Military, Red Sea, Jordan, Produced Water, Sewerage, Russia


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Russians to cooperate on Jordan desalination

Desalination plants were included in a nuclear cooperation agreement signed on 22 May 2009 by Russia and Jordan, which also included power stations, research facilities and personnel training centres to be built in Jordan.

Nuclear energy to supply Jordan desalination plants

Four nuclear power plants in the southern region of Jordan will provide almost 750 MW of energy for desalination and water pumping, according to a report in the Jordan Times.

Red-Dead project progress for discussion in November

Stakeholders in the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Study Programme will discuss the progress of five feasibility studies at a meeting in November 2010.

Food for thought for delegates at EDS conference

The continuously queuing water tankers in the road servicing the King Hussein Bin Talal Convention Centre and its four adjacent hotels leave visitors in no doubt that Jordan is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world.

Studies start for Jordan's first desalination plant

Jordan's first desalination plant is expected to be operational by 2010, supplying the port city of Aqaba with 10 million m³/year, Aqaba Water Company (AWC) announced in August. The AWC has signed an agreement with Bank Muscat to study siting a plant on Aqaba's southern coast to desalinate Red Sea water.

Jordan Red Sea project developer 'will be announced in May'

Following evaluation of 30 letters of interest in the massive Red-Dead water transfer and desalination project, Jordan's Ministry of Water & Irrigation will announce the qualified bidder to serve as the master developer this month, according to the Jordan Times on 11 May 2010.

Vapour compression desalination plants for Indian oilfield

Texas-based MECO, which supplies desalination equipment to the offshore, pharmaceutical and military sectors, announced in December 2011 that it would be designing and constructing two vapour compression (VC) desalination plants for an oilfield off the Indian coast.

Historic Israel-Jordan water deal scuppered by planners

Less than a week after ministers from Jordan and Israel launched pre qualification for an US$ 900 million desalination and water transfer project, local planning in Israel reject the proposed scheme.

Israel and Jordan seal water-swap deal

Israel and Jordan have signed a bilateral agreement to exchange water and pipe Red Sea desalination brines to the shrinking Dead Sea.



Pall to design navy inshore desalination system

The US Navy's Office of Naval Research has contracted Pall Corporation for a multi-phase project to develop an advanced shipboard desalination system specifically for operations in coastal waters.

RO plant commissioned for US military base

A reverse-osmosis (RO) drinking-water plant supplied by ThermoEnergy Corporation to a major US military base at an undisclosed location in the Africa/Middle East region was commissioned in early December 2011.

Seprotech appoints new CEO and president

Ottawa-based Seprotech Systems Inc, developer of CrystalBlue™ membrane-based water recycling systems, announced a new chairman and CEO on 27 January 2011,

Tri-national desalination course held in Tel Aviv

A five-day desalination course jointly organized by the Jordan, Israel and Palestinian water authorities, in partnership with the Middle East Desalination Research Center, was held in Tel Aviv, Israel, on 30 October - 4 November 2011.

AECOM wins USAID water reuse work in Jordan

AECOM Technology Corporation announced on 30 November 2010 that it won a US$ 28 million task order from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) under its Global Architecture Engineering Infrastructure Indefinite Quantity Contract.

IDE desalination seminar trains Jordanians and Palestinians

Thirty participants from Palestine and Jordan completed a week-long desalination seminar in Israel in early November 2010.

MoU signed to advance Camp Pendleton desalination plant

A planning agreement providing a framework for progress on a major regional seawater desalination plant at Camp Pendleton in Southern California was signed in April.

Desalination "unavoidable" for Jordan

Desalination is "an unavoidable option" for Jordan, said Prof Mousa Mohsen from The Hashemite University, when he addressed the opening ceremony of the EuroMed Conference on the shores of the Dead Sea on 10 November 2008.

Russia looks to export nuclear power and desalination packages

Russia's nuclear power company, Rosatom, is aiming to sell integrated, large nuclear power and desalination plants overseas through its export arm Rosatom Overseas.

Russian nuclear giant musters experts to lead desalination drive

Russia's nuclear energy corporation, Rosatom, has formed a group of expert desalination advisors as part of its push to win customers for its thermal desalination technologies. The company is targeting world regions where clean water is scarce as a path to becoming "leaders in the global nuclear market," according to Rosatom.

Multi-technology GE upgrade for Russian refinery treatment

Membrane bioreactor (MBR), electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology will all feature in a major upgrade for the wastewater treatment at one of Russia's biggest oil refineries.

Vladivostok SWRO project for Aqua-Chem

A custom-built 2.64 MGD (10,000 m³/d) seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant is being installed in eastern Russia, off the coast of Vladivostok, by Aqua-Chem Inc of the USA.

Norit X-Flow Aquaflex membranes

Giant Moscow UF plant gets Norit X-Flow membranes

One of the largest ultrafiltration (UF) plants in the world, the South-West Moscow drinking water plant in Russia, is currently being expanded to a total of 275,000 m³/d using Norit X-Flow membranes.

US$ 8 million contracts boost for H2O Innovation

Quebec-based H2O Innovation Inc announced new contracts for desalination and water treatment systems totaling Can$ 7.8 million (US$ 8 million) on 24 March 2011.

Russia sets up water treatment membrane development project

The Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies (Rusnano) is to finance a project for producing nanostructured membranes and separation modules for water treatment in various industries.

Cautious thumbs-up for Red-Dead project feasibility

The large-scale conveyance of seawater from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea is technically possible and could deliver large amounts of desalinated water using conventional processes.

The new SWRO was opened by Jordan’s prime minister, Hani Al-Mulki (centre, left), with (from left), Tarek Dehays, AquaTreat chief executive; Hazim el Nasser, minister of water and irrigation; and (centre, right) Rateb Adwan, assistant director general for quality and desalination

Jordan's first SWRO opens for business

The opening of the first seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plant in Jordan marks a jumping off point for the country from which it can continue to develop a desalination programme, including the much-anticipated Red Sea-Dead Sea project.

Russian heavy oil recovery enhanced by water reuse

OPERATED BY Russia's second largest oil producer, a heavy oil field in northwest Russia has been increasing the volume of crude processing with technology that supports enhanced recovery rates and reduced environmental impact. In 2008, they took the first steps to develop a less water-intensive way of processing produced water by conducting a feasibility study comparing different water reuse strategies. By replacing traditional treatment methods with thermal evaporator technology for produced water, this will be the first entity in Russia to use recycled water from enhanced oil recovery in the treatment of heavy oil produced water. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

The hyper-saline Dead Sea would receive brine from the proposed Red Sea-Dead Sea desalination scheme

Jordan and Saudi join forces for atomic-fuelled desalination

Saudi Arabia and Jordan have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for a feasibility study on two nuclear reactors in Jordan, to generate electricity and for desalination, reports Zawya.

Red Sea Dead Sea project's overarching objectives are to desalinate water and generate energy at affordable prices for Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority; to save the Dead Sea from environmental degradation; and to create a symbol of peace and cooperation in the Middle East

Suez and Mitsubishi on shortlist for Red Sea Dead Sea project

Jordan's Water and Irrigation Ministry has shortlisted five consortia to submit definitive bids for phase one of the Red Sea Dead Sea project.

Salt formations in the Dead Sea

Israel mulls Red Sea Dead Sea alternative amid water price concerns

A string of consortia have entered pre-qualification bids for Jordan's Red Sea Dead Sea (RSDS) project, as Israel mulls an alternative idea amid concerns over the economics of the scheme.

Red Sea to Dead Sea investors pledge $450 million

The ambitious Red Sea to Dead Sea (RSDS) desalination project that aims to provide water to Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, has agreed investments of $450 million.

Red Sea-Dead Sea secures EIB backing

The landmark Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project has come a step closer to reality with Jordan signing a technical cooperation agreement with the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Agence Française de Développement.

One of the project's goals is to regenerate the Dead Sea

Israel poised to approve Red Sea-Dead Sea project

Approval for the Red Sea-Dead Sea desalination project could be given by the Israeli government before national elections scheduled for 9 April 2019, reports AL-Monitor.

The Red Sea-Dead Sea project is intended to increase supplies of potable water to Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, and to replenish the Dead Sea

Red Sea-Dead Sea tender held up by diplomatic row

The Red Sea-Dead Sea project has hit a block after Israel's embassy in Jordan was closed in response to a shooting in July 2017.

Water Planet wins produced water contracts

Water treatment technology firm, Water Planet, has won a contact to provide industrial wastewater treatment and reuse systems for two recycling centres in California, USA that could recycle oil and gas industry produced water at nearly 20 Ml/d.

Oil and gas player commissions produced water treatment plant

Encana Oil and Gas has designed and commissioned a reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant to treat produced water from its oil sand wells in the Moneta Divide, Wyoming. It has since sold the plant along with all its Moneta Divide assets to Aethon Energy.

SWCC's Rabigh plant will be largest SWRO desalination

The approval of the world's largest seawater reverse-osmosis plant in Saudi Arabia was reported by the government-controlled Saudi Press Agency on 11 February 2013.

Veolia gains Colombian produced-water clean-up contract

Ecopetrol America Inc, the US subsidiary of the Colombian national oil company, has awarded a contract to Veolia to provide equipment and services that will be used to treat the produced water from the Castilla oilfields in the Llanos Basin, southeast of Bogota.

Aquatech sells produced-water evaporators in Alberta

Aquatech is to design, engineer, supply and supervise installation and commissioning of a produced-water evaporator system for Pengrowth Energy Corporation's Lindbergh 12,500 bpd Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) enhanced oil-recovery facility.

Located 90 kilometres south of the historic city of Jeddah, the expanded Shoaiba III complex will serve people in Al-Baha, Jeddah, Makkah, and Taif

Abengoa to develop Shoaiba III, its largest desal project yet

ACWA Power has signed Abengoa in consortium with Fisia Italimpianti to develop a large scale reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant at Shoaiba III power and desalination complex on Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coast.

Desalination plants part of Palestine agreement

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu issued a statement on 4 February 2011 agreeing to improvements in water, sewerage and electricity in Palestinian areas, following a meeting with Tony Blair, representative of the "Quartet" (USA, the United Nations, Russia and the European Union).

The development is situated to the north of Aqaba, Jordan's only coastal city

Jordan's $2.82 billion development to include desalination

Jordan has unveiled a project to develop a zone north of Aqaba of 109 kilometres squared, to include desalination capacity of 329,000 m3/d.

Aquarion acquires Germany's MFT

Swiss oil and gas industry water systems company, Aquarion Group, has acquired Membran- Filtrations-Technik (MFT) of Germany for an undisclosed sum.

US Navy reverse osmosis nears battle readiness

A prototype reverse osmosis (RO) system developed by the US Navy has successfully completed testing for use in the service's newest class of warship - littoral combat ships (LCS) - designed for use close to shore.

The EU grant will support expansion of capacity at As Samra in the context of the Syrian refugee crisis

EU gives $34 million to expand capacity and grow reuse at As Samra, Jordan

The European Union (EU) has granted €30 million ($34 million) to expand capacity and increase water reuse at As Samra wastewater treatment plant in Jordan.

New US Navy RO units 'will use 65% less energy'

The United States Office of Naval Research (ONR) is planning to build prototype desalination units that will use 65% less energy and be 40% smaller by weight than current Navy reverse-osmosis (RO) units, an ONR release on 23 September 2009 predicted.

The Resource Watch platform from the World Resources Institute used global horizontal irradiance (GHI), a proxy for the strength and concentration of star energy hitting a PV panel, to create the ranking

Top 20 water-stressed countries with solar potential

The World Resources Institute (WRI) has named the world's top 20 most water-stressed countries which have the most solar energy potential.

Egypt is building desalination capacity in Sinai to support economic development

Egypt finalises finance for south Sinai desal plants

The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) is to loan $100 million to the government of Egypt, completing the finance for five desalination plans in south Sinai.

A slew of special awards were awarded at the close of IDA World Congress 2017

IDA World Congress 2017 award winners in full

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has recognised the best technical papers and other contributions at IDA World Congress 2017 with a roster of special awards.

'Honoured to serve.' Shannon McCarthy, IDA secretary general

McCarthy in as new IDA secretary general

Shannon McCarthy has been appointed secretary general of the International Desalination Association (IDA) at IDA World Congress 2017 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

A generation of knowledge and experience in water is being lost as baby boomers retire

Is water in the grip of a skills crisis?

In an engineering-heavy sector such as water, it's a truism that well qualified people are thin on the ground. But is it more accurate to say that the global water industry in the grip of a skills crisis?

EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference

The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.

Qatar backs Palestinian water projects

The Qatar Development Fund has signed up to back Middle East Desalination Research Center (MERDC) projects in Palestine and Jordan.

US gives cash support to Jordan water sector

The US has committed some US$ 125 million over the next five years to support projects in water conservation and efficiency in Jordan according to newspaper reports.

Israel to join top ten water stressed by 2040

The US-based World Resources Institute has forecast that Israel will be among the world's ten most water stressed regions by 2040. Almost half of those regions will be in the Middle East according to recent report by the institute.

Israel needs no more desalination this decade

Despite a record level of drought in 2014, Israel will not need to build more major desalination capacity this decade according to a new report by the country's Water Authority.

Desalination capacity increasing by 50% in 2013 says IDA

Desalination plants with a total capacity of 6 million m³/d are expected to come on line during 2013, a 50% increase on 2012, according to new data from the International Desalination Association and GWI DesalData.

AMTA/NWMOA Utah workshop program published

The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) has published the program for its joint technology transfer workshop with the Northwest Membrane Operator Association (NWMOA) in December.

MEDRC to stage World Water Forum event

The Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) is to stage a side event at the 6th World Water Forum, which takes place in Marseille, France, on 12-17 March 2012.

Permit sought for RO discharge to Great Salt Lake

A proposal from the Jordan Valley Water Conservancy District (JCWCD) in Utah, USA, to discharge reject brine from a 7-14 MGD (26,000-53,000 m³/d) reverse-osmosis desalination (RO) plant into the Great Salt Lake is out for public comment from 1 December 2010 as part of the permit process.

Small-scale desalination approach to a big water problem

A research project recently undertaken at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has revealed a new mechanism for desalination/purification of water, employing a microfluidic channel-network system, which could lead to the development of small and portable units. The authors have started to build a prototype device in the laboratory in order to demonstrate the necessary scale-up of this technology. If developed, this type of portable, self-powered desalination system would find many important applications such as for disaster relief, military use, shipboard units and regional water purification in developing countries. This article first appeared in the August/September 2010 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Launch of Teshie-Nungua desalination project postponed

Ghana's government has postponed the commissioning of the Teshie-Nungua desalination water project.

Abstracts for EDS EuroMed 2010 needed by 15 February

A call for papers was issued on 3 January 2010 by the European Desalination Society (EDS) for its EuroMed 2010 conference and exhibition in Tel Aviv, Israel, on 3-7 October 2010.

IDA-GWI conference to be held in Paris in 2010

The annual conference held jointly by the International Desalination Association and Global Water Intelligence is to be held next year in Paris on 26-27 April 2010.

Solar electrodialysis brings water to off-grid villages

A simple set of solar panels and a battery system connected to an electrodialysis desalination unit could provide fresh water for a typical Indian village according to researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US.

Amiad to supply RO prefiltration to new US carrier

Amiad has won a contract to supply automatic self-cleaning screen filters for the US Navy aircraft carrier John F Kennedy, the second of a new class of US carriers.

Desalination Concentrate Disposal: Salt Production For Zero-Discharge System

Since large-scale desalination started, the question of how to dispose of the reject material produced by the process has occupied the minds of engineers and economists. The quantity of brine discharged from desalination plants is increasing, and this trend will be maintained for the near future. The minerals extracted must have a value, but how can this best be realised? This summation of the current state-of-the-art in brine disposal is an update of a paper originally presented at the European Desalination Society's EuroMed conference in Jordan in November 2008. The methods outlined provide both the production of a byproduct and environmental protection by processing the outfall brine from desalination plants. The process is the first step towards the "zero discharge system", and therefore the method should be considered as a novel approach rather than a competitive one to the traditional thermal, chemical and membrane processes. This article appeared in D&WR magazine's February/March 2009 issue. *Corrado Sommeriva has recently moved to ILF Consulting Engineers.

Southern California salinity workshop report posted online

The Southern California Salinity Coalition (SCSC) has released the final report of the Salinity Management Study Update Workshop, held on 1 June 2012. is now available to download.

US Navy orders another new desalination prototype

A new prototype advanced desalination system is to be built for the US Office of Naval Research (ONR) by Louisiana-based MECO. The ONR coordinates, executes and promotes the science and technology programs of the US Navy and Marine Corps.

Pall grabs another naval water-generator contract

Membrane-based freshwater generators are to be supplied to the UK's Royal Navy by Pall Corporation after successful sea trials.

Egypt signs MOU with AquaSwiss

An Egyptian government organisation has signed an MOU with the Swiss desalination specialist, according to Egypt Today.

MECO wins US Navy desalination contracts

Louisiana-based MECO has been awarded the design and development of advanced shipboard desalination units for the US Navy under contracts with the Office of Naval Research.

PureSafe delivers FRWS system to Alaska

PureSafe Water Systems Inc, based in Plainview, New York, has announced delivery of a mobile First Response Water System (FRWS) to the Department of Military & Veterans Affairs of the US state of Alaska.

Oman water-reuse contract awarded by Haya Water

Oman's Haya Water awarded a RO 26.7 million (US$ 69.6 million) contract on 21 May 2012 to Contractors Union Co to construct the second phase of a water-reuse project in Al Qurum and Madinat Al Ilam areas in Muscat Governorate.

Fort forges ahead with reuse project

The first water reuse project in Oklahoma state is reported to be making headway at the US army's post at Fort Sill.

Suez supports a biological treatment system for water reuse at the Bashneft oil refinery, Russia

Suez and Rosneft to build on 'exploratory agreement'

Suez's new agreement with Russian oil and gas giant Rosneft, signed in May 2018, aims to support improved water treatment across the oil company's vast portfolio.

Population growth, drought, pollution, and high levels of leakage threaten water supply in the world's big cities

The world's top 11 most water-challenged cities

The BBC world news desk has compiled a list of the top 11 cities most likely to run out of water -- and they're not where you might think.

Grundfos headquarters in Bjerringbro, Denmark, is the base for a global pumps business

Grundfos gains outpace global pumps market

Pumps manufacturer Grundfos has reported organic sales growth of 0.5 per cent for 2016, helped by a strong second half.

IDE Technologies will supply RO technology to support industry on the Taman Peninsular, Russia

IDE Technologies sells RO system to Russia's Oteko

IDE Technologies is to provide a reverse osmosis desalination system to Russian oil transporter Oteko for a plant on the shores of the Black Sea.

The coastal region of Bushehr, in the Persian Gulf, is in the south west of Iran

Iran poised to finance nuclear plants with co-located desalination

Iran has begun constructing two nuclear power plants, to be co-located with desalination facilities of 200 million m3/d, reports Iranian government news agency, Islamic Republic News Agency.

Chris MacNee, chief executive of Hydrology, believes that Brazil offers opportunities for smaller operators

'Adjustable' desal plant in Brazil financed by project bond

UK water company Hydrology is to build and operate an "adjustable" desalination plant in Cubato in Sao Paulo state, Brazil, to supply industrial conglomerate Unigel.

San Diego pilot go ahead - marines may hit the beach

San Diego County Water Authority has given the go ahead for a US$ 4 million project to build a two-year pilot to test methods of desalinating seawater into potable water. The deal is part of the authority's agreement with the US Marine Corps on a means to study how a desalination plant might be built on the military's Camp Pendleton site.

Rain - but desalination still needed in Tuvalu

Though rain fell in the drought-stricken islands of Tuvalu and Tokelau in the last week of October 2011, the Red Cross maintained that the region still faced water shortages.

Aquarion sets up in Russia

Swizerland-based water systems company, Aquarion Group, has established a Russian operation, Aquarion Russia, to focus on providing water and wastewater treatment to industrial customers in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Ex-USSR water minister promotes desalination for Crimea

Desalination of water from the Azov Sea could be one of the best sources for a water supply to Crimea, recently annexed by the Russian Federation, according to Polad Polad-zade, former USSR minister of water resources and deputy president of the Union of Watermen & Irrigators.

US Army launches Net Zero water, waste and energy initiative

The US Army identified six of its camps on 19 April 2011 to become "net zero" water installations - limiting consumption of freshwater resources and returning water back to the same watershed so as not to deplete annual water resources in that region in quantity and quality.

Chinese licensee joins Dow residential Filmtec program

Haier Group of China, a leading multinational home appliances and consumer electronics company, has become the latest official licensee to partner with Dow Water & Process Solutions in its newly launched Filmtec™ reverse osmosis (RO) ingredient branding program.

Sanjeev Sharma

Sharma leads IDE's marketing in Indian region

Sanjeev Sharma has been appointed head of marketing for desalination company IDE Technologies Ltd in the Indian region.

Aquatech wins ZLD job in Turkmenistan

Aquatech has been awarded a contract to design and supply a zero‑liquid discharge ZLD wastewater-reuse system in a gas‑field development project in Turkmenistan.

New Zealand army engineers set up a seawater intake.

NZ army uses RO system for earthquake victims

The New Zealand army reported on 25 February 2011 that its engineers have established two water production facilities in Christchurch to support people affected by the earthquake.

Aquarion in tie with mining cleantech player

Ottawa-based cleantech company, BluMetric Environmental, has teamed up with Swiss water technology firm, Aquarion, in a technology, business, and project development agreement with an industrial wastewater focus.

AWWA training manual adds membranes and recycling

New information on water treatment residuals and expanded coverage of membrane treatment and recycling feature in the updated fourth edition of the Principles and Practices of Water Supply Operations (WSO)training series published on 17 August 2010 by the American Water Works Association.

Russians award Aqua-Chem SWRO contract

The Russian government has ordered the second phase of a 10,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination system from Matrix, a division of Aqua-Chem Inc of Florida, USA.

Karachi cantonment plans 2 MGD desalination stopgap

Karachi's Cantonment Board Clifton (CBC) is planning to establish a 2 MGD (9,000 m³/d) reverse-osmosis desalination plant to mitigate some of the 7 MGD (32,000 m³/d) water shortage in the Defence Housing Authority (DHA), CBC CEO Muhammad Hayat Mahr told a meeting in the Pakistan capital on 23 June 2010.

UF nuclear plant contract for inge in China

Germany's inge watertechnologies AG will equip the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant near Dalian in the east of China with its dizzer 5000plus ultrafiltration (UF) modules, each rated for an output of up to 5.0 m³/h each.

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be used to capture salt and ions in seawater

MOF membranes will slash energy use, harvest lithium, say researchers

The authors of a new study on metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes have claimed that the material can desalinate water with far higher energy efficiency compared to traditional desalination membranes.

Sri Lanka is stepping up its desalination capacity with an RfP for a public-private partnership project

Sri Lanka issues RfP for desalination PPP at Hambantota

Sri Lanka Ministry of Development Strategies and International Trade has issued a request for proposals (RfP) on a seawater desalination plant at Hambantota, in its Southern Province.

Burgos wastewater treatment plant serves a population of one million in Spain's Castile and Leon region

FCC Aqualia bags E3million contract against 'reckless' competitors

FCC Aqualia has won the contract to operate Burgos wastewater treatment plant in northwestern Spain against other "recklessly low" financial tenders.

Produced water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate. The system comprises five pumping stations, one at the intake, one at the treatment plant, two on the piping route, and one at the reservoir.

Chile project envisions multiple mining clients for solar-powered SWRO

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region.


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