Temperature, Qatar, Multiple Effect Distillation
Qatar MED/TC desalination plant goes to Tri-Tech
A 5,760 m³/d multiple-effect distillation thermocompression desalination plant is to be provided for a petrochemical plant in Qatar by Tri-Tech Holding Inc.
Prince launches Ras Girtas desalination construction
Crown prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani of Qatar took part in a ceremony on 4 May 2009 to mark the start of construction of the Ras Girtas Power & Water Project in the Ras Laffan industrial zone.
Low-temperature distillation technology licensed to Sterling Water
The low-temperature distillation method of desalination developed by the New Mexico State University (NMSU) in the USA has been licensed to Sterling Water LLC of Qatar.
MED/TVC desalination plant inaugurated in Qatar
The Ras Laffan C power and desalination plant in Qatar was officially opened on 31 May 2011 in the presence of the emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, and Gérard Mestrallet, chairman and CEO of GDF Suez.
Japanese duo bags Qatar power and water contract
Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) has selected a Japanese consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation and Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco), named K1 Energy, to build an electricity and water plant comprising a 590,000 m³/d desalination facility and a 2.4 GW gas-fired power station at Umm Al Houl, 20km south of the city of Doha.
Qatar to set up US$ 500 million reverse osmosis desalination plant
Qatar utility, Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) is set to establish a US$ 500-million, reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant that will produce freshwater at 136 Ml/d.
Qatar agrees funding for Ras Abu Fontas MSF plant
A financing package worth US$ 450 million for the A2 desalination plant at Ras Abu Fontas has been finalized by the Qatar Electricity & Water Co, the company announced on 26 September 2013.
Mitsubishi contracts Hitachi for Qatar desalination plant
Qatar Electricity & Water Company has contracted a consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation and Toyo Thai Corporation Public Company Limited (TTCL), to build the Ras Abu Fontas (RAF) A2 seawater desalination plant.
Metito lands Bechtel SWRO desalination in Australia
Dubai-based Metito has landed two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants in Australia and is currently nearing completion of one in Qatar.
Doosan bags order from Samsung for Qatar treatment plant
Doosan Hydro Technology has won an order from South Korean engineering procurement and construction (EPC) contractor, Samsung Construction and Trading, for the water and wastewater treatment system on the Qatar Facility D integrated water and power production project.
Degremont-Marubeni JV wins Doha wastewater reuse extension
Qatar's Public Works Authority has awarded a € 65 million contract for expanding the Doha West membrane-based wastewater treatment and recycling plant to a joint venture of France's Degrémont and Japan's Marubeni Corporation.
Qatar ups desalination capacity
Qatar has upped its desalination capacity by 144 Ml/d after Qatar Electricity and Water's (QEWC's) inauguration of its US$ 504 million, Ras Abu Fontas multi-stage flash distillation plant A2. And QEWC has commenced construction work on its Ras Abu Fontas A3 desalination plant at Ras Abu Fontas, near Al Wakra.
Large wastewater expansion in Qatar to use UF
Indian engineering and construction company Larsen & Toubro announced on 11 May 2010 that its business unit had secured a contract for Doha South Sewage Treatment Works, Qatar, involving ultrafiltration technology.
Ras Laffan desalination plant sold to Qatar water company
The 40 MIGD (180,000 m³/d) Ras Laffan desalination plant in Qatar is to be owned in future by the Qatar Electricity & Water Company (QEWC).
Qatar initiative seeks sustainable water and energy
An initiative to help bring sustainability to Qatar's water and energy, which will include improved technologies for desalination, efficient reuse and zero-liquid discharge systems, was launched by Texas A&M University at Qatar on 1 February 2010.
Qatar prepared for soaring water demand
Requirements for water and power in Qatar are expected to soar by more than 50% by 2022 according to estimates from the state owned utility the Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa).
Norit to supply largest UF wastewater reuse plant
Keppel Seghers has ordered Norit XIGA ultrafiltration (UF) membrane technology for the Doha North Sewage Works wastewater reuse project in Qatar, supplier Norit X-Flow announced on 24 April 2009.
Veolia supplies RO desalination to Mauritania mine
A 1,500 m³/d reverse-osmosis (RO) brackish-water desalination plant has been supplied to a mine in Mauritania by Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa, with a heat-exchanger to cool the water.
Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water
A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.
Aquatech wins Oman MED deal
Water and wastewater technology firm, Aquatech, has won a contract to design and supply a multiple effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for Oman's Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company (Orpic).
Oman funds renewable desalination research
Oman has approved funding for research into harnessing renewable energy sources for water desalination in the sultanate.
Kuwait invites bids for Doha desalination plant as Az-Zour is 65% finished
Kuwait's ministry of electricity and water plans to invite bids for the first phase of a new desalination plant at Doha. Separately, construction of the first phase of a US$ 1.4 billion power and water plant at Az-Zour is close to twp-thirds complete.
Fujairah F2 desalination plant inaugurated
The Fujairah F2 Power & Seawater Desalination plant was inaugurated in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 9 May 2011.
AquaSwiss to market IDE's MED technology in MENA and SE Asia
Desalination system manufacturer IDE Technologies announced on 4 May 2010 that it had signed a technology transfer agreement with AquaSwiss AG, a Switzerland-based provider of advanced water solutions
Germans delivering small MVC/MED units to Saudi Arabia
Medesa GmbH of Germany has delivered a 180 m³/d desalination unit to the Al Marshad Group for the industrial area in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.
Aquatech awarded a 10,000 m³/d MED plant in Egypt
Aquatech is to design and supply a multiple-effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for the Abu Qir Thermal Power Plant near Alexandria, Egypt.
Entropie wins Algerian MED desalination units
Sidem subsidiary Entropie has been awarded a contract by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the supply of three multiple-effect distillation (MED) desalination units with a net capacity of 3,600 m³/d each.
Developing membrane distillation for desalination brines
Membrane distillation is the subject of a great deal of research and development around the world, as D&WR has often reported. In Qatar, the emphasis is on using it to produce a high-quality distillate from high-salinity brines rejected from thermal desalination. The team has proved the viability of the process and is now testing it under real field conditions This article first appeared in the August/September 2013 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Desalination capacity increasing by 50% in 2013 says IDA
Desalination plants with a total capacity of 6 million m³/d are expected to come on line during 2013, a 50% increase on 2012, according to new data from the International Desalination Association and GWI DesalData.
Is water in the grip of a skills crisis?
In an engineering-heavy sector such as water, it's a truism that well qualified people are thin on the ground. But is it more accurate to say that the global water industry in the grip of a skills crisis?
Qatar and Sweden plot renewables-fuelled desalination project
A renewables-fuelled desalination project aiming to produce water for $1/m3 is to be jointly developed by Qatar and Sweden, reports The Peninsular.
Major water-sector contractor formed in Dubai
The Leighton Group, which has been involved in the construction of three of Australia's large seawater desalination plants, has brought two group companies together in Dubai, UAE, to create a strong water and environment contracting company.
Qatar's first big seawater RO plant is nearly complete
The first large scale seawater RO plant in Qatar, Ras Abu Fontas A3, is to complete by the end of March 2017, reports Gulf Times.
Suez buoyed by strong International division
Suez has reported organic revenue growth of 1.1 per cent for the year ended December 2016, driven by a 4.7 per cent rise at its International division.
Qatar looks to boost capacity ahead of 2022 World Cup
Qatar is to expand its desalination capacity to support construction works ahead of the 2022 World Cup, and in line with the country's transformation plan Vision 2030, Qatari newspaper Al Sharq reports.
EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference
The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.
Qatari research aims to
The Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) and Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop two pilot projects that could 'radically reduce the cost and energy use' of desalination.
Qatar backs Palestinian water projects
The Qatar Development Fund has signed up to back Middle East Desalination Research Center (MERDC) projects in Palestine and Jordan.
IDA announces nine new Gulf task force members
The importance now being accorded to the environment by the desalination industry was emphasized on 22 April 2010 when the International Desalination Association (IDA) announced the addition of nine distinguished scientists to its Gulf regional task force and an environmental symposium in Bahrain in December 2010.
Qatar researchers trial membrane distillation system
Researchers at Qatar University College of Engineering, in collaboration with a team from petrochemical giant, ConocoPhillips' Global Water Sustainability Centre, have developed low- carbon desalination technology, membrane distillation.
IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force
The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.
UN urges desalination industry to improve on brine
The United Nations has called on the desalination industry to clean up its act on brine as the number of desalination plants worldwide continues to climb.
Top 20 water-stressed countries with solar potential
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has named the world's top 20 most water-stressed countries which have the most solar energy potential.
Toray wins Gulf quartet
Toray Industries Inc announced in September that its reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane business had won orders from four seawater desalination plants with a total capacity of 332,000 m³/d in the Gulf.
Israel to join top ten water stressed by 2040
The US-based World Resources Institute has forecast that Israel will be among the world's ten most water stressed regions by 2040. Almost half of those regions will be in the Middle East according to recent report by the institute.
Suez and Middle East plants top 2018 Global Water Awards
Suez has scooped the Desalination Company of the Year Award, and Middle East facilities topped the desal plant categories at this year's Global Water Awards from Global Water Intelligence (GWI).
Water. desal + reuse: Top 20 stories for 2017
Water. desal + reuse presents the stories that caught the industry's collective interest in 2017.
Acciona venture wins Qatar deals
Spanish desalination firm, Acciona Agua, has won two major desalination contracts in Qatar worth US$ 525 million as part of a joint venture with Mitsubishi Corporation and Toyo Thai Corporation.
Cosin calls for better water education, warns of project delays
CEO of Almar Water Solutions Carlos Cosin has warned of potential delays to projects owing to a skills shortage in the water industry, and has proposed creating a new Masters in Water degree to plug the skills gap.
Wastewater drive to boost membrane use in GCC region says analyst
Government identification of wastewater treatment in the municipal sector as a priority area in water production will be a key revenue generation source for membrane elements in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries according to market analyst Frost & Sullivan. And the demand for water in the region was set to double within twenty years the analyst forecast.
Qatar power firm to launch desalination plants
Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) is set to launch two giant desalination plants.
ConocoPhillips becomes 3rd Saltworks Technologies investor
Canadian desalination and brine treatment company Saltworks Technologies announced on 23 May 2014 that it had received investment funding from ConocoPhillips Company, Saltworks' third industrial shareholder.
MIT spinout cracks fracking water waste
A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) spinout, Gradiant Corporation, is working toward making hydraulic fracturing (fracking) a water-neutral process, by making water reuse more economical. Fracking produces millions of litres of wastewater and much of it is discarded into deep injection wells, and clean water has to be purchased.
Is low temperature the next hot prospect?
Membrane-based desalination has been the lead technology set in recent years but Thermal Purification Technologies thermal process could tick boxes for sustainability and cost with a system that uses low-quality heat to produce high purity water. So with a big hitter in Metito as its strategic partner with even bigger backers including Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, could established technologies have a challenger in low-temperature distillation? This article first appeared in the February 2015 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
French and Kuwaitis sign solar desalination agreement
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and his Kuwaiti counterpart Sheikh Sabah Al- Khaled Al- Hamad Al-Sabah have signed a memo of understanding for implementing a project for water desalination using solar energy.
India to set up low-temperature distillation desalination at power plant
A new low-temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) plant is being set up at a lignite-fired power station in southern India.
Metito backs low-temperature distillation to challenge lead desalination technologies
Dubai-based water technology firm, Metito, is set to make a "significant investment" in clean-tech company Thermal Purification Technologies (TPTec), to develop TPTec's patented low-temperature distillation (LTD) technology. Metito claims LTD could displace existing membrane and thermal desalination technologies.
Scientists to probe outlet brine risks to sealife
Scientists have been commissioned to investigate whether brine waste from two proposed 150 Ml/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination plants could damage or alter the marine environment along the KwaZulu-Natal coastline in South Africa.
GE to supply evaporator/ZLD technology for Italian oilfield
GE's advanced evaporator and zero liquid discharge (ZLD) technology is to be used to recycle up to 98% of produced water at six Total E&P Italia SpA oilwells in the Tempa Rossa field in the Basilicata region of southern Italy.
LTTD seawater plant 'to be started in Chennai by July'
A start on a Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD) plant about 30 km off the coast of Chennai is to be made by July, according to a report from India.
Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course
The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.
Proton compares closed-circuit versus conventional RO
Proton anti-scaling software from Amercian Water Chemicals was first introduced at the AMTA Conference in 2014. The platform's innovative approach to modelling membrane treatment systems which, unlike other anti-scalant predictors, accounts for ion complexes and ion activity in water, and differentiates between nano-filtration and reverse osmosis membranes, enabled it to improve on the accuracy of predicting water quality and chemical dosing requirements.
Indian ministry seeks to get LTTD program going again
Revised cost estimates for the six additional low temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) plants to be built at different locations in India's Lakshadweep Islands area are being prepared by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
Understanding potential of low temperature distillation for desalination
In October 2012, Watersolutions AG introduced the Watersolutions LTD system, a patented thermal process for desalination based on the principle of low temperature distillation. The company's vision is to offer a new option for desalination - one that is simple to install, yet robust and highly efficient with low running and maintenance costs. This article first appeared in the November/December 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Timeline established for IDA desalination energy guide
The International Desalination Association (IDA) has established a timeline for producing its guidelines for reducing energy consumption in desalination ending at its 2015 World Congress.
Monterey consultant can't choose between projects
The Monterey Peninsula Regional Water Board (MPRWA) in California still has to decide between three competing seawater desalination projects for the area after its Technical Advisory Committee accepted on 17 September 2012 a report by consultants Separation Processes Inc of Carlsbad.
India's NIOT prepares detailed report on offshore desalination
The National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) of India has finalised designs and submitted a detailed project report for an offshore desalination plant using low temperature thermal technology, reports New Indian Express.
Aquatech to supply Oman oilfield water softener
Aquatech announced on 4 April 2012 that it had been awarded a contract to construct a 237 m³/h produced-water softening plant for the Amal Steam Facilities Phase 1B in Oman.
EDS adds SDI Workshop to Barcelona events
The European Desalination Society has added a workshop on the Silt Density Index to the satellite events around its upcoming Barcelona conference, the society confirmed in an announcement on 12 March 2012.
Koreans devoting R&D cash to gas-hydrate desalination
Korea's Minister of Land, Transport & Maritime Affairs, Kwon Do-youp, unveiled "a new paradigm" in desalination development when he announced on 4 October 2011 that Korea was pursuing gas-hydrate desalination.
Ministry updates India's low-temperature desalination plans
India's Ministry of Earth Sciences (MES) released an update on 29 August 2011 about its program for development of Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD).
Desalination help published with WHO drinking water standards
The World Health Organization launched the 4th edition of its Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality (ISBN: 978 92 4 154815 1) at the Singapore Water Week on 4 July 2011 - and also launched a separate guide for desalination.
Oil company invests US$ 2.5 million in Saltworks desalination
Canadian oil company Cenovus Energy Inc is investing Can$ 2.5 million (US$ 2.56 million) in Vancouver-based desalination startup company Saltworks Technologies Inc.
ACWA wins two membrane-based projects in Saudi
Two separate contracts for membrane-based water and wastewater projects in Saudi Arabia have been awarded to ACWA Emirates LLC of Dubai.
Vacuum-driven MD breakthrough promised by memsys
Vacuum-driven membrane distillation (MD) delivers high flux and true multi-effect distillation with very good energy recovery. The process runs at low temperature levels and is fully modular. This article describes the background of the development of the memsys company, membrane distillation, its specific advantages and potential applications, current and planned demonstration plants, and MD s future role in desalination. This article first appeared in the February/March 2011 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Desalination affected by California powerplant ruling
The powerplant with which California's new 189,000 m³/d Carlsbad seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant is co-located has been ordered to cease once-through cooling by 2017. The Huntington beach powerplant, site of another proposed desalination plant, has been given until 2020.
Canadian low-energy desalination gets government boost
Saltworks Techologies Inc's low-energy desalination project is to receive up to Can$ 580,000 (US$ 577,000) from the Canadian government via Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC).
Saudi Arabia and China to develop nuclear desalination projects
Saudi Arabia and China have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on developing desalination projects using gas-cooled nuclear reactors.
Queensland can use geothermal desalination says study
Queensland, Australia, has ample geothermal energy resources to power thermal desalination plants and provide clean water for small towns suffering from water shortages, according to The University of Queensland's Queensland Geothermal Energy Centre of Excellence.
Large EDR river desalination plant opens in Spain
GE Water and Aigües Ter-Llobregat (ATLL) of Spain announced on 19 May 2009 the opening of the 220,000 m³/d electrodialysis reversal (EDR) brackish water desalination plant on the Llobregat river.
Brownsville pilot study published
Pilot study results from consultant NRS Consulting Engineers have confirmed that seawater desalination on the shore of the Ship Channel in Brownsville, Texas, USA, is technically feasible.
The coming of membrane distillation technology
Membrane distillation (MD) is a unit operation that uses hydrophobic membranes as a barrier for contaminated water from which mass transport of vapor is driven by differences in vapor pressure. MD does not require a mechanical pressure pump, and temperature levels are such that low-grade heat sources may be used to supply the required energy for the process. It is therefore ideal for treatment of industrial effluents and for desalination in co-generation with thermal solar power plants. This article assesses membrane distillation, a technology that the author believes is becoming increasingly relevant, particularly for use with renewable energies and in less developed countries. The recent promotion of the Desertec energy creation project in the Sahara is just one opportunity he sees for the technology.
UF Pretreatment For Cold Seawater RO
The main obstacle to the use of UF membranes for SWRO pretreatment has always been the high operating cost. This paper describes operational experience of pilot projects using a new membrane designed for the lowest whole-life cost while enabling the most difficult seawater to be treated using membrane desalination. This article shows how the project results can be translated into a technical and commercial evaluation of the best pretreatment option for the desalination of water from low temperature water sources. The technical design details are described for the Evides demonstration plant in the Netherlands, fed from the river delta formed by the Meuse, the Scheldt and the Rhine rivers in southwest Netherlands. It also explains the decision-making process for selection from pretreatment options for the Thames Gateway SWRO project, a plant that is fed by water strongly influenced by tidal effects.
Adsorption pilot phase two will focus on ZLD
MEDAD Technologies, a specialist in adsorption, has worked to commercialise a multi-effect distillation adsorption desalination (MED-AD) system since spinning off from the National University of Singapore (NUS) in 2012.
AquaSure's Victorian Desalination Plant secures its first water order
The Victorian Desalination Project (VDP) is a mega-size seawater RO facility, able to produce up to 150 billion litres of water a year when running at full capacity. Located at the southerly most tip of Australia on the Bass Coast, it was procured by the Victorian State government from AquaSure, a joint venture of Degrémont (now Suez), Macquarie Capital, and Thiess (now Ventia), in 2009, for a capital cost of $3.5 billion.
Masdar desal pilot: the results so far
Masdar Clean Energy set a target for its pilot projects of one cubic metre of water for every 3.6 kilowatt hours of energy used. This is a particularly challenging target in the Persian Gulf, where salinity is very high, the water temperature is high, it's very shallow, and there's high organic matter.
Singapore University shares its work at the forefront of plasmonic photothermic technology
A conjoined approach to solving the problems of growing demand for energy and water would definitely be attractive. At the National University of Singapore, we have integrated the solutions to these two problems by designing a plasmonic solar thermal collector nanocomposite, comprising a Ag/SiO2 core, with a TiO2 outer shell as a photocatalyst.
UAE is eyeing alternative energy sources to power desalination
Dubai Electricity and Water Authority is seeking proposals to study the feasibility of powering desalination by geothermal energy, reports The National.
Italmach acquires Compass, adds manufacturing base in North America
Italmach Chemicals has acquired Compass Chemical International, adding a strategically important site in Texas that it hopes will support its growth in the oil and gas industry.
Mississippi researchers win funding for low-temperature desalination
Mississippi State University (MSU), is to use US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) funding to work on a low-cost desalination process.
Modern Water in tie up with Bilfinger Deutsche Babcock
Water and wastewater treatment technologies firm, Modern Water has signed an agreement with construction, operation and maintenance services company, Bilfinger Deutsche Babcock Middle East. The deal covers the joint development and commercialisation of Modern Water's proprietary forward osmosis technology, in multi-stage flash (MSF) desalination plants across the Middle East and Northern Africa.
Conwed hits half a century
Plastic netting manufacturing giant, Conwed, hits 50 this year. Minneapolis-based Conwed has, since its launch in 1966, developed netting solutions for industrial and consumer products worldwide including, in recent years, desalination membranes.
Low-grade waste heat holds promise for desalination
Low-grade, waste heat produced by industry may be applicable to distillation desalination to make fresh water where revere osmosis is not suitable according to findings by the University of Western Australia (UWA).
Global desalination market to grow 9% a year
The global water desalination market is set to grow at nearly 9% a year to 2018 according a report by market researcher, TechNavio.
Russian nuclear giant musters experts to lead desalination drive
Russia's nuclear energy corporation, Rosatom, has formed a group of expert desalination advisors as part of its push to win customers for its thermal desalination technologies. The company is targeting world regions where clean water is scarce as a path to becoming "leaders in the global nuclear market," according to Rosatom.
New technology and long-term reliability in process and potable water production
The Rabigh desalination plant in Saudi Arabia has outstripped its design output and water quality for nearly ten years. Designer of the plant s multiple effect distillation heart, Aquatech, sought at the outset to rein in operating costs while maintaining the plant s reliability and resilience. This article first appeared in the August 2014 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Veolia wins Az Zour MED desalination plant in Kuwait
Veolia Environnement announced on 13 January 2014 that its Sidem subsidiary had won the contract to build the seawater desalination plant at the Az Zour North complex in Kuwait for € 320 million.
Sidem to build Kuwait's Az-Zour MED desalination plant
A consortium of Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) of South Korea and Sidem, a subsidiary of Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies, has announced the signing on 12 December 2013 of a US$ 1.4 billion engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Shamal Az-Zour Al-Oula to build the first phase of the Az-Zour North Independent Water & Power Project (IWPP) in Kuwait.
Ceremony marks Yanbu 2 MED desalination completion
The completion ceremony for the Yanbu Phase 2 Expansion seawater desalination plant was held on 19 December 2012 by Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Doosan takes Yanbu 3 MSF plant in Saudi
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction is to build the Yanbu Phase 3 Seawater Desalination Plant under a contract worth US$ 1 billion from the Saline Water Conversion Corporation of Saudi Arabia.