Saudi Arabia, Water Reuse, Tanks
Parkson breaks new ground with Saudi MBR plant
A 2,000 m³/d wastewater-reuse plant based on membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology has just been commissioned in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, by Florida-based Parkson.
Go-ahead for 113,500 m³/d Orange County GWRS expansion
Orange County's world-renowned membrane-based Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) in California is to be expanded by another 30 MGD (113,500 m³/d) following approval by the board of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) on 30 March 2011.
SWCC deputy governor elected as IDA president 2013-15
Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, deputy governor for planning and development of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) will become president of the International Desalination Association (IDA) on 24 October 2013 serving for the 2013‑15 term.
ACWA Emirates delivers MBR reuse plant for Saudi Aramco
ACWA Emirates has completed a water reuse plant at Shaybah Oilfield, Saudi Arabia, for crude and natural gas exporter Saudi Aramco.
GE signs Saudi Arabian wastewater-reuse MOU
GE has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on wastewater reuse with Miahona, a subsidiary of the Arabian Company for Water & Power Development Ltd.
Fort forges ahead with reuse project
The first water reuse project in Oklahoma state is reported to be making headway at the US army's post at Fort Sill.
Saudi poised for sevefold hike in water reuse
Unveiling a white paper highlighting government policy options for addressing water scarcity in Saudi Arabia, GE Power & Water said the kingdom was in a position to up its reuse of wastewater sevenfold to more than 240 million m³/year.
X-Flow UF modules to treat Saudi hospital wastewater
Pentair X-Flow's Airlift MBR Megablock ultrafiltration (UF) system is treat 8,000 m³/d of hospital wastewater at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
World Bank publishes report on Arab water reuse
Total water reuse in the Arab world is estimated at 2,170 million m³ per year, according to a report just published by the World Bank summarising the findings of the Expert Consultation Meeting on Wastewater Management in the Arab World, convened in Dubai in May 2011.
Kuwait to host IDA Fellowship Program for 2012
Kuwait's Ministry of Electricity & Water is to be the new host agency for the International Desalination Association's Fellowship Program in 2012.
KAUST hosts EMS desalination/reuse school
The European Membrane Society has announced a week-long Middle East school of membrane technology at the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia.
Dow to build FilmTec RO factory in Saudi Arabia
Dow Water & Process Solutions announced on 26 July 2011 that it is going to manufacture FilmTec™ reverse-osmosis (RO) elements in Saudi Arabia.
ACWA wins two membrane-based projects in Saudi
Two separate contracts for membrane-based water and wastewater projects in Saudi Arabia have been awarded to ACWA Emirates LLC of Dubai.
Doosan Hydro wins Al Jubail membrane treatment contract
Florida-based Doosan Hydro Technology has been awarded a US$ 10 million contract by Daelim Industrial Co Ltd for the industrial wastewater treatment and reuse package on the Saudi Elastomers Project (SEP) located in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia.
IDA president calls for new thinking on sustainability
The president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, described the transition to sustainability as "one of the most important paradigm shifts of the modern era," when he addressed the International Water Summit (IWS) in Abu Dhabi on 21 January 2013.
B&V puts forward four water-reuse recommendations
Four key recommendations have been put forward by Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch's global water business, for overcoming global barriers to reuse of water as part of an integrated water industry portfolio.
CDM and Miahona in Saudi water partnership
US consultant CDM and Miahona (Our Water), a subsidiary of ACWA Power Development, have announced a new partnership to execute water projects in Saudi Arabia. The partnership will manage engineering and consulting for water sector projects, including providing studies, designs, construction management, operations, and management consulting services.
SWCC procures three floating desalination units
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation has procured three desalination units to provide floating capacity of 150,000 m3/d of drinking water over 20 years.
STW finishes brine concentrator project at Horizon, Texas
Water management firm, STW Resources, has completed a US$ 2.2 million contract for the design, engineering and construction of a reverse osmosis (RO) concentrator for the Texas city, Horizon.
Innovative Flow Analysis Method for High Loading Rate DAF
Dissolved air flotation (DAF) is a well established method for removing suspended solids from wastewater that is gaining ground in the pretreatment of seawater for desalination. The authors describe a method for analyzing the flow of water in DAF to inform better design of DAF tanks. This article first appeared in the August 2014 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Multi-technology GE upgrade for Russian refinery treatment
Membrane bioreactor (MBR), electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology will all feature in a major upgrade for the wastewater treatment at one of Russia's biggest oil refineries.
IDA energy task force meeting in Abu Dhabi
The International Desalination Association (IDA) will convene the first meeting of its global Energy Task Force in conjunction with the International Water Summit, which takes place on 15-17 January 2013 in Abu Dhabi.
ABS turbocompressors selected for Jurong MBR plant
Aeration for the membrane bioreactor (MBR) and the biological treatment tanks at Jurong Water Reclamation Plant, Singapore's largest MBR plant, is to be provided by ABS Turbocompressors HST.
San Francisco plans wastewater reuse plant in city park
San Francisco's Public Utilities (SFPUC) unveiled plans on 7 September 2010 for its proposed Westside Recycled Water Project, part of its Water System Improvement Program.
Construction completed on Australia's largest recycled water project
Wastewater reuse is a hot topic in Australia, with the "toilet-to-tap" label being trotted out on many occasions. In the state of Queensland, it has a lot more relevance because, as well as a brand new desalination plant at Gold Coast, the state now has a giant new municipal water reuse scheme. This article discusses completion of the Western Corridor Recycled Water Project, the southern hemisphere's largest recycled water project, and provides a technical overview of the international award-winning Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant. Producing up to 232,000 m /d of water, the WCRWP is the largest in the southern hemisphere and the third largest in the world. It provides purified recycled water, a climate- and rainfall-resilient source of pure water, to three power stations located in South East Queensland. In the future, the project will supply water to industry and potentially agricultural users, and, should the region's drinking water supplies fall below 40%, the Wivenhoe Dam. The project includes a network of more than 200 km of large-diameter underground pipes, three advanced water treatment plants, nine storage tanks and 12 pumping stations. It also provides significant environmental benefits by removing up to 50% of nutrients that would previously have been released to waterways feeding environmentally sensitive Moreton Bay. This article appeared in the May/June issue of D&WR magazine.
Saudi takes delivery of giant desalination unit
Saudi Arabia has taken delivery of the second second of six units to be installed at the water desalination plant in Yanbu in the third phase of the plant's expansion. The multi stage flash distillation unit weighed 3,836 tonnes and measured 135 m in length. It will produce 94,000 m³ of potable water a day.
Dow signs Fluor to build new Saudi desalination component factory
The Dow Chemical Company has appointed Fluor Corporation to build a new factory to manufacture reverse osmosis components for desalination plants in Saudi Arabia.
Interview: Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, president of the International Desalination Association
Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, deputy governor for planning and development of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation, was elected as president by the board of the International Desalination Association (IDA) at the IDA World Congress in Tianjin in October 2013. He talked about his new role to D&WR editor Robin Wiseman at the Global Water Summit in Paris in April 2014. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
GE and Saudi Aramco launch $200k technology competition
General Electric and Saudi Aramco have launched a $200,000 challenge to improve the energy efficiency of seawater desalination.
Saudi plans two more giant desalination plants
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has unveiled plans to build two huge sea water desalination plants including a vast 1.5 million m³/day capacity hybrid plant with 30% of its production coming from reverse osmosis and the rest from thermal desalination.
Saudi Arabia unveils plans for giant desalination plant
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation has announced plans for what would be the world's largest desalination plant.
Toyobo desalination membrane plant opened in Rabigh
The ACWA-Toyobo joint venture in Saudi Arabia, Arabian Japanese Membrane Company LLC (AJMC), opened its reverse-osmosis membrane production facility in Rabigh on 29 May 2014.
Fluor to build Dow's RO membrane factory in Saudi Arabia
Fluor Corporation has been awarded a contract by the Dow Chemical Company to build Dow's reverse osmosis (RO) membrane manufacturing facility in Jubail Industrial City II in Saudi Arabia.
Largest desalination plant produces its first water
Production of water has started at what will be the largest desalination facility in the world, the 1,025 million m³/d Ras al-Khair (Ras Azzour) seawater plant northwest of Jubail in Saudi Arabia.
GE and Aramco launch desalination energy challenge
GE ecomagination and Aramco Entrepreneurship launched a worldwide open technology challenge on 15 April 2014 to speed up efforts to improve the energy-efficiency of seawater desalination.
Saudi deal gives Toray fourth membrane‑making base
A new joint venture to sell desalination and water treatment membranes in the Middle East has been set up between Toray Industries of Japan and Abunayyan Holding, headquartered in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Water. desal + reuse: Top 20 stories for 2017
Water. desal + reuse presents the stories that caught the industry's collective interest in 2017.
PUB partners with SWCC and Water Corporation on shared challenges
Singapore's national water agency, PUB, has formed two new knowledge sharing partnerships with key international water utilities through memorandums of understanding (MOUs) signed at Singapore International Water Week, 8 to 12 July 2017.
Yokogawa to provide control system for Jubail SWRO plant
Yokogawa Middle East & Africa has received an order from Petroleum, Chemicals & Mining Company Limited (PCMC) to supply the control system for the SWRO-4 desalination plant, which is being built in Jubail, Saudi Arabia, by the Power & Water Utility Company for Jubail & Yanbu (Marafiq).
Two Saudi SWRO membrane contracts awarded to NanoH2O
Desalination membrane manufacturer NanoH2O Inc has won supply contracts for two seawater desalination projects in Saudi Arabia.
Is water in the grip of a skills crisis?
In an engineering-heavy sector such as water, it's a truism that well qualified people are thin on the ground. But is it more accurate to say that the global water industry in the grip of a skills crisis?
SWCC lets systems contract for RO training room
Cyprus-incorporated Hyperion Systems Engineering announced on 16 September 2013 that it would supply a generic operator training simulator (OTS) system for the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) in Saudi Arabia.
ERI lands Al-Jubail contract in Saudi Arabia
Acciona Agua has awarded a contract to Energy Recovery Inc for PX Pressure Exchanger energy‑recovery equipment for the SWRO‑4 desalination plant in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia.
Saudi solar desalination push nears end of Phase 1
The first of three phases of the King Abdullah Initiative for Solar Water Desalination is expected to be operational by the end of this year, according to reports from Saudi Arabia.
Ceramic membranes replace polymer in Saudi projects
German ceramic membrane-maker ItN Nanovation AG has received two orders for its flat membrane filters for groundwater projects in Saudi Arabia, replacing previously used polymer membranes.
Veolia to build Saudi Arabia's largest UF/RO plant
The largest ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant in Saudi Arabia is to be built for Marafiq, the country's leading water and electricity services operator, by Veolia Water.
Shuweihat S2 MSF plant celebrates year of successful operation
At the end of 2012, Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction succeeded in winning the contract for the Yanbu 3 multi-effect distillation seawater desalination plant in Saudi Arabia. At the same time, the company was also celebrating a year's successful operation of the Shuweihat S2 multi-stage flash desalination plant in Abu Dhabi, UAE. This article looks at the construction and operation of the plant. This article first appeared in the February/March 2013 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
First Degrémont BWRO unit starts up in Saudi Arabia
The first of the 5,000 m³/d modular brackish-water desalination units being supplied to Saudi Arabia's National Water Company (NWC) by Degrémont began producing water on 7 February 2013.
SWCC's Rabigh plant will be largest SWRO desalination
The approval of the world's largest seawater reverse-osmosis plant in Saudi Arabia was reported by the government-controlled Saudi Press Agency on 11 February 2013.
ABB to supply switchgear to Yanbu 3 desalination
ABB has won an order to design and deliver 420 kV high voltage gas insulated switchgear that will facilitate the supply of power to the Yanbu 3 desalination facility in Saudi Arabia and support the grid integration of a new 2.5 GW power generation plant.
Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018
The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.
Doosan takes Yanbu 3 MSF plant in Saudi
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction is to build the Yanbu Phase 3 Seawater Desalination Plant under a contract worth US$ 1 billion from the Saline Water Conversion Corporation of Saudi Arabia.
Degrémont wins brackish-water contracts in Riyadh
Suez Environnement subsidiary Degrémont has been awarded two contracts worth EUR 40 million to supply reverse-osmosis (RO) brackish-water desalination plants at 14 sites in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Acciona lands 100,000 m³/d SWRO plant at Al Jubail
Spain's Acciona Agua in consortium with Saudi Arabia's BinLaden Group has been awarded the contract for the 100,000 m³/d SWRO-4 desalination plant at Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia.
UF/RO desalination pilot project for Dow/SWCC
The Dow Chemical Company and the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) of Saudi Arabia announced on 17 September 2012 a commercial agreement for research collaboration in desalination technologies.
KAUST SWRO desalination plant won by AES Arabia
A US$ 14 million contract for a 15,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant for the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) Research Park in Saudi Arabia has been awarded to AES Arabia Ltd.
IDA announces lecturers for next Academy session
The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced the line-up for the next one-day course in its Desalination Academy, which will take place on 5 December 2012 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, alongside the Saudi Water & Power Forum.
New technical services company set up in Saudi
A new company to offer specialized technical services to the oil and gas, petrochemical, energy and water desalination sectors has been set up in Jubail, Saudi Arabia, by Stork Technical Services of the Netherlands and Saudi Industrial Services Co (SISCO).
BEL wins Al Jubail desalination supply contract
Al Fatah Water & Power has selected BEL pressure vessels for the second-phase extension of the seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Al Jubail City, Saudi Arabia, which will supply water to the numerous industries located around the city.
Dow Saudi factory ships first elements
Dow Water & Process Solutions' (DW&PS) has made its first shipment of its Filmtech reverse osmosis (RO) elements from its new Jubail Operations manufacturing facility in Saudi Arabia.
CONGRESS NEWS Desalination industry embraces conservation as vital ally
Desalination industry leaders this week declared emphatic support for the role of sustainable measures alongside advances in desalination to address growing water scarcity. Opening speakers at the IDA World Congress in San Diego emphasized the importance of conservation and water recycling in meeting an escalating global challenge from water scarcity.
Pentair X-Flow wins Jubail ultrafiltration order
Pentair X-Flow announced on 4 April 2012 an order from Al Fatah Water & Power to supply its Seaguard ultrafiltration (UF) membranes and skids to the Jubail Phase 2 seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination project in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia.
Saudi boosts desalination output 10%
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) upped its desalinated water output during the past last year by 10% on the previous year to more than 1.1 billion m³ .
IDA World Congress in California
A pivotal event in the global desalination and water reuse sector will be held at the US industry's epicentre amid an historic drought when the 2015 IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse convenes in San Diego, California at the end of August 2015. The "location, theme and timing could not be more appropriate," said IDA secretary general, Patricia A Burke.
Oman desalination workshop to look at red tides
Experts from the Middle East and Australia are organizing a joint expert workshop on the dangers for desalination plants of harmful algal blooms (HABs), commonly called "red tides" in Oman on 8- 9 February 2012.
IDA chooses Singapore week to launch desalination academy
The International Desalination Association's (IDA) newly established Desalination Academy is to be formally launched in conjunction with Singapore International Water Week, 1- 5 July 2012.
Record-breaking MSF desalination unit sails for Saudi
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has successfully completed fabrication of the world's largest multi-stage flash (MSF) evaporator.
Saudi forum discount for IDA members
The International Desalination Association (IDA) announced on 17 November 2011 that its members would be eligible for a 10% discount on delegate fees for the 2011 Saudi Water & Power Forum (SWPF 2011), which will be held 4-6 December 2011 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
ClydeUnion pumps for Kindasa desalination expansion
UK-based ClydeUnion Pumps has been awarded a contract by Kindasa Water Services to supply pumps for an additional train for the existing Kindasa seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in Saudi Arabia.
German/Saudi JV to make ceramic membranes for RO pretreatment
German nanotechnology investment company Nanostart announced on 20 October 2011 that one of its holdings, ItN Nanovation AG, had finalised a joint venture (JV) agreement with Saudi Arabian company Jaffali to produce ceramic flat membranes (CFMs) primarily for pretreatment for reverse-osmosis.
BEL wins Saudi pressure-vessel contract
BEL Composite Ibérica, Spain, has been awarded the supply contract for glass-reinforced plastic pressure-vessels for the 11,000 m³/d water treatment plant at Princess Noura bint Abdul Rahman University for Women, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Doosan signs 68,000 m³/d MED desalination contract
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction is to build a 68,000 m³/d multi-effect distillation (MED) desalination plant in the Yanbu region of Saudi Arabia.
Doosan set to build 2 MED plants in Yanbu
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction of South Korea is to receive an engineering, procurement and construction contract for two multi-effect distillation desalination (MED) units from Marafiq, the power and water utility company for Jubail and Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.
Hyflux wins Saudi deal for Yanbu
Desalination specialist, Hyflux, has won a US$ 48 million contract to build a containerised desalination system for Saudi Arabia.
FEDCO wins Ras Az Zawr energy-recovery contract
The energy-recovery device (ERD) contract for the reverse-osmosis (RO) section of the giant Ras Az Zawr (Ras Azzour) desalination project in Saudi Arabia has been awarded to Fluid Equipment Development Co (FEDCO).
Saudi brings on 2.5 million m³/d in desalination capacity
Saudi Arabia's General Establishment for Water Desalination (GEWD) is, over the next four years, implementing new projects with a total production capacity of up to 2.5 million m³/d in the Makkah region and the eastern province.
Hanwha signs for Jubail/Yanbu power and desalination
Hanwha Engineering & Construction from South Korea has signed a US$ 1.05 billion contract with Marafiq, the power and water utility for Jubail and Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, to build a power station and desalination plant.
Ras Az Zawr to have DAF/DMF pretreatment from Enpure
Pretreatment for the reverse osmosis (RO) section of the world's largest seawater desalination plant at Ras Az Zawr (or Ras Azzour) in Saudi Arabia is to be by dissolved air flotation (DAF) and dual-media filtration (DMF).
Ceramic filters bought for Saudi RO pretreatment
German start-up company ItN Nanovation AG, which makes nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 15 March 2011 an order in Saudi Arabia for its CFM Systems® nanoceramic-based filtration system for water purification.
Doosan to build world's largest MED desalination unit
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has signed an agreement with the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) in Saudi Arabia to co-build what will be the world's largest single multi-effect distillation (MED) desalination unit.
Titanium supplier chosen for Ras Azzour desalination plant
Uniti LLC, a US-Russian industrial titanium venture jointly owned by Allegheny Technologies Inc and Verkhnaya Salda Metallurgical Production Association, announced on 16 December 2010 that it has been chosen to supply a significant portion of the commercially pure (CP) titanium to be used in the Ras Azzour desalination plant in Saudi Arabia.
Ras Al Khair bags best desalination plant prize
The Ras Al Khair project in Saudi Arabia has won the "Desalination Plant of the Year" award at the 2015 Global Water Awards.
Fedco pressure-booster beats 80% efficiency
"We're now ready to go after any project in the world," Eli Oklejas, president of Fedco, told D&WR, after he had announced that a performance test on the company's hydraulic pressure booster (HPB) energy-recovery device for desalination had surpassed 80% efficiency.
Saudi and South Korea sign desalination deal
Saudi Arabia and South Korea have signed a water desalination agreement and a memorandum of understanding for technology transference to Saudi.
SWCC to invite tenders for new desalination capacity
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) is poised to invite tenders for its
planned increase in water production in the kingdom to meet is soaring demand for potable water
according to a recent report in MEED.
Doosan wins giant Ras Azzour desalination plant contract
Doosan Heavy Industries of South Korea has won a US$ 1.46 billion contract to supply the Ras Azzour desalination plant in Saudi Arabia, which, at a capacity of 228 MIGD (1,036,500 m³/d), will be the largest in the world.
Saudi EDR plant to be retrofitted as RO
A project to retrofit the first stage of the existing electrodialysis-reversal plant at Quayiah Water Treatment Plant in Saudi Arabia into a 2,500 m³/d reverse-osmosis unit has been won by Technology Experts Co (TE) of Riyadh.
Floating Saudi desalination barges relaunched
Saudi Arabia's two floating water desalination barges have been moved from Shuquaiq to Yanbu, and the first was relaunched on 7 July 2010 by Fehied F Al-Shareef, governor of the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) and Engineer Nabil Azmaruli, general manager of the General Directorate of Water in Al-Madina.
Shuqaiq IWPP desalination plant in production
The Shuqaiq Independent Water & Power Project in Saudi Arabia began production at the end of May 2010.
IBM joins in Saudi solar desalination initiative
Saudi Arabia's solar powered desalination initiative, announced in January, is now to involve the ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic (UHCPV) and nanomembrane desalination technologies being jointly developed by IBM and the King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST).
Shuqaiq II desalination plant ahead of schedule
The US$ 1.87 billion Shuqaiq II Independent Power and Water Project (IWPP) in Saudi Arabia will be completed before May 2010, the date scheduled for commercial operation.
Saudis launch national solar desalination initiative
The King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology announced on 24 January 2010 the launch of the National Initiative for Solar Water Desalination (NISWD) under the patronage of the King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
Water Corporation/Murdoch U to host 2010 IDA Fellowship Program
The International Desalination Association (IDA) has named the Water Corporation and Murdoch University in Western Australia as joint host agencies for its 2010 Fellowship Award Program.
Dow gets NF start in Saudi Arabia at Ha'il
The Dow Chemical Company has been chosen to supply water nanofiltration technology to the Ha'il nanofiltration (NF) plant by the Ministry of Water & Electricity in Saudi Arabia.
Ras Azzour desalination and power bids invited again
Bids have been invited from local and international contracting companies and manufacturers in both power and desalination for the Ras Azzour Desalination & Power Plant Project.
Germans delivering small MVC/MED units to Saudi Arabia
Medesa GmbH of Germany has delivered a 180 m³/d desalination unit to the Al Marshad Group for the industrial area in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.
Ras Azzour could cost 25% less says SWCC
Saudi Arabia expects the cost of the Ras Azzour power and water desalination project to be 20-25% below initial estimates partly because the price of materials have fallen, according to Reuters.
SWCC privatization 'on track', says governor
The governor of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC), Fehied F Alshareef, issued a statement on 13 October 2009 saying that the SWCC privatization and restructuring implementation program remained on track, and that there was no intention to cancel or postpone it.
IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force
The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.
IDA releases more Congress details
More details have been released about the program for the 2009 World Congress of the International Desalination Association (IDA), which will take place during 7-12 November 2009 in Dubai.