Solar, nanocomposite


Related content

LG sees NanoH2O takeover as "new growth engine"

LG Chem, part of Korea's LG electronics group, is proposing a takeover of desalination membrane maker NanoH2O for US$ 200 million, according to a filing made to the Korea Exchange on 14 March 2014.

ACWA appoints nanotechnology membrane specialist

UK water and wastewater specialist ACWA Services announced on 6 June 2012 that it has appointed a membrane nanotechnology specialist, Dr Oscar Hernandez-Ramirez as a chemical process engineer.

NanoH2O secures $ 15 million investment

NanoH2O Inc, developer of new-generation reverse-osmosis membranes for desalination and water reuse, announced in early September 2008 that it has secured $ 15 million in funding from Oak Investment Partners and Khosla Ventures.

Professor Ghim Wei Ho (left), with Dr Connor Peh Kangnuo (centre), and researcher Gao Minmin, in their laboratory at the National University of Singapore

Singapore University shares its work at the forefront of plasmonic photothermic technology

A conjoined approach to solving the problems of growing demand for energy and water would definitely be attractive. At the Na­tional University of Singapore, we have integrated the solutions to these two problems by designing a plasmonic solar thermal collec­tor nanocomposite, comprising a Ag/SiO2 core, with a TiO2 outer shell as a photocatalyst.

Energy Recovery wins Saudi solar deal

Industrial fluid pressure technology specialist, Energy Recovery, has won a US$ 1.4 million deal to supply its PX pressure exchanger technology for the world's first large-scale solar-powered desalination plant.

Solar desalination champion teams with university

Louisiana, engineer and solar powered desalination entrepreneur, Hill Kemp, has teamed up with University of Texas, El Paso (UTEP) to market the technology to industrial customers.

Dubai utility accepts bids for solar desalination project

Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has accepted seven bids to develop a pilot solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project.

Dubai invites bids for turnkey solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project

The Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has issued a tender inviting bids for the design, installation and testing and commissioning of a pilot photovoltaic-powered pumping and reverse osmosis water desalination system.

French and Kuwaitis sign solar desalination agreement

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and his Kuwaiti counterpart Sheikh Sabah Al- Khaled Al- Hamad Al-Sabah have signed a memo of understanding for implementing a project for water desalination using solar energy.

Iran pilots solar desalination

Iran has begun pilot testing on a solar-powered desalination plant in an arid region in the south of the country.

Pure Aqua builds solar-powered desalination for Cameroon

US-based Pure Aqua has designed and manufactured six solar-powered reverse osmosis water purifiers for river water in the African state of Cameroon.

Gulf should look to solar to power desalination expert says

The Abu Dhabi Environment Agency has called on Arab Gulf states to shift their focus to solar and other renewable energy when considering power for desalination.

Grenada builds solar powered pair of desalination plants

Grenada is constructing solar power arrays to generate electricity for a pair of planned reverse osmosis desalination plants on the islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.

EDS publishes June solar desalination course program

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has published the program for its three-day intensive course on Desalination With Solar Energy to be held in Almeria, Spain, on 11‑13 June 2014.

Solar mobile desalination plant inaugurated in Egypt

The Egyptian State Information Service reported that a mobile water desalination plant powered by solar energy was inaugurated in Marsa Matrouh governorate on 18 April 2014.

Sanz and Awerbuch to lead IDA WEX sessions

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has released details of the two desalination sessions it is organizing as a Support Partner for WEX Global - the Water and Energy Exchange in Madrid.

Solar power installed soon for Nauru desalination plant

Singapore's Hitachi-Aquatech has awarded a contract to two New Zealand companies for a 131 kWp solar system to power a desalination plant for the Pacific island of Nauru.

Bidding for largest solar desalination plant opens soon

Tenders for the world's largest solar-powered seawater desalination plant in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, will be invited next month by utility company Utico Middle East.

Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water

A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.

Saudi solar desalination push nears end of Phase 1

The first of three phases of the King Abdullah Initiative for Solar Water Desalination is expected to be operational by the end of this year, according to reports from Saudi Arabia.

EDS unveils course on desalination and renewable energy

The European Desalination Society (EDA) has announced a four‑day intensive course on Wind and Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Powered Desalination Systems (Reverse Osmosis and Electrodialysis Reversal) to be held in the Canary Islands.

MEDRC announces solar desalination course

The Middle East Desalination Research Center is to hold a course on Solar Desalination in October 2013 at its Muscat, Oman, training facility.

Fundación Chile's demonstration plant at the opening ceremony

Chilean solar desalination demo precurses pilot project

A demonstration solar-powered desalination plant was installed in mid‑March 2013 in Arica, Chile, by Fundación Chile, in advance of a pilot project for irrigation purposes.

Arizona RO plant opens solar-energy system

A 459 kW photovoltaic (PV) solar power system has been completed at the Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Facility for the Town of Gila Bend, Arizona, by Solon Corporation, the company announced on 13 February 2013.

EDS lists desalination courses for 2013

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has released a complete list of its courses for 2013. EDS has been giving training certificates since 2003 to over 400 participants from all over the world.

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

EDS publishes desalination courses line-up for 2013

Five courses for the first half of 2013 have been announced by the European Desalination Society (EDS). All except one will be staged in Genoa, Italy.

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

EDS publishes dates for 2013 courses

The European Desalination Society has published dates for two courses in the first half of 2013.

Arizona RO plant gets solar energy boost

The Arizona town of Gila Bend is to build a 460 kW photovoltaic solar‑energy system to power its 1 MGD (3,785 m³/d) reverse‑osmosis (RO) water treatment system.

Santa Cruz desalination EIR delayed until fall

The environmental impact report (EIR) for the proposed 2.5 MGD (9,500 m³/d) desalination plant (scwd²) for Santa Cruz, California, will not now be published until fall 2012.

EDS adds SDI Workshop to Barcelona events

The European Desalination Society has added a workshop on the Silt Density Index to the satellite events around its upcoming Barcelona conference, the society confirmed in an announcement on 12 March 2012.

Almogordo trial for commercial-size solar desalination still

Indiana-based Suns River is nearing completion of a commercial-sized solar still at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in Almogordo, New Mexico, USA, following the issue of a patent on its process (US #8,088,257) on 3 January 2012.

Australia and NZ ferry RO units to Tuvalu

Australia and New Zealand are leading an urgent response to the drought currently afflicting the South Pacific islands of Tuvalu and Tokelau by transporting reverse-osmosis (RO) units to provide a water supply.

Egyptian solar desalination

The Egyptian Gazette reported on 22 September 2011 that Egypt's scientists have developed a solar-power based technology to reduce the cost of water desalination from LE 10 (US$ 1.67) to LE 4 ($0 67) per cubic metre.

The solar panels at Beckton desalination plant, UK.

Solar panels commissioned at UK desalination plant

Thames Water in the UK at the end of July commissioned a 450 kW array of solar panels at its 150,000 m³/d Beckton brackish-water desalination plant as part of a bid to become Britain's biggest on-site solar power producer and industrial user.

Samoa first to draw from Japanese solar/desalination fund

Samoa on 17 June 2011 became the first country to access a Japanese fund set up for solar power generation and seawater desalination or a combination of both.

Gujarat state to go for solar desalination

The Indian state of Gujarat is to develop solar-based desalination along its coasts on a large scale and in a cost-effective manner, the state's chief minister Shri Narendra Modi announced on 22 March 2011.

IDA releases more detail of Portofino conference

Abstracts of four "notable" papers for the the International Desalination Association's (IDA) Desalination Industry Action For Good conference in Portofino, Italy, in May were sent out by the association on 18 February 2011.

CDA/EDS seeking Qingdao desalination abstracts by 15 March

Abstracts for the 2011 Qingdao International Desalination Conference in China (20-23 June 2011) must received by 15 March 2011 with final papers by 10 May 2011.

The Kay Bailey Hutchison desalination plant

URS to assist El Paso desalination solar project

The Public Services Board in El Paso, Texas, on 10 November 2010 voted to hire URS Corporation as a consultant to assist with the choice of a solar energy system to power part of the Kay Bailey Hutchison desalination plant.

EDS promotes learning on desalination and renewable energy

The European Desalination Society is promoting two sets of courses looking at desalination using renewable energies.

IDA issues call for papers for Portofino conference

The International Desalination Association is seeking presentations from industry and related NGOs on how the organization and the desalination community, as a whole, can be more responsive to human needs for clean and affordable potable water.

A representation of Sunpower Malaysia's new factory

Giant solar-cell factory to have HERO water purification

The largest silicon solar manufacturing factory in the world is to use a high-efficiency reverse- osmosis (HERO) ultra-pure water treatment system supplied by GE. SunPower Corp selected GE to supply the new SunPower-AUO joint-venture solar-cell fabrication plant in Malaysia.

Community-level solar RO plant (250 L/h capacity)

India's BARC develops small solar RO and UF units

Domestic and community-level reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination units have been developed for producing safe drinking water by Saly T Panicker at the Desalination Division of India's Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.

IBM joins in Saudi solar desalination initiative

Saudi Arabia's solar powered desalination initiative, announced in January, is now to involve the ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic (UHCPV) and nanomembrane desalination technologies being jointly developed by IBM and the King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST).

Low-temperature distillation technology licensed to Sterling Water

The low-temperature distillation method of desalination developed by the New Mexico State University (NMSU) in the USA has been licensed to Sterling Water LLC of Qatar.

El Paso to explore solar power for desalination plant

The City of El Paso Public Service Board voted on 10 February 2010 to explore the possibility of using solar power at the Kay Bailey Hutchison desalination plant in Texas, USA.

Cambria desalination will bring environmental benefit

The US Army Corps of Engineers announced on 28 April 2009 that it will receive US$ 2.5 million in funding through the new American Recovery & Reinvestment Act to develop the Cambria desalination project north-west of San Luis Obispo in California.

Morocco's first solar-powered desalination starts up

Morocco's first solar-powered desalination plant has started operations near Marrakech.

Australian island rigs up solar powered desalination

Rottnest Island, off the Western Australian coast, is constructing a solar power source for the island's population including its desalination plant.

Giant solar desalination project plans US$ 10 million public offering

Shares in what would be California's first commercial-scale solar desalination plant issued by WaterFX will this year form a US$ 10 million state-registered direct public offering (DPO) in the state.

NanoH2O confirms its acquisition by LG Chem

Desalination membrane manufacturer NanoH2O confirmed on 12 May 2014 the finalization of its sale to Korea's LG Chem on 30 April 2014.

Investment and credit success for NanoH2O

Innovative membrane-maker NanoH2O Inc announced on 30 April 2012 that it has closed a US$ 40 million equity round and US$ 20.5 million in credit facilities.

Truby to direct NanoH2O's global sales

Membrane veteran Randy Truby, who formerly looked after global marketing and sales at Toray Membrane USA, has joined NanoH2O Inc as director of global sales.

UK water nano group to be launched at February workshop

The programme has been announced for a UK nanotechnology for water event to be held at University College London (UCL) on 15 February 2011, which will provide an official launch for the EcoNano Focus Group.

MacDonald to lead NanoH2O operations

California-based nanocomposite membrane manufacturer NanoH2O announced another addition to its management team on 18 January 2011.

NanoH2O appoints Markovich as CFO

California-based desalination membrane manufacturer NanoH2O Inc announced on 12 January 2011 the appointment of semiconductor and cleantech veteran John Markovich as chief financial officer.

Veolia and NanoH2O hook up to test new membranes

Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies and NanoH2O announced a five-year partnership on 10 November 2009 at the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai.

AMTA's awards recognise individuals for a variety of contributions to the field of membrane technology

AMTA unveils annual gongs for membrane experts

The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) has conferred its annual roster of awards for membrane specialists, include its Lifetime Service Award, Hall of Fame Awards, and Operator of the Year Award.

Leveraging nanotechnology for next generation seawater desalination

NanoH2O advanced membranes for reverse osmosis (RO) desalination represent a new material that enhances current polymer-based membranes with the benefits of nanotechnology. These nanocomposite RO membranes represent a step-change in productivity through improved permeability while maintaining requisite salt and contaminant rejection. Since the original publication of this concept, further development and optimization of this membrane technology for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) has resulted in an enhanced flux of more than double that of a 22.7 m /d (6,000 gpd) commercial baseline with 99.7% salt rejection. Recent seawater field testing of an industry-standard spiral-wound element module including the TFN material combined with a fabric support base topped with a microporous polysulfone layer has supported current laboratory research findings. This article appeared in the May/June issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine

US DoE announces solar thermal desalination prize

The US Department of Energy has announced a multi-stage prize competition designed to accelerate the development of low-cost desalination systems that use solar-thermal power to produce clean drinking water.

Abengoa wins contract for Morocco desalination plant

Morocco's National Power and Drinking Water Office (ONEE) has contracted Spanish desalination company, Abengoa, to construct a 100,000 m³/d plant, some 45 km from the city of Agadir.

Israel aids Pacific island with mobile desalinator

Israel's ministry of foreign affairs is supplying a truck-mounted desalination facility to the Marshall islands in the Pacific ocean to help tackle the islands' severe water shortage.

UK researchers unveils solar-powered brine treatment process

A UK academic has proposed a new solar energy-driven process to convert brine produced by desalination plants. The process also removes carbon dioxide dissolved in the oceans ocean to reduce its damaging environmental impacts according to the researcher at Birmingham's Aston University.

The desalinated water water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate.

Solar desalination plant to supply Chilean mines is approved

Trends Industrial's ambitious, multi-client, solar-powered desalination project to supply water to mines in Atacama desert, Chile, has been approved by the country's environmental agency.

Judge rules against US water district bid to halt test slant well

A Santa Cruz county judge has ruled against the Marina Coast Water District's bid to halt California American Water (Cal-Am) in its continuing construction of a test desalination slant well in Marina.

Abengoa signs world first large renewable desalination plant deal

Saudi-based water treatment specialist, Advanced Water Technologies (AWT) has appointed Spanish conglomerate, Abengoa, as its partner in the development of the world's first, large-scale desalination plant to be powered by solar energy.

Masdar city, Masdar Institute, Laborelec, and Degrémont to collaborate in renewable-powered desalination project

Abu Dhabi university, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, has unveiled recently its research collaboration with three leading energy and clean technology corporations in a research project supporting the development of a full-scale, completely solar-powered, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Asia's largest reverse osmosis plant begins operation

Asia's largest reverse osmosis plant, with a capacity to produce 10 Ml/d, has recently been inaugurated in Pakistan's drought-ridden Sindh province.

The project site is U-shaped, and is surrounded by lots filled by industrial operators and their associated infrastructure

Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix

The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.

Renewables advocate takes chair in desalination at Murdoch University

Murdoch University's School of Engineering and IT has appointed Professor Wendell Ela as the inaugural chair of desalination and water treatment. He is an advocate of the use of renewable energy for desalination and has developed small solar desalination systems for remote Navajo communities in USA.

Solar electrodialysis brings water to off-grid villages

A simple set of solar panels and a battery system connected to an electrodialysis desalination unit could provide fresh water for a typical Indian village according to researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US.

Saudi plans US$ 80 billion injection into desalination resource

Saudi Arabian state-run utility Saudi Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) plans to invest SR300 billion (US$ 80 billion) by 2025 to boost desalinated water production to 8,500 Ml/d according to the governor of the utility Abdulrahman Mohammed al-Ibrahim.

The US Department of Energy is supporting solar-based desalination for off-grid locations

US DoE awards $21 million for solar desalination projects

The US Department of Energy has unveiled funding of $21 million for 14 projects to advance solar-based thermal desalination technologies.

New Texas desalination plant could reuse fracking water

A new desalination test facility in Loving County, Texas could be deployed in treating water used in hydraulic fracturing - tracking- for shale gas for reuse in the oil industry.

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region

Almar Water Solutions signs MoU with ENAPAC project, Chile

Almar Water Solutions has become an equity investor in ENAPAC, a proposed solar-powered desalination project in Atacama, Chile.

The Resource Watch platform from the World Resources Institute used global horizontal irradiance (GHI), a proxy for the strength and concentration of star energy hitting a PV panel, to create the ranking

Top 20 water-stressed countries with solar potential

The World Resources Institute (WRI) has named the world's top 20 most water-stressed countries which have the most solar energy potential.

Biwater wins reuse treatment plant contract in Morocco

UK contractor Biwater has been awarded a turnkey project to design and construct a new wastewater treatment plant in the city of Aourir, a tourist destination close to Agadir on Morocco's Atlantic coast.



Abengoa to build SWRO plant in Agadir, Morocco

Spanish contractor Abengoa has been chosen by Morocco's Office National de l'Electricité et de l'Eau Potable (ONEE) to construct a new desalination plant in Agadir, Morocco.

Dubai is leading the globe in solar desalination

Acciona and Besix scoop $237 million Jebel Ali contract

A joint venture of Acciona Agua and Belhasa Six Construct (Besix) has won an AED 871 million ($237 million) desalination project from Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA), reports Zawya.

Saudi Arabia is investing in temporary as well as long-term desalination capacity

SWCC poised to invite bids for mobile desal capacity

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) is poised to invite bids from mobile desalination providers to augment supplies until its planned large scale projects start producing.

King Abdullah Economic City is an urban and industrial development north of Mecca, on Saudi Arabia's west coast

Metito wins desal and solar project in Saudi city development

Metito, the UAE-based developer, has beat 10 international and local bidders to win a SAR 220 million ($58.7 million) contract for a desalination and solar power project at King Abdullah Economic City, Saudi Arabia.

New firm Abengoa-Algonquin Global Energy Solutions (AAGES) will develop energy and water infrastructure projects

Canada's Algonquin to buy controlling stake in Atlantica Yield

Algonquin Power & Utilities Corp of Canada is to acquire 25 per cent of Atlantica Yield, a business of long-term contracted assets owned by Abengoa.

EDS launches 2014 desalination courses with Rome event

The European Desalination Society (EDS) kicks off a list of six events in its series of Master Courses with a three-day course in Rome, Italy, on Membrane Technology, Process & System Design on 3‑5 March 2014.

Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course

The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.

Japan funds desalination relief for South Pacific islands

The construction of a 30 m³/d desalination plant has relieved freshwater problems for around 200 inhabitants of Vanuavatu, one of the islands in the southern Lau Group in the South Pacific.

Gianni Chianetta (left), head of international affairs at the Global Solar Council, and IDA past president Emilio Gabrielli seal the collaboration on solar desalination

IDA partners with Global Solar Council to promote solar desalination

The International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Solar Council have pledged to promote desalination technologies powered by solar energy.

Commercialization moves nearer for memsys MD system

In what memsys CEO, Götz Lange, calls "a clear step towards commercialization of the company's membrane distillation (MD) technology", the Germany/Singapore based company has announced the formation of a Business Development Unit.

'We know that there is a pipeline of projects that is good to follow in Latin America.' Silvio Oliva, Fisia Italimpianti managing director

Q&A: Fisia's Silvio Oliva on why the Italian firm is expanding into Latin America

Fisia Italimpianti managing director Silvio Oliva says that the combination of demand for water treatment and desalination in Latin America makes the region a interesting prospect for investment.

The US DoE's SunShot initiative aims to drive down the cost of solar electricity and support solar adoption

US DoE invites bids for R&D funding in solar desalination

The US Department of Energy is to award $15 million across up to 10 projects to research solar desalination technology, as part of its SunShot initiative.

Chuquicamata copper mine in Chile is among those owned and operated by BHP Billiton

BHP and Coldeco push forward Chilean desal projects

Two major desalination projects to support the copper mining industry in Chile are moving ahead, reports Reuters.

Fredrik Östbye has a brief to effect a digital transformation at Grundfos

Pumps-as-a-service: the future beckons

On 1 May 2017, Fredrik Ostbye, a Swedish entrepreneur with a track record of digital product development, joined the 72-year old Danish pumps manufacturer Grundfos in the newly created role of group vice president and head of digital transformation.

International projects to feature in NCEDA workshop

Reports from major international projects will form the basis of a Desalination Workshop to be held in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2013 by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

The adsorption pilot at a solar manufacturing facility near Riyadh focused on recovering reverse osmosis brine. Recovery rates are critical at the site, which is 100 miles inland

Adsorption pilot phase two will focus on ZLD

MEDAD Technologies, a specialist in adsorption, has worked to commercialise a multi-effect distillation adsorption desalination (MED-AD) system since spinning off from the National University of Singapore (NUS) in 2012.

Produced water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate. The system comprises five pumping stations, one at the intake, one at the treatment plant, two on the piping route, and one at the reservoir.

Chile project envisions multiple mining clients for solar-powered SWRO

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region.

The two-effect Suns River setup.

Alamogordo test brings solar-still record

At the end of September 2012, desalination.biz reported that KII Inc and its Suns River brand had successfully started-up and operated its patented solar-still technology to produce safe water for human uses. Suns River demonstrated its technology at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in Alamogordo, New Mexico, owned and operated by the US Bureau of Reclamation. The still's creator fills in the background. This article first appeared in the November/December 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

The new SWRO was opened by Jordan’s prime minister, Hani Al-Mulki (centre, left), with (from left), Tarek Dehays, AquaTreat chief executive; Hazim el Nasser, minister of water and irrigation; and (centre, right) Rateb Adwan, assistant director general for quality and desalination

Jordan's first SWRO opens for business

The opening of the first seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plant in Jordan marks a jumping off point for the country from which it can continue to develop a desalination programme, including the much-anticipated Red Sea-Dead Sea project.

In 2012, Abengoa won a contract to build an RO plant of 45,000 m3/d in Barka, northeast Oman

Oman notes shift to RO, as water demand to rise 5 per cent

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) has published its outlook for power and desalinated water supply to 2023.

The CoGenera SunPac concentrating photovoltaic thermal hybrid solar system will drive the plant.

Hybrid solar energy for Navajo Nation membrane distillation project

The University of Arizona and the US government's Bureau of Reclamation are developing a project combining advanced water treatment in the form of membrane distillation with hybrid solar energy to provide water supplies for the Native-American area, Navajo Nation, in the south-west USA. Installation is currently under way and the system will be tested for a year from March 2013. This article first appeared in the November/December 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.


Suggested keywords