Research, Corrosion


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SEDA December workshop to look at chemicals for RO

The Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) has announced a technology transfer workshop on Chemical Treatment for Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be held in Palm Bay, Florida, in December 2013.

SWRO corrosion pre-conference workshop for CaribDA

A workshop on Understanding and Preventing Corrosion in Caribbean SWRO Plants will take place in Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, on 19 May 2012, prior to the 2012 Conference of the Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA).

Three hundred Fybroc seawater pumps ordered for giant aquarium

The Global Pump Solutions business unit of Met-Pro Corporation has received an order to supply more than 300 corrosion-resistant glass-fiber centrifugal pumps for a marine life park at a world-class casino resort complex in the heart of Southeast Asia.

The Gold Coast  seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia

Shutdown to follow full production at Gold Coast desalination plant

The Gold Coast seawater desalination plant in Australia began delivering water to the South East Queensland Water Grid at 100% capacity on 9 March 2009.

Corrosion and vibration slow Gold Coast commissioning

The progress of the Gold Coast seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, towards its commissioning targets has been slowed by several problems, which are now being addressed.

Mega-ton project symposium set for Tokyo in November

A symposium is to be held in Japan in November 2013 centred on the Mega-Ton Water System, a national research program to develop sustainable water treatment technologies, including large-scale desalination, that have a low environmental load and are energy-saving and low in cost.

Innovations in IDA Congress technical program

Round-table sessions and touch-screen availability of poster presentations will be used for the first time in the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai on 7-12 November 2009, IDA announced on 19 October 2009.

The WRF wants to provide guidance on blending for direct potable reuse water projects

WRF unveils initial findings of study into blending variables in DPR

The US Water Research Foundation has shared preliminary findings from its ongoing research into the impact of blending variables on direct potable reuse water.

Italmach acquires Compass, adds manufacturing base in North America

Italmach Chemicals has acquired Compass Chemical International, adding a strategically important site in Texas that it hopes will support its growth in the oil and gas industry.

IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates

More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.

Treatment chemicals annual demand rise to top 3%

Demand for water treatment chemicals in the US will rise 3.2% a year to US$ 7.3 billion by 2019, according to a report by market researcher, ReportLinker.

Membrane market growth to run until 2020

The fruits of growing research and development in forward osmosis for desalination are highlighted in a recent sector report as drivers of growth in the market for membrane separation technologies running to at least 2020.

Membrana filtration curbs corrosion in Disney Shanghai cooling

Membrane manufacturer Polypore has supplied its Membrana ultrafiltration units for Shanghai Disneyland to curb corrosion in the resort's cooling water system.

Cutting the costs of corrosion in seawater desalination with shut-off butterfly valves

Lower cost materials and coatings used in addition to corrosion-resistant valve designs both urged on by preferences in plant construction contracts have reduced the capital and operational costs of valves used in membrane and thermal seawater desalination. The design of the valve too has a significant role to play in keeping a rein not only on corrosion but also cost of operation. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

H2O Innovation updates Piedmont Pacific acquisition

Its recent acquisition of Piedmont Pacific means that Canada's H2O Innovation Inc is now supplying flexible pipe couplings to some of the largest desalination plants under construction in the world.

Q&A: De Nora group CEO Paolo Dellacha on the acquisition of MIOX

Electrochemical tech company De Nora has acquired water purification firm MIOX. De Nora group chief executive Paolo Dellacha explains the thinking behind the deal and what the future holds

Two workshops ahead for SEDA in January

The Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) is holding two technology transfer workshops in Florida at the end of January 2013.

Erich Dawson becomes VP sales for Americas and Europe

Promotions and appointments announced by BWA

Two appointments affecting the European and Americas regions were announced by BWA Water Additives of the US on 2 April 2012, as well as two new vice-president positions.

CaribDA opens registration for Aruba conference

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) has opened registration for its 2012 Conference & Exposition 80 Years Of Desalination Makes For One Happy Island.

Voltea gets funding for two desalination applications

Dutch desalination innovator Voltea BV announced on 21 February 2012 that it had completed a € 4.5 million funding round to support the commercial rollout of its Capacitive Deionization (CapDI) technology.

Piedmont is boosting business globally with new contract wins

Piedmont signs new supply and distribution contracts

Piedmont, a producer of corrosion resistant equipment for desalination plants, has signed a roster of new supply and partner distribution agreements globally.

The screens on the wedgewire water intake system that Poseidon is proposing for its seawater RO desalination plant at Huntington Beach, California, will be 1mm wide in order to meet new regulations

Huntington Beach is 'precedent-setting' for California

When the California State Water Board adopted new regulations on seawater desalination plants in 2015, Poseidon, the developer of a proposed 50 million gallons a day (189,000 m3/d) capacity seawater RO plant in Huntington Beach, California, went back to the drawing board on its water intake technology.

The Tugun desalination plant.

Gold Coast desalination plant finally handed over

The Tugun desalination plant in Gold Coast, Australia, was handed over to the Queensland state government on 1 October 2010 and has become part of the South East Queensland Water Grid (SEQWG).

IDA publishes program for Gulf desalination and environment seminar

The International Desalination Association has published details of program sessions and topics for its seminar on Desalination and the Gulf: The Relationship between the Environment and Meeting the Region's Water Needs, which will take place in Bahrain on 6-7 December 2010.

The Gold Coast seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Tugun.

Gold Coast desalination plant producing water again

The major phase of final works at the Tugun desalination plant on Queensland's Gold Coast in Australia has been completed, the minister for infrastructure and planning, Stirling Hinchliffe, announced on 10 September 2010.

RO included in Czech powerplant water treatment upgrade

Wabag Brno has begun modernisation of the water treatment plant at the Prunéřov power station in the Czech Republic, involving clarification, filtration, reverse osmosis, softening and demineralisation.

Flowserve valves for Perth 2 desalination plant

Flowserve Corporation announced on 3 June 2010 that it had received an order for plug valves for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant in Western Australia. The order was booked in the fourth quarter of 2009.

The Gold Coast  seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia

Some Gold Coast desalination issues still unresolved

A large number of non-compliance issues relating to the Gold Coast seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, have been listed in a letter sent on 2 July 2009 by Keith Davies, CEO of WaterSecure, who are taking over the project, to the Queensland Department of Infrastructure & Planning.

Calder bought by Flowserve

US pump and valve manufacturer Flowserve announced on 21 April 2009 that it acquired Swiss desalination energy-recovery system provider Calder AG. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

The Victorian Desalination Plant is located at the southerly most tip of Australia on the Bass Coast

AquaSure's Victorian Desalination Plant secures its first water order

The Victorian Desalination Project (VDP) is a mega-size seawater RO facility, able to produce up to 150 billion litres of water a year when running at full capacity. Located at the southerly most tip of Australia on the Bass Coast, it was procured by the Victorian State government from AquaSure, a joint venture of Degrémont (now Suez), Macquarie Capital, and Thiess (now Ventia), in 2009, for a capital cost of $3.5 billion.

Gold Coast desalination plant starts at 33% capacity

The Gold Coast desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, began operating on 26 February 2009 at 33% capacity, producing more than 40,000 m³/d.

Energy Recovery hires senior management duo

Pressure energy technology firm Energy Recovery has appointed Chris M Gannon as chief financial officer and Eric O Siebert as vice president of corporate strategy. Both appointments are effective from 8 June 2015.

Weir Materials acquired by Rolled Alloys

The Weir name finally dropped out of the desalination mainstream in mid-October when Weir Materials was acquired by Rolled Alloys (RA) a US-based supplier of heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant alloys and branded stainless steels.

Low-pressure valves for desalination: time for a new look at the butterfly?

Across the entire water industry spectrum, valves are an essential element in the treatment of water and in its supply. The subject of butterfly valve technology and its suitability for desalination plants is one particular aspect that rightly demands attention, particularly in respect of specifying materials that will withstand corrosion. The centred-disc butterfly valve is a proven technology and, according to KSB's Amri Water Valve Division Competence Centre in La Roche Chalais, France, it is in widespread demand from all types of desalination plant. It is a simple yet effective design principle whereby the disc rotates around an axis at right angles to the flow. When open, the fluid passes around both sides of the disc. "Low pressure valves are rarely considered as a critical item," says Pascal Viaud, "but if not correctly specified at the outset of a project problems can occur over the long term. Wrong selection of valves can be the cause of up to 40% all operational problems, so the customer must consider the real importance of valves at the specification stage. Even though valves may only constitute 1% of the plant investment costs, it only takes a single valve to create problems and seriously affect plant production." Butterfly valves are installed in the low-pressure areas of a desalination plant, usually in the early stages of production upstream of the membranes and then again at the end on the permeate lines. By keeping the butterfly valves open each valve creates a pressure loss and with the centred disc the differential pressure is much lower than an offset disc valves. Where a high number of valves, say 1,000 units, are installed in a desalination plant the accumulation of pressure saved on each valve will contribute to lower energy savings. The full article first appeared in the November/December 2008 issue of D&WR magazine

MEDRC announces 2012 scholarship deadline

The Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) has announced its 2012 Scholarship Fund for students from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

MEDRC to stage World Water Forum event

The Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) is to stage a side event at the 6th World Water Forum, which takes place in Marseille, France, on 12-17 March 2012.

Australian workshop on desalination intakes and discharges

An international workshop on intakes and discharges for seawater desalination is to be held by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia is in Adelaide on 16-17 May 2012.

Koreans devoting R&D cash to gas-hydrate desalination

Korea's Minister of Land, Transport & Maritime Affairs, Kwon Do-youp, unveiled "a new paradigm" in desalination development when he announced on 4 October 2011 that Korea was pursuing gas-hydrate desalination.

WRRF calls for research conference abstracts

The WateReuse Research Foundation (WRRF) is accepting abstracts for technical presentations at its 16th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination Research Conference, to be held in San Diego, California, on 4‑5 June 2012.

Senator Don Farrell (left) and West ern Australia water minister Bill Marmion at the NCEDA opening

New research announced as Australian desalination centre opens

Funding for eleven new desalination research projects (see Research News for list) was announced when the Australian National Centre for Excellence in Desalination opened its Aus$ 5 million Desalination Research Facility and Desal Discovery Centre (NCEDA) at Murdoch University's Rockingham campus near Perth.

Radcliffe to chair Australian water recycling committee

Dr John Radcliffe, who currently chairs the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences & Engineering (ATSE) Water Forum, has been appointed chairperson of the Australian Water Recycling Centre of Excellence Research Advisory Committee.

IDA scholarships for PhD students in US and Singapore

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has awarded its Channabasappa Memorial Scholarship for 2011 to Errol M Glenn of the USA and Sim Siang Tze Victor of Singapore.

Minton to lead WRRF research programs

Julie Minton has been appointed director of research programs by the WateReuse Research Foundation (WRRF), which conducts and promotes applied research on water reuse and desalination.

Commission extends Long Beach desalination research permit

The desalination intake and discharge research project being undertaken by the Long Bearch Water Department was granted a five-year extension by the California Coastal Commission on 14 July 2011.

Patricia Burke, IDA secretary general

Tianjin selected for 2013 IDA World Desalination Congress

Tianjin, China, is to be the venue for the 2013 World Congress on Desalination & Water Reuse to be held by the International Desalination Association (IDA).

LG Electronics forms water treatment JV with Hitachi

South Korea's LG Electronics and Japan's Hitachi are to establish a joint venture in October 2011 to expand into the water and wastewater treatment industries initially in Korea.

IDA releases advance program for Perth congress

The International Desalination Association has announced the release of the Advance Program for the IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse, Desalination: Sustainable Solutions for a Thirsty Planet, during 4 - 9 September 2011 in Perth, Australia.

PPCP Toolkit developed by WateReuse foundation

The WateReuse Research Foundation (WRF) has developed a toolkit for briefing elected officials, policy makers, or the general public about the presence of trace concentrations of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) found in recycled water.

UK water nano group to be launched at February workshop

The programme has been announced for a UK nanotechnology for water event to be held at University College London (UCL) on 15 February 2011, which will provide an official launch for the EcoNano Focus Group.

Renewable-energy desalination community seeks to start association

The renewable-energy (RE) desalination community should organize itself into a body that will represent the sector and lobby for its interests, says a new report.

Neil Palmer

Palmer set to lead Australian desalination centre

Neil Palmer, currently general manager of technical services at Australia's Osmoflo, will take over late in October as the CEO of the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination (NCED).

Furukawa to talk about Australian desalination centre

Desalination expert David Furukawa is to address the Australian Water Association's South Australia branch about the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination (NCED) of which he is interim chief scientific officer.

Twelve projects announced at Australian desalination centre opening

A project to apply wave energy to seawater desalination was one of 12 projects to receive awards from Australia's National Centre of Excellence in Desalination (NCED) and announced at the centre's opening on 23 July 2010.

New appointments for D&WR Editorial Board members

Two members of the Editorial Board of Desalination & Water Reuse have taken up new appointments.

Kurihara to lead Japanese search for cost-cutting desalination

The Japanese Funding Program for World-Leading Innovative R&D on Science and Technology (FIRST Program) has granted ¥ 2.924 billion (US$ 33 million) to the Mega-Ton Water System project to research and develop new technologies in the water supply industry.

Desalination to grow by 9% up to 2016, says report

Global installed desalination capacity is expected to grow by about 55 million m³/d over the period 2010-2016 at a compound annual growth rate of more than 9%, according to a new report from Pike Research.

WRF becomes WRRF

The WateReuse Foundation announced a change of name to the WateReuse Research Foundation at its research and desalination conference in Tampa, Florida, USA on 24 May 2010

IBM joins in Saudi solar desalination initiative

Saudi Arabia's solar powered desalination initiative, announced in January, is now to involve the ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic (UHCPV) and nanomembrane desalination technologies being jointly developed by IBM and the King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST).

Low-temperature distillation technology licensed to Sterling Water

The low-temperature distillation method of desalination developed by the New Mexico State University (NMSU) in the USA has been licensed to Sterling Water LLC of Qatar.

Saudis launch national solar desalination initiative

The King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology announced on 24 January 2010 the launch of the National Initiative for Solar Water Desalination (NISWD) under the patronage of the King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.

Russia sets up water treatment membrane development project

The Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies (Rusnano) is to finance a project for producing nanostructured membranes and separation modules for water treatment in various industries.

Funds on the way for Long Beach desalination R&D

Federal US funding for the Long Beach desalination and water-reuse development projects in California now only needs President Obama's signature after the Senate on 15 October 2009 approved the final version of the US$ 33.5 billion 2010 Energy & Water Appropriations bill.

US Bureau of Reclamation seeks proposals for US$ 1.4 million funds

The US Bureau of Reclamation is seeking proposals under two funding opportunities totalling up to US$ 1.4 million to improve water treatment technologies aimed at increasing water management flexibility. The first opportunity is for research, laboratory studies and the second is for pilot projects.

New US Navy RO units 'will use 65% less energy'

The United States Office of Naval Research (ONR) is planning to build prototype desalination units that will use 65% less energy and be 40% smaller by weight than current Navy reverse-osmosis (RO) units, an ONR release on 23 September 2009 predicted.

WERF guidance on indirect reuse contaminant removal

A new report from the Water Environment Research Foundation in the USA concludes that examining multiple barriers of drinking-water systems can help assure the absence of detectable levels of trace organic compounds in recycled water.

MD developer seeking US powerplant partners

Swedish membrane distillation (MD) manufacturer Scarab AB is seeking US powerplant operators to allow it to demonstrate the technology's ability to convert waste streams to feedwater using waste heat from turbines and engines.

NWRI publishes California recycling white paper

The US National Water Research Institute has published a white paper, cosponsored by WateReuse California, which highlights the need for more effort in advancing the use of recycled water in California.

Boron-nitride nanotubes speed desalination, says Australian research

Researchers from The Australian National University (ANU) claim to have discovered a way to speed the desalination of seawater by up to five times using nanotubes made from boron and nitrogen atoms.

Furukawa and Glater enter AMTA Hall of Fame

Two very popular admissions to the American Membrane Technology's Hall of Fame were announced at the association's 2009 conference and exhibition in Austin, Texas, on 15 July 2009.

Toray to set up desalination/reuse R&D lab in Singapore

The establishment of Toray Water Technology Laboratory (TWTL) in Singapore to conduct research and development of water treatment technologies was announced by Toray Industries Inc on 24 June 2009. The Nanyang Environment & Water Research Institute (NEWRI) at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) will be Toray's partner for its research activities in Singapore.

 L to R: Heiner Markhoff, GE Water CEO and president, Dr Tony Yan, chairman, National Research Foundation of Singapore, Prof Dr Chorh Chuan, president, NUS.

New Singapore center will develop desalination/reuse solutions

GE and the National University of Singapore (NUS) are investing US$ 100 million in the Singapore Water Technology Center, which will seek new solutions for low-energy seawater desalination, water reclamation and more efficient water reuse.

Russians to cooperate on Jordan desalination

Desalination plants were included in a nuclear cooperation agreement signed on 22 May 2009 by Russia and Jordan, which also included power stations, research facilities and personnel training centres to be built in Jordan.

Left to right: City of Rockingham Mayor Barry Sammels with Parliamentary Secretary for Regional Development Gary Gray and Murdoch University Professor John Yovich at Murdoch's pilot desalination plant in Rockingham.

Australia's desalination centre sited at Murdoch University

Australia's new National Centre of Excellence in Desalination is to be hosted by Murdoch University's Rockingham campus as a result of a Aus$ 20 million (US$ 15.5 million) award from the federal government.

The Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in New Mexico would become a state-of-the art desalination research facility.

US bill seeks major desalination research expansion

US Senate hearings began on 10 March 2009 into a bill on the relationship between energy and water which could have wide implications for desalination research, both in the US and internationally.

The Colorado School of Mines MBR pilot plant

AQWATEC opens onsite MBR wastewater reuse plant

The Colorado School of Mines (CSM) Advanced Water Treatment Center (AQWATEC) has opened a pilot-scale wastewater reuse facility in February 2009 on the US school's campus in Golden.

B&V find ceramic membranes help water recycling

Ceramic membranes used in conjunction with ozone produce significant benefits for water recycling. Jonathan Clement of Black & Veatch, revealed this research result to the Australian Water Association's (AWA) third specialty conference on membranes and desalination held in Sydney, Australia, on 11-13 February 2009.

MEDRC announces new director and deputy

Netherlands ambassador Ronald Mollinger was officially announced as the new director of the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) in Oman on 21 January.

First MOT plant produces water in Gibraltar

The first desalination plant to employ Manipulated Osmotic Technology (MOT) has produced its first water in Gibraltar. Modern Water, the UK company that installed the plant, also announced on 15 September that it has an agreement to install another MOT plant in Oman.

Masdar graphene study bags Abu Dhabi research prize

A graphene desalination membrane research project was among six proposals from Abu Dhabi's sustainable technology-focused university, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, that each won a AED 2 million (US$ 500,000) Abu Dhabi Education Council Award for Research Excellence.

Seven potable reuse study schemes win US$ 1 million funding

The WateReuse Research Foundation has approved funding for seven new direct potable reuse (DPR) research projects, valued at more than US$ 1 million.

Researchers share industry prize for fouling research

Doctoral students, Ariel Atkinson of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Erin Partlan of Clemson University, have received the 2014 Fellowship for Membrane Technology award from the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the National Water Research Institute (NWRI) for research in membrane fouling.

Nine desalination studies bag US$ 1.4 million funding

Nine research projects and pilot studies will share US$1.4 million in funding under a desalination and water purification research programme set up by the US Bureau of Reclamation.

Researchers cast doubt on economics of osmotic power

New research findings have questioned the economics of power production from pressure retarded osmosis (PRO).

Electrochemical desalination MoU signed in Singapore

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Singapore's national water agency, PUB, and Evoqua Water Technologies to further develop electrochemical desalination technology was one of five MoUs signed during Singapore International Water Week, which ended on 5 June 2014.

WateReuse launches video about urban water cycle

The WateReuse Research Foundation announces the release of The Ways of Water, an animated video that presents an overview of the many human interventions in the water cycle and looks at the benefits of some key water provision options including Direct Potable Reuse (DPR).

Hyflux sells half-share of Singapore membrane R&D firm

Singapore's Hyflux Ltd announced on 11 March 2014 that it had agreed with Marmon Water (Singapore) Pte Ltd (MWS) to sell to MWS its entire 50% equity interest in Hyflux Marmon Development Pte Ltd (HMD), a company devoted to membrane/media filtration research.

Registration open for WateReuse research conference

Registration is open for the 18th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination Research Conference to be held by the WateReuse Research Foundation in Las Vegas on 19-20 May 2014.

Leila Karimi

EDR researcher wins 2013 Channabasappa Scholarship

The International Desalination Association has awarded its 2013 Channabasappa Scholarship to Leila Karimi, a PhD candidate at the Institute for Energy & the Environment, Chemical Engineering Department, New Mexico State University (NMSU).

Chinese commercialize sea-ice desalination process

A Chinese company could be producing at least 1 billion m³ of fresh water by desalination of sea ice by 2023, according to a report by the official Chinese news agency Xinhua on 14 January 2013.

Desert community MD trial produces first water

First water was produced in mid-November 2013 by the membrane distillation plant set up in the Great Victoria Desert, Australia, by a team from the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Ciarán Ó Cuinn

New MEDRC director looks at Middle East cooperation

Ciarán Ó Cuinn, currently executive director for external and strategic affairs at Dublin City University, Ireland, is to become director of the Middle East Desalination Research Center in Oman.

Wade Miller stepping down as WateReuse director

The executive director of the WateReuse Association and the WateReuse Research Foundation, G Wade Miller, announced on 8 August 2013 his resignation from the two organizations effective 31 March 2014.

International projects to feature in NCEDA workshop

Reports from major international projects will form the basis of a Desalination Workshop to be held in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2013 by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Melbourne researchers' anti fouling membrane claim

Researchers from the Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne have developed what they claim to be an anti fouling microfiltration system that outstrips existing technology on energy efficiency with negligible compromise on performance.

ERD comparison tool developed by WateReuse project

A tool to allow engineers to evaluate commercially available energy-recovery devices (ERDs) for reverse-osmosis (RO) systems has been developed under a research project funded by the WateReuse Research Foundation.

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

Proposals sought for membrane-integrity test method

The WateReuse Research Foundation has issued a Request for Proposals to create a method for testing the integrity of high-pressure membranes used for nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) in water treatment and desalination.

UF/RO desalination pilot project for Dow/SWCC

The Dow Chemical Company and the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) of Saudi Arabia announced on 17 September 2012 a commercial agreement for research collaboration in desalination technologies.


USEPA reuse guidelines to be previewed in webcast

A preview of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)'s 2012 Guidelines for Water Reuse will be one of two webcasts presented by the WateReuse Research Federation in September 2012.

Foundation seeking desalination PR toolkit

The WateReuse Research Foundation wants to develop a public communication toolkit to assist project sponsors in the preparation of an education and outreach plan associated with the implementation of desalination projects.


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