Saudi Arabia, Australia, Groundwater, Iraq, Sludge, Tanks


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Mitsubishi unit bags sludge system order

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Mechatronics Systems (MHI-MS), has picked up an order for wastewater treatment facilities using its two-phase, activated sludge system, for installation at sister company Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation's Yokkaichi Plant in Mie prefecture.

Major water-sector contractor formed in Dubai

The Leighton Group, which has been involved in the construction of three of Australia's large seawater desalination plants, has brought two group companies together in Dubai, UAE, to create a strong water and environment contracting company.

ACWA Emirates' membrane bio-reactor plant at Shaybah Oilfield, Saudi Arabia, recycles water for use at the site's residential complex

ACWA Emirates delivers MBR reuse plant for Saudi Aramco

ACWA Emirates has completed a water reuse plant at Shaybah Oilfield, Saudi Arabia, for crude and natural gas exporter Saudi Aramco.

The Orange County Groundwater Replacement System

Go-ahead for 113,500 m³/d Orange County GWRS expansion

Orange County's world-renowned membrane-based Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) in California is to be expanded by another 30 MGD (113,500 m³/d) following approval by the board of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) on 30 March 2011.

South Australian town to get new desalination plant

South Australia's water minister, Ian Hunter, announced on 1 May 2013 that a brackish-water desalination plant to deliver improved water quality to the town of Hawker, in the Flinders Ranges 100km north of Port Augusta, had been approved for construction.

Aerial view of the Sydney construction site.

Sydney desalter construction reaches halfway point

Construction of Sydney's 250,000 m³/d Kurnell seawater desalination plant is just over 50% complete, D&WR has been told by Sydney Water. The intake and outlet tunnels were completed in December 2008.

Nine desalination studies bag US$ 1.4 million funding

Nine research projects and pilot studies will share US$1.4 million in funding under a desalination and water purification research programme set up by the US Bureau of Reclamation.

CDM and Miahona in Saudi water partnership

US consultant CDM and Miahona (Our Water), a subsidiary of ACWA Power Development, have announced a new partnership to execute water projects in Saudi Arabia. The partnership will manage engineering and consulting for water sector projects, including providing studies, designs, construction management, operations, and management consulting services.

Oman desalination workshop to look at red tides

Experts from the Middle East and Australia are organizing a joint expert workshop on the dangers for desalination plants of harmful algal blooms (HABs), commonly called "red tides" in Oman on 8- 9 February 2012.

Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, new IDA president

SWCC deputy governor elected as IDA president 2013-15

Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, deputy governor for planning and development of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) will become president of the International Desalination Association (IDA) on 24 October 2013 serving for the 2013‑15 term.

The schedule of tenders on Tuas Nexus was unveiled at Singapore International Water Week 2018 at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore

Singapore to tender S$5 billion of water and waste works

Singapore's PUB and National Environment Agency (NEA) are to tender more than S$5 billion ($3.7 billion) of works covering civil, mechanical and electrical engineering for Tuas Nexus, an integrated wastewater and waste treatment facility.

The project site is U-shaped, and is surrounded by lots filled by industrial operators and their associated infrastructure

Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix

The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.

Parkson breaks new ground with Saudi MBR plant

A 2,000 m³/d wastewater-reuse plant based on membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology has just been commissioned in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, by Florida-based Parkson.

Grundfos bags US$ 1.1 million grant for wastewater treatment research

Singapore has awarded pump and water technologies company, Grundfos, a S$1.4 million (US$ 1.1 million) grant to develop a wastewater filtration technology which the company says can "significantly reduce" capital investment and operational costs for wastewater treatment.

Multi-technology GE upgrade for Russian refinery treatment

Membrane bioreactor (MBR), electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology will all feature in a major upgrade for the wastewater treatment at one of Russia's biggest oil refineries.

ABS turbocompressors selected for Jurong MBR plant

Aeration for the membrane bioreactor (MBR) and the biological treatment tanks at Jurong Water Reclamation Plant, Singapore's largest MBR plant, is to be provided by ABS Turbocompressors HST.

The new water treatment plant at Erbil, in Iraqi Kurdistan, will draw from the region's waterways

UK government underpins water works in Iraqi Kurdistan

UK water engineer Biwater has won a $1.2 billion contract from Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), Iraq, to deliver new and upgrade water projects in the region.

Hitachi-led consortium gets large Iraq desalination job

A consortium comprising Hitachi, Veolia Environnement subsidiary OTV and The Arab Contractors, a nationalised Egyptian construction company, has received an order from the Iraqi Ministry of Municipalities & Public Works for the engineering, procurement, and construction of a large desalination plant in Basrah, in the south of Iraq.

PM opens eight Iraqi desalination plants

Iraq's prime minister, Nouri Al-Maliki, inaugurated eight desalination plants in southern Basra on 20 February 2010, according to the Awat al-Iraq news agency.

Water Corporation/Murdoch U to host 2010 IDA Fellowship Program

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has named the Water Corporation and Murdoch University in Western Australia as joint host agencies for its 2010 Fellowship Award Program.

International projects to feature in NCEDA workshop

Reports from major international projects will form the basis of a Desalination Workshop to be held in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2013 by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Australian SWRO firm signs MoU for Saudi pilot

Australian desalination start-up Water Resources Group (WRG) announced on 4 December 2012 that its subsidiary Water Resources International (WRI) had signed a memorandum of understanding with Knowledge Industry Company (KIC) of Saudi Arabia.

Commission warns Australia about gas-production wastewater

Handling the wastewater resulting from coal-seam gas (CSG) production in Australia is likely to require a precautionary approach that will demand innovation from water managers and planners, and significantly greater coordination with existing project approval processes, the National Water Commission warned in December 2010.

Australia's first groundwater replenishment trial launched

Western Australia's water minister, Graham Jacobs, launched Australia's first Groundwater Replenishment Trial on 30 November 2010, which research indicates may be cheaper than desalination.

Australian study finds way to up value of desalination for farming

Scientists at Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have found that the addition of nutrients could make desalinated water more financially attractive to farmers.

Construction completed on Australia's largest recycled water project

Wastewater reuse is a hot topic in Australia, with the "toilet-to-tap" label being trotted out on many occasions. In the state of Queensland, it has a lot more relevance because, as well as a brand new desalination plant at Gold Coast, the state now has a giant new municipal water reuse scheme. This article discusses completion of the Western Corridor Recycled Water Project, the southern hemisphere's largest recycled water project, and provides a technical overview of the international award-winning Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant. Producing up to 232,000 m /d of water, the WCRWP is the largest in the southern hemisphere and the third largest in the world. It provides purified recycled water, a climate- and rainfall-resilient source of pure water, to three power stations located in South East Queensland. In the future, the project will supply water to industry and potentially agricultural users, and, should the region's drinking water supplies fall below 40%, the Wivenhoe Dam. The project includes a network of more than 200 km of large-diameter underground pipes, three advanced water treatment plants, nine storage tanks and 12 pumping stations. It also provides significant environmental benefits by removing up to 50% of nutrients that would previously have been released to waterways feeding environmentally sensitive Moreton Bay. This article appeared in the May/June issue of D&WR magazine.

Joint venture wins Perth groundwater replenishment contract

Western Australia's Water Corporation has awarded a contract to design, construct, and commission a full-scale advanced water replenishment plant (AWRP) to a joint venture between CH2M Hill,and engineering company Thiess. The project will help secure Perth's drinking water supplies through 2060

Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water

A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

Masterclass webinar to look at combining reuse and desalination using forward osmosis

Award-winning researcher, Gaetan Bandin, will present the next Desalination and Water Reuse Masterclass Webinar on 30 June looking at opportunities and challenges for forward osmosis and pressure assisted osmosis (PAO) to combine water reuse and desalination.

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

Western Australia's GWR scheme moves nearer

Western Australia's state government is to spend Aus$ 2.5 million (US$ 2.54 million) in 2012‑13 on preliminary design and investigation works to ensure that the Water Corporation is in a position to implement a groundwater replenishment scheme for Perth, should the trial be successful.

MBR, BNR and RO combined in Gippsland wastewater reuse

The Gippsland Water Factory in the state of Victoria, Australia, is being implemented to reclaim domestic and industrial (pulp and paper) wastewater to provide a reliable and sustainable industrial water supply, replacing the high-quality raw water currently provided by Gippsland Water. This innovative plant, the first of its kind in Australia, involves membrane-bioreactor, activated-sludge incorporating biological nutrient removal and reverse-osmosis treatment. This article first appeared in the February/March 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

NWC report boosts Australian brackish desalination

Brackish groundwater desalination can be considered a viable community water supply option in some areas, says a report just announced by Australia's National Water Commission (NWC).

Australia and NZ ferry RO units to Tuvalu

Australia and New Zealand are leading an urgent response to the drought currently afflicting the South Pacific islands of Tuvalu and Tokelau by transporting reverse-osmosis (RO) units to provide a water supply.

Perth desalination expansion to start immediately

The premier of Western Australia, Colin Barnett, announced on 1 August 2011 that work would begin immediately to double the capacity of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant, the second major desalination plant in the Perth region.

Perth desalination expansion could swap for reuse project

The water minister of Western Australia, Bill Marmion, was quoted in the Australian media on 27 May 2011 as saying that the expansion of the Southern Seawater desalination plant may be indefinitely delayed in favour of more water reuse.

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversation Corp has procured the desal units with a view to moving them around the country's coastline

SWCC procures three floating desalination units

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation has procured three desalination units to provide floating capacity of 150,000 m3/d of drinking water over 20 years.

Second Perth desalination plant starts in three weeks

Less than a week after getting federal government clearance, the contract for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant was signed on 30 June 2009.

Victoria urged to set new reuse and desalination goals

A committee set up by the Victoria state government in Australia has recommended that enforceable water recyling and reuse targets at Melbourne's sewage treatment plants should be raised to 50% by 2012 and 70% by 2015.

Left to right: City of Rockingham Mayor Barry Sammels with Parliamentary Secretary for Regional Development Gary Gray and Murdoch University Professor John Yovich at Murdoch's pilot desalination plant in Rockingham.

Australia's desalination centre sited at Murdoch University

Australia's new National Centre of Excellence in Desalination is to be hosted by Murdoch University's Rockingham campus as a result of a Aus$ 20 million (US$ 15.5 million) award from the federal government.

On/off Eyre desalination plant "on again"

Confusion reigns in South Australia about a proposed desalination plant for the Eyre Peninsula west of Adelaide.

Australia failing to meet wastewater reuse targets

Australia is falling well behind in the targets it has set itself for wastewater reuse, according to a study carried out for the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population & Communities by Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA).

Middle East pump sales to top US$2 billion next year

The Middle East will spend nearly $2.2 billion for pumps next year according to market researcher the McIlvaine Company.

First seawater in Perth's 2nd desalination plant

The first intake of seawater into the second stage of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant (SSDP) in Western Australia on 22 January 2013 marked another major milestone in commissioning the Aus$ 450 million (US$ 470 million)expansion project.

West Pilbara desalination project aborted

An Aus$ 370 million (US$ 380 million) desalination plant in West Australia's West Pilbara region has been deferred, state water minister Bill Marmion announced on 9 September 2011.

Desert community MD trial produces first water

First water was produced in mid-November 2013 by the membrane distillation plant set up in the Great Victoria Desert, Australia, by a team from the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Iron miners looking at 137,000 m³/d S Australia desalination plant

A series of iron ore mines to be sited at Broken Hill, South Australia, by the Braemar Iron Alliance is going to require a 137,000 m³/d desalination plant sited 300 km away on the Upper Spencer Gulf close to Port Germein, 220 km north of Adelaide.

Ceramic membranes replace polymer in Saudi projects

German ceramic membrane-maker ItN Nanovation AG has received two orders for its flat membrane filters for groundwater projects in Saudi Arabia, replacing previously used polymer membranes.

Water rights row could delay Western Australia desalination plant

A row over water rights in the north-west of Australia could lead to delay in the construction of the West Pilbara Seawater Desalination Plant, despite assurances in February 2011 from Western Australia's (WA) state government that the project was on track.

More desalination and reuse potential in Western Australia

Western Australia's Water Corporation is considering up to three seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plants along the southern coast of its area, known as Lower Great Southern, as part of a potential portfolio of water resources for the next 30 years.

Support for indirect water reuse in Western Australia

Western Australia's Water Corporation announced on 23 March 2012 that a survey it conducted had revealed that three out of four people support moving to a full recycling scheme.

IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force

The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.

Siemens signs wind desalination MoU in Australia

Siemens Australia has announced a partnership with Windesal, a South Australia company using technology designed in Denmark, to develop clean technologies and wind-powered desalination plants.

S Australia Water identifies potential desalination sites

South Australia Water has identified three potential sites for construction of a desalination plant to supply drinking water supply to the Eyre peninsula.

IDA World Congress in California

A pivotal event in the global desalination and water reuse sector will be held at the US industry's epicentre amid an historic drought when the 2015 IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse convenes in San Diego, California at the end of August 2015. The "location, theme and timing could not be more appropriate," said IDA secretary general, Patricia A Burke.

Installed desalination growth slowed in 2011‑2012

Installed desalination capacity around the world rose by only 9% last year to reach 78.4 million m³/d, according to the latest data published by the International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

Australian wave-energy desalination pilot to get funding

Australia's Carnegie Wave Energy announced on 28 February 2013 that it had received a government grant of Aus$ 1.27 million (US$ 1.30 million) to support a wave-powered seawater desalination demonstration project.

Osmoflo to supply two ship-mounted ROs to gas field

Potable and process water is to be supplied to a gas field north of Australia by ship-mounted seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) plants supplied by Adelaide-based desalination specialist Osmosflo.

NCED Australia opens operator training registration

The National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia has opened registration for its operator training in desalination and water treatment in 2013.

Grundfos reforms in bid to double Asia Pacific revenues

Danish pump manufacturer, Grundfos, has unveiled an organisational restructure in its Asia Pacific operations where it is looking to "double revenues over the next five years." The reshuffle will "improve customer service, enhance organisational efficiency, and drive the next phase of growth in the Asia Pacific."

Asia-Pacific water-recycling conference calls for papers

The Australian Water Association (AWA), an affiliate of the International Desalination Association has collaborated with the Water Services Association of Australia and WateReuse Australia to present the Asia Pacific Water Recycling Conference 2013.

Melbourne plant reaches full capacity

Suez Environnement announced on 7 December 2012 that the Victorian desalination plant being built in Melbourne, Australia, by its subsidiary Degrémont was officially commissioned on 17 November 2012 and has reached its full drinking water production capacity of 450,000 m³/d (150 million m³/year).

Prosep win Australian offshore contracts

Montreal-based ProSep Inc announced in early November that its majority owned South Korean joint venture ProSep Kolon Co Ltd had been awarded two contracts for seawater filtration and mercury removal for liquid natural gas platforms off the coast of Australia.

Melbourne desalination plant now two-thirds operational

The performance test for the second treatment line at the Victorian seawater desalination plant in Melbourne, Australia, was successfully completed on 26 October 2012.

Adelaide desalination plant's standby savings challenged

Putting the Adelaide seawater desalination plant into standby mode will not reduce the amount SA Water's customers pay by anything like the Aus$ 100 million (US$ 103 million) per year that has been claimed, says a report by the Essential Services Commission of South Australia (ESCOSA) released on 16 October 2012.

Adelaide desalination plant to be put in 'standby mode'

South Australia Water is planning to place its US$ 1.9 billion Adelaide desalination plant in 'standby mode' and use its lower-cost water sources first to keep costs down for its customers,

South Australia looks at 2050 arid-land water balance

The South Australian (SA) state government is assessing sustainable water supplies for its arid regions up to 2050 and will complete The South Australian Arid Lands Demand & Supply Statement by December 2012.

Australian membrane water-reuse plant starts commissioning

Work has begun on commissioning and testing the first stage of the membrane-based Northern Water Plant in Corio, Australia, 70 km south‑west of Melbourne.

Xylem trials pumps with Australia's Unitywater

Water technology company, Xylem, has been working with one of Australia's largest water services and sewerage services providers to reduce significantly energy consumption and eliminate blockages at a number of its wastewater pump stations.

Queensland legislates for centralised CSG brine disposal

The Queensland state government in Australia is introducing legislation to bring about centralised treatment and disposal of water and brine produced from the coal-seam gas (CSG) industry.

NCEDA's CEO attacks east-coast desalination critics

As Perth, on Australia's west coast, experiences its driest July on record, the CEO of the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA), Neil Palmer, has taken on the media and politicians on the country's east coast over the recent spending on desalination.

Metito lands Bechtel SWRO desalination in Australia

Dubai-based Metito has landed two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants in Australia and is currently nearing completion of one in Qatar.

"First water" video for Victorian desalination plant

The Aquasure consortium building the much delayed Victorian desalination plant for Melbourne, Australia, has released a video to celebrate the production of first water on 30 June 2012.

Wave energy for Perth southern desalination plant?

Australian wave-energy developer Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd (CWE) announced on 5 July 2012 that it had been advised by West Australia's Water Corporation that it wished to move forward on discussions for up to 2MW of renewable energy supply for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant on an exclusive basis.

Dr Mike Dixon

Mike Dixon awarded IDA 2012 Fellowship Award

Dr Mike Dixon, research and development (R&D) engineer for South Australian (SA) Water Corporation's Adelaide Desalination Project has been named by the International Desalination Association's 2012 Fellowship Award.

GHD appointed OE for Huntington Beach desalination

Consultant GHD is to lead a multi-disciplinary team serving as owner's engineer (OE) for the 50 MGD (189,000 m³/d) Huntingdon Beach desalination project in California, USA.

Dow gets NF start in Saudi Arabia at Ha'il

The Dow Chemical Company has been chosen to supply water nanofiltration technology to the Ha'il nanofiltration (NF) plant by the Ministry of Water & Electricity in Saudi Arabia.

The Gold Coast desalination plant at Tugun

Minister seeks review of Gold Coast desalination operation

Queensland's minister for energy and water supply, Mark McArdle, said on 5 May 2012 that he was closely examining all options on the future of the Gold Coast Desalination Plant to save taxpayer losses on the 125,000 m³/d project.

Abigroup to build Kooragang wastewater reuse plant

Construction of the Kooragang Industrial Water Scheme (KIWS) in New South Wales, Australia, is to be carried out by Abigroup under an Aus$ 40 million (US$ 40 million) contract.

Sydney Desalination Plant leased for US$ 2.3 billion

The New South Wales state government in Australia accepted on 10 May 2012 a binding offer for refinancing the Sydney Desalination Plant (SDP) from a consortium of Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (OTPP) and Hastings Funds Management.

Osmoflo wins Australian port desalination deal

Desalination specialist, Osmoflo, has won a contract to build a desalination facility and supply water to Fortescue Metals Group at Port Hedland in Australia.

MD desalination pilot successfully used with waste heat

Results from an Australian trial to demonstrate the potential for a membrane distillation (MD) process to use waste heat from heavy industry to desalinate saline effluent have shown the system can produce high-quality water at temperatures as low as 30°C without an increase in greenhouse-gas emissions.

Xylem appoints new emerging markets head

Water technology firm, Xylem, has appointed Steven Leung as senior vice president and president, emerging markets, In this newly created position, Leung will lead the company's commercial operations in China, greater Asia, India, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, as well as Australia and New Zealand.

Sydney desalination lease shortlist now only three - report

The shortlist for the lease to run the 250,000 m³/d capacity Sydney desalination plant is reported to have been narrowed to three consortia.

Sydney desalination plant cuts production to 45,000 m³/d

Australia's Sydney Water announced on 29 February 2012 that it was cutting back production at the 250,000 m³/d Sydney desalination plant from the already reduced rate of 90,000 m³/d to 45,000 m³/d, the minimum amount to keep the plant running.

Melbourne researchers' anti fouling membrane claim

Researchers from the Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne have developed what they claim to be an anti fouling microfiltration system that outstrips existing technology on energy efficiency with negligible compromise on performance.

Amiad provides prefiltration for Australian membrane projects

Two very different contracts for prefiltration equipment prior to membrane water treatment and desalination have been won by Amiad in Australia.

Environnement in global revamp

Suez Environnement has merged its Degrémont subsidiary into its international operating division under a major restructuring of the group's operations outside of Europe that will create five new regional businesses.

Agency approves W Australian desalination plant

Western Australia's Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on 13 February 2012 announced conditional approval for Grange Resources Ltd's proposal to construct and operate the Cape Riche Desalination Plant.

Melbourne desalination problems cost Suez € 237 million

Cyclones and labour problems in 2011 at the Melbourne desalination plant in Victoria, Australia, cost the Suez Environnement group a total of € 237 million, group CEO Jean-Louis Chaussade said when the group's figures for the year were announced on 8 February 2012.

Australian workshop on desalination intakes and discharges

An international workshop on intakes and discharges for seawater desalination is to be held by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia is in Adelaide on 16-17 May 2012.

HPD brine concentrator

HPD wins Australian brine-concentrator contract

HPD, a subsidiary of Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies, has been selected to provide its brine concentrator technology for a uranium mine in Australia's Northern Territory.

The Adelaide seawater desalination plant

Adelaide desalination consortium fined by SA Water

SA Water has imposed financial penalties on the builder of the 100,000 m³/d Adelaide seawater desalination in South Australia for failing to deliver water on time.

Carmine Ciccocioppo, general manager operations for Osmoflo, and Matt Reed, general manager mines and export, for OneSteel at the commissioning.

Osmoflo commissions 4,000 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A 4,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant has been commissioned in Whyalla, South Australia, for steel manufacturer OneSteel.

Acciona Agua in bidding for Sydney desalination lease

Acciona Agua of Spain is part of one of at least three consortia bidding for leases on the Sydney seawater desalination plant in Australia.

NCED/MEDRC workshop will look at red tide and desalination

A joint workshop on the dangers of the red-tide marine phenomenon for desalination plants is to be held in Oman by the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia and the Middle East Desalination Research Center.

Doosan denies Cyprus joint venture

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has denied the story posted on desalination.biz on 24 November 2011 concerning a desalination joint venture in Cyprus with Oakmall Pty Ltd of Australia.

A carpet shark

Shark makes home in Perth II desalination plant

The Water Corporation in Western Australia has confirmed that a wobbegong (carpet) shark has been found in the seawater intake station at the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant during scheduled maintenance work.


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