Spain, Tender, Reverse Osmosis, Malta


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Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise

Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.

Ceramic nanofiltration company gets big investor

ItN Nanovation AG, a start-up company in Saarbrucken, Germany, making nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 9 December 2010 a framework investment agreement with the US investment fund YA Global Master SPV Ltd, part of the Yorkville Group.

Qala village is at the eastern most point of Gozo Island, close to the main Maltese archipelago

Malta tenders Euro 10 million desalination project

The Water Services Corporation of Malta has issued a tender for a reverse osmosis plant at Hondoq Bay on the Island of Gozo.

LG Chem bags five orders worth US$ 8 million

LG Chem has acquired new orders for water purification filters totalling US$ 8 million under exclusive deals with five desalination projects. The projects are at sites in Israel, Spain, Malta, Egypt and Mexico, the company said.

Bidding for largest solar desalination plant opens soon

Tenders for the world's largest solar-powered seawater desalination plant in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, will be invited next month by utility company Utico Middle East.

Oman's Sur desalination plant seeks large expansion

The owner and operator of Oman's Sur seawater desalination plant, Sharqiyah Desalination Company (SDC), has filed a bid with the Oman Tender Board for approval of a proposed expansion of 10.6 MIGD (48,000 m³/d) to the plant.

Consultants sought for Ajman SWRO desalination

The Federal Electricity and Water Authority (FEWA) in the UAE has issued a tender (19W/2013) for consultancy services for a seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Al Zawra, Ajman.

OPWP seeks consultant for two desalination projects

The Oman Power and Water Procurement Company SAOC (OPWP) has invited specialized companies to submit offers for supervisory consultancy services for the Ghubrah IWP and Barka I water projects, both of which involve desalination plants.

Tender for Chennai RO water-reuse plant feasibility

Bids are due by 22 February 2012 for a prefeasibility study for a 45,000 m³/d membrane-based tertiary wastewater treatment plant in Chennai, India.

Consolidated bidding for Mexican SWRO desalination

Consolidated Water Co (CWCO) has declared itself to be one of the tenderers for the El Salitral desalination plant in Baja California, Mexico. Bids are due by June.

Singapore tenders 318,500 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A tender for a 70 MIGD (318,500 m³/d) desalination plant to be built at Tuas, Singapore, was launched on 30 June 2010 by the country's national water agency, PUB.

Ashdod desalination tender launched by Mekorot

Mekorot Development & Enterprises (MD&E), a subsidiary of the Israeli national water company, issued on 1 February 2009 a tender for the design, building, commissioning and supervision on a turnkey basis of the Ashdod seawater desalination plant.

Hutchison leaves Ashdod desalination bidding race

The Israeli national water company, Mekorot, has confirmed reports from Israel that the Hutchison group has dropped out of the bidding for the Ashdod desalination plant.

Siemens seeks bigger Israel desalination role

According to reports from Israel, Siemens is looking to up its stake in the 275,000 m³/d Soreq desalination plant from supplier to equity partner.

Accusations fly in Israeli desalination chaos

Chaos still reigns in Israel over the Ashdod desalination plant, which is now the subject of accusations from the national water company Mekorot against losing tenderers Shikun u'Binui (SKBN) and Global Environmental Services (GES).

Desalination booming in Tunisia

Desalination in Tunisia took a major step forward in July with the award of the 50,000 m³/d Djerba seawater desalination contract to a consortium including Befesa of Spain, announced on 14 July 2010, and the launch of a tender for the supply of ten brackish-water desalination plants at the end of the month.

Acciona to supply renewable energy to Acuamed desalination plants

Spanish company Acciona has received a contract to supply power to all the desalination and water treatment plants and other installations in Spain managed by the government agency Aguas de las Cuencas Mediterraneas (Acuamed).

Pentair X-Flow UF pretreatment for Ashdod desalination

The giant Ashdod seawater reverse-osmosis desalination (SWRO) plant under construction in Israel is to have ultrafiltration (UF) pretreatment supplied by Pentair X-Flow.

Mombasa is hoping to become the first African city to host the IDA World Congress

Kenya's a contender for IDA 2021 World Congress

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has shortlisted Mombasa, Kenya, among four finalists to host its 2021 World Congress, reports The Star.

Two Spanish desalination plants get ERI PX devices

Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) is to supply energy recovery-devices for two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants currently under construction along the Mediterranean coast of Spain.

NanoH2O membranes chosen for Canaries SWRO retrofit

High-rejection QuantumFlux seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) membranes manufactured by NanoH2O Inc have been chosen to retrofit one of two first-pass trains at the Puerto del Rosario IV desalination plant located on Fuerteventura, one of Spain's Canary Islands.

Toray wins large RO orders in Bahrain and Spain

Toray Industries Inc announced on 24 December 2009 that it had won a series of orders to supply reverse osmosis (RO) membranes for desalination plants in Bahrain and Spain.

Cadagua consortium's Oman job worth US$ 300 million

More details were released on 13 February 2013 by Ferrovia of Spain about the contract announced in November 2012 for a consortium involving its subsidiary Cadagua for the Al Ghubrah desalination plant in Oman.

The RO hall at the Llobregat plant in Barcelona (image: <b>D&WR</b>)

EIR completed for Foix desalination plant in Spain

The environmental impact report for the Foix desalination project in the Catalunya province of Spain has been completed and submitted to the supervisory committee.

Flowserve wins three Calder orders in Spain

Flowserve Corporation announced on 9 July 2009 that it had received three orders for Calder energy-recovery devices for seawater reverse-osmosis desalination projects in Spain including the Campo de Dalais project, which will receive the recently upgraded DWEER units.

Acciona to build Sembcorp's Fujairah 1 expansion

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries has signed a 20‑year water purchase agreement with the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC) which will enable it to expand its Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) by 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

Befesa wins RO pilot plant in Tarragona

Spanish company Befesa Agua has won a construction contract for a reverse-osmosis (RO) pilot desalination plant to be built next to the L'Ampolla water treatment plant in Tarragona, Spain.

Tordera expansion to use ERI devices

The energy recovery contract for the expansion of the Tordera seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant near Barcelona, Spain, has been awarded to Energy Recovery Inc.

ERI supplies Andalucian desalter

Fifty PX-220 energy recovery devices to operate in the first-stage of the reverse osmosis process are to be supplied for the Bajo Almanzora seawater desalination project in Spain by Energy Recovery Inc.

Sumitomo consortium wins Al Ghubrah desalination

The contract for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Muscat, Oman, has been awarded to a consortium of Sumitomo Corporation of Japan, Malakoff Corporation Berhad of Malaysia and Cadagua SA of Spain.

Victaulic acquires MTS desalination plug valve

Pipe-jointing specialist Victaulic has acquired the desalination business of Spain's MTS Valves & Technology, which designs and manufactures valves for the global desalination market, including the MTS Plug Valve.

Veolia venture finishes Spain's Campo Dalias desalination

A joint venture led by Veolia Water Technologies' Spanish operation has completed the 97.2 Ml/d Campo Dalías reverse osmosis desalination plant in the south of Spain.

Spanish opposition calls for end to paralysis of giant desalination project

Opposition politicians in Alicante, Spain have called on the country's central government to implement the completion of two, long-delayed reverse osmosis desalination plants to avoid urgent problems in the province amid a current drought.

EDS adds SDI Workshop to Barcelona events

The European Desalination Society has added a workshop on the Silt Density Index to the satellite events around its upcoming Barcelona conference, the society confirmed in an announcement on 12 March 2012.

Texas desalination RFQ period ends on 14 September

The qualification period for a feasibility study for a large seawater desalination plant in Texas, USA, ends on 14 September 2012.

Minister Aguilar at the Bajo Almanzora desalination plant,

Minister visits commissioned Spanish desalination plant

Spain's minister for environment and rural and marine affairs, Rosa Aguilar, visited the 20,000 m³/d Bajo Almanzora seawater desalination plant in Almería province on 20 September 2011 on the occasion of its commissioning.

Prequalification invited for Ghubrah IWP in Oman

Submissions have been invited by Oman Power & Water Procurement Company by 17 November 2011 for qualification to tender for the development of an independent water project at Ghubrah (Ghubrah IWP) in Muscat governate.

Acciona Agua commissions Fouka desalination in Algeria

The commissioning of the Fouka seawater desalination plant in Algeria, which reached full operational capacity in July, was announced by Acciona Agua on 8 August 2011.

Singapore's Changi wastewater reclamation plant.

Tender later this year for Changi expansion

A tender will be called in the second half of 2011 for construction and installation of an expansion to Singapore's Changi Water Reclamation Plant using membrane technology.

Eight bidders for Singapore's second desalination plant

Eight companies/consortia had expressed interest in Singapore's second and largest desalination plant when the tender for the project closed on 23 October 2010.

City of Sydney seeks water recycling masterplan

The City of Sydney is seeking tenders to develop a decentralised water masterplan to produce more 10 % of the Australian city's water supply from local sources.

Masdar picks four firms to test new desalination techniques

Abu Dhabi clean energy company, Masdar, has selected four international water technology firms to test techniques that could reduce the energy intensity of desalination and lead to a large renewably powered water purification station.

Mexican desalination tender reported set for April

Conagua, the national water authority of Mexico, is reported to be set to launch a tender in April for a 21,500 m³/d desalination plant in Baja California.

Mumbai desalination study deadline extended

The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) in India has extended until 15 November 2009 its tender deadline for a techno-economic feasibility study for a desalination plant in Mubai, according to a local website.

Spanish government authorizes land for Moncofa desalination

Reservation of 86,570 m² of public land on Spain's Mediterranean coast for the Moncofa desalination plant was authorized on 28 May 2011 by the Spanish cabinet. The project is being constructed by the government agency Acuamed.

Acciona to build RO plant for Chile mines

Spain's Acciona Agua has been selected by Grupo CAP to design, build, bring into service and operate for 20 years a seawater desalination plant to service mining operations in the Copiapó Valley in Chile's Atacama Region III.

ERI pressure-exchangers for Spanish desalination plant

The 50,000 m³/d Marina Baja-Mutxamel seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant currently under construction near Alicante, Spain, is to be fitted with PX-260 energy-recovery devices.

Cadagua choses ERI for Valdelentisco desalination refit

Spain's Cadagua has chosen PX® energy-recovery technology for its refit contract for the Valdelentisco desalination plant in Murcia, Spain.

IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse will make a return visit to Dubai in 2019

IDA to return to Dubai for World Congress 2019

The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to return to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for its World Congress in 2019, building on the earlier success of the IDA World Congress held in the emirate in 2009.

Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages

Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.

Acuamed desalination plants to use renewable energy

All the desalination plants owned by Acuamed, the Spanish water supplier, as well as distribution networks and company offices, will be run on renewable energy, the company announced on 22 December 2009.

Burgos wastewater treatment plant serves a population of one million in Spain's Castile and Leon region

FCC Aqualia bags E3million contract against 'reckless' competitors

FCC Aqualia has won the contract to operate Burgos wastewater treatment plant in northwestern Spain against other "recklessly low" financial tenders.

ZWT wins oil-camp replacement RO plant order in Libya

Three turnkey reverse-osmosis (RO) water treatment plants are to be provided by Zulal Water Technology (ZWT) for the Gialo, Waha and Essider oil camps operated in Libya by Waha Oil Company.

Marubeni lowest of six consortia for Al Mirfa

A Marubeni-led consortium led the way when bids were opened by the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) on 6 March 2013 for the Al Mirfa Independent Power & Water Project.

The beach at Chennai, in the Bay of Bengal, nearby the site of the new desalination plant at Nemmeli

Suez International seeks to halt work order on Nemmeli project

Madras High Court has ordered Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board not to issue a work order for its proposed Nemmeli desalination plant, following a petition from bidder Suez International.

Proposals sought for membrane-integrity test method

The WateReuse Research Foundation has issued a Request for Proposals to create a method for testing the integrity of high-pressure membranes used for nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) in water treatment and desalination.

ADWEA issues RfP for Mirfa power and desalination

The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) last week issued a request for proposals from prequalified bidders for its build‑own‑operate extension of power generation and reverse osmosis (RO) water desalination at Al Mirfa.

EDS publishes desalination courses line-up for 2013

Five courses for the first half of 2013 have been announced by the European Desalination Society (EDS). All except one will be staged in Genoa, Italy.

Proposals invited for Oman's Al Ghubrah desalination

The Oman Power & Water Procurement Company issued a request for proposals to prequalified bidders on 4 March 2012 for a build-own-operate contract for the construction of a desalination-based independent water project (IWP) in Al Ghubrah with a capacity of 42 MIGD (191,000 m³/d).

BEL supplies pressure‑vessels for Al Jubail expansion

Around 1,600 reverse‑osmosis pressure‑vessels are to be supplied by BEL Composite Iberica SL for the SWRO‑4 expansion of the existing Al Jubail desalination plant in Saudi Arabia.

State visit signing for Adelaide desalination expansion

The AdelaideAqua consortium, led by Spain's Acciona Agua, has received a contract from the state government of South Australia to double the production capacity of the Port Stanvac (Adelaide) desalination plant.

Osmoflo wins industrial water-reuse project

Australia's Osmoflo has won a tender to design, build, operate and maintain a Aus$ 5 million (US$ 5.3 million) water-recycling plant and reticulation system at the Nyrstar Port Pirie smelter north of Adelaide in South Australia.

US$ 400 million funding agreed for Sorek desalination

The consortium building the Sorek seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel announced on 23 May 2011 that it has entered into agreements to obtain US$ 400 million in project financing to construct and operate the plant.

The city of Mombasa on the Indian Ocean has an estimated population of 1.2 million

Reports: Mombasa awards desalination contract

Mombasa County, Keyna, has awarded a design, build and operate contract for new desalination capacity, reports Daily Nation.

Consultants sought for Chennai III desalination plant

Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) has called for tenders for consultancy services for a third seawater desalination plant for the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India.

Cyprus desalination failure 'setback for European aid'

Failure to implement the seawater desalination plant at Sirianokhori/Kumköy in the Turkish part of Cyprus represents a significant setback for the overall European Community assistance programme to this region, according to the European Court of Auditors (ECA).

FEWA tenders Al Ghalila SWRO desalination plant

A tender notice for a desalination plant at Al Ghalila, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, was issued on 27 January 2011 by the Federal Electricity & Water Authority.

Wabag JV lands Oman port desalination contract

Chennai-based Wabag Ltd, in joint venture with fellow Indian contractor Nagarjuna Construction Company (NCC), has been awarded a contract for the completion of a seawater treatment plant, which will supply desalinated water to various industrial production plants in the Sohar International Port Complex.

Joint venture to build US$ 196 million desalination plant at Ras Al Khaimah

A joint venture between Spain's Grupo Cobra and Emirates-based Utico Middle East is building a Dh 719 million (US$ 195.7 million) desalination plant in northernmost emirate, Ras Al Khaimah.

Spain's Inexa to build Arab shipyard desalination plant

Bahrain's Arab Shipbuilding and Repair Yard company (Asry) has awarded a US$ 8.6 million contract to Gulf Marketing House for the completion and upgrading of a reverse osmosis seawater desalination plant at Asry's yard in the Bahrain capital, Manama. Under the build-operate-transfer deal Spanish engineering firm, Inexa, will construct the plant.

EDS desalination course dates for 2012 published

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has published dates for its series of courses for 2012, which will take place in February, April and June.

Caribbean successes for Seven Seas Water

The US Virgin Islands Water & Power Authority (WAPA) voted on 24 May 2010 to outsource all its desalination water supply to Seven Seas Water Corporation in a move intended to cut its water production costs in half.

Oman signs US$ 300 million water project agreement

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company, the sultanate's sole procurer of new power generation and water desalination capacity, has signed water project agreements worth 115 million rial (US$ 300 million).

IDE confirms Sorek desalination win

Israel's IDE Technologies confirmed on 15 December 2009 that Sorek Desalination Ltd (SDL), a joint venture with Hutchison Water, had won the Sorek (previously Soreq) desalination plant tender.

Dubai invites bids for turnkey solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project

The Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has issued a tender inviting bids for the design, installation and testing and commissioning of a pilot photovoltaic-powered pumping and reverse osmosis water desalination system.

PX energy-recovery units selected for Palmachim expansion

Energy Recovery Inc announced on 9 September 2009 that its PX Pressure Exchanger™ (PX™) devices have been selected for use in the expansion of the 115,000 m³/d Palmachim desalination plant, one of the largest seawater reverse osmosis plants in Israel.

Black & Veatch wins consultant contract for giant Jeddah desalination project

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has awarded consultancy, Black & Veatch, the engineering and design contract for a major desalination project that will supply the kingdom's second largest city, Jeddah.

Hyflux-led group wins US$ 250 million desalination plant tender

A consortium led by Singaporean water and environmental solutions company Hyflux has been awarded a US$ 250 million contract to design, build, own and operate an independent water project (IWP) in Oman.

RWL wins contract to build desalination plant in Argentina

RWL Water has won a contact to build what it claims will be Argentina's largest seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant.

Singapore utility awards desalt deal to Chinese-led group

Singapore's national water agency, PUB, has selected the BESIN-UEN consortium - led by China's Beijing Enterprises Water Group (BEWG) - as the preferred bidder to construct the second reverse osmosis (RO) plant sited at Changi under a public/private partnership.

Saudi plans two more giant desalination plants

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has unveiled plans to build two huge sea water desalination plants including a vast 1.5 million m³/day capacity hybrid plant with 30% of its production coming from reverse osmosis and the rest from thermal desalination.

Netanyahu steps into Ashdod desalination argument

Prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has ordered Israel's national water authority, Mekorot, the Finance Ministry and the Infrastructure Ministry to submit proposals for a cost-effective desalination plant in Ashdod within 30 days, according to Israel National News (Arutz Sheva).

The island of Gozo, part of Malta, currently relies on groundwater extraction for its water supply

Malta to redevelop defunct desalination facility on Gozo island

A defunct desalination facility on Malta's Gozo island is to be redeveloped and brought back into use.

ERI to supply 75,000 m³/d Venezuelan desalination plant

Spanish EPC contractor Acciona Agua has awarded Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) of the USA the energy-recovery technology contract for the 75,000 m³/d (20 MGD) Paraguana desalination plant in Venezuela.

Adelaide size may be doubled as Acciona emerges in front

The consortium led by Spain's Acciona Agua was announced as preferred bidder for the Adelaide desalination project on 19 February 2009, as Australian media reported that the capacity of the new plant was to be doubled from 150,000 m³/d to 300,000 m³/d.

Egyptian SWRO plant to use ERI pressure exchangers

Egypt's largest desalination plant being built at Marsa Matrouh is to be supplied with Pressure Exchanger (PX) energy-recovery devices by Energy Recovery Inc of California.

ERI wins another Algerian contract

Another large-scale energy-recovery contract for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination in Algeria was announced by Energy Recovery Inc on 11 December 2008.

Escondida desalination is first Doosan job in Latin America

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction announced its first seawater desalination plant project in the Latin American market on 25 August 2013.

Delayed Torrevieja plant pays penalty

The close-to-complete largest desalination plant in Europe at Torrevieja, Spain has lost € 55 million (US$ 63 million) in funding because it has failed to meet operational deadlines according to recent reports.

The desalination plant is located north of the desert town Wlotzkasbaken, on the South Atlantic

NamWater seeks consultants to advise on desal deal

Namibia Water Corporation (NamWater) is seeking consultants to help with a possible acquisition of Areva Desalination Plant at Swakopmund.

The order potentially represents the opening of a new market for Inge to supply large-scale desalination plants in Oman

Inge wins first big order to supply seawater desalination plant in Oman

Inge has won a contract to supply ultrafiltration (UF) solutions to the Sharqiyah desalination plant project in Oman, in a change to the original specification.

Acciona Agua in bidding for Sydney desalination lease

Acciona Agua of Spain is part of one of at least three consortia bidding for leases on the Sydney seawater desalination plant in Australia.

The latest desalination project in Nemmeli, Tamil Nadu state, aims to build the third such plant to serve the population of the Chennai metropolitan area

Madras High Court lifts bar on Nemmeli project tender

The Madras High Court has lifted its hold on the Nemmeli desalination plant tender, clearing the path for the project to move ahead.

The project site is U-shaped, and is surrounded by lots filled by industrial operators and their associated infrastructure

Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix

The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.

Chennai is the capital city of Tamil Nadu state, in southeastern India, on the Bay of Bengal

JICA to loan $283 million for Chennai's fourth desalination plant

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is to loan JPY 30 billion ($283 million) to build a seawater desalination plant in Chennai, India.

The new desalination plant will be located in Tseung Kwan O, a bay in the Sai Kung district, New Territories, Hong Kong

Tseung Kwan O project kicks off with call for pre-quals

Hong Kong's Water Supplies Department has called for pre-qualification bids for Tseung Kwan O desalination plant project.

The new desalination plant will be built on the coast of Cyprus, in Paphos region

Cyprus poised to tender Paphos SWRO project

The Water Development Department of Cyprus is on course to tender a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant project by end of September 2017.

The proposed new desalination plant will serve Caldera, Chañaral, Copiapó, and Tierra Amarilla

Bidding heats up for Atacama desalination project

Nine consortia of local and international companies are bidding for a desalination plant project in Atacama, Chile, reports Diaro Financiero.


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