Municipal, Direct Potable Reuse


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STW and Sunstone join to market zero discharge technology

Water management firm, STW Water Process and Technologies, has expanded its role in its exclusive agreement with Sunstone Water Group to commercialize Sunstone's patented wastewater effluent treatment technology to provide direct potable reuse (DPR) in municipal markets.

San Diego approval leads large SoCal water reuse surge

The board of the San Diego County Water Authority on 22 May 2014 approved support for the City of San Diego's proposed large-scale water recycling project, Pure Water San Diego, which the water authority has identified as the region's most likely next source of local supply.

WateReuse launches video about urban water cycle

The WateReuse Research Foundation announces the release of The Ways of Water, an animated video that presents an overview of the many human interventions in the water cycle and looks at the benefits of some key water provision options including Direct Potable Reuse (DPR).

Wastewater reuse set for 61% growth by 2015

Market researcher, Bluefield, has forecast 61% growth in the US market for wastewater reuse in municipal utilities over the next ten years with potable reuse increasing from 15% of the total capacity to 19% by 2025.

San Diego gives green light to potable reuse plan

San Diego's city council has given the green light to the construction of a 415Ml/d facility for direct potable reuse of wastewater costing up to US$ 3.5 billion. The reverse osmosis recycling scheme is expected to meet as much as a third of San Diego's daily drinking water requirement by 2035 making it the second largest potable reuse plant in the US.

Black and Veatch win funding for US direct potable water study

The US Water Reuse Research Foundation recently awarded funding to conduct a direct potable reuse (DPR) water quality study to the Black and Veatch Corporation.

Texas gives go-ahead to potable reuse project

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality has conditionally approved full-scale operation of Wichita Falls' temporary direct potable reuse project (DPR). The approval is for up to six months.

Oklahoma passes potable water-reuse implementation bill

The governor of the US state of Oklahoma, Mary Fallin, on 28 May 2014 signed Senate Bill 1187 making it possible for water agencies to implement potable water reuse projects.

Wichita Falls set to start up DPR plant in May

Direct potable reuse of wastewater could be making its debut in Texas, USA, in early May 2014, as testing of water produced by the Temporary Water Reuse Project at the City of Wichita Falls continues to show the water is safe to drink.

Governor signs bill to accelerate California direct reuse

The governor of California, Jerry Brown, signed legislation on 8 October 2013 designed to accelerate direct potable reuse throughout the US state.

Loans for Texas town proposing direct potable reuse

The Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) on 20 September 2012 approved loans totalling US$ 12 million to the City of Brownwood from the Texas Water Development Fund to finance wastewater system improvements, including possible direct potable wastewater reuse (DPR).

Texas moves towards direct potable reuse

The US state of Texas has taken a step towards direct potable water reuse (DPR) with the Texas Water Development Board awarding a study project to Alan Plummer Associates Inc, consultants based in the state.

Final draft of San Diego water-reuse scheme published

The City of San Diego, California, has published the final draft of its Recycled Water Study - the culmination of a two-year process to develop a new vision for water reuse in the San Diego region.

Avshalom Felber, formerly Israel Ports and Railway Authority CFO, and deputy director of budgets at Israel's Ministry of Finance, has steered IDE for 14 years

Interview: IDE Technologies CEO Avshalom Felber

Above all, IDE is a solutions provider. So says chief executive Avshalom Felber, the former financial whizz turned water industry leader, as he outlines the company's unique mix of thermal and reverse osmosis (RO) technologies, operational expertise, and contractual nous.

Water scarcity is the biggest driver of water reuse, say respondents to our industry survey

Water reuse: a growing market of opportunity and challenge

Survey findings suggest a market with the technical expertise, innovative ideas, and will to service customers' water needs, while a lack of money, reluctance to take chances on new technology, and instances of poor governance present challenges.

The report, Water Reuse: Drivers, Innovations and Public Perceptions, is available to download from the link below

Top five takeaways on what's shaping water reuse globally

Our survey of Water. desalination + reuse readers was conducted to gauge the industry's perceptions about the factors influencing the growth of water reuse markets globally. We present the top five facts from among the rich set of data collected.

Nine water purification projects bag US$ 1.49 million in funding

The US Bureau of Reclamation has selected nine projects to receive US$ 1.49 million under its Desalination and Water Purification Research programme.

IDA World Congress in California

A pivotal event in the global desalination and water reuse sector will be held at the US industry's epicentre amid an historic drought when the 2015 IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse convenes in San Diego, California at the end of August 2015. The "location, theme and timing could not be more appropriate," said IDA secretary general, Patricia A Burke.

Cape Town ponders giant desalination project as resources dwindle

Cape Town, South Africa is nearing completion of its feasibility study for a 450 Ml/d desalination plant that could be built near Koeberg on South Africa's west coast within the next 10 years at a cost of some R14.9 billion (US$ 1.23 billion).

'We all, as a global community, cannot afford to use water once and dispose of it.' Peter Nichol, CH2M global market director

Q&A: Peter Nicol, CH2M global market director, on Brazil's reuse policy

Peter Nicol, global market director for CH2M, outlines how the firm is helping to develop Brazil's action plan for a national water reuse policy

Two direct potable reuse projects are currently in operation worldwide, in Texas, US, and Windhoek, Namibia

The Long Read: Do we have the technology for potable water reuse?

Water reuse for drinking purposes is racing up the agenda in the US and elsewhere. Work to draw up new rules for potable reuse is advancing in states including California and Arizona, as well as in Canada and the European Union. Technologies are being piloted, and plants permitted.

Carollo selected for Texas DPR health check

Carollo Engineers has been selected by the Texas Water Development Board to carry out detailed public health analysis of the first direct potable water reuse (DPR) facility in the USA.

Hyflux sells half-share of Singapore membrane R&D firm

Singapore's Hyflux Ltd announced on 11 March 2014 that it had agreed with Marmon Water (Singapore) Pte Ltd (MWS) to sell to MWS its entire 50% equity interest in Hyflux Marmon Development Pte Ltd (HMD), a company devoted to membrane/media filtration research.

IChemE forecasts more UK municipal desalination by 2050

By 2050, at least four municipal desalination plants and up to 800 smaller units could be providing water to UK households and industry.

Desalitech teams with TEC to target municipalities

Reverse osmosis (RO) specialist, Desalitech, has tied up with Treatment Equipment Company (TEC) to provide sales support for municipal water treatment projects.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

Municipal desalination plant planned for Chile's Copiapó

Construction of a municipal desalination plant will form part of urgent measures to address water shortages in the region around the Chilean city of Copiapó.

Wastewater drive to boost membrane use in GCC region says analyst

Government identification of wastewater treatment in the municipal sector as a priority area in water production will be a key revenue generation source for membrane elements in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries according to market analyst Frost & Sullivan. And the demand for water in the region was set to double within twenty years the analyst forecast.

Mann+Hummel buys into membrane-maker Microdyn-Nadir

Industrial filtration group Mann+Hummel announced on 8 May 2014 that it had taken a 50% stake of the German‑based company Microdyn‑Nadir.

Seven potable reuse study schemes win US$ 1 million funding

The WateReuse Research Foundation has approved funding for seven new direct potable reuse (DPR) research projects, valued at more than US$ 1 million.

Valencia in Spain played host to the IDA International Water Reuse and Recycling Conference, drawing 180 delegates from 29 countries

Public opinion remains a strong barrier to water reuse

The divergence in public opinion on water reuse between people who live in Northern and Southern Europe has emerged as a potential barrier to developing new European-wide water reuse regulations effectively.

Denver, the most populous municipality in Colorado, will be served by the State Water Plan which proposes reducing the amount of water diverted from rivers and streams in order to extend water supplies in a sustainable and efficient way

Denver Water selects Xylem for unique direct potable reuse demo

Denver Water, Colorado, has selected Xylem as its technology partner on a new direct potable reuse demonstration project that eschews reverse osmosis.

Interview: Kati Bell, Stantec global reuse leader

Canadian engineering giant Stantec acquired water business MWH Global for $795 million, back in 2016. Now that the dust has settled on the deal, how well is the integration of the two organisations proceeding, and as the global water reuse practice hits its stride, how could its work help to shape the water markets of the future?

A slew of special awards were awarded at the close of IDA World Congress 2017

IDA World Congress 2017 award winners in full

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has recognised the best technical papers and other contributions at IDA World Congress 2017 with a roster of special awards.

Registration open for WateReuse research conference

Registration is open for the 18th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination Research Conference to be held by the WateReuse Research Foundation in Las Vegas on 19-20 May 2014.

Arizona wants DPR/seawater desalination plan to start now

An immediate start on work to prepare for direct potable water reuse and seawater desalination is proposed by the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) in a report recently published by the US state's government.

Abstracts invited for WateReuse symposium in Dallas

The WateReuse Association (WRA) has issued a call for presentations and posters for its 29th Annual WateReuse Symposium, which will be held on 7-10 September 2014 in Dallas, Texas, USA.

California to promote reuse and streamline permitting

In the future, most new water in California will come from a combination of improved conservation and water use efficiency, conjunctive use (coordinated management of local surface and groundwater), recycled water, drinking water treatment, groundwater remediation, and desalination.

The WRF wants to provide guidance on blending for direct potable reuse water projects

WRF unveils initial findings of study into blending variables in DPR

The US Water Research Foundation has shared preliminary findings from its ongoing research into the impact of blending variables on direct potable reuse water.

WateReuse publishes DPR conference details

The WateReuse Association (WRA) has published the program and essential details of its Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) Speciality Conference to be held in November 2013.

IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates

More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.

CH2M reuse promotion drive picks up Stockholm prize

Colorado-based service and engineering company, CH2M, has won the 2015 Stockholm International Water Institute's (SIWI's) Stockholm Industry Water Award, for developing and advancing methods to clean water and increasing public acceptance of recycled water.

Escondido hires consultants for potable water reuse

The City of Escondido in southern California approved on 27 June 2012 spending of US$ 1.14 million to hire a team led by Black & Veatch and including Brown & Caldwell for services towards its Indirect Potable Reuse Program.

WRA webcast to look at potable reuse future

The WateReuse Association is to hold a webcast on The Future of Potable Reuse on 26 June 2012.

Water Corporation serves more than two million customers across Perth and Western Australia

Water Corporation customers want desalination as first choice for drinking water

The Water Corporation of Western Australia has found that desalination tops the list as the preferred source for new drinking water for all four of its customer groups.

UCLA water summit will look at desalination/reuse

Seawater desalination and wastewater reuse will be key topics at a one-day summit on the Future of Water in Southern California to be held by the University of California, Los Angeles, on 27 January 2012.

Direct potable reuse to be debated at WRA symposium

The WateReuse Association has announced the program for its annual symposium, including a closing panel discussion entitled Direct Potable Reuse: Not a Pipe Dream Anymore?

Nominated USEPA chief drops "direct potable reuse" hint

Probably for the very first time, a US government nominee has admitted the possibility of direct potable water reuse, as well as pointing to increases in water recycling and desalination.

Funds from the US Bureau of Reclamation are targeted to support a total of 23 projects across seven US states

US grants $23.6 million federal funding for reuse and desal projects

The US Bureau of Reclamation has handed sums totalling $23.6 million to seven US states to support water reuse and desalination projects.

Mumbai, India, has an estimated city population of 18.4 million people

Black & Veatch wins Mumbai reuse masterplan

Black & Veatch has won a contract for a water reuse masterplan in Mumbai, India.

The proposed deal combines proprietary technology and systems deployment expertise to create a business with global growth potential

Emefcy and RWL Water merge to become Fluence

Emefcy and RWL Water are proposing a merger to create new global water group Fluence Corporation.

GWI's Global Water Summit 2017 in Madrid brought together water industry leaders from across the globe

View From: GWI Global Water Summit 2017, Madrid

The annual get-together of water business executives and municipal leaders from around the globe was suffused with conversation about change in Madrid 2017.

Hyflux generated strong revenue growth, as profits were impacted by higher electricity prices

Hyflux pursues 'asset light' strategy with plans for sell-offs

Hyflux has reported revenue growth of 122 per cent to SGD 987 million ($704 million), while profit before tax (PBT) dropped sharply in the year to end-December 2016.

Drought in California impacted sales of Amiad's filtration products during 2016

California drought impacts Amiad results for 2016

Filtration specialist Amiad has reported a revenue decline of 11.1 per cent to $105.6 million in the year to end-December 2016, owing partly to drought in California impacting on its largest segment, Irrigation.

Cost, regulation and water scarcity are driving a shift in mindset toward resource recovery in brine treatment

The Long Read: Where's the innovation in brine treatment?

As water scarcity bites and the drive to recycle water grows, the focus on recovering clean water and other resources from brine is sharpening. The challenge is particularly pertinent for industrial operators.

The planned SWRO plant is to supply water to the growing industrial and domestic populations at Eastern Port Said

Kuwait Fund boosts loan for desal project at Eastern Port Said, Egypt

The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) is to provide a further KDW 18.5 million ($61 million) in funding for a 150,000 m3/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant in Eastern Port Said, Egypt.

Suez's investor presentation outlined what the combined Suez and GE Water business is able to offer

Top five facts about the Suez-GE Water deal

Suez's audacious move to outbid all comers to acquire GE Water introduces a new dynamic to global desalination and reuse markets. What do people think of the deal?

"We are selecting the best presentations from 323 abstracts"

Miguel Sanz, chair of the technical program for IDA World Congress 2017, introduces the main themes and highlights to look forward to at this year's event in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Opportunities await at IDA World Congress 2017 in Brazil

Latin America, and particularly Brazil, is a big user of desalination and water reuse technology, and there is huge potential for the growth of these technologies in the region, writes Emilio Gabbrielli, president of the International Desalination Association (IDA).

The EU grant will support expansion of capacity at As Samra in the context of the Syrian refugee crisis

EU gives $34 million to expand capacity and grow reuse at As Samra, Jordan

The European Union (EU) has granted €30 million ($34 million) to expand capacity and increase water reuse at As Samra wastewater treatment plant in Jordan.

Water industry leader Carlos Cosin has launched new venture Almar Water Solutions

New water company Almar Water Solutions launched by former Abengoa CEO

Almar Water Solutions, a new water infrastructure development company led by former Abengoa chief executive Carlos Cosin, was launched at World Future Energy Summit in Abu Dhabi, January 2017.

AMTA's new board of directors will step up in February 2017

AMTA names 10 new board directors

The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) has named 10 new board directors who will serve for two years from 2017 to 2019.

Water firms Woodard & Curran and RMC will begin integrating immediately

RMC finds like-minded buyer in Woodard & Curran

US engineering, science and operations company Woodard & Curran has acquired consulting engineers RMC Water & Environment, after RMC initiated a process to find a buyer.

The Orange County Water District Groundwater Replenishment System will test closed circuit desalination technology in a six-month pilot

Desalitech and CH2M to pilot closed circuit tech in Orange County

Desalitech and CH2M are to supply a ReFlex Max system for a six-month pilot study to be conducted at Orange County Water District's Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS).

AquaVenture acquires desalination operation in Peru

AquaVenture subsidiary Seven Seas Water has paid $46 million in cash for Aguas de Bayova (ADB), a supplier of seawater and desalinated water to Compania Minera Miski Mayo (CMMM), the operator of Bayovar phosphate mine in Peru.

Desalitech hires new faces to support next phase

Water technology company Desalitech has made two new senior hires to help steer it through the next stage of growth.

Hydranautics' new CPA7-LD membrane is designed to produce low permeate TDS make-up water for power stations, and the semi-conductor and pharmaceutical industries.

Hydranautics introduces two new spiral wound RO membranes

Hydranautics has brought out two new spiral wound reverse osmosis membranes for demanding industrial and municipal applications.

AquaVenture shares have sailed upward since they began trading on October 6, 2016

AquaVenture shares jump 28 per cent in first week of trading

Shares in AquaVenture opened at $23.10 today (October 12, 2016), 28 per cent higher than they were priced a week ago for their initial public offering.

H2O Innovation has won a mining company contract in Nunavut, the northernmost territory of Canada

H2O Innovation secures new contracts worth $6.9 million

Quebec-based H2O Innovation has secured seven contracts in Canada and the US worth a combined $6.9 million during the three months to September 30, 2016.

China is operating the desalination plant in disputed territories administered from Sansha City

New desal plant opens in South China Sea disputed territories

A new desalination plant was commissioned this week in Yongxing Island, part of the disputed territories in the South China Sea, reports the Times of India.

PwC India sets out the potential for three-party fixed price model (TPFP) contracts in water reuse

PwC India urges government to develop reuse policy

PwC India is calling on the country's state and central governments "to jointly issue a national wastewater reuse policy with clear targets, setting out the legislative, regulatory and financial measures needed to achieve those targets".

Trinidad and Tobago relies on desalinated water to supply the population

Supplies run dry after pipe collapses at Pt Lisas Desalination Plant

Emergency repairs are underway at Pt Lisas Desalination Plant in Trinidad and Tobago, after part of a pipeline collapsed leaving residents without water, reports the Trinidad Express.

The WateReuse Association awards are designed to recognise leadership in advancing water reuse in the US

Winners of awards for water reuse projects unveiled

America's WateReuse Association has unveiled the winners of this year's awards for leadership in water reuse.

The DoE's new Energy-Water Desalination Hub will have $100 million to invest in early-stage research and development

US DoE announces $100 million for Energy-Water Desalination Hub

The US Department of Energy (DoE) has announced $100 million in funding to establish an Energy-Water Desalination Hub.

Proposed research project Future Water CRC will seek to use Australia's impaired water resources, and marginal lands, for economic benefit

Australian industry-led proposal for water research gets the green light

A proposed new industry-led water research centre in Australia has passed its first hurdle by being shortlisted for funding by the Australian government.

The site of the new Rosarito Seawater Desalination plant (r), adjacent to Rosarito Power Station (l)

Consolidated Water confirms details of PPP with Baja California for mega plant

Consolidated Water confirmed details of a deal with the state of Baja California, Mexico, through subsidiary Aguas de Rosarito, to design, construct, finance, and operate a seawater desalination plant in Playas de Rosarito.

Inside Carlsbad: IDE has won plaudits for its 50 million gallons per day capacity desalination plant in California

China's CCCC tables a $650 million bid for IDE Technologies

Hong Kong Stock Exchange-listed China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) has bid $650 million for IDE Technologies, reports Engineering News-Record.

ACWA Group's new chief officer for the Middle East, Fadey Kassim, was previously client side at Palm Water, Dubai, UAE

ACWA Group hires new chief to drive Middle East growth

ACWA Group has appointed Fadey Kassim as chief officer of sales and strategy to drive growth in the Middle East, particularly in the municipal and industrial water reuse segment.

Evoqua is expanding its product portfolio through a series of acquisitions in 2016

Evoqua and Neptune Benson together snap up Delta Ultraviolet

Evoqua Water Technologies together with Neptune Benson which it acquired in June, has bought ultraviolet C technology specialist Delta Ultraviolet.

Sembcorp

Sembcorp reports net profit drop citing "difficult" market conditions

Sembcorp Industries has reported a fall in net profit of 47 per cent to S$193.5 million ($144.2 million) for the first half of 2016. The decrease partly reflects a gain of S$54.7 million ($40.8 million) on selling UK water business Bournemouth Water in the first half of 2015, as well as a "difficult" current market environment.

Ng Joo Hee, chief executive of PUB, Singapore's national water agency, addresses Singapore International Water Week (2015).

Singapore pledges S$200 million for water research

Singapore's National Research Foundation is pledging S$200 million ($148 million) for the water industry through its research, innovation and enterprise (RIE) 2020 plan.

Investment in US water utilities will shift from federal to other sources over the coming decade

Stage set for proliferation of private finance in US utilities

Capital expenditure by US water and wastewater utilities is expected to top $532 billion between 2016 and 2025, but the upturn is unlikely to be funded by federal budgets.

Doug Buch, PaveDrain chief executive (r) picks up the 2016 China BlueTech Award for China Market Readiness from John Robinson (l) principal consultant, Mandarin Environmental

Awards scheme offers springboard into China

Two US water technology companies have scooped the inaugural China BlueTech Awards for the strength of their innovative solutions and their ability to do business in China.

US farmers look to water reuse, as reservoir level drops

Water reuse in agriculture is gaining ground in the USA as farmers and water technologists seek to overcome the domestic water supply shortages caused by drought. The latest figures from the US Bureau of Reclamation show that water levels at Lake Mead, Nevada, the largest reservoir by capacity in the USA, hit a record low of 1,074 feet in March.

Qatari research aims to

The Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) and Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop two pilot projects that could 'radically reduce the cost and energy use' of desalination.

Fresh blow to planned Marin plant

Plans for a desalination plant in Marin, California, suffered a further setback this week, with the publication of an official report suggesting the district has enough water to meet its needs until 2040.

The US DOE will pit organisations against one another in a bid to drive innovation

US DOE to harness 'power of competition' in Water Security Grand Challenge

The US Department of Energy has set out ambitions to harness the "power of competition" to drive innovation in water technology through a new programme of activity.

Orange County reaffirms backing for Huntingdon plant

California's Orange County board of supervisors has reaffirmed its support for a proposed US$ 1 billion desalination plant at Huntington Beach despite a forecast fall in anticipated water demand growth.

Desalitech teams up with Pall

High-efficiency reverse osmosis (RO) system specialist, Desalitech, has entered into a non- exclusive partnership with filtration, separation and purification technology firm Pall Corporation. The  agreement will enable the companies to offer integrated microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF) and RO solutions for water treatment applications worldwide.

AMTA and AWWA announce ward winners

The American Membrane Technology Association and the American Water Works Association recently announced the winners of four awards at this year's Membrane Technology Conference & Exposition.

Mumbai rejects desalination

Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) - the governing council for greater Mumbai - has turned down a proposal to set up desalination plants on the grounds of cost of the water produced and lack of land.

Dow project seeks to promote reuse

Dow Water & Process Solutions, is participating in one of ten European Commission-funded projects that aim to stimulate innovation and improve cohesion in Europe's water reuse sector.

H2O Innovation picks up contract trio to boost order book

Canada-based H2O Innovation has won two new contracts in Canada and one new deal in the US.

IDA reuse conference calls for abstracts

The International Desalination Association (IDA) on 1 February will open its call for extended abstract submissions to be considered for presentation at its International Conference on Water Reuse and Recycling: Turning Vision into Reality. The conference will be held on 25-27 September, 2016 in Nice, France.

Evoqua bags municipal deals worth US$ 20 million

Water treatment firm, Evoqua, has won contracts worth more than US$ 20 million supplying its Memcor microfiltration and ultrafiltration product line to six US and Canadian municipalities. The deals were for filtration, water reuse, drinking water treatment, and reverse-osmosis pre-treatment applications.

STW opens up Texas brackish source project

Water management firm, STW Water Process and Technologies, has started to develop a newly acquired brackish water lease in the Imperial, Texas area. The move is part of STW's West Texas Water Project to discover new brackish water sources.

STW finishes brine concentrator project at Horizon, Texas

Water management firm, STW Resources, has completed a US$ 2.2 million contract for the design, engineering and construction of a reverse osmosis (RO) concentrator for the Texas city, Horizon.

CONGRESS NEWS Desalination industry embraces conservation as vital ally

Desalination industry leaders this week declared emphatic support for the role of sustainable measures alongside advances in desalination to address growing water scarcity. Opening speakers at the IDA World Congress in San Diego emphasized the importance of conservation and water recycling in meeting an escalating global challenge from water scarcity.

Treatment chemicals annual demand rise to top 3%

Demand for water treatment chemicals in the US will rise 3.2% a year to US$ 7.3 billion by 2019, according to a report by market researcher, ReportLinker.

Restructure 'will improve technology deployment, provide more comprehensive solutions, and lower cost structure,

Evoqua initiates cost-saving restructure

Evoqua has initiated a restructuring which will create two operating divisions to replace its existing three-unit structure.


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