Recycling, Groundwater, Seawater, Algae, Algae


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Ras Al Khaimah seawater desalination has algae shield

Northernmost of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Ras Al Khaimah, has opened a 68 Ml/d seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) project in Ghallilah on the emirate's west coast that is equipped to "overcome the red tide phenomena" - the seasonal proliferation of algae that blights the emirates' coastline.

Singapore's PUB draws curtain on algae

Singapore's national water agency PUB has for the first time installed silt curtains at the waters off Tuaspring and Singspring desalination plants, to protect them from damaging fouling of their reverse osmosis membranes by mounting levels of algae in the water.

Saudi boost for LiqTech ceramic membranes

The Saudi Arabian Ministery of Water & Electricity has announced that ceramic flat-sheet membranes are the technology of choice for groundwater applications, according to Danish company LiqTech International.

Algae biomass membrane order for Denmark's LiqTech

Denmark's LiqTech International Inc has received a purchase order of around US$ 300,000 for a prototype filtration system to be used in an algae biomass project.

Electrochemical desalination MoU signed in Singapore

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Singapore's national water agency, PUB, and Evoqua Water Technologies to further develop electrochemical desalination technology was one of five MoUs signed during Singapore International Water Week, which ended on 5 June 2014.

Direct membrane filtration simplifies reuse process

Recent trials have proven that direct membrane filtration of high solids (algae) and disinfection provides a simpler treatment process with substantial cost reduction. In Pillbara, Australia, two plants are being constructed to treat wastewater for recycling aiming for a 4-log removal of bacteria and viruses by filtering alone. Ultraviolet treatment provides the final requirement to reach the required 6-log removal rate. This article gives an overview of the application, and details on the technology and design used. It first appeared in the August/September 2013 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

2014 Oman conference to look at HABs and desalination

An international conference on Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) & Desalination is to be held in Muscat, Oman, in April 2014.

HTI deal takes forward osmosis to China

The world's only commercial manufacturer of forward-osmosis (FO) membranes, modules and systems, Hydration Technologies Innovations LLC (HTI), reached an international distribution, services and cooperation agreement for FO technology with Chinese company Tri-Tech Holding Inc.

The algal bloom hit Barka desalination expansion plants 1 and 2 in the Gulf of Oman

Abunayyan resigns as chair of ACWA Power Barka

Mohammad Abdullah Abunayyan has resigned as chairman and board director of ACWA Power Barka in Oman, citing personal reasons.

The Sidem distillers were delivered in two major shipments direct to the project site, each one weighing 2,600 tonnes. Six of the distillers were shipped from UAE, and the other four came from China

How we delivered Az Zour North phase one

"With hindsight we were very lucky to get everything through on time and that our construction partner Hyundai Heavy Industries was on time. Fortunately we escaped a lot of those little wrinkles that need sorting out during construction, and can drag on and on, and so we kept to time," says Andy Biffen, chief executive of project delivery vehicle Az Zour Shamal.

Ashwin Gulati (left) of Spiral Water receives the Innovation Award from BlueTech Research chief executive Paul O'Callaghan

Spiral scoops innovation award for its 'disruptive' automatic self-cleaning filter

Spiral Water has picked up an Innovation Award from BlueTech Research for its automatic self-cleaning water filter, a "disruptive" new filter technology according to Spiral chief executive Ashwin Gulati.

Algae: a tide of trouble

The water services provider at the industrial port at Sohar in the Oman has learned the hard way, how to combat the seasonal algal wave that can grind vital reverse osmosis desalination and other water treatment to a halt. Despite unprecedented assaults the notorious Red Tide has been tamed. This article first appeared in the May 2015 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Suez Environnement lands US$ 200 million Middle Eastern deals duo

Suez Environnement has won a desalination contract in Abu Dhabi worth more than US$ 180 million and a separate water reuse deal in Oman taking the total value of the Middle East wins to more than US$ 200 million.

Xylem supplies wastewater denitrification systems in China

Water technology company, Xylem, has supplied denitrification systems to three wastewater treatment plants in eastern China as part of a national strategy to improve wastewater treatment by 90% over five years.

The XTB Nanobubble Generator is a patented technology that can reduce energy consumption in water treatment

Nanobubble specialist Moleaer raises capital, seeks people

Moleaer, the California, US-based water technology firm that developed the XTB Nanobubble Generator has raised $6 million to support overseas expansion.

Modern Water claims first FO commercial desalination contract

UK-based Modern Water has won what is believed to be the first ever forward-osmosis (FO) commercial contract for desalination, following its award of a UK£ 500,000 (US$ 810,000) contract for a 200 m³/d plant by Oman's Public Authority for Electricity & Water (PAEW).

RO-based advanced treatment plant for West Virginia mines

A 5 MGD (19,000 m³/d) membrane-based wastewater treatment plant is to be built to serve a number of coal mines in West Virginia, USA, as a result of government action following pollution violations.

California to promote reuse and streamline permitting

In the future, most new water in California will come from a combination of improved conservation and water use efficiency, conjunctive use (coordinated management of local surface and groundwater), recycled water, drinking water treatment, groundwater remediation, and desalination.

Perth desalination expansion to start immediately

The premier of Western Australia, Colin Barnett, announced on 1 August 2011 that work would begin immediately to double the capacity of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant, the second major desalination plant in the Perth region.

More desalination and reuse potential in Western Australia

Western Australia's Water Corporation is considering up to three seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plants along the southern coast of its area, known as Lower Great Southern, as part of a potential portfolio of water resources for the next 30 years.

Australia's first groundwater replenishment trial launched

Western Australia's water minister, Graham Jacobs, launched Australia's first Groundwater Replenishment Trial on 30 November 2010, which research indicates may be cheaper than desalination.

Monterey boreholes reveal good slant-well conditions

California American Water (Cal Am) reported on 20 December 2013 that data from its ongoing investigation into subsurface slant well intakes for its proposed Monterey desalination plant were showing promising results.

Florida state official urges more seawater desalination

Florida, which is about to become the third most populous state in the USA, has been urged by its agriculture commissioner, Adam Putnam, to invest more in seawater desalination to combat water scarcity.

Egypt to step up seawater desalination efforts

Egypt's president Hosni Mubarak has instructed the government to expand its seawater desalination initiatives and step up efforts to discover additional sources of groundwater, according to the Egyptian daily Al-Masry Al-Youm.

US$ 10.6 million grant for water-reuse schemes

The US Bureau of Reclamation announced on 4 May 2012 the selection of seven projects in the Mid-Pacific Region to receive more than US$ 10.6 million in WaterSMART Title XVI water recycling and reuse funding.

West Basin rehires United Water for water‑reuse plant

Suez subsidiary United Water has been awarded a renewed contract by West Basin Municipal Water District in California to continue to operate and maintain the Edward C Little Water Recycling Facility including four satellite plants.

MWD move will not affect Carlsbad desalination, says Poseidon

Poseidon Resources on 16 June 2011 denied reports that the current standoff in Southern California between the Metropolitan Water District (MWD) and the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) will affect the Carlsbad Desalination Project.

Perth desalination expansion could swap for reuse project

The water minister of Western Australia, Bill Marmion, was quoted in the Australian media on 27 May 2011 as saying that the expansion of the Southern Seawater desalination plant may be indefinitely delayed in favour of more water reuse.

Parsons selected for California water-reuse expansion

California's West Basin Water District has awarded its largest ever water-reuse contract to Pasadena-based Parsons Corporation on a design-build basis.

CalAm opts for recycling over desalination

In a testimony supporting a major groundwater replenishment project, president of water supplier, California American Water (CalAm), Rob MacLean, has told the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) the proposed project was preferable to building a large desalinated facility.

LA district renews reuse plant contract with United Water

Los Angeles West Basin Municipal Water District has renewed its contract with United water for the next five years to operate and maintain the Edward C Little Water Recycling Plant including four satellite plants.

New Indian partnership for inge watertechnologies

Germany-based ultrafiltration manufacturer inge watertechnologies AG is expanding its presence in the Indian subcontinent through a sales and distribution partnership with CN Tech Engineers (CNTE).

West Basin desalination demo could begin next year

Construction could begin in 2010 on the Ocean-Water Desalination Demonstration Project at Redondo Beach near Los Angeles, California, the West Basin Municipal Water District announced on 30 July 2009.

Desalination and reuse in California/New Mexico get funding

US Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced on 1 July 2009 27 water reclamation and reuse projects in California and New Mexico identified by the Bureau of Reclamation to share in a total of US$ 134.3 million under the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009.

The Edward C Little Water Recycling Facility

US districts fight saline intrusion with reused water

Two California water districts announced an agreement on 18 April 2009 to transfer and use recycled wastewater as a barrier against saline intrusion into groundwater, replacing 5.5 billion gallons (20.8 million m³) of drinking water per year previously used for this purpose.

New tech to drive 9.5% annual desalination growth - report

By 2020, the annual supply of water from desalination will have reached 54 billion m³, according to a report released on 17 March 2009 by Lux Research.

UK seawater desalination may become necessary, says IMechE report

Seawater desalination may become necessary in the United Kingdom if precipitation does not provide sufficient water, according to a report Climate change: adapting to the inevitable published in February 2009 by the UK Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

Perth seawater desalination plant

Australia wins bid to host 2011 IDA World Congress

Perth in western Australia is to be the next host city for the International Desalination Association's World Congress on Desalination & Water Reuse in 2011. This is the first time the industry's premier event has visited Australia.

Final draft of San Diego water-reuse scheme published

The City of San Diego, California, has published the final draft of its Recycled Water Study - the culmination of a two-year process to develop a new vision for water reuse in the San Diego region.

'We all, as a global community, cannot afford to use water once and dispose of it.' Peter Nichol, CH2M global market director

Q&A: Peter Nicol, CH2M global market director, on Brazil's reuse policy

Peter Nicol, global market director for CH2M, outlines how the firm is helping to develop Brazil's action plan for a national water reuse policy

Victoria urged to set new reuse and desalination goals

A committee set up by the Victoria state government in Australia has recommended that enforceable water recyling and reuse targets at Melbourne's sewage treatment plants should be raised to 50% by 2012 and 70% by 2015.

Budget confirms Adelaide desalination plant upgrade

Confirmation that the capacity of the Adelaide seawater desalination plant would be doubled to 274,000 m³/d came in the Australian federal government's budget statement issued on 12 May 2009.

Australia failing to meet wastewater reuse targets

Australia is falling well behind in the targets it has set itself for wastewater reuse, according to a study carried out for the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population & Communities by Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA).

Santa Cruz pilot desalination results in 3-4 months

The Water Department of the City of Santa Cruz (SCWD), California, USA, confirmed on 23 March 2009 that its year-long seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) pilot plant test will be ended in mid-April with a report due in June or July 2009.

Carmine Ciccocioppo, general manager operations for Osmoflo, and Matt Reed, general manager mines and export, for OneSteel at the commissioning.

Osmoflo commissions 4,000 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A 4,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant has been commissioned in Whyalla, South Australia, for steel manufacturer OneSteel.

National government funds agreed for Adelaide expansion

An agreement for Australian government funding of Aus$ 228 million (US$ 232 million) towards the expansion of the Adelaide Desalination Plant to 100 million m³/year has been finalised by the Australian and South Australian governments, as part of the national government's total commitment of Aus$ 328 million (US$ 333 million) towards the plant.

Carlsbad opened

The US$ 1 billion Carlsbad seawater desalination plant in San Diego County, California has opened.

Reuse milestone for West Basin district

West Basin Municipal Water District (WBMWD) in California, USA, produced its 100 billionth gallon of reused wastewater in November 2008.

Cape considers desalination as rationing looms

Cape Town, South Africa is considering investment in desalination and water reuse as part of its intensified focus on measures to conserve water amid fears that rationing is becoming more likely.

California city ponders desalination revival

California's city of Morro Bay is poised to apply to the state Coastal Commission to operate continually its currently idle reverse osmosis desalination plant. The city let its operating permit expire in 2000, and the plant - built in 1992 - has not operated since then except for occasional emergency use.

Cal Am strikes deal on test well

Utility, California American Water (Cal Am), has struck a deal with cement maker, Cemex, to allow the water firm to drill slant test wells, and possibly production wells, on Cemex' north Marina sand mining plant site.

Yemen poised to build first desalination plant

Yemen is set to build its first desalination plant. The $300 million project is a response to growing water demand as the country's natural water resources have become dangerously depleted.


Texas Desalination Association plans September conference

The Texas Desalination Association is hosting its second annual conference Texas Desal 2014: Best Practices and Emerging Technology on 11-12 September 2014 in Austin, Texas.

Chilean mine SWRO gets environmental approval

An environmental impact study (EIS) for a 26,000 m³/d desalination plant for a mining operation in northern Chile is reported to have been approved by the regional office of the Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (environment ministry).

California extends desalination funding deadline

The California Department of Water Resources has extended to 31 January 2014 its deadline for the receipt of applications for desalination grant funding.

Water district to canvas opinion on desalination plans

Southern California's West Basin Municipal Water District plans to start canvasing public comment in autumn on its efforts build an seawater desalination plant in South Bay.

Degremont-Marubeni JV wins Doha wastewater reuse extension

Qatar's Public Works Authority has awarded a € 65 million contract for expanding the Doha West membrane-based wastewater treatment and recycling plant to a joint venture of France's Degrémont and Japan's Marubeni Corporation.

KfW signs Djerba desalination loan agreement in Tunisia

Tunisia's Société Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE) signed an agreement on 22 August 2013 with the German development bank KfW for a loan of around € 60 million for the Djerba seawater desalination plant.

Lamberts Bay seawater desalination goes to Veolia

A 1,700 m³/d seawater desalination plant, upgradeable to 5,000 m³/d, is to be built in Lamberts Bay in South Africa for the Cederberg Municipality by Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa.

Santa Cruz desalination EIR comment deadline in July

The draft environmental impact report (EIR) for the 2.5 MGD (9,500 m³/d) seawater desalination plant for the greater Santa Cruz area in California, USA, which was released on 13 May 2013, will be available for public comment until 15 July 2013.

Guadalupe-Blanco desalination feasibility award in May?

Interviews will be taking place on 1-2 May 2013 with the seven groups left in competition for the feasibility study for the Regional South Central Texas Power & Seawater Desalination Project proposed by the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (GBRA).

Santa Cruz prepares for desalination EIR release

The Californian city of Santa Cruz and Soquel Creek Water District are holding a special joint study session on 7 May 2013 at the City Council Chambers to receive information on the scwd2 Regional Seawater Desalination Project draft environmental impact report (EIR) which is expected to be released in mid-May.

Design/build RFQ issued for Monterey desalination plant

A request for qualifications (RFQ) was issued on 1 April 2013 by California American Water (Cal Am) for the desalination infrastructure component of its Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project.

Napolitano seeks to reauthorize US desalination act

A bill, HR 745, to reauthorize the 1996 Water Desalination Act was introduced in the US House of Representatives by California representative Grace Napolitano on 15 February 2013.

ERD comparison tool developed by WateReuse project

A tool to allow engineers to evaluate commercially available energy-recovery devices (ERDs) for reverse-osmosis (RO) systems has been developed under a research project funded by the WateReuse Research Foundation.

First seawater in Perth's 2nd desalination plant

The first intake of seawater into the second stage of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant (SSDP) in Western Australia on 22 January 2013 marked another major milestone in commissioning the Aus$ 450 million (US$ 470 million)expansion project.

Installed desalination growth slowed in 2011‑2012

Installed desalination capacity around the world rose by only 9% last year to reach 78.4 million m³/d, according to the latest data published by the International Desalination Association (IDA) and Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

New Consolidated JV to build Bahamas UF/RO plant

Seawater desalination water company Consolidated Water Co Ltd, based in the Cayman Islands, announced 23 May 2012 that it has formed a joint venture (JV) with The New Providence Development Company Limited (NPDC) in Nassau, Bahamas.

Cyprus desalination failure 'setback for European aid'

Failure to implement the seawater desalination plant at Sirianokhori/Kumköy in the Turkish part of Cyprus represents a significant setback for the overall European Community assistance programme to this region, according to the European Court of Auditors (ECA).

New Monterey desalination plan launched by Cal Am

A 5.4-9.0 MGD (20,440-34,000 m³/d) desalination plant located in North Marina employing slant well intake technology remains at the heart of California American Water (Cal Am)'s latest proposal for supplying the Monterey Peninsula.

Another legal blow for Monterey desalination alternative

California American Water's (Cal Am's) progress in developing an alternative desalination project for California's Monterey Peninsula received yet another setback on 2 February 2012, when a judge issued an amended ruling on the environmental impact report (EIR) originally published for the abandoned Regional Desalination Project.

Cape Town action on desalination and water reuse

The City of Cape Town, South Africa, is planning to issue a tender for a feasibility study of a "large‐ scale" seawater desalination plant within the next month. The study will determine the most appropriate location and size for such a plant.

Water rights row could delay Western Australia desalination plant

A row over water rights in the north-west of Australia could lead to delay in the construction of the West Pilbara Seawater Desalination Plant, despite assurances in February 2011 from Western Australia's (WA) state government that the project was on track.

Coquina Coast desalination team seeks public input

Community input on siting criteria to evaluate potential locations for the proposed Coquina Coast Seawater Desalination plant in Florida, USA, is being sought by the project team.

Mexican desalination plant to tender soon

Comision Estadal Del Agua De Baja California (CEA) in Mexico is to build a 21,600 m³/d desalination plant in the city of Ensenada, to be tendered with a 40% federal contribution towards its estimated cost of Peso 351.900 million (US$ 28.8 million). The successful tenderer will contribute the remaining 60%.

Southern California gets wastewater reuse and desalination grants

Southern California's Joint Water Purification Pilot Program (JWPPP), which will evaluate the feasibility of wastewater reuse using advanced water treatment, has received a US$ 334,000 grant from the US Bureau of Reclamation's WaterSMART program.

California district ups desalination and reuse incentive by 36%

Southern California's Metropolitan Water District has increased by 36% the financial incentive for water agencies to develop and produce recycled water, recovered groundwater, and desalinated seawater supplies.

Agreement at last on desalination supply for Monterey

Tentative agreement has finally been reached by the three agencies involved in developing a regional water supply project for California's Monterey peninsula, which will include a 10 MGD (37,850 m³/d) desalination facility.

Monterey desalination plant moves forward

Desalinated water could come to the Monterey coast of California "as soon as 2012", according to the Marina Coast Water District.

Second Perth desalination plant starts in three weeks

Less than a week after getting federal government clearance, the contract for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant was signed on 30 June 2009.

Inside the Tampa Bay desalination plant

Tampa Bay desalination plant in trouble again

Just at the time it is really needed, the Tampa Bay seawater desalination plant has hit trouble again. For some months now, the plant has been operating well below capacity - at a time when the rainfall in that part of Florida is at record low levels.

Nine projects get Reclamation feasibility funding

The Camp Pendleton desalination project in California is one of nine advanced water treatment and reuse projects in three US states selected for feasibility-study funding by the Bureau of Reclamation.

Southern California reused-water purchase agreed

The Water Replenishment District of Southern California (WRD) and the Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (SDLAC) signed a 30‑year recycled water purchase agreement on 29 August 2013, which will eliminate the need for water from northern California and the Colorado river for groundwater recharge.

Experienced SWRO desalination engineer joins GHD

Australian consultant GHD has recently appointed professional engineer and marine biologist Erik Tynes, as a senior process engineer in the company's Perth office.

Joint venture wins Perth groundwater replenishment contract

Western Australia's Water Corporation has awarded a contract to design, construct, and commission a full-scale advanced water replenishment plant (AWRP) to a joint venture between CH2M Hill,and engineering company Thiess. The project will help secure Perth's drinking water supplies through 2060

Hyflux Libyan desalination contracts could be delayed

Singapore-based desalination contractor Hyflux said on 23 February 2011 that its projects in Libya could be delayed due to the political uncertainty in the country, according to Reuters.

SAWS brackish desalination test plant.

Further funding for San Antonio BWRO desalination project

Initial project construction for the brackish groundwater desalination program planned by San Antonio Water System (SAWS) in the USA will now be possible following a US$ 24.6 million loan from the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB).

Aqualia wins SWRO contract in Chile

Spanish company Aqualia has been awarded a contract worth about € 17 million to design and supply seawater reverse-osmosis equipment for a desalination plant in Chile, its first work in that country.

Hunter Water to look at desalination/reuse again

Desalination and water reuse are back on the table as options for the future water supply of the Hunter Valley area of New South Wales, Australia, following the state government's axing of the Tillegra dam on 28 November 2010.

North Sea gas RO package supplied by UK company

A containerised reverse‑osmosis (RO) desalination package is to be supplied for an unmanned gas platform in the North Sea by Salt Separation Services of Rochdale, UK.

Committee to examine 500,000 m³/d desalination for Mumbai

The government of Maharashtra state in India has appointed a committee to study water recycling and desalination in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region and to make recommendations.

Reclamation funds reuse in California and New Mexico

Five congressionally authorized water reclamation and reuse projects in California and New Mexico, USA, will receive cost-shared funding for planning, design and construction of their projects, following a Bureau of Reclamation announcement on 21 May 2013.

Deshmukh to oversee West Basin desalination and recycling

West Basin Municipal Water District in Los Angeles County, California, has hired former Orange County engineer Shivaji Deshmukh to be its new assistant general manager.

West Basin demonstrating desalination intake and outfall technologies

One of the first seawater desalination demonstration facilities to employ ocean-protection technology at the source of intake and discharge has begun construction in Southern California, USA.

New South Wales premier switches on Sydney desalination plant

Sydney's seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant was switched on by New South Wales premier Kristina Keneally on 28 January 2008, providing water to meet up to 15% of Sydney's water needs.

Bay Area reuse expansion fails to pass US Representatives

The Bay Area Regional Water Recycling Program Expansion Act of 2009, which sought to amend the Reclamation Wastewater & Groundwater Study & Facilities Act to expand the Bay Area Regional Water Recycling Program (BARWRP) in California, USA, failed to gain a necessary two-thirds majority in the House of Representatives on 30 September 2009.

San Diego IPR demonstration project held up

Approval of a contract with Camp Dresser & McKee (CDM) for construction of an indirect potable water-reuse demonstration project in San Diego failed to pass a meeting of the Californian city's Natural Resources & Culture (NRC) committee on 16 June 2010.

NEWater plant No 5 opened in Singapore

Singapore's fifth and largest NEWater wastewater reuse plant was officially opened by Singapore's senior minister, Goh Chok Tong, on 3 May 2010.


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