Renewable Energy, Gulf, Municipal, Saudi Arabia, Gulf, Saudi Arabia arabia, Membrane


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Wastewater drive to boost membrane use in GCC region says analyst

Government identification of wastewater treatment in the municipal sector as a priority area in water production will be a key revenue generation source for membrane elements in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries according to market analyst Frost & Sullivan. And the demand for water in the region was set to double within twenty years the analyst forecast.

Gulf nations poised for 40% boost to desalination output by 2020

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region is poised to up its seawater desalination capacity by nearly 40% by 2020 to meet the growing demand for drinking water, according to a recent report.

UF/RO desalination pilot project for Dow/SWCC

The Dow Chemical Company and the Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) of Saudi Arabia announced on 17 September 2012 a commercial agreement for research collaboration in desalination technologies.


Experts urge Gulf investment in desalination energy efficiency

Two prominent water experts have urged Gulf Cooperation Council utility providers and businesses to invest in energy efficient desalination to reduce the technology's carbon footprint and high power costs.

FEDCO wins Ras Az Zawr energy-recovery contract

The energy-recovery device (ERD) contract for the reverse-osmosis (RO) section of the giant Ras Az Zawr (Ras Azzour) desalination project in Saudi Arabia has been awarded to Fluid Equipment Development Co (FEDCO).

Gulf should look to solar to power desalination expert says

The Abu Dhabi Environment Agency has called on Arab Gulf states to shift their focus to solar and other renewable energy when considering power for desalination.

IDA announces nine new Gulf task force members

The importance now being accorded to the environment by the desalination industry was emphasized on 22 April 2010 when the International Desalination Association (IDA) announced the addition of nine distinguished scientists to its Gulf regional task force and an environmental symposium in Bahrain in December 2010.

IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force

The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.

Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course

The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.

The contract was signed by Saudi minister of environment, water, and agriculture Abdulrahman Al-Fadhli (right), and Jesús Sancho, Acciona managing director for the Middle East

Acciona Agua wins E200 million Al Kohbar desal contract

Acciona Agua has won a Euro 200 million ($232 million) contract to design and build Al Khobar desalination plant on Saudi Arabia's east coast.

IDA announces lecturers for next Academy session

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced the line-up for the next one-day course in its Desalination Academy, which will take place on 5 December 2012 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, alongside the Saudi Water & Power Forum.

IDA publishes program for Gulf desalination and environment seminar

The International Desalination Association has published details of program sessions and topics for its seminar on Desalination and the Gulf: The Relationship between the Environment and Meeting the Region's Water Needs, which will take place in Bahrain on 6-7 December 2010.

Portofino location for next IDA Academy session

The next session of the IDA Desalination Academy will be held in Santa Margherita, close to the resort of Portofino, Italy from 30 March to 2 April 2014.

Xylem provides DAF pretreatment for Fujairah 1

Xylem Inc has won a contract to provide a dissolved air flotation (DAF) pretreatment system for the Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) in the UAE to help ensure an uninterrupted potable water supply from the desalination plant to Abu Dhabi emirate and the east coast.

IDA issues Gulf environmental Blue Paper

Better availability and sharing of environmental data between the Gulf states is among the recommendations contained in a "Blue Paper" released on 18 July 2011 by the International Desalination Association (IDA).

Minister launches IDA environmental symposium in Bahrain

The desalination industry must better understand its role in changes currently occurring in the Arabian Gulf, Bahrain's minister of electricity and water affairs, Eng Fahmi bin Ali Al Jowder, told an environmental symposium in Manama on 6 December 2010 organised by the International Desalination Association.

Mazen A Alami

Black & Veatch creates Gulf states regional manager

Mazen A Alami has been appointed Black & Veatch's regional manager in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states.

Gulf red-tide early-warning system funding 'soon'

A new early-warning system in the Gulf for harmful algal blooms (HABs), also known as red tides, using satellite imagery, remote sensing, and modeling could be one result of a conference on HABs held on 16‑17 April 2014 by the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC).

Largest desalination plant produces its first water

Production of water has started at what will be the largest desalination facility in the world, the 1,025 million m³/d Ras al-Khair (Ras Azzour) seawater plant northwest of Jubail in Saudi Arabia.

Jubail phase 3 water and power project is a significant move in Saudi Arabai's shift toward reverse osmosis

EOI request is out on Jubail phase 3 desal mega-project

Saudi Arabia's Water and Electricity Co has requested expressions of interest on Jubail phase 3, an integrated water and power project to include 1.17 million m3/d of desalination.

Siemens signs wind desalination MoU in Australia

Siemens Australia has announced a partnership with Windesal, a South Australia company using technology designed in Denmark, to develop clean technologies and wind-powered desalination plants.

Sanz and Awerbuch to lead IDA WEX sessions

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has released details of the two desalination sessions it is organizing as a Support Partner for WEX Global - the Water and Energy Exchange in Madrid.

Inventor of water technologies Marc Vergnet adjusts the controls on Osmosun, his new solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination system that does not use batteries or energy storage, chemicals, or grid supplies of electricity

Masdar desal pilot: the results so far

Masdar Clean Energy set a target for its pilot projects of one cubic metre of water for every 3.6 kilowatt hours of energy used. This is a particularly challenging target in the Persian Gulf, where salinity is very high, the water temperature is high, it's very shallow, and there's high organic matter.

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

Produced water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate. The system comprises five pumping stations, one at the intake, one at the treatment plant, two on the piping route, and one at the reservoir.

Chile project envisions multiple mining clients for solar-powered SWRO

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region.

Toray wins back‑to‑back UAE membrane orders

Two contracts for seawater reverse‑osmosis (SWRO) desalination membranes in the United Arab Emirates were announced by Toray Industries on 6 September 2012.

Locations of the Toray contracts.

Toray wins Gulf quartet

Toray Industries Inc announced in September that its reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane business had won orders from four seawater desalination plants with a total capacity of 332,000 m³/d in the Gulf.

IDA releases more Congress details

More details have been released about the program for the 2009 World Congress of the International Desalination Association (IDA), which will take place during 7-12 November 2009 in Dubai.

Installed desalination growth slowed in 2011‑2012

Installed desalination capacity around the world rose by only 9% last year to reach 78.4 million m³/d, according to the latest data published by the International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

GE signs Saudi Arabian wastewater-reuse MOU

GE has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on wastewater reuse with Miahona, a subsidiary of the Arabian Company for Water & Power Development Ltd.

Shuqaiq II desalination plant ahead of schedule

The US$ 1.87 billion Shuqaiq II Independent Power and Water Project (IWPP) in Saudi Arabia will be completed before May 2010, the date scheduled for commercial operation.

IDE to design PRO power-generation pilot in Norway

The Norwegian renewable-energy company Statkraft has made an agreement for IDE Technologies to design and later purchase and construct a 2 MW osmotic power-generation pilot plant in close cooperation with Statkraft.

Doosan wins giant Ras Azzour desalination plant contract

Doosan Heavy Industries of South Korea has won a US$ 1.46 billion contract to supply the Ras Azzour desalination plant in Saudi Arabia, which, at a capacity of 228 MIGD (1,036,500 m³/d), will be the largest in the world.

The Shuqaiq power and water complex

Shuqaiq IWPP desalination plant in production

The Shuqaiq Independent Water & Power Project in Saudi Arabia began production at the end of May 2010.

Canada/Norway study of pretreatment for osmotic power

Pretreatment of fresh water for an osmotic power plant is to be studied by Canada's Hydro-Quebec as part of a three-year agreement with Norway's Statkraft to speed up the development of osmotic power.

The Global Water Awards winners are awarded through voting by industry professionals

Suez and Middle East plants top 2018 Global Water Awards

Suez has scooped the Desalination Company of the Year Award, and Middle East facilities topped the desal plant categories at this year's Global Water Awards from Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

Artist's impression of the Seadog installation

Wave-powered desalination about to be installed

A company in Texas, USA, is preparing to demonstrate the use of desalination with the wave-power facility it is about to install in the Gulf of Mexico.

Eric Hoek, chief executive of Water Planet

Welcome to Water Planet

It's 9am in California and Eric Hoek is speaking from his car. Fresh from dropping his two pre-schoolers off for the day, the former UCLA engineering professor turned CEO is ready to concentrate on his other 'babies' - the two divisions of Water Planet, the water tech company he started with private investment following his involvement in cleaning up the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. "I think of myself as having basically four kids right now," he laughs. "It's hard work, chasing after them, trying to protect and nurture them as they grow."

Veolia sells boiler-feed pretreatment to 3 US refineries

Pretreatment for high-purity boiler feedwater is to be supplied to three refineries on the Gulf of Mexico in the USA by Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies.

The Al Ansab SMBR plant is one of the largest of its type in the world.

Reused effluent to reach 20% of Muscat by end 2011

The Ghala Golf Club in Muscat, Oman, is the latest facility to receive millions of litres of treated effluent for irrigation from Haya Water, as the company continues to expand its customer base for reused wastewater across the Muscat area.

Typical plant configuration based on Synwater 500 system

Bahrain MoU signed for wind-powered desalination technology

Wind-powered desalination technology is to be promoted in Bahrain under a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed on 31 January 2011 between Jade Consultancy of Bahrain and Synlift Systems GmbH of Germany.

RO pioneer dies at 91

Sidney Loeb, one of the original developers of the reverse-osmosis desalination process, died in his sleep on 11 December at the age of 91.

Metito backs low-temperature distillation to challenge lead desalination technologies

Dubai-based water technology firm, Metito, is set to make a "significant investment" in clean-tech company Thermal Purification Technologies (TPTec), to develop TPTec's patented low-temperature distillation (LTD) technology. Metito claims LTD could displace existing membrane and thermal desalination technologies.

Suez Environnement lands US$ 200 million Middle Eastern deals duo

Suez Environnement has won a desalination contract in Abu Dhabi worth more than US$ 180 million and a separate water reuse deal in Oman taking the total value of the Middle East wins to more than US$ 200 million.

Solar and wind power can help to reduce the cost of energy over the long-term, says Padmanathan

Solar and wind give competitive edge, says Acwa Power

Greater reliance on solar and wind power will support Acwa Power's future growth, president and chief executive Paddy Padmanathan has said.

Hyflux sells half-share of Singapore membrane R&D firm

Singapore's Hyflux Ltd announced on 11 March 2014 that it had agreed with Marmon Water (Singapore) Pte Ltd (MWS) to sell to MWS its entire 50% equity interest in Hyflux Marmon Development Pte Ltd (HMD), a company devoted to membrane/media filtration research.

Mann+Hummel buys into membrane-maker Microdyn-Nadir

Industrial filtration group Mann+Hummel announced on 8 May 2014 that it had taken a 50% stake of the German‑based company Microdyn‑Nadir.

SWCC governor Dr AbdulRahman Al-Ibrahim and Ryuzo Sakamoto, chairman of Toyobo, opening the Rabigh plant.

Toyobo desalination membrane plant opened in Rabigh

The ACWA-Toyobo joint venture in Saudi Arabia, Arabian Japanese Membrane Company LLC (AJMC), opened its reverse-osmosis membrane production facility in Rabigh on 29 May 2014.

Fluor to build Dow's RO membrane factory in Saudi Arabia

Fluor Corporation has been awarded a contract by the Dow Chemical Company to build Dow's reverse osmosis (RO) membrane manufacturing facility in Jubail Industrial City II in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi deal gives Toray fourth membrane‑making base

A new joint venture to sell desalination and water treatment membranes in the Middle East has been set up between Toray Industries of Japan and Abunayyan Holding, headquartered in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Two Saudi SWRO membrane contracts awarded to NanoH2O

Desalination membrane manufacturer NanoH2O Inc has won supply contracts for two seawater desalination projects in Saudi Arabia.

Ceramic membranes replace polymer in Saudi projects

German ceramic membrane-maker ItN Nanovation AG has received two orders for its flat membrane filters for groundwater projects in Saudi Arabia, replacing previously used polymer membranes.

ACWA wins two membrane-based projects in Saudi

Two separate contracts for membrane-based water and wastewater projects in Saudi Arabia have been awarded to ACWA Emirates LLC of Dubai.

Ionizable hydrophobes behind new IBM desalination membrane

US computer giant IBM, Tokyo-based Central Glass and the King Abdul Aziz City for Science & Technology (KACST) unveiled a novel desalination membrane technology at the World Water Forum in Turkey on 16 March 2009.

Doosan to build Ras Azzour MSF units in Vietnam

Doosan Heavy Industries announced on 28 January 2011 that it would be building three of the eight desalination evaporators required for the giant Saudi Arabian Ras Azzour desalination plant at its Vietnam subsidiary, Doosan Vina.

The hyper-saline Dead Sea would receive brine from the proposed Red Sea-Dead Sea desalination scheme

Jordan and Saudi join forces for atomic-fuelled desalination

Saudi Arabia and Jordan have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for a feasibility study on two nuclear reactors in Jordan, to generate electricity and for desalination, reports Zawya.

EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference

The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.

Major water-sector contractor formed in Dubai

The Leighton Group, which has been involved in the construction of three of Australia's large seawater desalination plants, has brought two group companies together in Dubai, UAE, to create a strong water and environment contracting company.

The Rabigh 3 SWRO desalination plant will serve the populations of Jeddah, Mecca, Taif, and surrounding areas

Saudi Arabia names nine consortia as pre-quals for Rabigh 3 mega project

Saudi Arabia has prequalified nine consortia for its mega desalination public-private partnership (PPP) project Rabigh 3, reports MEED.

Qatari research aims to

The Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) and Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop two pilot projects that could 'radically reduce the cost and energy use' of desalination.

STW puts zero liquid system on show

STW Water Process and Technologies, this week will hold demonstrations in the Texas state capital, Austin, of a zero liquid discharge (ZLD) thermal water processing technology it licences from Salttech under an exclusive agreement.

GrahamTek is an innovator in 16-inch reverse osmosis membrane technology

GrahamTek wins contract for SWCC pilot project

GrahamTek of South Africa has won a contract for a desalination pilot project for Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC), Saudi Arabia.

UK/Saudi initiative targets low-cost carbon neutral desalination using solar dome

NEOM has signed an agreement with UK-based Solar Water Plc to build the first ever "solar dome" desalination plants in NEOM, northwest Saudi Arabia. The pilot project claims it will revolutionise the water desalination process.

Saudi's PIF is upping its stake in Acwa Power

Saudi's PIF to raise stake in Acwa Power

Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund (PIF) is to raise its stake in Acwa Power to 40 per cent up from 25 per cent, reports Reuters.

Swcc and Hyrec sign MOU to use Hyrec's concentration technology at SWCC plants

Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) and Hyrec Technologies Ltd. have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to deploy Hyrec's Osmotically Assisted Reverse Osmosis (OARO) technology for Zero Liquid Discharge desalination in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The most-read stories on desalination and water reuse in 2018 around the globe

Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018

The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.

The new membrane facility will serve markets across the Middle East, North Africa and Asia

DuPont opens membrane factory in Saudi Arabia

DuPont Water Solutions has opened a new membrane manufacturing facility in Saudi Arabia.

Hyflux is pursuing a restructuring of its liabilities

Hyflux exits contract with SWCC amid company reorganisation

Hyflux has quit a contract with Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) for three seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants, amid moves to restructure the company.

The demonstration project will draw on lessons from the Mega-ton Water System, whose aim was to create a paradigm shift in energy consumption for reverse osmosis desalination

Hitachi and Toray target 20 per cent RO energy reduction in Saudi demo

Hitachi and Toray are to demonstrate a low energy seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) system in Saudi Arabia, in a project that will draw lessons from the Mega-ton Water System.

EDS launches 2014 desalination courses with Rome event

The European Desalination Society (EDS) kicks off a list of six events in its series of Master Courses with a three-day course in Rome, Italy, on Membrane Technology, Process & System Design on 3‑5 March 2014.

Masdar green desalination competition kicks off

All four participants in the competition to develop sustainable means to meet the United Arab Emirates' potable water demand have begun operating small-scale experimental desalination plants at a pilot facility set up by the competition organizer, Masdar, in Abu Dhabi.

EDS publishes June solar desalination course program

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has published the program for its three-day intensive course on Desalination With Solar Energy to be held in Almeria, Spain, on 11‑13 June 2014.

Desalination quartet booked for Masdar pilot plants in UAE

Three major contractors in the global desalination business - Abengoa, Degrémont and Sidem/Veolia - together with forward-osmosis developer Trevi Systems, were awarded contracts on 5 May 2014 by Abu Dhabi's Masdar, to each start the construction of a 1,500 m³/d desalination plant as part of Masdar's pilot project announced in 2013.

Seprotech to acquire Canadian consulting group

Canadian membrane water treatment and reuse provider Seprotech Systems Incorporated has reached agreement to acquire 100% of WESA Group Inc, a professional services company with eight North American offices and one in El Salvador.

EDS publishes dates for 2013 courses

The European Desalination Society has published dates for two courses in the first half of 2013.

Fifth project enters the Masdar trial

An ongoing energy efficiency trial, in Abu Dhabi, of four new desalination plant designs is to get a fifth participant.

BASF industrial water business transfered to Degrémont

German chemical giant BASF announced on 30 September 2013 the successful closing of the transaction to divest its subsidiary Industrial Water Management France SAS, headquartered in Lyon, France, to Degrémont, a subsidiary of Suez Environnement.

SCMA conference has an eye to the weather

The contribution that membrane desalination and water treatment can make to combating the extreme weather conditions prevalent in the southern United States will provide a focus for the 2013 Annual Conference of the South Central Membrane Association (SCMA).

AMTA visiting Des Moines for tech transfer workshop

The American Membrane Technology Association is to hold a Technology Transfer Workshop in Des Moines, Iowa.

IWA extends deadline for Toronto membrane papers

The International Water Association (IWA) has extended the deadline for submission of papers for the 7th IWA Specialised Membrane Technology Conference & Exhibition for Water & Wastewater Treatment & Reuse.

SWMOA announces dates for 2013-14

The Southwest Membrane Operator Association (SWMOA) has announced additional workshop dates for desalination and water / wastewater treatment membrane operators for 2013 and the date and venue for its 2014 annual symposium.

KMS appoints Iberian regional sales manager

Koch Membrane Systems (KMS), has appointed Matias Amor as regional sales manager, water and wastewater for Spain and Portugal.

Marc Messerli

Aquasource appoints Marc Messerli as COO

Degrémont subsidiary Aquasource, which specializes in ultrafiltration membranes systems for water treatment, has appointed Marc Messerli as its new chief operating officer (COO) as from 1 January 2013.

Four workshops to precede AMTA / AWWA conference

There are now four preconference workshops prior to the Membrane Technology Conference & Exposition being held by the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the American Water Works Association (AWWA) in San Antonio, Texas, at the end of February 2013.

H2O Innovation opens Toronto area office

Membrane treatment supplier H2O Innovation Inc announced on 23 January 2013 that it had recently opened a new office in Burlington, Ontario, part of the Greater Toronto Area in Canada.

Chinese membrane wastewater firm gets big investment

Global investor KKR has entered into an agreement with United Envirotech Limited (UEL), a water treatment and recycling company in China, for a US$ 40 million common equity investment. KKR subscribed US$ 113.8 million convertible bonds issued by UEL in October 2011 to support the company's business expansion.

SCMA launching membrane operator certification

The South Central Membrane Association (SCMA) is kicking off a membrane operators certification program in January 2013 featuring the first of four modules being developed by the Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) with SCMA and other affiliates of the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA).

Moore takes over engineering for Modern Water

Brian Moore has left Thames Water to become Modern Water's new engineering manager as part of the UK membrane desalination company's planned growth in its engineering department.

Details released for September SWMOA courses

Details have been released by the Southwest Membrane Operator Association (SWMOA) for its two California membrane-plant operator training courses in September 2012.

Italy opens its second largest municipal MBR plant

Italy's second largest membrane bioreactor (MBR) entered service on 17 July 2012 following the inauguration of the upgraded wastewater treatment plant in Borghetto Santo Spirito, a town on the Ligurian coast southwest of Genoa.

New distributors and EU compliance for PWT

Membrane chemicals supplier Professional Water Technologies (PWT), the US arm of Canada's H2O Innovation, recently signed agreements with two new distributors in Brazil and Argentina, increasing its presence in South America.

Two SWMOA workshops for California in September

The South West Membrane Operators Association is to hold two workshops in California in September 2012.

Agnihotri elected to board of ThermoEnergy Corp

Dr Dileep Agnihotri, the CEO and president of Advanced Hydro Inc, a company set up to commercialise a novel antifouling membrane coating technology at the University of Texas - Austin, has joined the board of ThermoEnergy Corp, a Massachusetts-based company engaged in development and sales of municipal and industrial wastewater-recovery and clean power-generation technologies.

New US/Canadian contracts for H2O Innovation

Canadian H2O Innovation Inc announced on 21 December 2011 that it had recently been awarded new membrane water-treatment contracts totalling Can$ 4.7 million (US$ 4.6 million).

Study approved for Michigan membrane water plant

Bay City in Michigan, USA, approved on 5 December 2011 the appointment of consultants Lockwood, Andrews & Newman Inc to evaluate construction of a new membrane plant at the site of the city's existing water treatment plant.

Kubota to set up membrane base in Ohio?

Japanese membrane technology company Kubota Corp is discussing potentially opening a research, development and manufacturing facility in the city of Canton, between Cleveland and Pittsburgh, Ohio.

Membrane water treatment plant planned in Michigan

A US$ 50 million membrane-based water-treatment plant is being planned by Bay County in Michigan, USA, which is seeking a county-wide partnership to tap a new source.

United Envirotech buys Xinmin wastewater concession

Membrane treatment specialist United Envirotech Ltd (UEL) announced on 3 October 2011 that the group has exercised a call option to acquire the entire equity interest of Tongji Environmental (China) Pte Ltd, the holding company for Aton Environmental (Shenyang) Co Ltd, for RMB 34.03 million (US$ 5.34 million).

Toray UF membranes online in North Dakota

An ultrafiltration UF system in North Dakota, USA, has become the first large municipal drinking-water system in the US to use Toray HFS-2020 UF membrane modules.

Koch MBR system chosen by Chinese city

A membrane bioreactor (MBR) using membranes supplied by Koch Membrane Systems (KMS) has been chosen for a wastewater treatment plant operated by Zhangjiagang JinGang Sewage Treatment, a state-owned entity which looks after all municipal plants for the Chinese city of Zhangjiagang.


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