supplier in South Africa, has issued a tender for a detailed feasibility study of a seawater desalination plant for Durban, according to a report in Business Day on 4 November 2011.

Palmachim only Israeli desalination plant to agree extension

Only one of the three existing large desalination plants in Israel asked to submit proposals to the government for increasing their output has come up with an offer.

Seven groups bid for giant Oman scheme

Seven multinational company-led consortiums have pitched for the Oman's largest independent water desalination project. The 330 Ml/d scheme will include two sites at Barka and Sohar on Oman's Batinah coast.



Ashdod desalination plant gets financial approval

Israel's Ministerial Tender Committee for Desalination, under the Finance Ministry, announced on 7 July 2011 that it had accepted the proposal from national water company Mekorot to build the seawater desalination plant in Ashdod.

Acciona to supply renewable energy to Acuamed desalination plants

Spanish company Acciona has received a contract to supply power to all the desalination and water treatment plants and other installations in Spain managed by the government agency Aguas de las Cuencas Mediterraneas (Acuamed).

Modern Water claims first FO commercial desalination contract

UK-based Modern Water has won what is believed to be the first ever forward-osmosis (FO) commercial contract for desalination, following its award of a UK£ 500,000 (US$ 810,000) contract for a 200 m³/d plant by Oman's Public Authority for Electricity & Water (PAEW).

Cape Town action on desalination and water reuse

The City of Cape Town, South Africa, is planning to issue a tender for a feasibility study of a "large‐ scale" seawater desalination plant within the next month. The study will determine the most appropriate location and size for such a plant.

Bids for Hassyan IPW project expected by October

Bids have been invited from a shortlist of 18 developers for the Hassyan I Independent Power & Water Project in Dubai, which will include a 120 MGD (454,000 m³/d) seawater desalination plant.

US$ 400 million funding agreed for Sorek desalination

The consortium building the Sorek seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel announced on 23 May 2011 that it has entered into agreements to obtain US$ 400 million in project financing to construct and operate the plant.

Joint venture to build US$ 196 million desalination plant at Ras Al Khaimah

A joint venture between Spain's Grupo Cobra and Emirates-based Utico Middle East is building a Dh 719 million (US$ 195.7 million) desalination plant in northernmost emirate, Ras Al Khaimah.

KPMG wins Ghubrah IWP preparatory contract

Consulting services for development of the Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Oman are understood to have been won by KPMG, according to the Oman Daily Observer on 30 March 2011.

Consultants sought for Chennai III desalination plant

Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) has called for tenders for consultancy services for a third seawater desalination plant for the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India.

March tender for Dubai's 545,000 m³/d Hassyan desalination plant

Originally tendered in June 2008, the much-delayed 120 MIGD (545,000 m³/d) Hassyan desalination plant, with its associated 1,500 MW power station, is to be tendered in March 2011, the Dubai Electricity & Water Authority announced on 27 February 2011.

Dubai utility accepts bids for solar desalination project

Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has accepted seven bids to develop a pilot solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project.

FEWA tenders Al Ghalila SWRO desalination plant

A tender notice for a desalination plant at Al Ghalila, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, was issued on 27 January 2011 by the Federal Electricity & Water Authority.

Gold miner opts for desalination to supply planned Mexican mine

The gold mining arm of energy firm, Chesapeake, has opted to use desalinated seawater to supply water for its proposed Metates gold and silver mining project in Durango state, Mexico. It has tendered for proposals to build and operate a 55Ml/d desalination facility to supply the mine with fresh water.

Sorek desalination construction under way

Construction of the Sorek seawater desalination plant in Israel was begun on 16 January 2011 by SDL Desalination Ltd, a consortium led by IDE Technologies with Hutchison Water.

Wabag JV lands Oman port desalination contract

Chennai-based Wabag Ltd, in joint venture with fellow Indian contractor Nagarjuna Construction Company (NCC), has been awarded a contract for the completion of a seawater treatment plant, which will supply desalinated water to various industrial production plants in the Sohar International Port Complex.

Mexican desalination plant to tender soon

Comision Estadal Del Agua De Baja California (CEA) in Mexico is to build a 21,600 m³/d desalination plant in the city of Ensenada, to be tendered with a 40% federal contribution towards its estimated cost of Peso 351.900 million (US$ 28.8 million). The successful tenderer will contribute the remaining 60%.

Oman gives green light to five bids to tender for giant desalination duo

The Omani government has prequalified five utility-led consortiums for the next phase of a competitive tender for a license to build two major water desalination projects on Oman's Batinah coast.

Japanese duo bags Qatar power and water contract

Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) has selected a Japanese consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation and Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco), named K1 Energy, to build an electricity and water plant comprising a 590,000 m³/d desalination facility and a 2.4 GW gas-fired power station at Umm Al Houl, 20km south of the city of Doha.

Dubai invites bids for turnkey solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project

The Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has issued a tender inviting bids for the design, installation and testing and commissioning of a pilot photovoltaic-powered pumping and reverse osmosis water desalination system.

Bahrain energy bid includes desalt

A consortium, including Saudi-owned infrastructure firm ACWA Power, has in its bid for Bahrain's 390,000 tonne a year waste-to-energy plant the provision of desalinated water.

IDE wins Chinese follow-on order for four MED desalination plants

Four additional multi-effect distillation (MED) desalination units, each with a production capacity of 25,000 m³/day of distilled water, are to be supplied for Tianjin SDIC, China's new electricity- generation megaplant, by IDE Technologies of Israel.

Caribbean successes for Seven Seas Water

The US Virgin Islands Water & Power Authority (WAPA) voted on 24 May 2010 to outsource all its desalination water supply to Seven Seas Water Corporation in a move intended to cut its water production costs in half.

Jordan Red Sea project developer 'will be announced in May'

Following evaluation of 30 letters of interest in the massive Red-Dead water transfer and desalination project, Jordan's Ministry of Water & Irrigation will announce the qualified bidder to serve as the master developer this month, according to the Jordan Times on 11 May 2010.

Netanyahu steps into Ashdod desalination argument

Prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has ordered Israel's national water authority, Mekorot, the Finance Ministry and the Infrastructure Ministry to submit proposals for a cost-effective desalination plant in Ashdod within 30 days, according to Israel National News (Arutz Sheva).

Ras Al Khaimah seawater desalination has algae shield

Northernmost of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Ras Al Khaimah, has opened a 68 Ml/d seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) project in Ghallilah on the emirate's west coast that is equipped to "overcome the red tide phenomena" - the seasonal proliferation of algae that blights the emirates' coastline.

Acuamed desalination plants to use renewable energy

All the desalination plants owned by Acuamed, the Spanish water supplier, as well as distribution networks and company offices, will be run on renewable energy, the company announced on 22 December 2009.

IDE confirms Sorek desalination win

Israel's IDE Technologies confirmed on 15 December 2009 that Sorek Desalination Ltd (SDL), a joint venture with Hutchison Water, had won the Sorek (previously Soreq) desalination plant tender.

Soreq desalination tenders said to have low water price

The three consortia bidding for the Soreq desalination project in Israel have submitted bids of less than NIS 2.50 (US$ 0.66) per m³ of fresh water, according to a report from the Globes financial news source.

Oman assigns special tag to two desalination projects

Oman has assigned "special project" status to two under-construction water desalination schemes on its Batinah coast to get around legal obstacles.

Oman calls for tenders to build its largest desalination plant

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) has opened pre-qualification for the selection of a private developer to build Oman's biggest independent water desalination project with a capacity of 531,000 m³/d.

SWCC privatization 'on track', says governor

The governor of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC), Fehied F Alshareef, issued a statement on 13 October 2009 saying that the SWCC privatization and restructuring implementation program remained on track, and that there was no intention to cancel or postpone it.

Construction starts on Melbourne desalination plant

Construction started on 6 October 2009 on the Melbourne Desalination Project in Australia, which will provide up to 150 million m³ of water each year to the city from the end of 2011.

Tender deadlines for Hassyan slip again

Three tenders for the Hassyan 1 (formerly Hassyan-P2) power and desalination complex have had their deadlines extended.

PX energy-recovery units selected for Palmachim expansion

Energy Recovery Inc announced on 9 September 2009 that its PX Pressure Exchanger™ (PX™) devices have been selected for use in the expansion of the 115,000 m³/d Palmachim desalination plant, one of the largest seawater reverse osmosis plants in Israel.


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