Sustainability, Industrial, Water Quality, Water Management, Sustainability


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Oxnard AWPF currently under construction

Finance agreed for Camarillo regional desalter studies

Two water districts and two - possibly three - cities in southern California have agree to finance studies for a regional brackish-water desalination plant to be located near Camarillo.

Sanz and Awerbuch to lead IDA WEX sessions

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has released details of the two desalination sessions it is organizing as a Support Partner for WEX Global - the Water and Energy Exchange in Madrid.

IDA president calls for new thinking on sustainability

The president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, described the transition to sustainability as "one of the most important paradigm shifts of the modern era," when he addressed the International Water Summit (IWS) in Abu Dhabi on 21 January 2013.

Corporate water disclosure guidelines launched by UN

An attempt to build a common approach to water-use disclosure by companies has been launched by the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate.

Kuwait launches its largest desalination management project

Kuwait University's faculty of engineering has launched the Gulf state's largest ever water desalination and management project.

South Florida embraces desalination and water reuse for the future

The days of limitless and cheap water in South Florida are gone. Planning, investments in alternative water sources such as desalination and reuse, and conservation are required to secure reliability and sustainability of current and future water supplies. The South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) is the oldest and largest of the five districts in Florida. The district's mission is to oversee the water resources in the southern half of the state by balancing and improving water quality, flood control, natural systems and water supply within a 16-county region. A key initiative is restoration of the Everglades, a vast wetlands and US national park. By augmenting supplies through alternative sources - including desalination of brackish and seawater, reclaimed water and reducing demand through year-round water conservation, the SFWMD hopes to continue quenching the thirst for a renewed environment and an ever-growing population. Realizing that water desalination using reverse osmosis is energy-intensive, the district also supports studies and projects that use renewable energy to reduce the carbon footprint, operate more efficiently to reduce water use, and manage concentrate to protect the environment. To encourage diversification of water resources, public utilities that use reclaimed water for outdoor irrigation are exempt from water-shortage restrictions. This article appeared in the February/March 2009 issue of D&WR magazine.

'I see great opportunities in the water utility and building services segment in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.' Hideo Shirakawa, East Asia managing director, Grundfos

Five Minutes With: Hideo Shirakawa, East Asia managing director, Grundfos

The 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro and 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi are among the Grundfos projects to inspire newly-appointed East Asia managing director Hideo Shirakawa

Reuse highlighted in WSAA urban water roadmap

The volume of water being recycled by the largest water utilities in Australia has increased by 117% since 1999/2000. In addition, it is estimated that, by 2013, 460 million m³/year will be supplied to Australia's growing cities by desalination plants.

Tuas planning area in the west of Singapore will host the new water reclamation plant

PUB picks CH2M Hill to develop detailed designs for Tuas project

Singapore's PUB has appointed CH2M Hill Singapore as detailed design consultant for the Tuas Water Reclamation Plant, after a pre-qualification exercise.

Water in Mining: Efficiency, Reuse, Water Management Strategies & Technologies will be hosted on 9 to 10 April 2019, in Toronto, Canada

Water in Mining 2019 unveils full speaker line-up

Water in Mining 2019 has unveiled its full conference programme packed with debate, knowledge sharing, networking, case studies, round tables and panel discussions on the latest in water management for mining companies.

IDA president to hold WEX desalination workshop

The president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), Dr Corrado Sommariva, who is managing director generation, ILF Consulting Engineers, Middle East, will be giving a workshop on Economics and Management of Desalination on 30-31 January 2012 at the 2012 Water and Energy Exchange (WEX) international summit in Lisbon, Portugal.

Water in Mining 2019 will address tailing pond issues among other big water challenges for global mining companies

Water in Mining 2019 to target global mining's water issues

Water in Mining is introducing its first global conference to address water management challenges within the mining sector.

1,100 US counties face water supply crisis by 2050, says report

A new analysis for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), examining the effects of global warming on water supply and demand in the contiguous United States, has found that more than 1,100 counties will face higher risks of water shortages by mid-century as the result of global warming.

World Bank to help energy/water development link

The World Bank is to help developing countries to better plan and scale-up their energy demand in tandem with water resource management.

Speakers announced for IDA conference in Banff

Speakers and sessions for the May conference on Water Recycling and Desalination for the Oil & Gas Industry have been announced by the organizers, the International Desalination Association (IDA).

Webcast to present industrial water-reuse successes

A webcast taking a look at three industrial water-reuse success stories demonstrating why recycled water is a viable, sustainable, and necessary option is to be presented by the WateReuse Association (WRA) on 14 November 2012.

'We all, as a global community, cannot afford to use water once and dispose of it.' Peter Nichol, CH2M global market director

Q&A: Peter Nicol, CH2M global market director, on Brazil's reuse policy

Peter Nicol, global market director for CH2M, outlines how the firm is helping to develop Brazil's action plan for a national water reuse policy

NSF publishes commercial/residential water-reuse standard

The first US national standard for commercial and residential onsite water-reuse treatment systems was published on 15 November 2011 by NSF International, the US-based public health and environmental organization.

Registration open for WateReuse research conference

Registration is open for the 18th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination Research Conference to be held by the WateReuse Research Foundation in Las Vegas on 19-20 May 2014.

Direct potable reuse to be debated at WRA symposium

The WateReuse Association has announced the program for its annual symposium, including a closing panel discussion entitled Direct Potable Reuse: Not a Pipe Dream Anymore?

MD desalination pilot successfully used with waste heat

Results from an Australian trial to demonstrate the potential for a membrane distillation (MD) process to use waste heat from heavy industry to desalinate saline effluent have shown the system can produce high-quality water at temperatures as low as 30°C without an increase in greenhouse-gas emissions.

IDA releases more detail of Portofino conference

Abstracts of four "notable" papers for the the International Desalination Association's (IDA) Desalination Industry Action For Good conference in Portofino, Italy, in May were sent out by the association on 18 February 2011.

IX system improves Alabama MF plant's performance

The City of Oneonta in Alabama, USA, commissioned a 3 MGD (10,500 m³/d) MIEX® ion-exchange system in August 2012 to provide dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal prior to coagulation and microfiltration of Oneonta Utilities' Little Warrior river water source.

IDA announces nine new Gulf task force members

The importance now being accorded to the environment by the desalination industry was emphasized on 22 April 2010 when the International Desalination Association (IDA) announced the addition of nine distinguished scientists to its Gulf regional task force and an environmental symposium in Bahrain in December 2010.

Desalination health and environment book to be published in June

A book on the health and environmental impacts of desalination is to be published by CRC Press in collaboration with the World Health Organization on 25 June 2010.

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

Australian government to fund stormwater reuse

The government of Australia has invited funding applications by 7 December 2011 for support of stormwater harvesting and reuse projects.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

Indian desalination conference set for February

The Indian Desalination Society (InDA) has published a brochure for its National Conference on Water Purification Technologies & Management (InDACON 2012).

CH2M Hill reports to USEPA on industrial water use

Water reuse is one of a number of trends for water usage in American industry identified in a report just published by engineering company CH2M Hill for the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA).

ConocoPhillips becomes 3rd Saltworks Technologies investor

Canadian desalination and brine treatment company Saltworks Technologies announced on 23 May 2014 that it had received investment funding from ConocoPhillips Company, Saltworks' third industrial shareholder.

Desalitech launches US base and hires new staff

Desalitech Ltd, developer of the Closed Circuit Desalination (CCD) sytem, announced on 18 December 2013 that it will be establishing its US headquarters in Massachusetts. It has also hired four new staff in the US.

Australia failing to meet wastewater reuse targets

Australia is falling well behind in the targets it has set itself for wastewater reuse, according to a study carried out for the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population & Communities by Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA).

Suez reiterated expectations of revenue synegies of €200 million and cost synergies of €65 million from the GE Water acquisition

Markhoff to head Suez WTS amid 'very good spirit' between teams

Suez has named GE Water CEO Heiner Markhoff as chief executive of Suez Water Technologies & Solutions (Suez WTS), the new business unit that will be formed when its acquisition of GE Water closes in September 2017.

IDA on road to Morocco in March 2012

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced the first event of its kind in the North Africa region, a conference on desalination and sustainability in partnership with the Societé Marocaine des Membranes et de Dessalement (SMMD).

Nirosoft owner makes European acquisition

RWL Water LLC, which owns Israeli desalination and water treatment company Nirosoft, announced on 16 November 2011 that it had acquired a controlling interest in Eurotec WTT, a leading European manufacturer of wastewater treatment systems.

A slew of special awards were awarded at the close of IDA World Congress 2017

IDA World Congress 2017 award winners in full

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has recognised the best technical papers and other contributions at IDA World Congress 2017 with a roster of special awards.

Senator Don Farrell (left) and West ern Australia water minister Bill Marmion at the NCEDA opening

New research announced as Australian desalination centre opens

Funding for eleven new desalination research projects (see Research News for list) was announced when the Australian National Centre for Excellence in Desalination opened its Aus$ 5 million Desalination Research Facility and Desal Discovery Centre (NCEDA) at Murdoch University's Rockingham campus near Perth.

Dow's new range is designed for hard-to-treat industrial waters

Dow brings out new line designed for tough industrial waters

Dow Water & Process Solutions has added a new product line, Dow Filmtec Fortlife, to its reverse osmosis and nano filtration portfolio.

Desalitech wins zero liquid deal in China

Desalitech has won a deal to supply a high-efficiency, ultrapure water treatment system for Novelis' aluminium production facility in Changzhou, China to help comply with a regulatory requirement for zero-liquid discharge (ZLD) in applicable process wastewaters. 

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

Asia-Pacific water-recycling conference calls for papers

The Australian Water Association (AWA), an affiliate of the International Desalination Association has collaborated with the Water Services Association of Australia and WateReuse Australia to present the Asia Pacific Water Recycling Conference 2013.

Arizona centre opens to address water scarcity

The University of Arizona's Water and Energy Sustainable Technology (WEST) Centre has opened with a brief to "help enable researchers, public officials, and industry leaders to work together in developing new technologies and more energy sustainable solutions to address water scarcity," according to founding member and sponsor, Dow Water and Process Solutions.

Levant Desalination Association sets conference for late September

The Levant Desalination Association (LDA) has announced that its first conference will be on 28- 29 September 2010, a week before the European Desalination Society's event in neighbouring Israel.

IDA backs Abu Dhabi water summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) announced on 12 November 2012 that it would be supporting the 2013 International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi as a Knowledge Partner and would lead sessions on water and energy.

IDA World Congress in California

A pivotal event in the global desalination and water reuse sector will be held at the US industry's epicentre amid an historic drought when the 2015 IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse convenes in San Diego, California at the end of August 2015. The "location, theme and timing could not be more appropriate," said IDA secretary general, Patricia A Burke.

The QWE laboratory at Texas A&M at Qatar university.

Qatar initiative seeks sustainable water and energy

An initiative to help bring sustainability to Qatar's water and energy, which will include improved technologies for desalination, efficient reuse and zero-liquid discharge systems, was launched by Texas A&M University at Qatar on 1 February 2010.

Innovations in IDA Congress technical program

Round-table sessions and touch-screen availability of poster presentations will be used for the first time in the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai on 7-12 November 2009, IDA announced on 19 October 2009.

'Honoured to serve.' Shannon McCarthy, IDA secretary general

McCarthy in as new IDA secretary general

Shannon McCarthy has been appointed secretary general of the International Desalination Association (IDA) at IDA World Congress 2017 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

On/off Eyre desalination plant "on again"

Confusion reigns in South Australia about a proposed desalination plant for the Eyre Peninsula west of Adelaide.

Experts list focus areas for world water

Low-energy seawater desalination, network asset management, and energy efficiency in wastewater treatment were among global focus areas in technology identified by more than 300 water technology experts at a recent international summit.

Besix Middle East executive vice president Olivier Crasson (left) and Shurooq executive chairman Marwan Al Sarkal sign up to the joint venture

Besix signs with Sharjah to expand water reuse

Besix has signed a public-private partnership (PPP) agreement with Sharjah Investment and Development Authority (Shurooq), to operate and maintain an existing wastewater treatment plant at Al Saja.

Tianjin Dagang Desalination Plant

IDA issues call for Tianjin World Congress papers

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has issued a call for papers for its World Congress 2013 - Desalination: A Promise for the Future which will take place in China.

Suez CEO Jean-Louis Chaussade will outline further details of the new organisational structure in October 2017

'I am fully confident on the successful integration of GE Water,' Suez CEO Jean-Louis Chaussade

Suez chief executive Jean-Louis Chaussade sets out an early vision for Suez WTS, the new powerhouse in industrial water treatment created through the Suez-GE deal.

The IDA World Congress 2019 conference programme will cover a broad range of desalination and water reuse topics

IDA extends deadline on papers for World Congress 2019

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has extended the deadline for submitting papers for inclusion at IDA World Congress 2019.

Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course

The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.

IDA to support UAE water summit as knowledge partner

The International Desalination Association has announced that it will again be supporting the International Water Summit (IWS) 2014 in Abu Dhabi, UAE, as a knowledge partner.

Burke and Birkett get special awards at IDA congress

The International Desalination Association (IDA) presented seven Presidential Awards at the end of its World Congress in Tianjin, China on 24 October 2013.

Ciarán Ó Cuinn

New MEDRC director looks at Middle East cooperation

Ciarán Ó Cuinn, currently executive director for external and strategic affairs at Dublin City University, Ireland, is to become director of the Middle East Desalination Research Center in Oman.

Lamberts Bay seawater desalination goes to Veolia

A 1,700 m³/d seawater desalination plant, upgradeable to 5,000 m³/d, is to be built in Lamberts Bay in South Africa for the Cederberg Municipality by Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa.

IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse will make a return visit to Dubai in 2019

IDA to return to Dubai for World Congress 2019

The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to return to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for its World Congress in 2019, building on the earlier success of the IDA World Congress held in the emirate in 2009.

Fredrik Östbye has a brief to effect a digital transformation at Grundfos

Pumps-as-a-service: the future beckons

On 1 May 2017, Fredrik Ostbye, a Swedish entrepreneur with a track record of digital product development, joined the 72-year old Danish pumps manufacturer Grundfos in the newly created role of group vice president and head of digital transformation.

Flygt Concertor is 'the world's first wastewater pumping system with integrated intelligence,' says Xylem

Xylem and DC Water team up on smart water R&D

Xylem and the District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority (DC Water), Maryland, US, have signed an MoU on research and development in smart water infrastructure and advanced data analytics.

UK/Saudi initiative targets low-cost carbon neutral desalination using solar dome

NEOM has signed an agreement with UK-based Solar Water Plc to build the first ever "solar dome" desalination plants in NEOM, northwest Saudi Arabia. The pilot project claims it will revolutionise the water desalination process.

Top 10 most read stories of 2016

It was a big year for desalination and water reuse, with two major businesses up for sale, and mega plants grabbing the headlines. We present our top 10 most read stories of 2016.

GE to sell Water & Process Technologies business

GE has confirmed that it is exploring options to sell its Water & Process Technologies unit.

Engineers check the systems at Dow's research and development centre in Tarragona, Spain

Dow to pilot petrochemical wastewater treatment at its ethylene cracker facility

Dow Water & Process Solutions is planning to demonstrate a new treatment solution for petrochemical wastewater at its site in Tarragona, Spain, from next year.

'We’re in danger of having no-one left to address the smaller and more decentralised challenges.' Patrick van Eijik, Hatenboer-Water

Five Minutes With: Patrick van Eijik, manager, production and project engineering, Hatenboer-Water

Patrick van Eijik, a 'natural go-between for production and engineering', is newly appointed as manager, production and project engineering, at Netherlands-based Hatenboer-Water

Nirosoft wins large Colombian desalination plant

Nirosoft Industries Ltd has been awarded a contract by Pacific Rubiales Energy Corp (PREC) for design and construction of a produced-water desalination plant in Colombia.

GE wants to be a leader in data and predictive capabilities for water companies

GE bids to be market leader in digital services for water companies

GE has unveiled a new suite of software as it moves to establish a leading position within digital services for the water industry.

Proposed research project Future Water CRC will seek to use Australia's impaired water resources, and marginal lands, for economic benefit

Australian industry-led proposal for water research gets the green light

A proposed new industry-led water research centre in Australia has passed its first hurdle by being shortlisted for funding by the Australian government.

Grundfos buys American UV disinfection specialist

Danish pump manufacturer Grundfos announced on 5 June 2012 that it had acquired Enaqua, a San Diego-based company specializing in ultraviolet disinfection technology and specialized membranes for water purification.

Cyprus desalination failure 'setback for European aid'

Failure to implement the seawater desalination plant at Sirianokhori/Kumköy in the Turkish part of Cyprus represents a significant setback for the overall European Community assistance programme to this region, according to the European Court of Auditors (ECA).

EIB assists Gaza desalination progress

The desalination project for Gaza backed by the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) took a small step forward at a meeting in Barcelona on 4 May 2012.

'We need to remove the constraints that prevent us from delivering sustainable solutions,' Rod Naylor, GHD market leader for water, Australia

Five Minutes With: Rod Naylor, GHD market leader for water, Australia

Rod Naylor is to join GHD as market leader for water in Australia, where the firm has worked on all the big six desalination plants

IDA continues support of the International Water Summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced its continued support for the International Water Summit (IWS). The latest summit is being held at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibit Centre 18-21 January. "Now in its fourth year, the IWS is a global platform for promoting water sustainability and addressing water challenges across the region," said the IDA in a statement.

New IDA president seeks desalination sustainability

D&WR interviews Corrado Sommariva, new president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), who was elected at the IDA World Congress in Perth, Australia, in September 2011. This article first appeared in the February-March 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

IDA releases program details for Morocco conference

The International Desalination Association released details on 19 January 2012 of the Program Highlights of the Desalination and Sustainability conference which will take place on 1-2 March 2012 in Casablanca, Morocco.

The IDA is inviting submissions for papers to be given at IDA World Congress 2019

Call for papers for IDA World Congress 2019

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has issued a request for papers for inclusion in the IDA World Congress 2019 technical programme.

IDA chooses Singapore week to launch desalination academy

The International Desalination Association's (IDA) newly established Desalination Academy is to be formally launched in conjunction with Singapore International Water Week, 1- 5 July 2012.

Xylem keeps place in US top sustainability league for fourth year

US water technology company, Xylem, has continued a run of inclusions in high-profile lists of companies showing outstanding performance in their environmental and social measures.

IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates

More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.

Solar and wind power can help to reduce the cost of energy over the long-term, says Padmanathan

Solar and wind give competitive edge, says Acwa Power

Greater reliance on solar and wind power will support Acwa Power's future growth, president and chief executive Paddy Padmanathan has said.

The new desalination plant will provide clean drinking water to two million people in Gaza, Palestine

Gaza large scale desal project secures €456 million funding

The European Investment Bank (EIB) is to issue a tender for Gaza Central Desalination Plant and Associated Works Project, after the scheme received pledges amounting to €456 million ($560 million).

National government funds agreed for Adelaide expansion

An agreement for Australian government funding of Aus$ 228 million (US$ 232 million) towards the expansion of the Adelaide Desalination Plant to 100 million m³/year has been finalised by the Australian and South Australian governments, as part of the national government's total commitment of Aus$ 328 million (US$ 333 million) towards the plant.

Groundbreaking follows Singapore II desalination finance deal

A day after Hyflux Ltd announced that it had secured financing for the second Singapore seawater desalination plant, a groundbreaking ceremony took place on 5 July 2011 at the International Water Week linked by video to the site.

Gianni Chianetta (left), head of international affairs at the Global Solar Council, and IDA past president Emilio Gabrielli seal the collaboration on solar desalination

IDA partners with Global Solar Council to promote solar desalination

The International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Solar Council have pledged to promote desalination technologies powered by solar energy.

Dutch to build ceramic membrane demo plant in Singapore

PWN Technologies (PWNT) of the Netherlands is to build Singapore's first ceramic membrane demonstration plant at Choa Chu Kang Waterworks.

Energy Recovery ships gear to Oman for Sur project

Pressure energy technology firm, Energy Recovery, has shipped the components for a US$ 1 million desalination plant project in Sur, Oman in partnership with French desalination company, Sidem.

Dow lines up with Value Of Water coalition

The Dow Chemical Company has joined other major public and private sector companies in the fight to revitalize "ageing and underfunded" US water infrastructure.

IDA announces scholarship program winners

Students from Brazil and Singapore are this year's winners of the Channabasappa Memorial Scholarship awarded by the International Desalination Association (IDA).

Is low temperature the next hot prospect?

Membrane-based desalination has been the lead technology set in recent years but Thermal Purification Technologies thermal process could tick boxes for sustainability and cost with a system that uses low-quality heat to produce high purity water. So with a big hitter in Metito as its strategic partner with even bigger backers including Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, could established technologies have a challenger in low-temperature distillation? This article first appeared in the February 2015 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

UK water nano group to be launched at February workshop

The programme has been announced for a UK nanotechnology for water event to be held at University College London (UCL) on 15 February 2011, which will provide an official launch for the EcoNano Focus Group.

Arizona panel makes water-reuse recommendations

More than 60 recommendations including many on wastewater reuse have been forwarded to the governor of the US state of Arizona by a "Blue Ribbon" panel formed by the governor, Jan Brewer, in 2009.

Federal funds for Melbourne reuse project

Federal government funding totaling Aus$ 11.4 million (US$ 11.2 million) will enable City West Water in Melbourne, Australia, to roll out an aquifer and storage recovery scheme as part of its West Werribee Dual Supply project.

Abengoa forms desalination research partnership in Abu Dhabi

Spanish energy sustainability company Abengoa has formed a research partnership with the Masdar Institute and the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company to optimize membrane distillation technology for the treatment of reverse osmosis brines.

Ozwater conference papers due 2 September 2010

Papers have been invited on behalf of the Australian Water Association, an affiliate of the International Desalination Association, for the Ozwater '11 conference on 9-11 May 2011.

Abengoa signs world first large renewable desalination plant deal

Saudi-based water treatment specialist, Advanced Water Technologies (AWT) has appointed Spanish conglomerate, Abengoa, as its partner in the development of the world's first, large-scale desalination plant to be powered by solar energy.

IDA to be knowledge partner at the International Water Summit for third year in a row

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has been appointed as a 'knowledge partner' for the International Water Summit for the third consecutive year.

Australian reuse project wins US$ 10 million grant

The council for the Light region of South Australia has won a A$ 10.7 million (US$ 10 million) federal grant to complete funding for a "foundation" programme, the Gawler Water Reuse Project.


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