Seawater, greenhouse gas


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Carlsbad desalination greenhouse-gas plan reaffirmed by CARB

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has reiterated its support for the energy minimization and greenhouse-gas reduction plan proposed by Poseidon Resources for the Carlsbad desalination project.

Judge rejects lawsuit against water authority over Carlsbad emissions

US water conservation group, San Diego Coastkeeper, this week failed in its bid to sue the San Diego County Water Authority for alleged environmental negligence in its water supply projects. Coastkeeper claimed the authority made inadequate provision for the environmental impact of its water supply schemes including the giant Carlsbad project currently nearing completion.

China's 2020 desalination plans could cause emissions surge

China's 2020 ambition to produce drinking water at 3 million m³day from desalination threatens to increase carbon emissions through increased use of largely coal-fired power generation according to the World Resources Institute (WRI). The institute said the energy penalty could be offset by some 75% by greater use of water reuse.

MD desalination pilot successfully used with waste heat

Results from an Australian trial to demonstrate the potential for a membrane distillation (MD) process to use waste heat from heavy industry to desalinate saline effluent have shown the system can produce high-quality water at temperatures as low as 30°C without an increase in greenhouse-gas emissions.

California approves bond issue for Carlsbad desalination

Poseidon Resources has submitted and had approved an application for US$ 780 million in tax-exempt bonds for the Carlsbad seawater desalination project.

California district probes impact of possible giant desalination plant

California's West Basin Municipal Water District board of directors has voted to begin an environmental impact report as part of its research towards the construction of a seawater desalination facility in the South Bay.

Location of the Carlsbad desalination plant by the Encina power station.

Preconstruction for Carlsbad desalination can go ahead

Site demolition and preparation for the Carlsbad Desalination Project can now take place following the issue to Poseidon Resources on 3 November 2009 of its Coastal Development Permit (CDP) from the California Coastal Commission (CCC).

Water Corporation cooperates on wave-energy desalination

Western Australia's Water Corporation has signed a cooperation agreement to support the wave-powered seawater desalination pilot project proposed by Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd.

Santa Cruz desalination EIR comment deadline in July

The draft environmental impact report (EIR) for the 2.5 MGD (9,500 m³/d) seawater desalination plant for the greater Santa Cruz area in California, USA, which was released on 13 May 2013, will be available for public comment until 15 July 2013.

Australian wave-energy desalination pilot to get funding

Australia's Carnegie Wave Energy announced on 28 February 2013 that it had received a government grant of Aus$ 1.27 million (US$ 1.30 million) to support a wave-powered seawater desalination demonstration project.

Pacific Institute reports on desalination energy use

The Pacific Institute has published the next instalment of its series on Key Issues For Seawater Desalination in California, this time looking at energy requirements and associated greenhouse gas emissions for desalinated water.

"Significant" impacts from Monterey desalination says draft report

Whichever of the three desalination-based proposals for future water supply on the Monterey peninsula in California is eventually implemented, there would be "significant and unavoidable" environmental impacts.

Carlsbad project plan for green SWRO

The largest and most advanced seawater desalination project under development in the USA today is the 189,000 m³/d plant in Carlsbad in southern California. This project is collocated with the Encina coastal power generation station, which currently uses seawater for once-through cooling. The Carlsbad seawater desalination project is developed as a public-private partnership between Poseidon Resources and eight utilities and municipalities in San Diego County. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with production of desalinated seawater at the Carlsbad project are planned to be mitigated by a portfolio of alternative technologies and measures: from the use of CO2 for water production, green building design and of state-of-the-art technology; to the development of on-site and off-site green energy projects and CO2 sequestration by reforestation and new coastal wetlands. The mix of GHG reduction alternatives will be prioritized and implemented under a Carbon Action Plan which defines a roadmap for carbon-neutral seawater desalination. The full article first appeared in the November/December 2008 issue of D&WR magazine

Masdar city, Masdar Institute, Laborelec, and Degrémont to collaborate in renewable-powered desalination project

Abu Dhabi university, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, has unveiled recently its research collaboration with three leading energy and clean technology corporations in a research project supporting the development of a full-scale, completely solar-powered, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

California county mulls tapping into nuclear plant desalination

As part of its plans to combat ongoing severe drought, California's San Luis Obispo County (SLO) is considering the construction of a 10 km pipeline to tap into the spare capacity of a desalination plant currently providing only the needs of a nuclear power plant.

The project site is U-shaped, and is surrounded by lots filled by industrial operators and their associated infrastructure

Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix

The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.

The new power and water facility is expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at EGA's smelter by 10 per cent

EGA plans $272 million power and water plant at Jebel Ali

Mubadala and Dubal Holding are developing a new power and desalination facility at Emirates Global Aluminium (EGA)'s smelter in Jebel Ali, Dubai.

Asia-Pacific water-recycling conference calls for papers

The Australian Water Association (AWA), an affiliate of the International Desalination Association has collaborated with the Water Services Association of Australia and WateReuse Australia to present the Asia Pacific Water Recycling Conference 2013.

California gives Monterey environmental thumbs up

The California Public Utilities Commission's recently published draft environmental impact report on the Monterey Peninsula Water Project and has rated the desalination project as the environmentally preferred of a number of options scrutinised as possible solutions to the region's drought problems.

IDA publishes program for Gulf desalination and environment seminar

The International Desalination Association has published details of program sessions and topics for its seminar on Desalination and the Gulf: The Relationship between the Environment and Meeting the Region's Water Needs, which will take place in Bahrain on 6-7 December 2010.

The QWE laboratory at Texas A&M at Qatar university.

Qatar initiative seeks sustainable water and energy

An initiative to help bring sustainability to Qatar's water and energy, which will include improved technologies for desalination, efficient reuse and zero-liquid discharge systems, was launched by Texas A&M University at Qatar on 1 February 2010.

US Ex-Im Bank claims first ECA carbon policy

The US Export-Import Bank is claiming to be the first export credit agency (ECA) to adopt a comprehensive carbon policy after announcing on 3 November 2009 a new policy to guide its support of US exports in light of climate change concerns.

JPL and CalTech to aid LA's water/energy efficiency

The City of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Department of Water & Power (DWP) and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) with its managing institution, the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) are combining forces to establish Los Angeles as a powerhouse for demonstrated energy and water innovation.

Hydranautics commits to Climate Registry

Hydranautics/Nitto Denko of California, USA, has become the first US-based desalination membrane manufacturer to join the Climate Registry and commit itself to reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Reuse highlighted in WSAA urban water roadmap

The volume of water being recycled by the largest water utilities in Australia has increased by 117% since 1999/2000. In addition, it is estimated that, by 2013, 460 million m³/year will be supplied to Australia's growing cities by desalination plants.

IDE claims production record at Ashkelon

Water treatment firm, IDE Technologies, has claimed that its seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant at Ashkelon, Israel, has reached a world record with 1 billion m³ of potable water produced since the start of its operation in 2005.

Japanese-led consortium bags US$ 120 million Saudi desalination deal

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has awarded a US$ 120 million contract for the expansion of the Shuaiba 2 seawater desalination plant to a joint venture including ACWA Holding and Japanese engineering firms Itochu Corporation and Sasakura.

Carlsbad opened

The US$ 1 billion Carlsbad seawater desalination plant in San Diego County, California has opened.

Mexico invests heavily in six new desalination projects

Mexico is investing more than one billion pesos in six initiatives to construct seawater reverse osmosis desalination plants on the country's coast where, according to national water authority Conagua, water availability is low while there is high potential for development.

Jersey plans desalination boost

Channel Island water utility, Jersey Water, is proposing a £6million extension to its 6 Ml/d, seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant at La Rosière, Corbiere, at the south-west corner of the island to cope with a "once in fifty years" severe drought.

UK utility ponders south coast desalination plant

UK utility, Southern Water, is considering the construction of a seawater desalination plant near the south coast city of Southampton.

Biwater completes Virgin Islands desalination plant

Water technology company, Biwater, has started full commercial operation of a new 10,400 m³/day reverse osmosis seawater desalination plant constructed by the firm on the island of Tortola in the British Virgin Islands.

Contractor strength drives investment grade rating for Carlsbad bonds

Credit rating agency, Fitch, has assigned an investment grade 'BBB-' rating to bonds issued for the under-construction Carlsbad desalination plant and associated networks in California.

Caribbean desalination expansion completes tests

The Desalination company of Trinidad and Tobago (Desalcott) has recently completed a performance test of its expanded Point Lisas seawater reverse osmosis plant.

Cal Am strikes deal on test well

Utility, California American Water (Cal Am), has struck a deal with cement maker, Cemex, to allow the water firm to drill slant test wells, and possibly production wells, on Cemex' north Marina sand mining plant site.

Oman calls for tenders on desalination plant pair

Oman's Public Authority for Electricity and Water (PAEW) has unveiled plans to open the construction of two water desalination plants to tender.

POSCO claims desalination first in Korea

Korean construction company POSCO E&C has completed the construction of what it claims to be the nation's first commercial seawater desalination plant.

Desalia starts works on Egypt reverse osmosis plant

Spain's Desalia has started site works for a new, 24,000 m³/d seawater reverse osmosis plant west of Alexandria, Egypt near the city of Matrouh.

California slant test gets US$ 1 million grant

Water utility, California American Water, has received a US$1 million grant from the state's Department of Water Resources to help fund the company's $4 million planned slant well test.

Indian PM pledges to settle Gujarat desalination project issues

India's prime minister Narendra Modi has pledged, during a current visit to Japan, to resolve outstanding issues with a 336Ml/d seawater desalination project underway in South Gujarat and led by a Singaporean and Japanese consortium.

Venezuela's largest desalination plant to start this year

Venezuela state-owned oil firm PDVSA expects by the end of the year to start operating a US$ 200 million seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to provide water for oil refineries on the Paraguaná peninsula and drinking water for local communities.

SWCC governor Dr AbdulRahman Al-Ibrahim and Ryuzo Sakamoto, chairman of Toyobo, opening the Rabigh plant.

Toyobo desalination membrane plant opened in Rabigh

The ACWA-Toyobo joint venture in Saudi Arabia, Arabian Japanese Membrane Company LLC (AJMC), opened its reverse-osmosis membrane production facility in Rabigh on 29 May 2014.

Electrochemical desalination MoU signed in Singapore

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Singapore's national water agency, PUB, and Evoqua Water Technologies to further develop electrochemical desalination technology was one of five MoUs signed during Singapore International Water Week, which ended on 5 June 2014.

Texas Desalination Association plans September conference

The Texas Desalination Association is hosting its second annual conference Texas Desal 2014: Best Practices and Emerging Technology on 11-12 September 2014 in Austin, Texas.

Malaysian desalination plant in Tianjin will be ZLD

A groundbreaking ceremony took place on 29 May 2014 for an industrial desalination project in Tianjin, China, which is claimed to be the first zero-liquid discharge seawater desalination project in the world.

Abengoa to build SWRO plant in Agadir, Morocco

Spanish contractor Abengoa has been chosen by Morocco's Office National de l'Electricité et de l'Eau Potable (ONEE) to construct a new desalination plant in Agadir, Morocco.

Land-purchase brings Consolidated's Mexican SWRO nearer

The planned Rosarito seawater desalination project in Mexico close to the US border took a step nearer on 22 May 2014 when Consolidated Water Co Ltd announced that it had completed the land purchase for the project.

Fluor to build Dow's RO membrane factory in Saudi Arabia

Fluor Corporation has been awarded a contract by the Dow Chemical Company to build Dow's reverse osmosis (RO) membrane manufacturing facility in Jubail Industrial City II in Saudi Arabia.

Hyflux sees Dahej desalination funding 'within year'

Hyflux has extended the time it foresees for financial closure on its Dahej seawater desalination plant in India to "within this year".

Desalination quartet booked for Masdar pilot plants in UAE

Three major contractors in the global desalination business - Abengoa, Degrémont and Sidem/Veolia - together with forward-osmosis developer Trevi Systems, were awarded contracts on 5 May 2014 by Abu Dhabi's Masdar, to each start the construction of a 1,500 m³/d desalination plant as part of Masdar's pilot project announced in 2013.

Largest desalination plant produces its first water

Production of water has started at what will be the largest desalination facility in the world, the 1,025 million m³/d Ras al-Khair (Ras Azzour) seawater plant northwest of Jubail in Saudi Arabia.

Desalination pilot-study funding approved for Corpus Christi

A further step towards a future seawater desalination plant in Corpus Christi, Texas, USA, was taken on 22 April 2014, when the city council approved funding for a pilot study to be undertaken by Freese & Nichols Inc.

Doosan chooses BEL for Escondida pressure‑vessels

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has chosen BEL reverse‑osmosis (RO) membrane pressure‑vessels for its Escondida seawater RO project in Chile.

Beijing desalinated water supply could reach 1 billion m³/yr

A 3 million m³/d seawater desalination plant to supply the Chinese capital Beijing is being planned by Hong Kong-based Beijing Enterprise Water Group Ltd (BEWG), in addition to a 1 million m³/d plant on which the company is currently working.

GE and Aramco launch desalination energy challenge

GE ecomagination and Aramco Entrepreneurship launched a worldwide open technology challenge on 15 April 2014 to speed up efforts to improve the energy-efficiency of seawater desalination.

Carollo to evaluate restarting Santa Barbara desalination

The City of Santa Barbara, California, has selected Carollo Engineers to complete a three-phase evaluation for the reactivation of the city's Charles Meyer seawater desalination plant.

Consolidated awarded two Cayman desalination contracts

Consolidated Water Co Ltd announced on 9 April 2014 a new contract to refurbish the Lower Valley desalination plant, which it built in 1997, and the extension of an existing contract to operate the North Sound desalination plant.

AWA/NCEDA workshop on "big six" desalination plants

The Australian Water Association is holding a workshop, sponsored by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination, on the "big six" Australian desalination plants.

Arizona wants DPR/seawater desalination plan to start now

An immediate start on work to prepare for direct potable water reuse and seawater desalination is proposed by the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) in a report recently published by the US state's government.

Hyflux aims to start Dahej desalination EPC work by July

Singapore's Hyflux, which has just posted a 28% year-on-year fall in profits, says that the group aims to achieve the financial close for its Dahej seawater desalination project in India in the first half of 2014.

H2O Innovation wins Monterey SWRO subcontract

H2O Innovation Inc has been awarded the contract to design, supply and commission the seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination system for the Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project in California, USA.

Doosan Enpure secures Escondida pretreatment contract

Doosan Enpure has secured a US$ 17 million contract to design, procure and supply the pretreatment plant for the desalination part of the Escondida Water Supply Project at the world's largest copper mine in Chile's Atacama desert.

Cal Am applies for US$ 3 million desalination intake grant

California American Water (Cal Am) is seeking a US$ 1 million grant from the California Department of Water Resources to help fund the installation of a US$ 3 million slant test well, which is needed for its proposed Monterey desalination project.

Abu Dhabi signing for Al Zawra desalination plant

A 30 MIGD (136,400 m³/d) seawater desalination plant is to be built in Ajman, UAE, following the signing of a memorandum of understanding on 4 February 2014 between Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC (TAQA) and the Federal Electricity & Water Authority (FEWA).

Texas creates state desalination committee

Following recent severe droughts, a Joint Interim Committee to Study Water Desalination has been created by the legislature in the US state of Texas, including members of both houses.

California extends desalination funding deadline

The California Department of Water Resources has extended to 31 January 2014 its deadline for the receipt of applications for desalination grant funding.

Biwater Tortola SWRO on 16-year BOOT basis

UK contractor Biwater has informed D&WR that its contract for supply of a desalination plant for the Caribbean island of Tortola will be on a build‑own‑operate‑transfer (BOOT) basis.

Chinese commercialize sea-ice desalination process

A Chinese company could be producing at least 1 billion m³ of fresh water by desalination of sea ice by 2023, according to a report by the official Chinese news agency Xinhua on 14 January 2013.

Carlsbad SWRO first year milestones revealed

Following the early January celebration of the first year of construction of the Carlsbad seawater reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant in California, developer Poseidon Resources provided D&WR with a breakdown of the work so far.

Veolia wins Az Zour MED desalination plant in Kuwait

Veolia Environnement announced on 13 January 2014 that its Sidem subsidiary had won the contract to build the seawater desalination plant at the Az Zour North complex in Kuwait for € 320 million.

Biwater gets Barclays backing for Caribbean SWRO plant

A Caribbean water and wastewater project, including a 10,400 m³/d seawater desalination plant, has received financial backing worth US$ 43 million from Barclays, backed by a UK Export Finance Guarantee.

Chilean politicians launch mining desalination bill

A cross-party group of eight deputies in the lower house of the Chilean national congress has submitted a bill to require mining companies using more than 150 L/s of water for extraction purposes to install seawater desalination equipment.

Monterey boreholes reveal good slant-well conditions

California American Water (Cal Am) reported on 20 December 2013 that data from its ongoing investigation into subsurface slant well intakes for its proposed Monterey desalination plant were showing promising results.

Bechtel contract for Escondida desalination project

BHP Billiton has contracted Bechtel to provide engineering, project management and construction services for the water supply to the Escondida copper mine in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.

Yokogawa to provide control system for Jubail SWRO plant

Yokogawa Middle East & Africa has received an order from Petroleum, Chemicals & Mining Company Limited (PCMC) to supply the control system for the SWRO-4 desalination plant, which is being built in Jubail, Saudi Arabia, by the Power & Water Utility Company for Jubail & Yanbu (Marafiq).

IDE wins oil refinery SWRO plant in India

Reliance Industries Ltd, India's largest private-sector company, has ordered its first seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination solution from IDE Technologies. Reliance chose IDE's SWRO solution to meet the increased water capacity needs of the plant at one of India's largest oil refineries.

Florida state official urges more seawater desalination

Florida, which is about to become the third most populous state in the USA, has been urged by its agriculture commissioner, Adam Putnam, to invest more in seawater desalination to combat water scarcity.

EIS filed for SWRO desalination plant for Chile fishery

An environmental impact study (EIS) has been filed by Seven Seas Water Chile SpA for the Bahía Caldera Desalination Plant in Chile's Region III.

Japan funds desalination relief for South Pacific islands

The construction of a 30 m³/d desalination plant has relieved freshwater problems for around 200 inhabitants of Vanuavatu, one of the islands in the southern Lau Group in the South Pacific.

US Virgin Islands SWRO plant officially opened

The newest seawater reverse-osmosis desalination facility in the US Virgin Islands was officially opened on 21 November 2013.

IDE buys Flowserve pumps for Carlsbad desalination

IDE Technologies has purchased three large vertical seawater intake pumps from Flowserve Corporation for the Carlsbad seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in Carlsbad, California.

Commission vote halts Huntington Beach application

Poseidon Water withdrew its application for a coastal development permit (CDP) for its proposed Huntington Beach seawater desalination plant after the California Coastal Commission voted on 13 November 2013 to postpone a vote on the application.

California to promote reuse and streamline permitting

In the future, most new water in California will come from a combination of improved conservation and water use efficiency, conjunctive use (coordinated management of local surface and groundwater), recycled water, drinking water treatment, groundwater remediation, and desalination.

Two Saudi SWRO membrane contracts awarded to NanoH2O

Desalination membrane manufacturer NanoH2O Inc has won supply contracts for two seawater desalination projects in Saudi Arabia.

Barka SWRO desalination extension in final commissioning

ACWA Power Barka SAOG reported to the Muscat Securities Market on 27 October 2013 that it was in the final stages of commissioning its 10 MIGD (45,400 m³/d) Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Expansion Project in Oman.

NanoH2O announces seawater membrane factory in China

Advanced desalination membrane-maker NanoH2O is to build a fully integrated manufacturing plant in Liyang, China, a city in the Yangtze River Delta, 250 km west of Shanghai.

Aerial view of Sorek desalination plant

World's largest SWRO desalination plant operational

The world's largest seawater reverse-osmosis plant, the 624,000 m³/d Sorek plant in Israel, is now fully operational.

Santa Cruz project pause leaves Soquel district quandry

The decision of Santa Cruz City Council on 8 October 2013 to halt all practical progress on its proposed seawater desalination plant has left its partner in the project, Soquel Creek Water District (SCWD) looking for alternatives.

Oman's Sur desalination plant seeks large expansion

The owner and operator of Oman's Sur seawater desalination plant, Sharqiyah Desalination Company (SDC), has filed a bid with the Oman Tender Board for approval of a proposed expansion of 10.6 MIGD (48,000 m³/d) to the plant.

Desalination capacity increasing by 50% in 2013 says IDA

Desalination plants with a total capacity of 6 million m³/d are expected to come on line during 2013, a 50% increase on 2012, according to new data from the International Desalination Association and GWI DesalData.

Algerian minister announces desalination plant at El Marsa

Algeria's minister of water resources, Hocine Necib, announced on 6 October 2013 that a seawater desalination plant would be constructed "soon" in the town of El Marsa, according to the state‑run Algeria Press Service.

Sembcorp announces successful IPO for Salalah IWPP

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries announced on 26 September 2013 the successful close of its intial public offering (IPO) for part of its joint venture in Oman, Sembcorp Salalah Power & Water Co.

The reverse-osmosis hall at Tuaspring

Tuaspring SWRO desalination plant opens in Singapore

Singapore's second large seawater desalination plant was officially opened on 18 September 2013 by the prime minister, Lee Hsien Loong.

Al Ghubrah desalination to use ERI energy-recovery devices

Energy Recover Inc is to supply its PX Q300 Pressure Exchanger® technology for the Al Ghubrah seawater desalination plant in Oman.

Seven Seas completing Caribbean hat-trick of plants

Florida-based Seven Seas Water Corp has recently commissioned the second and largest in a series of three desalination plants in the Caribbean - the 4.6 MGD (17,400 m³/d) Point Fortin plant in Trinidad.

ERI lands Al-Jubail contract in Saudi Arabia

Acciona Agua has awarded a contract to Energy Recovery Inc for PX Pressure Exchanger energy‑recovery equipment for the SWRO‑4 desalination plant in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia.

Interest invited for Oman's Quriyyat desalination project

The Oman Power & Water Procurement Company (OPWP) has issued a notice in advance of a formal government request for qualification for its next independent water project (IWP) in Quriyyat, south of Muscat.

CaribDA calls for 2014 conference papers

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) has issued a call for papers for its Biennial Conference & Exposition in June 2014.

Escondida desalination is first Doosan job in Latin America

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction announced its first seawater desalination plant project in the Latin American market on 25 August 2013.

Veolia tops targets in Masdar desalination pilot programme

Interim findings by engineering giant, Veolia, from trials designed to up efficiency and develop renewable energy-driven desalination have already outstripped energy reduction targets the company has reported.


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