Reverse Osmosis, Reverse Osmosis, Israel, Tender, Kenya, Water Quality, Malta


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IDE to hold workshop at key UNEP meeting in Kenya

Leading desalination company IDE Technologies will be presenting its Progreen™ reverse-osmosis desalination technology at the 12th Special Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GC/GMEF) of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Kenya on 20-22 February 2012.

The Innova 100 m³/d automatic RO system

Automatic Italian RO bought by Kenyan resort

A means of getting reverse-osmosis (RO) into sub-Saharan Africa has been provided by Italy's Innova Ltd, which recently delivered its first automatic seawater RO desalination plant with 100 m³/d capacity to a tourist resort in Kenya.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

Ashdod desalination tender launched by Mekorot

Mekorot Development & Enterprises (MD&E), a subsidiary of the Israeli national water company, issued on 1 February 2009 a tender for the design, building, commissioning and supervision on a turnkey basis of the Ashdod seawater desalination plant.

Pentair X-Flow UF pretreatment for Ashdod desalination

The giant Ashdod seawater reverse-osmosis desalination (SWRO) plant under construction in Israel is to have ultrafiltration (UF) pretreatment supplied by Pentair X-Flow.

Qala village is at the eastern most point of Gozo Island, close to the main Maltese archipelago

Malta tenders Euro 10 million desalination project

The Water Services Corporation of Malta has issued a tender for a reverse osmosis plant at Hondoq Bay on the Island of Gozo.

IDE confirms Sorek desalination win

Israel's IDE Technologies confirmed on 15 December 2009 that Sorek Desalination Ltd (SDL), a joint venture with Hutchison Water, had won the Sorek (previously Soreq) desalination plant tender.

PX energy-recovery units selected for Palmachim expansion

Energy Recovery Inc announced on 9 September 2009 that its PX Pressure Exchanger™ (PX™) devices have been selected for use in the expansion of the 115,000 m³/d Palmachim desalination plant, one of the largest seawater reverse osmosis plants in Israel.

US$ 400 million funding agreed for Sorek desalination

The consortium building the Sorek seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel announced on 23 May 2011 that it has entered into agreements to obtain US$ 400 million in project financing to construct and operate the plant.

A pilot Desalitech SWRO commercial plant

Desalitech closed-circuit technology set for BWRO project

Israel-based Desalitech Ltd announced on 7 April 2011 that it had been awarded a contract to design and build a reverse osmosis (RO) desalination system for Environmental Protection Technologies (EPT), a global company that leads the industrial wastewater treatment market in Israel.

LG Chem bags five orders worth US$ 8 million

LG Chem has acquired new orders for water purification filters totalling US$ 8 million under exclusive deals with five desalination projects. The projects are at sites in Israel, Spain, Malta, Egypt and Mexico, the company said.

Accusations fly in Israeli desalination chaos

Chaos still reigns in Israel over the Ashdod desalination plant, which is now the subject of accusations from the national water company Mekorot against losing tenderers Shikun u'Binui (SKBN) and Global Environmental Services (GES).

Hutchison leaves Ashdod desalination bidding race

The Israeli national water company, Mekorot, has confirmed reports from Israel that the Hutchison group has dropped out of the bidding for the Ashdod desalination plant.

Siemens seeks bigger Israel desalination role

According to reports from Israel, Siemens is looking to up its stake in the 275,000 m³/d Soreq desalination plant from supplier to equity partner.

Bidding for largest solar desalination plant opens soon

Tenders for the world's largest solar-powered seawater desalination plant in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, will be invited next month by utility company Utico Middle East.

Singapore tenders 318,500 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A tender for a 70 MIGD (318,500 m³/d) desalination plant to be built at Tuas, Singapore, was launched on 30 June 2010 by the country's national water agency, PUB.

Oman's Sur desalination plant seeks large expansion

The owner and operator of Oman's Sur seawater desalination plant, Sharqiyah Desalination Company (SDC), has filed a bid with the Oman Tender Board for approval of a proposed expansion of 10.6 MIGD (48,000 m³/d) to the plant.

Tender for Chennai RO water-reuse plant feasibility

Bids are due by 22 February 2012 for a prefeasibility study for a 45,000 m³/d membrane-based tertiary wastewater treatment plant in Chennai, India.

Consultants sought for Ajman SWRO desalination

The Federal Electricity and Water Authority (FEWA) in the UAE has issued a tender (19W/2013) for consultancy services for a seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Al Zawra, Ajman.

Consolidated bidding for Mexican SWRO desalination

Consolidated Water Co (CWCO) has declared itself to be one of the tenderers for the El Salitral desalination plant in Baja California, Mexico. Bids are due by June.

OPWP seeks consultant for two desalination projects

The Oman Power and Water Procurement Company SAOC (OPWP) has invited specialized companies to submit offers for supervisory consultancy services for the Ghubrah IWP and Barka I water projects, both of which involve desalination plants.

Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

Kenya signs MoU for Mombasa desalination study

The government of Kenya has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for Toyota Tsusho Corporation to carry out a feasibility study for a 100,000 m³/d desalination plant in the Mombasa district.

Indians providing MBR wastewater treatment in Africa

Indian water technology provider Shivsu Canadian Clear International Ltd has won orders worth US$ 6 million from private organizations and governments in Africa to set up membrane-based industrial wastewater treatment plants in Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia.

Mombasa is hoping to become the first African city to host the IDA World Congress

Kenya's a contender for IDA 2021 World Congress

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has shortlisted Mombasa, Kenya, among four finalists to host its 2021 World Congress, reports The Star.

Sorek to get Hydranautics 16-in desalination membranes

Nitto Denko/Hydranautics have been contracted to supply desalination membranes for what will be the world's largest seawater desalination plant with 16 in reverse-osmosis elements, which is being built in Sorek, Israel.

IDE desalination seminar trains Jordanians and Palestinians

Thirty participants from Palestine and Jordan completed a week-long desalination seminar in Israel in early November 2010.

Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant, Queensland, Australia

Bundamba wastewater reuse plant passes second quality test

The second Water Quality Report for the Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant in Queensland, Australia, has confirmed the excellent quality of the purified water it produces and proved that the water is safe to add to the drinking supply, says government agency WaterSecure

BEL, Dow and Hydranautics to supply Sorek

BEL Composite Industries Ltd has been awarded a multimillion dollar contract to supply nearly 2,000 units of 16-in side-port pressure vessels for the Sorek seawater desalination plant in Israel.

MF/RO plant may be Santa Clarita salt solution

A microfiltration/reverse-osmosis (MF/RO) advanced wastewater treatment plant is one of several options being considered by the Santa Clarita Valley Sanitation District (SCVSD) in California, USA, to deal with excessive chloride levels in the wastewater it discharges to the Santa Clara River from its two treatment plants.

Sorek desalination plant will reach 300 million m³/year

Israel's government on 20 June 2010 approved construction of the Sorek desalination plant, which could end up as one of the largest in the world.

Aerial view of the Hadera desalination plant.

Israel's giant Hadera desalination plant inaugurated

Israel's president, Shimon Peres, inaugurated the 275,000 m³/d Hadera desalination plant, the largest reverse-osmosis plant in the world at present, on 16 May 2010.

IDE among top twenty smartest companies

In its 50th year in business Israel-based desalination company, IDE Technologies, has been ranked by the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology's (MIT's) Technology Review as among the top 20 smartest companies.

Impression of the Hadera expansion.

PX energy-recovery for Hadera desalination expansion

Energy Recovery Inc's PX Pressure Exchanger™ (PX™) devices have been selected by IDE Technologies for the expansion of its seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Hadera, Israel.

Sorek GRP pipe contract awarded to Protesa

A contract for the supply and installation of 2,900 m of glass-fibre reinforced polyester (GRP) piping has been awarded to Protecciones Plasticas (Protesa) of Spain for the Sorek plant in Israel, the world's second largest desalination plant to date.

The Hadera plant illustrated in front of its associated power station.

Hadera desalination extension finance fixed

Financing worth US$ 80 million has been agreed for the 74,000 m³/d expansion of the Hadera reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel, IDE Technologies announced on 3 July 2009.

Israel Electric looks for Hadera desalination maintenance

Israel Electric Corporation is negotiating to take over maintenance for the 275,000 m³/d Hadera desalination plant, currently under construction in Israel, according to the Globes financial newspaper.

Israeli government issues RFI for mobile desalination plants

The Israeli Governmental Authority for Water & Sewage issued on 6 April 2009 a request for information (RFI) concerning the installation of temporary mobile desalination plants.

Aerial view of Sorek desalination plant

World's largest SWRO desalination plant operational

The world's largest seawater reverse-osmosis plant, the 624,000 m³/d Sorek plant in Israel, is now fully operational.

Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages

Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.

The 16-in membrane elements installed in vertical pressure vessels at the Sorek site.

Sorek desalination planned to be ahead of schedule

IDE Technologies told Desalination & Water Reuse on 20 June 2012 that it planning to be ahead of schedule in its construction of the Sorek desalination plant in Israel in joint venture with Hutchison Water.

TEP expert dies in Galapagos fall

Professor Tom Berman, best known in the desalination world for his work on transparent exopolymer particles (TEPs), died last week after a fall during a vacation in the Galapagos Islands.

Sadyt chooses ERI pressure-exchangers for Ashdod

Israel's giant Ashdod desalination plant is to use PX-Q300 energy-recovery pressure-exchangers supplied by Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) of the USA.

Flowserve wins pumps and ERDs for Larnaca desalination

DWEER™ energy-recovery units and Flowserve DMX high-pressure pumps are to be supplied for the 60,000 m³/d Larnaca seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant currently being rebuilt in Cyprus.

Oxnard AWPF currently under construction

Finance agreed for Camarillo regional desalter studies

Two water districts and two - possibly three - cities in southern California have agree to finance studies for a regional brackish-water desalination plant to be located near Camarillo.

GE expands HERO licensing agreement

GE Power & Water announced on 1 February 2011 that it has completed a new expanded licensing agreement to allow it to continue offering High Efficiency Reverse Osmosis (HERO™) systems to help more of its industrial customers increase their water usage efficiency and reuse capacity.

Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise

Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.

Ceramic nanofiltration company gets big investor

ItN Nanovation AG, a start-up company in Saarbrucken, Germany, making nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 9 December 2010 a framework investment agreement with the US investment fund YA Global Master SPV Ltd, part of the Yorkville Group.

Ashdod desalination plant gets financial approval

Israel's Ministerial Tender Committee for Desalination, under the Finance Ministry, announced on 7 July 2011 that it had accepted the proposal from national water company Mekorot to build the seawater desalination plant in Ashdod.

Tender issued for Israel's largest desalination plant

The tender has been issued for Israel's largest ever desalination plant. The 411,000 m³/d plant will be in the Soreq region south of Tel Aviv close to the Mediterranean.

The city of Mombasa on the Indian Ocean has an estimated population of 1.2 million

Reports: Mombasa awards desalination contract

Mombasa County, Keyna, has awarded a design, build and operate contract for new desalination capacity, reports Daily Nation.

Mombasa County in Keyna is looking to seawater desalination to make up a 73 per cent water supply shortfall

Kenya's Mombasa County seeks bids for desalination project

Mombasa County, Kenya, is inviting sealed bids and expressions of interest for a contract to manage procurement of a major desalination project.

Historic Israel-Jordan water deal scuppered by planners

Less than a week after ministers from Jordan and Israel launched pre qualification for an US$ 900 million desalination and water transfer project, local planning in Israel reject the proposed scheme.

Sorek desalination construction under way

Construction of the Sorek seawater desalination plant in Israel was begun on 16 January 2011 by SDL Desalination Ltd, a consortium led by IDE Technologies with Hutchison Water.

Netanyahu steps into Ashdod desalination argument

Prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has ordered Israel's national water authority, Mekorot, the Finance Ministry and the Infrastructure Ministry to submit proposals for a cost-effective desalination plant in Ashdod within 30 days, according to Israel National News (Arutz Sheva).

Soreq desalination tenders said to have low water price

The three consortia bidding for the Soreq desalination project in Israel have submitted bids of less than NIS 2.50 (US$ 0.66) per m³ of fresh water, according to a report from the Globes financial news source.

Palmachim only Israeli desalination plant to agree extension

Only one of the three existing large desalination plants in Israel asked to submit proposals to the government for increasing their output has come up with an offer.

The Sidem distillers were delivered in two major shipments direct to the project site, each one weighing 2,600 tonnes. Six of the distillers were shipped from UAE, and the other four came from China

How we delivered Az Zour North phase one

"With hindsight we were very lucky to get everything through on time and that our construction partner Hyundai Heavy Industries was on time. Fortunately we escaped a lot of those little wrinkles that need sorting out during construction, and can drag on and on, and so we kept to time," says Andy Biffen, chief executive of project delivery vehicle Az Zour Shamal.

Methane to power Queensland CSG desalination plant

A desalination plant in southwest Queensland for the burgeoning coal-seam gas (CSG) industry is to be built by a consortium of GE and Laing O'Rourke for leading Australian gas explorer and producer QGC.

The new desalination plant at Playas de Rosarito will be on the coast adjacent to the existing power station

Consolidated Water lines up Mexican mega-project

The Playas de Rosarito seawater RO desalination mega-plant project has been six years in the making. It began as a twinkle in Consolidated Water's eye even before Mexico had introduced its new public-private partnerships law, but the act's introduction in 2012 gave the project a clear structure for moving ahead.

Xylem and Mekorot sign technology evaluation accord

Xylem Inc has signed an agreement with WaTech®, the technological development center of Mekorot, Israel's national water company, to evaluate new water technologies and accelerate commercialization of innovative products and services.

Wellthy has tested its system on waters from Yangon river, whose turbidity is rising due to lengthening rainy seasons in Myanmar

Tokyo's Wellthy Corp forms joint venture in Myanmar

Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation subsidiary Wellthy Corp has formed a joint venue with Myanmar Water Engineering & Products (MWEP) to provide EPC and water quality analysis services in Myanmar.

IDE reported winner of Soreq desalination contract

Israel Desalination Engineering and the Hutchison Group were reported by IsraelNN.com on 15 December 2009 to have been awarded a Shekel 1.8 billion (US$ 475 million) contract to build the Soreq desalination plant near Ashdod.

Proposals invited for Oman's Al Ghubrah desalination

The Oman Power & Water Procurement Company issued a request for proposals to prequalified bidders on 4 March 2012 for a build-own-operate contract for the construction of a desalination-based independent water project (IWP) in Al Ghubrah with a capacity of 42 MIGD (191,000 m³/d).

Saudi plans two more giant desalination plants

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has unveiled plans to build two huge sea water desalination plants including a vast 1.5 million m³/day capacity hybrid plant with 30% of its production coming from reverse osmosis and the rest from thermal desalination.

IDE buys out Hadera operator partner

Desalination developer, IDE, is buying out its partner in the Hadera desalination plant operating company in a NIS 80 million (US$ 20 million) deal.

Oman signs US$ 300 million water project agreement

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company, the sultanate's sole procurer of new power generation and water desalination capacity, has signed water project agreements worth 115 million rial (US$ 300 million).

IDE celebrates its half-century 

Staff at IDE Technologies and their families have recently returned from a weekend of festivity in Eilat, Israel to commemorate the desalination company's 50th anniversary.

Osmoflo wins industrial water-reuse project

Australia's Osmoflo has won a tender to design, build, operate and maintain a Aus$ 5 million (US$ 5.3 million) water-recycling plant and reticulation system at the Nyrstar Port Pirie smelter north of Adelaide in South Australia.

Dubai invites bids for turnkey solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination project

The Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has issued a tender inviting bids for the design, installation and testing and commissioning of a pilot photovoltaic-powered pumping and reverse osmosis water desalination system.

IDE claims production record at Ashkelon

Water treatment firm, IDE Technologies, has claimed that its seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant at Ashkelon, Israel, has reached a world record with 1 billion m³ of potable water produced since the start of its operation in 2005.

Black & Veatch wins consultant contract for giant Jeddah desalination project

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has awarded consultancy, Black & Veatch, the engineering and design contract for a major desalination project that will supply the kingdom's second largest city, Jeddah.

ZWT wins oil-camp replacement RO plant order in Libya

Three turnkey reverse-osmosis (RO) water treatment plants are to be provided by Zulal Water Technology (ZWT) for the Gialo, Waha and Essider oil camps operated in Libya by Waha Oil Company.

Marubeni lowest of six consortia for Al Mirfa

A Marubeni-led consortium led the way when bids were opened by the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) on 6 March 2013 for the Al Mirfa Independent Power & Water Project.

Consultants sought for Chennai III desalination plant

Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) has called for tenders for consultancy services for a third seawater desalination plant for the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India.

NanoH2O membranes chosen for Palmachim expansion

Two additional 36,000 m³/d trains are to be added to the Palmachim seawater reverse- osmosis (RO) desalination plant in Israel using QuantumFlux (Qfx) high-rejection membranes manufactured by NanoH2O Inc.

Disk-filters to protect Ashdod UF membranes

Filtration manufacturer Amiad has signed a contract, valued at US$ 1.67 million, to provide an Arkal Super Galaxy automatic disc filtration system (SpinKlin R) for the protection of ultrafiltration membranes at Israel's 100 million m³/year Ashdod Desalination Plant.

FEWA tenders Al Ghalila SWRO desalination plant

A tender notice for a desalination plant at Al Ghalila, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, was issued on 27 January 2011 by the Federal Electricity & Water Authority.

Hyflux-led group wins US$ 250 million desalination plant tender

A consortium led by Singaporean water and environmental solutions company Hyflux has been awarded a US$ 250 million contract to design, build, own and operate an independent water project (IWP) in Oman.

Wabag JV lands Oman port desalination contract

Chennai-based Wabag Ltd, in joint venture with fellow Indian contractor Nagarjuna Construction Company (NCC), has been awarded a contract for the completion of a seawater treatment plant, which will supply desalinated water to various industrial production plants in the Sohar International Port Complex.

Proposals sought for membrane-integrity test method

The WateReuse Research Foundation has issued a Request for Proposals to create a method for testing the integrity of high-pressure membranes used for nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) in water treatment and desalination.

ADWEA issues RfP for Mirfa power and desalination

The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) last week issued a request for proposals from prequalified bidders for its build‑own‑operate extension of power generation and reverse osmosis (RO) water desalination at Al Mirfa.

Israel Chemical puts IDE up for sale

Israel Chemicals (ICL) is selling its desalination engineering arm, IDE Technologies. The decision to dispose of the business followed days of speculation after the chemical firm announced a plan to focus on its core interests.

Desalination booming in Tunisia

Desalination in Tunisia took a major step forward in July with the award of the 50,000 m³/d Djerba seawater desalination contract to a consortium including Befesa of Spain, announced on 14 July 2010, and the launch of a tender for the supply of ten brackish-water desalination plants at the end of the month.

RWL wins contract to build desalination plant in Argentina

RWL Water has won a contact to build what it claims will be Argentina's largest seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant.

BEL supplying RO pressure vessels for Ashdod

More than 5,250 pressure vessels are to be supplied to the 100 million m³/year Ashdod desalination plant in Israel by BEL Group.

Caribbean successes for Seven Seas Water

The US Virgin Islands Water & Power Authority (WAPA) voted on 24 May 2010 to outsource all its desalination water supply to Seven Seas Water Corporation in a move intended to cut its water production costs in half.

DWEER units chosen for Sorek desalination

The consortium building the Sorek desalination plant in Israel has ordered Calder DWEER units with an approximate value of US$ 10 million from Flowserve Corporation of the USA.

IDE plans layoffs as it switches focus overseas

Israeli desalination company, IDE Technologies, plans layoffs in its domestic operations and a greater focus on international markets.

Singapore utility awards desalt deal to Chinese-led group

Singapore's national water agency, PUB, has selected the BESIN-UEN consortium - led by China's Beijing Enterprises Water Group (BEWG) - as the preferred bidder to construct the second reverse osmosis (RO) plant sited at Changi under a public/private partnership.

Work starting on 2nd Chennai SWRO plant

Work is due to begin in January 2010 on the 100,000 m³/d Nemmeli seawater desalination plant south of Chennai, India. Chennai Metrowater issued work orders in the first week of January for the project.

Boiler-feed treatment extension for Aquatech in India

Aquatech has been awarded a third contract extension to provide operating services for a boiler feed water treatment plant at Reliance Industries Limited's PTA (purified terephthalic acid) manufacturing unit in Hazira, Gujarat, India.

Parsons selected for California water-reuse expansion

California's West Basin Water District has awarded its largest ever water-reuse contract to Pasadena-based Parsons Corporation on a design-build basis.

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

Metito lands Bechtel SWRO desalination in Australia

Dubai-based Metito has landed two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants in Australia and is currently nearing completion of one in Qatar.

MD developer seeking US powerplant partners

Swedish membrane distillation (MD) manufacturer Scarab AB is seeking US powerplant operators to allow it to demonstrate the technology's ability to convert waste streams to feedwater using waste heat from turbines and engines.

West Basin desalination demo could begin next year

Construction could begin in 2010 on the Ocean-Water Desalination Demonstration Project at Redondo Beach near Los Angeles, California, the West Basin Municipal Water District announced on 30 July 2009.

Clockwise from top left: Stan Williams, Jonathan Loveland and Chris Costello.

Poseidon signs two VPs and construction director

Three experienced US water industry personnel have joined Poseidon Resources, following the departure of Nikolay Voutchkov earlier this year, the company announced on 20 July 2009.

San Diego wastewater reuse demonstration to continue

San Diego City Council voted on 7 July 2009 to continue a $12 million wastewater indirect potable reuse demonstration project which would take purified sewage water from the North City Water Reclamation Plant and pump it into the San Vincente Reservoir to augment drinking water supplies.

Orange County loses widely respected lab director

Orange County Water District (OCWD) in California announced on 21 March 2011 that Steve Fitzsimmons, director of its Advance Water Quality Assurance Laboratory, who had been a key figure in water quality testing for Water Factory 21 and gaining credibility for the Groundwater Replenishment System, died on 3 March 2011.


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