Oman, Abu Dhabi, Multiple Effect Distillation


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Suez Environnement lands US$ 200 million Middle Eastern deals duo

Suez Environnement has won a desalination contract in Abu Dhabi worth more than US$ 180 million and a separate water reuse deal in Oman taking the total value of the Middle East wins to more than US$ 200 million.

Oman funds renewable desalination research

Oman has approved funding for research into harnessing renewable energy sources for water desalination in the sultanate.

Aquatech wins Oman MED deal

Water and wastewater technology firm, Aquatech, has won a contract to design and supply a multiple effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for Oman's Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company (Orpic).

IDA backs Abu Dhabi water summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) announced on 12 November 2012 that it would be supporting the 2013 International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi as a Knowledge Partner and would lead sessions on water and energy.

The Shuweihat S1 plant

ACWA Power buys into Shuweihat S1 company

Saudi Arabia's ACWA Power International announced on that it has agreed to acquire the 20% stake held by Summit Global Management VIII BV, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sumitomo Corporation, in Shuweihat CMS International Power Company PJSC, which owns the Shuweihat S1 Power & Desalination Plant (S1 Plant) in Abu Dhabi, and its 50% equity interest in the Shuweihat O&M Limited Partnership.

Exova bags power plant testing deal in Abu Dhabi

Testing firm, Exova, has won a five-year contract to provide testing services for the Taweelah B power and desalination plant in Abu Dhabi.

Entropie wins Algerian MED desalination units

Sidem subsidiary Entropie has been awarded a contract by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the supply of three multiple-effect distillation (MED) desalination units with a net capacity of 3,600 m³/d each.

IDA continues support of the International Water Summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced its continued support for the International Water Summit (IWS). The latest summit is being held at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibit Centre 18-21 January. "Now in its fourth year, the IWS is a global platform for promoting water sustainability and addressing water challenges across the region," said the IDA in a statement.

Fujairah expansion kicks off

The Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) and Sembcorp Industries have completed construction and begun operation of a US$ 200-million expansion to the Fujairah 1 Independent Water and Power Plant (IWPP) in the United Arab Emirates.

Veolia tops targets in Masdar desalination pilot programme

Interim findings by engineering giant, Veolia, from trials designed to up efficiency and develop renewable energy-driven desalination have already outstripped energy reduction targets the company has reported.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

Emirates Singapore venture poised for bond issue

Emirates SembCorp Water and Power - the joint venture, behind the Fujairah 1 independent water and power plant - is considering issuing a project bond to refinance its debt.

Low-energy desalination trials delayed

Trials of four new energy efficient desalination systems from leading water technology players that could "revolutionise the industry" have been delayed from their summer 2015 start with October forecast as the date when all will be in pilot operation.

Abengoa forms desalination research partnership in Abu Dhabi

Spanish energy sustainability company Abengoa has formed a research partnership with the Masdar Institute and the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company to optimize membrane distillation technology for the treatment of reverse osmosis brines.

Masdar city, Masdar Institute, Laborelec, and Degrémont to collaborate in renewable-powered desalination project

Abu Dhabi university, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, has unveiled recently its research collaboration with three leading energy and clean technology corporations in a research project supporting the development of a full-scale, completely solar-powered, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

GDF Suez kicks off giant Mirfa desalination project

Paris-based GDF Suez has begun work on the desalination component of its Mirfa gas-fired power and water project, the French firm said.

IDA to be knowledge partner at the International Water Summit for third year in a row

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has been appointed as a 'knowledge partner' for the International Water Summit for the third consecutive year.

Degremont chooses Dow for green reverse osmosis pilot

Suez Envionnement water treatment subsidiary, Degremont Technologies, has selected Dow Water and Process Solutions to supply ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis membranes for a pilot desalination project in Abu Dhabi, in partnership with renewable energy company Masdar.

GdF Suez wins Abu Dhabi power and water deal

GdF Suez has signed a 25-year power and water purchase agreement with Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Company for the Mirfa independent water and power project which includes a new 136,380 m3/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant.

Gulf should look to solar to power desalination expert says

The Abu Dhabi Environment Agency has called on Arab Gulf states to shift their focus to solar and other renewable energy when considering power for desalination.

Desalination quartet booked for Masdar pilot plants in UAE

Three major contractors in the global desalination business - Abengoa, Degrémont and Sidem/Veolia - together with forward-osmosis developer Trevi Systems, were awarded contracts on 5 May 2014 by Abu Dhabi's Masdar, to each start the construction of a 1,500 m³/d desalination plant as part of Masdar's pilot project announced in 2013.

Abu Dhabi signing for Al Zawra desalination plant

A 30 MIGD (136,400 m³/d) seawater desalination plant is to be built in Ajman, UAE, following the signing of a memorandum of understanding on 4 February 2014 between Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC (TAQA) and the Federal Electricity & Water Authority (FEWA).

IDA president calls for new thinking on sustainability

The president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, described the transition to sustainability as "one of the most important paradigm shifts of the modern era," when he addressed the International Water Summit (IWS) in Abu Dhabi on 21 January 2013.

World Bank to help energy/water development link

The World Bank is to help developing countries to better plan and scale-up their energy demand in tandem with water resource management.

Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course

The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.

IDA to support UAE water summit as knowledge partner

The International Desalination Association has announced that it will again be supporting the International Water Summit (IWS) 2014 in Abu Dhabi, UAE, as a knowledge partner.

Marubeni lowest of six consortia for Al Mirfa

A Marubeni-led consortium led the way when bids were opened by the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) on 6 March 2013 for the Al Mirfa Independent Power & Water Project.

Timeline established for IDA desalination energy guide

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has established a timeline for producing its guidelines for reducing energy consumption in desalination ending at its 2015 World Congress.

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

Acciona to build Sembcorp's Fujairah 1 expansion

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries has signed a 20‑year water purchase agreement with the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC) which will enable it to expand its Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) by 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

Masdar graphene study bags Abu Dhabi research prize

A graphene desalination membrane research project was among six proposals from Abu Dhabi's sustainable technology-focused university, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, that each won a AED 2 million (US$ 500,000) Abu Dhabi Education Council Award for Research Excellence.

ADWEA issues RfP for Mirfa power and desalination

The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) last week issued a request for proposals from prequalified bidders for its build‑own‑operate extension of power generation and reverse osmosis (RO) water desalination at Al Mirfa.

Dr Corrado Sommariva

Sommariva secures International Desalination Association presidency

Dr Corrado Sommariva, managing director of ILF Consultants Middle East, was elected president of the International Desalination Association on 5 September 2011, the first day of the IDA's World Congress in Perth, Australia.

Singapore company wins UF reuse plant in UAE

Boustead Singapore's subsidiary Salcon has won an AED 55 million (US$ 5.6 million) contract to design, engineer and construct a new ultrafiltration wastewater reuse plant.

Sembcorp to develop SWRO desalination plant in Abu Dhabi

Singapore's Sembcorp Utilities has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) in the UAE to develop and build a new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination facility with potable water production capacity of around 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

Schlumberger partners EAD in Abu Dhabi aquifer-recharge symposium

Schlumberger Water Services today announced that it is partnering the Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi to organize the 7th International Symposium on Managed Aquifer Recharge (ISMAR7), which will be held in Abu Dhabi, UAE, on 9-13 October 2010.

The ultrafiltration system in Abu Dhabi supplied by inge watertechnologies AG will treat 80,000 m³/d.

UF modules ordered for UAE steelworks' RO pretreatment

Ultrafiltration modules from Germany's inge watertechnologies AG have been ordered for a 80,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at the Emirates Steel Industries steelworks in Mussafah, UAE.

Membrane skid being delivered

Aqua commissioning desal/demin plant in Abu Dhabi

Aqua EPC LLC of Dubai, whose parent group Christ Water Technology is currently in the middle of a takeover, is currently installing and commissioning a 20,304 m³/d seawater desalination and demineralisation system for an industrial client in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

GDF Suez secures funding for Shuweihat 2

Funding totalling US$ 900 million for the Shuweihat 2 power and water project in Abu Dhabi, UAE, has been secured by GDF Suez, the company announced on 6 January 2009.

Metito to supply RO plant for UAE oil base

Supply of a 2,700 m³/d reverse osmosis desalination plant and a 360 m³/d demineralization plant for an oil and gas installation on Das Island, UAE, has been awarded to UAE-based Metito by Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company.

Suez/Doosan to build 450,000 m³/d Abu Dhabi plant

French energy giant GdF Suez won a construction contract and a 20-year power and water purchase agreement in July for the Shuweihat 2 power generation and seawater desalination plant in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Shuweihat 2 is a greenfield, natural gas-fired installation that will deliver 1,500 MW of electricity and 454,610 m³/d of water.

Kuwait invites bids for Doha desalination plant as Az-Zour is 65% finished

Kuwait's ministry of electricity and water plans to invite bids for the first phase of a new desalination plant at Doha. Separately, construction of the first phase of a US$ 1.4 billion power and water plant at Az-Zour is close to twp-thirds complete.

Qatar MED/TC desalination plant goes to Tri-Tech

A 5,760 m³/d multiple-effect distillation thermocompression desalination plant is to be provided for a petrochemical plant in Qatar by Tri-Tech Holding Inc.

Fujairah F2 desalination plant inaugurated

The Fujairah F2 Power & Seawater Desalination plant was inaugurated in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 9 May 2011.

AquaSwiss to market IDE's MED technology in MENA and SE Asia

Desalination system manufacturer IDE Technologies announced on 4 May 2010 that it had signed a technology transfer agreement with AquaSwiss AG, a Switzerland-based provider of advanced water solutions

Germans delivering small MVC/MED units to Saudi Arabia

Medesa GmbH of Germany has delivered a 180 m³/d desalination unit to the Al Marshad Group for the industrial area in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.

Aquatech awarded a 10,000 m³/d MED plant in Egypt

Aquatech is to design and supply a multiple-effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for the Abu Qir Thermal Power Plant near Alexandria, Egypt.

Prince launches Ras Girtas desalination construction

Crown prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani of Qatar took part in a ceremony on 4 May 2009 to mark the start of construction of the Ras Girtas Power & Water Project in the Ras Laffan industrial zone.

The project is at Sohar Port and industrial zone, on the Gulf of Oman

Aqualia joins Majis in Port of Sohar joint venture

Aqualia of Spain, and Oman state-owned Majis Industrial Services, have formed new joint venture Oman Sustainable Water Services (OSWS), to operate the hydraulics at Port of Sohar for 20 years.

Veolia chief executive for Middle East and North Africa Xavier Joseph is targeting ambitious growth in 2018

Veolia Middle East CEO Xavier Joseph targets significant growth

Veolia has investment capacity of $200 million for power and water projects across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for 2018, regional chief executive Xavier Joseph has told Emirati news outlet The National.

A new reverse osmosis facility will add water supply for the city of Salalah, Oman

Fisia Italimpianti and partners secure Oman desalination project

Fisia Italimpianti in a consortium led by ACWA, with Veolia, and Dhofar International Development and Investment, and in a joint venture with Abengoa, has won a $100 million contract for a reverse osmosis desalination plant to serve Salalah city in southwest Oman.

Xylem provides DAF pretreatment for Fujairah 1

Xylem Inc has won a contract to provide a dissolved air flotation (DAF) pretreatment system for the Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) in the UAE to help ensure an uninterrupted potable water supply from the desalination plant to Abu Dhabi emirate and the east coast.

Fernandez to boost ACWA's PPP push in MENA

Leading Spanish economist Luis Fernandez has joined environmental solutions provider ACWA Emirates as chief officer concessions for the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region to provide in-depth support for the company's drive into the public-private partnership (PPP) sector.

Gulf nations poised for 40% boost to desalination output by 2020

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region is poised to up its seawater desalination capacity by nearly 40% by 2020 to meet the growing demand for drinking water, according to a recent report.

The most-read stories on desalination and water reuse in 2018 around the globe

Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018

The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.

The project site is U-shaped, and is surrounded by lots filled by industrial operators and their associated infrastructure

Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix

The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.

Al Ansab STP Phase 1

AECOM to design Al Ansab Phase 2 MBR in Oman

Phase 2 of the Al Ansab Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) in Muscat, Oman, which will be based on membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology, will be designed by AECOM.

Salalah IWPP officially opened in Oman

The Salalah Independent Water & Power Plant in Oman, which includes a 69,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant completed in May 2012, was officially opened on 19 May 2013.

ERI providing energy-recovery in Ghana and Oman

Spanish contractor Abengoa will use Energy Recovery Inc's pressure-exchanger technology in two desalination plants it is building in Ghana and Oman.

MottMac named as engineer for Ghubrah IWP

Mott MacDonald of the UK has been named owner's engineer for the US$ 350 million Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Muscat, Oman.

Cadagua consortium's Oman job worth US$ 300 million

More details were released on 13 February 2013 by Ferrovia of Spain about the contract announced in November 2012 for a consortium involving its subsidiary Cadagua for the Al Ghubrah desalination plant in Oman.

Sumitomo consortium wins Al Ghubrah desalination

The contract for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Muscat, Oman, has been awarded to a consortium of Sumitomo Corporation of Japan, Malakoff Corporation Berhad of Malaysia and Cadagua SA of Spain.

OPWP seeks consultant for two desalination projects

The Oman Power and Water Procurement Company SAOC (OPWP) has invited specialized companies to submit offers for supervisory consultancy services for the Ghubrah IWP and Barka I water projects, both of which involve desalination plants.

Small FO desalination plant commissioned in Oman

A 200 m³/d forward-osmosis (FO) desalination plant has been commissioned by Modern Water at Al Najdah in the Al Wusta region of Oman.

First Middle East desalination job for Abengoa

Spanish contractor Abengoa has been contracted by ACWA Power International Company to to build a 10 MIGD (45,000 m³/d) desalination plant in Barka, Oman.

ACWA to expand Oman desalination capacity

A 10 MIGD (45,460 m³/d) seawater desalination plant is to be built in Barka, Oman, for Oman Power & Water Procurement Co by ACWA Power International.

Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

Salalah IWPP passes acceptance tests in Oman

Acceptance tests for the US$ 1 billion Salalah Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) in Oman have been successfully completed, Sembcorp Industries announced on 28 May 2012.

Oman water-reuse contract awarded by Haya Water

Oman's Haya Water awarded a RO 26.7 million (US$ 69.6 million) contract on 21 May 2012 to Contractors Union Co to construct the second phase of a water-reuse project in Al Qurum and Madinat Al Ilam areas in Muscat Governorate.

Oman plant goes down for third time this year

Water production at Sohar Power Company's (SPC's) desalination plant in Oman failed for the third time this year due to "unspecified technical problems".

Michael Morillon

Morillon to direct MEDRC training

Michel Morillon, former CEO and CTO of the 80,000 m³/d Sur seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant project in Oman, has joined the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) as director of training.

Aquatech to supply Oman oilfield water softener

Aquatech announced on 4 April 2012 that it had been awarded a contract to construct a 237 m³/h produced-water softening plant for the Amal Steam Facilities Phase 1B in Oman.

Proposals invited for Oman's Al Ghubrah desalination

The Oman Power & Water Procurement Company issued a request for proposals to prequalified bidders on 4 March 2012 for a build-own-operate contract for the construction of a desalination-based independent water project (IWP) in Al Ghubrah with a capacity of 42 MIGD (191,000 m³/d).

Oman desalination workshop to look at red tides

Experts from the Middle East and Australia are organizing a joint expert workshop on the dangers for desalination plants of harmful algal blooms (HABs), commonly called "red tides" in Oman on 8- 9 February 2012.

The Al Ansab SMBR plant is one of the largest of its type in the world.

Reused effluent to reach 20% of Muscat by end 2011

The Ghala Golf Club in Muscat, Oman, is the latest facility to receive millions of litres of treated effluent for irrigation from Haya Water, as the company continues to expand its customer base for reused wastewater across the Muscat area.

NCED/MEDRC workshop will look at red tide and desalination

A joint workshop on the dangers of the red-tide marine phenomenon for desalination plants is to be held in Oman by the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia and the Middle East Desalination Research Center.

Chinese visitors are shown the MBR plant at Al Ansab.

Chinese delegation visits Oman's Al Ansab MBR plant

A Chinese delegation led by the deputy minister of water resources, Lee Joieeing, visited Oman's Al Ansab submerged membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plant in Muscat on 24 October 2011 (featured in D&WR, November/December 2011).

OPWP chief sets out Oman's desalination plans

Oman is planning up to four new desalination plants between now and 2017, Bob Whitelaw, CEO of the state-run Oman Power & Water Procurement Company (OPWP) told a conference in Muscat on 11 October 2011.

Prequalification invited for Ghubrah IWP in Oman

Submissions have been invited by Oman Power & Water Procurement Company by 17 November 2011 for qualification to tender for the development of an independent water project at Ghubrah (Ghubrah IWP) in Muscat governate.

Salalah RO desalination plant ahead of schedule

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries, which recently announced completion of the first phase of the Salalah Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) in Oman, has told D&WR that the reverse-osmosis desalination plant is under construction and will be completed ahead of schedule in April 2012.

Modern Water claims first FO commercial desalination contract

UK-based Modern Water has won what is believed to be the first ever forward-osmosis (FO) commercial contract for desalination, following its award of a UK£ 500,000 (US$ 810,000) contract for a 200 m³/d plant by Oman's Public Authority for Electricity & Water (PAEW).

ONEIC to manufacture its own RO desalination plants

Oman National Engineering & Investment Company (ONEIC) is planning to manufacture reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination plants in Oman as the demand for water in the country is expected to grow by about 8% each year until 2017.

MBR plant part of new Muscat wastewater reuse program

Work has started in Muscat, Oman, on the Darsait Wastewater Treatment plant, part of the first phase of the Muttrah Water Reuse Project.

KPMG wins Ghubrah IWP preparatory contract

Consulting services for development of the Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Oman are understood to have been won by KPMG, according to the Oman Daily Observer on 30 March 2011.

Large MBR plant opens in Oman next week

Oman's Haya Water plans next week to officially open the Al Ansab water treatment plant, which has a large membrane bioreactor (MBR) at its heart and is the main part of the Bausher Water Reuse Project.

Oman port desalination contract signed

Majis Industrial Services Co (MISC) signed a contract on 20 January 2011 with Oman's Public Authority for Electricity & Water for construction of a 12,000 m³/d desalination plant for the Sohar International Port Complex (SIPC).

Al Ghubrah mobile desalination plant onstream in Oman

The 27,000 m³/d mobile desalination plant being built at Al Ghubrah, Oman, for the Public Authority for Electricity & Water (PAEW) has gone onstream, the Oman Observer reported on 26 December 2010.

Wabag JV lands Oman port desalination contract

Chennai-based Wabag Ltd, in joint venture with fellow Indian contractor Nagarjuna Construction Company (NCC), has been awarded a contract for the completion of a seawater treatment plant, which will supply desalinated water to various industrial production plants in the Sohar International Port Complex.

Giant SMBR wastewater reuse plant passes proving test

One of the largest submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) wastewater treatment plants in the world, ACWA MBR's flagship Al Ansab plant in Muscat, Oman, has successfully gone through its proving process.

Hydrochem chooses DWEERs for Oman's Salalah desalination

DWEER energy-recovery systems will be used in the Salalah Independent Water & Power Plant (Salalah IWPP) in Oman to recover energy from the high-pressure brine stream in the desalination process.

Modern Water desalination trial in Oman extended

Modern Water plc announced on 23 June 2010 that it had agreed an extension to the trial of its desalination plant with the Omani Public Authority for Electricity & Water. Modern Water has agreed a tariff to continue to provide water to the local community for a further six-month term.

Oman trial plant eases water scarcity

Trial operation of a new desalination plant near the Oman capital, Muscat, is already alleviating water scarcity there according to the Oman's Public Authority for Electricity and Water.

Oman seeks bids for desalination inlets consultation

Oman Power and Water Procurement (OPWP) company has invited bids from consultancies to investigate the best sea-water intake and outfall location for two independent desalination projects.



Seven groups bid for giant Oman scheme

Seven multinational company-led consortiums have pitched for the Oman's largest independent water desalination project. The 330 Ml/d scheme will include two sites at Barka and Sohar on Oman's Batinah coast.



Oman seeks bidders for stop-gap desalination contracts

Five firms have already bid for a contract with Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) for temporary water desalination plants to meet the country's growing demand for water.

Oman signs US$ 300 million water project agreement

Oman Power and Water Procurement Company, the sultanate's sole procurer of new power generation and water desalination capacity, has signed water project agreements worth 115 million rial (US$ 300 million).

Energy Recovery wins US$ 4 million Oman deal

Pressure energy technology, Energy Recovery, has won a US$ 3.96 million order to install its PX Pressure Exchanger technology at a 50,000 m³/d independent water plant at Qurayyat, Oman.

Probe finds staff ignored manual as Oman desalination plant went down

Lack of staff emergency skills and failure to follow operating manual instructions were among the reasons for a catastrophic loss of power and water production at Oman's Sohar 1 power and desalination plant in May according to a report issued by the Oman Authority for Electricity Regulation.

Trials begin at new Oman desalination plant

A new 210 Ml/d desalination plant in Ghubra, Oman has begun trial operations.

Oman gives green light to five bids to tender for giant desalination duo

The Omani government has prequalified five utility-led consortiums for the next phase of a competitive tender for a license to build two major water desalination projects on Oman's Batinah coast.


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