Standard, Reverse Osmosis, Water Quality, Malta
ASTM to develop standard for fracking water quality
The US standards body ASTM International is to develop standards to be used by contract laboratories, water utilities and other requiring or developing methods for hydraulic fracturing in the oil & gas industry.
RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group
Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."
Severn-Trent wins Chilean mining desalination contract
US water and wastewater treatment company Severn Trent Services has been awarded a contract to provide a seawater desalination plant that will serve the potable and process water needs of the Minera Esperanza copper and gold mine in Antofagasta, Chile.
Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise
Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.
Ceramic nanofiltration company gets big investor
ItN Nanovation AG, a start-up company in Saarbrucken, Germany, making nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 9 December 2010 a framework investment agreement with the US investment fund YA Global Master SPV Ltd, part of the Yorkville Group.
Malta tenders Euro 10 million desalination project
The Water Services Corporation of Malta has issued a tender for a reverse osmosis plant at Hondoq Bay on the Island of Gozo.
Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages
Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.
Mitsui acquires minority stake in Water Standard
Houston-based Water Standard Management (US) Inc, which focuses on water treatment for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), announced on 30 May 2012 that Japan's Mitsui & Co Ltd has acquired a minority interest in the company.
NSF publishes commercial/residential water-reuse standard
The first US national standard for commercial and residential onsite water-reuse treatment systems was published on 15 November 2011 by NSF International, the US-based public health and environmental organization.
Randy Truby joins board of Neo-Tech Aqua Solutions
Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection specialist NeoTech Aqua Solutions Inc announced on 10 March 2014 the addition of Randy Truby, a past president of the International Desalination Association, to its board of directors.
IDA Conference Report
Banff gathering charts oil & gas territory
Rain - but desalination still needed in Tuvalu
Though rain fell in the drought-stricken islands of Tuvalu and Tokelau in the last week of October 2011, the Red Cross maintained that the region still faced water shortages.
GE-Osmoflo alliance creates powerful Australian presence
A strategic alliance giving Australian desalination and water recycling company Osmoflo access to products produced by water and process giant GE was unveiled at the International Desalination Association World Congress in Perth, Australia, on 6 September 2011.
PoU reverse-osmosis planned for US city's households
The City of Andrews, USA, is likely to submit a proposal to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) at the end of this year for installation of point-of-use (PoU) reverse-osmosis (RO) water treatment on 4,500 city homes.
USEPA nears decision on perchlorate water standard
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is in the process of making a final decision on whether to set a drinking water standard for perchlorate.
Mumbai set for two 100,000 m³/d desalination plants
The Maharashtra government committee looking into desalination for Mumbai, India, has decided on two 100,000 m³/d plants using the reverse-osmosis plants in Chennai as a blueprint, although it is acknowledged that seawater conditions are different.
US research challenges value of forward osmosis in seawater desalination
Researchers in the US have claimed that forward osmosis desalination of seawater is significantly less energy efficient than reverse osmosis
IDA Fellowship winners from Iran and Japan
This year's winners of the International Desalination Association's Fellowship awards come from Iran and Japan, IDA announced on 27 April 2009.
Osmoflo to supply two ship-mounted ROs to gas field
Potable and process water is to be supplied to a gas field north of Australia by ship-mounted seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) plants supplied by Adelaide-based desalination specialist Osmosflo.
MF/RO plant may be Santa Clarita salt solution
A microfiltration/reverse-osmosis (MF/RO) advanced wastewater treatment plant is one of several options being considered by the Santa Clarita Valley Sanitation District (SCVSD) in California, USA, to deal with excessive chloride levels in the wastewater it discharges to the Santa Clara River from its two treatment plants.
Proposals sought for membrane-integrity test method
The WateReuse Research Foundation has issued a Request for Proposals to create a method for testing the integrity of high-pressure membranes used for nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) in water treatment and desalination.
Finance agreed for Camarillo regional desalter studies
Two water districts and two - possibly three - cities in southern California have agree to finance studies for a regional brackish-water desalination plant to be located near Camarillo.
GE expands HERO licensing agreement
GE Power & Water announced on 1 February 2011 that it has completed a new expanded licensing agreement to allow it to continue offering High Efficiency Reverse Osmosis (HERO) systems to help more of its industrial customers increase their water usage efficiency and reuse capacity.
Bundamba wastewater reuse plant passes second quality test
The second Water Quality Report for the Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant in Queensland, Australia, has confirmed the excellent quality of the purified water it produces and proved that the water is safe to add to the drinking supply, says government agency WaterSecure
World's largest SWRO desalination plant operational
The world's largest seawater reverse-osmosis plant, the 624,000 m³/d Sorek plant in Israel, is now fully operational.
NSF/JWPA developing iodine water filtration protocol
A joint protocol to evaluate the ability of certain water filtration products - such as reverse osmosis - to reduce iodine (including radioactive iodine) from drinking water currently being completed by NSF International and the Japan Water Purification Association (JWPA).
Tubular membranes replaced at South Africa coal plant
More than 2,500 tubular reverse-osmosis (TRO) membrane modules have been replaced at a South African coal-to-liquids refinery by Veolia‑owned Membratek in a subcontract.
LG Chem bags five orders worth US$ 8 million
LG Chem has acquired new orders for water purification filters totalling US$ 8 million under exclusive deals with five desalination projects. The projects are at sites in Israel, Spain, Malta, Egypt and Mexico, the company said.
Stover becomes Oasys vice-president of engineering
Rick Stover, whose exit from Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) was announced last week, joined Oasys, the developer of Engineered Osmosis systems for desalination, energy and resource recovery, as vice- president of engineering, on 19 January 2010.
Masdar green desalination competition kicks off
All four participants in the competition to develop sustainable means to meet the United Arab Emirates' potable water demand have begun operating small-scale experimental desalination plants at a pilot facility set up by the competition organizer, Masdar, in Abu Dhabi.
Leveraging nanotechnology for next generation seawater desalination
NanoH2O advanced membranes for reverse osmosis (RO) desalination represent a new material that enhances current polymer-based membranes with the benefits of nanotechnology. These nanocomposite RO membranes represent a step-change in productivity through improved permeability while maintaining requisite salt and contaminant rejection. Since the original publication of this concept, further development and optimization of this membrane technology for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) has resulted in an enhanced flux of more than double that of a 22.7 m /d (6,000 gpd) commercial baseline with 99.7% salt rejection. Recent seawater field testing of an industry-standard spiral-wound element module including the TFN material combined with a fabric support base topped with a microporous polysulfone layer has supported current laboratory research findings. This article appeared in the May/June issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine
ADC baselines SWRO desalination system performance
The Affordable Desalination Collaboration (ADC) has completed a major milestone in its test program that profiles the state-of-the-art performance for seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) technology. This testing ran over two years and involved operating seven sets of standard 8-in diameter membranes in seven-element pressure-vessels. The ADC demonstration plant was designed to produce between 48,100 to 75,600 gpd (182-286 m /d) of permeate flow using existing full-scale technologies that minimized power consumption. The ADC has been able to demonstrate energy consumption for seawater desalination at levels of 10.4 to 11.3 kWh/kgal (2.75-2.98 kWh/m3) at a projected total cost of $ 2.83-3.00/kgal ($ 0.75-0.79/m ). These energy levels and cost figures are comparable to other traditional sources. This article appeared in D&WR magazine's August/September 2008 issue.
MIT spinout cracks fracking water waste
A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) spinout, Gradiant Corporation, is working toward making hydraulic fracturing (fracking) a water-neutral process, by making water reuse more economical. Fracking produces millions of litres of wastewater and much of it is discarded into deep injection wells, and clean water has to be purchased.
Carlsbad could start earlier than scheduled
The US$1 billion Carlsbad seawater desalination plant under construction in California is 65% complete and could be in operation earlier than its planned 2016 start, according to its developer Poseidon Water.
Nanobubble specialist Moleaer raises capital, seeks people
Moleaer, the California, US-based water technology firm that developed the XTB Nanobubble Generator has raised $6 million to support overseas expansion.
India's east coast ports look to containerised desal
India's Ministry of Shipping has instructed ports at Paradip, Kamarajar, and Chidambarnar to install containerised desalination plants, reports Business Standard.
The Long Read: The changing EPC landscape
There is a big shift going on in the water sector, and it's exemplified by the Suez-GE deal. While the focus of services offered by engineers has always ebbed and flowed along a spectrum of consultancy, design work, systems integration, and delivery, nowadays customers' decision-making processes are pushing at the boundaries of these traditional project service offerings.
Detailed design finished for wave-energy desalination
Australian wave-energy developer Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd announced on 31 October 2013 the completion of the detailed design of its wave‑powered desalination pilot plant.
Energy Recovery partners with Duchting Pumpen on new energy savings agreement package
Pressure energy specialist Energy Recovery has signed a master agreement with Germany-based pumps manufacturer Duchting Pumpen to provide a new combined solution for desalination.
Boost for San Angelo water reuse plan
Plans for a water reuse project in San Angelo, Texas, received a boost this week, with local council staff given the green light to take the next step in seeking funding for the project.
Lamberts Bay seawater desalination goes to Veolia
A 1,700 m³/d seawater desalination plant, upgradeable to 5,000 m³/d, is to be built in Lamberts Bay in South Africa for the Cederberg Municipality by Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa.
Desalitech teams up with Pall
High-efficiency reverse osmosis (RO) system specialist, Desalitech, has entered into a non- exclusive partnership with filtration, separation and purification technology firm Pall Corporation. The agreement will enable the companies to offer integrated microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF) and RO solutions for water treatment applications worldwide.
IDA to return to Dubai for World Congress 2019
The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to return to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for its World Congress in 2019, building on the earlier success of the IDA World Congress held in the emirate in 2009.
Grundfos bags US$ 1.1 million grant for wastewater treatment research
Singapore has awarded pump and water technologies company, Grundfos, a S$1.4 million (US$ 1.1 million) grant to develop a wastewater filtration technology which the company says can "significantly reduce" capital investment and operational costs for wastewater treatment.
UF membranes tackle silica at Indian powerplants
Pentair X-Flow HFS 60 Silica ultrafiltration (UF) membranes are to be used in two projects in India for the removal of colloidal silica from surface water.
Hazen and Sawyer appoints Boysen as associate
Environmental engineering consultancy, Hazen and Sawyer, has appointed Buddy Boysen, formerly of Water Standard, as an associate. He is based in Houston, Texas.
Huntington Beach is 'precedent-setting' for California
When the California State Water Board adopted new regulations on seawater desalination plants in 2015, Poseidon, the developer of a proposed 50 million gallons a day (189,000 m3/d) capacity seawater RO plant in Huntington Beach, California, went back to the drawing board on its water intake technology.
Land prices 'astronomical', says Mombasa governor
Mombasa County governor, Hassan Joho, has admitted that plans to develop a 100,000 m3/d desalination plant at Shanzu, on Keyna's north coast, could be scuppered by "astronomical" land prices, reports Standard Digital.
US to develop natural-gas wastewater standards
Over the coming months, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is to begin the process of developing a proposed standard for wastewater discharges produced by natural-gas extraction from underground coalbed and shale formations.
IX + ceramic membrane water treatment plant unveiled
A water treatment plant in the Netherlands combining ion-exchange (IX) with ceramic membranes was presented to the water industry for the first time on 12 May 2014 by PWN Technologies of Velserbroek.
Water Standard's revised strategy paying off
In 2008, Water Standard announced itself as a provider of ship-based desalination and water treatment services, primarily for municipalities and industry. But two agreements announced at the end of June 2011 demonstrate how much the company has reshaped its strategy since those early days. The first signing was for a global frame agreement with Shell to develop technology and innovative water-based approaches in support of Shell's enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects worldwide. The second was for the company to collaborate with Samsung Heavy Industries of Korea to on the design and development of vessels to deliver water treatment solutions to the offshore oil and gas sector. D&WR editor Robin Wiseman asked Water Standard's CEO how these latest developments fit the company's strategy. This article first appeared in the August/September 2011 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Water Standard finds its shipbuilder in Samsung
Texas-based Water Standard and Korea's Samsung Heavy Industries announced an agreement on 28 June 2011 to collaborate on the design and development of vessels to deliver water treatment solutions to the offshore oil and gas sector.
Sydney desalination privatization 'could force inquiry'
With sale of the Sydney desalination plant on the agenda of the newly elected New South Wales (NSW) government in Australia, the state's pricing regulator is quoted as saying that an inquiry would have to be held before any sale took place.
ZLD wastewater pilot makes first water in Beijing
A pilot NanoClear zero-discharge wastewater treatment plant in Beijing has just produced its first water, according to developer Dais Analytic Corporation.
LA utility tops US water bond risk says report
A report published on 21 October 2010 by Ceres and Water Asset Management alleges that few participants in the US water and electricity bond market -- including investors, bond rating agencies and the utilities themselves -- are accounting for growing water scarcity, legal conflicts and other threats in their analyses.
Abengoa takes stake in Beijing-based GreenTech
Spanish desalination and energy contractor Abengoa has acquired 25% of the Beijing-based water company GreenTech.
Water industry investment fund secures $300 million institutional backing
Resonance Industrial Water Infrastructure, an investment fund focusing on water projects, has raised $300 million from institutional investors in the UK, US and the Nordics.
New Report: Towards a global standard for water reuse
Does the world need a standard regulatory framework around water reuse, and what might this look like?
City of Sydney seeks water recycling masterplan
The City of Sydney is seeking tenders to develop a decentralised water masterplan to produce more 10 % of the Australian city's water supply from local sources.
New appointments for D&WR Editorial Board members
Two members of the Editorial Board of Desalination & Water Reuse have taken up new appointments.
Siemens signs wind desalination MoU in Australia
Siemens Australia has announced a partnership with Windesal, a South Australia company using technology designed in Denmark, to develop clean technologies and wind-powered desalination plants.
Chinese commercialize sea-ice desalination process
A Chinese company could be producing at least 1 billion m³ of fresh water by desalination of sea ice by 2023, according to a report by the official Chinese news agency Xinhua on 14 January 2013.
MBR/IFAS reuse technology could be used at Chinese jewellery site
Two wastewater treatment plants being investigated for a new Chinese industrial park for precious-metal jewellery production could use advanced technologies for wastewater reuse.
ADB backs US$ 240 million Chinese water-reuse loans
A US$ 240 million loan package was agreed in Beijing on 20 November 2013 to upgrade wastewater treatment plants in China to meet the grade 1A standard, which means the water can be reused for industry cooling and watering city gardens.
Coquina Coast plumps for land-based desalination
An interesting comparison between land- and ship-based desalination systems has been revealed in the Final Recommended Project Report submitted by consultants Malcolm Pirnie for the Coquina Coast Seawater Desalination Alternative Water Supply Project.
Chinese MBR reuse plant to be built by BTO contract
A membrane bioreactor wastewater reuse plant is to be built by Tri-Tech Holding Inc under a $2 million build-transfer-operate (BTO) contract for the Dongli Economic Development Area in Tianjin Municipality in northern China.
Reuse highlighted in WSAA urban water roadmap
The volume of water being recycled by the largest water utilities in Australia has increased by 117% since 1999/2000. In addition, it is estimated that, by 2013, 460 million m³/year will be supplied to Australia's growing cities by desalination plants.
First Water Standard vessel will use ERI units
Water Standard plans to use the PX Pressure Exchanger energy-recovery device made by Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) in its first Seawater Desalination Vessel (SDV), the two companies announced on 19 May 2009. Florida-based Water Standard builds and operates vessels that deliver desalinated water to clients onshore and to the offshore energy industry.
Q&A: Tim Harper, G20 Water Technologies
Former European Space Agency scientist Tim Harper, now chief executive of G2O Water Technologies, talks graphene-coated membranes
Norit to supply largest UF wastewater reuse plant
Keppel Seghers has ordered Norit XIGA ultrafiltration (UF) membrane technology for the Doha North Sewage Works wastewater reuse project in Qatar, supplier Norit X-Flow announced on 24 April 2009.
Abengoa in talks aimed at re-opening Ghana desalination plant
Abengoa has confirmed that it is actively re-negotiating with Ghana Water Company Ltd (GWCL) the terms of its Teshie-Nungua desalination plant contract.
Poseidon plays down watchdog's warning
The developer of a giant desalination project at Huntingdon Beach, California has played down a recent notice from the Coastal Commission telling the firm that its application for a development permit was incomplete.
South Africa to focus on desalination and water reuse
Desalination and the reuse of wastewater from municipalities and mining are strongly emphasised in the 2nd National Water Resources Strategy (NWRS2) for South Africa released at the start of July 2013.
IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates
More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.
IDA Fellowship Award goes to Holly Johnson Churman
The International Desalination Association (IDA) has awarded its Fellowship Award 2016-17 to Holly Johnson Churman, technology manager at Water Standard.
Fibroc pump owner bought by CECO Environmental
Air-pollution control specialist CECO Environmental Corp announced on 22 April 2013 that it was to acquire Met-Pro Corporation, provider of product recovery, pollution control, fluid handling and filtration solutions, including the Fibroc fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) pumps used in desalination.
Guadalupe-Blanco desalination feasibility award in May?
Interviews will be taking place on 1-2 May 2013 with the seven groups left in competition for the feasibility study for the Regional South Central Texas Power & Seawater Desalination Project proposed by the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (GBRA).
ISO set to widen water reuse brief
A proposal to widen current International Standardization Organisation (ISO) work on water reuse for irrigation to include other forms of water reuse was put forward at the beginning of March by three member states, China, Israel and Japan.
IDA launches desalination mentoring programme
The International Desalination Association (IDA) has launched a mentoring programme with the aim of helping the next generation of leaders to advance their knowledge and careers. The IDA Mentorship Programme pairs an established industry leader within IDA with a member of IDA's Young Leaders Programme.
Speakers announced for IDA conference in Banff
Speakers and sessions for the May conference on Water Recycling and Desalination for the Oil & Gas Industry have been announced by the organizers, the International Desalination Association (IDA).
IDE sells more MVC desalination units to Chile
Austria's Andritz Energy & Environment has placed a purchase order for two more Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) desalination units from IDE Technologies for AES Norgener, a 280 MW coal-fired power station in Chile.
Contamination security white papers released in USA
New security technologies for detecting and monitoring water supplies could be developed as a result of a contamination warning system (CWS) demonstration pilot project in the USA undertaken by CH2M Hill and the Philadelphia Water Department (PWD).
Desalination help published with WHO drinking water standards
The World Health Organization launched the 4th edition of its Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality (ISBN: 978 92 4 154815 1) at the Singapore Water Week on 4 July 2011 - and also launched a separate guide for desalination.
Spanish water investment to hit € 1.2 billion this year
Desalination and water reuse projects are likely to be among the new water infrastructure projects worth € 700 million due to be tendered by Spain's Ministry for Environment & Rural & Marine Affairs (MARM) in the second half of 2011.
Visalia wastewater upgrade will be largest MBR in California
The City of Visalia, USA, is upgrading its wastewater treatment plant with membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology and will be the largest MBR plant in California when it enters service in 2013.
Modesto water quality project gets Siemens MBR equipment
Equipment for a 12.6 MGD (47,700 m³/d) membrane bioreactor (MBR) system is to be supplied to City of Modesto, California, USA, by Siemens Water Technologies for the Jennings Road Water Quality Control Facility.
Stockholm water week seeks abstracts and seminars
Abstracts and seminar proposals have been invited for the 2010 World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden, during 5-11 September 2010.
National Water Co 'to take over 15 Saudi cities by 2014'
The Saudi Arabian company set up to take over privatised water services, including desalination, will have 15 cities on its books by 2014, a senior official told media at the Wastewater Treatment and Reuse 2009 conference organised by MEED.
USEPA to enforce Clean Water Act better
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administrator Lisa P. Jackson announced on 15 October 2009 at a House of Representatives Transportation & Infrastructure Committee hearing that the agency is stepping up its efforts on Clean Water Act enforcement.
US Bureau of Reclamation seeks proposals for US$ 1.4 million funds
The US Bureau of Reclamation is seeking proposals under two funding opportunities totalling up to US$ 1.4 million to improve water treatment technologies aimed at increasing water management flexibility. The first opportunity is for research, laboratory studies and the second is for pilot projects.
USEPA reuse guidelines to be previewed in webcast
A preview of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)'s 2012 Guidelines for Water Reuse will be one of two webcasts presented by the WateReuse Research Federation in September 2012.
Researchers share industry prize for fouling research
Doctoral students, Ariel Atkinson of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Erin Partlan of Clemson University, have received the 2014 Fellowship for Membrane Technology award from the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the National Water Research Institute (NWRI) for research in membrane fouling.
Orange County loses widely respected lab director
Orange County Water District (OCWD) in California announced on 21 March 2011 that Steve Fitzsimmons, director of its Advance Water Quality Assurance Laboratory, who had been a key figure in water quality testing for Water Factory 21 and gaining credibility for the Groundwater Replenishment System, died on 3 March 2011.
AMTA/AWWA 2015 membrane conference abstracts invited
The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the American Water Works Association have issued a call for papers for their fourth joint Membrane Technology Conference to be held in Florida in 2015.
Toray announces two Chinese SWRO membrane orders
Toray Industries Inc has received orders to supply reverse osmosis (RO) membranes to seawater desalination plants in Qingdao (Shandong) and Caofeidian (Tangshan, Hebei) in China.
Carollo selected for Texas DPR health check
Carollo Engineers has been selected by the Texas Water Development Board to carry out detailed public health analysis of the first direct potable water reuse (DPR) facility in the USA.
Commission warns Australia about gas-production wastewater
Handling the wastewater resulting from coal-seam gas (CSG) production in Australia is likely to require a precautionary approach that will demand innovation from water managers and planners, and significantly greater coordination with existing project approval processes, the National Water Commission warned in December 2010.
Haverstraw RO pilot plant starts operations
Operation of United Water's Haverstraw Water Supply Project desalination pilot study located in West Haverstraw, New York, began on 23 November 2010.
Veolia to build Saudi Arabia's largest UF/RO plant
The largest ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant in Saudi Arabia is to be built for Marafiq, the country's leading water and electricity services operator, by Veolia Water.
Texas wastewater-reuse plant could be first of three
The Colorado River Municipal Water District (CRMWD) in Texas, USA, is anticipating the construction phase early in 2011 of its first regional water reclamation plant, which will be membrane-based and located in Big Spring.