Mexico, Qatar


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Low-temperature distillation technology licensed to Sterling Water

The low-temperature distillation method of desalination developed by the New Mexico State University (NMSU) in the USA has been licensed to Sterling Water LLC of Qatar.

Doosan bags order from Samsung for Qatar treatment plant

Doosan Hydro Technology has won an order from South Korean engineering procurement and construction (EPC) contractor, Samsung Construction and Trading, for the water and wastewater treatment system on the Qatar Facility D integrated water and power production project.

Qatar ups desalination capacity

Qatar has upped its desalination capacity by 144 Ml/d after Qatar Electricity and Water's (QEWC's) inauguration of its US$ 504 million, Ras Abu Fontas multi-stage flash distillation plant A2. And QEWC has commenced construction work on its Ras Abu Fontas A3 desalination plant at Ras Abu Fontas, near Al Wakra.

Qatar prepared for soaring water demand

Requirements for water and power in Qatar are expected to soar by more than 50% by 2022 according to estimates from the state owned utility the Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa).

Japanese duo bags Qatar power and water contract

Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) has selected a Japanese consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation and Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco), named K1 Energy, to build an electricity and water plant comprising a 590,000 m³/d desalination facility and a 2.4 GW gas-fired power station at Umm Al Houl, 20km south of the city of Doha.

Qatar to set up US$ 500 million reverse osmosis desalination plant

Qatar utility, Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) is set to establish a US$ 500-million, reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant that will produce freshwater at 136 Ml/d.



Qatar agrees funding for Ras Abu Fontas MSF plant

A financing package worth US$ 450 million for the A2 desalination plant at Ras Abu Fontas has been finalized by the Qatar Electricity & Water Co, the company announced on 26 September 2013.

Mitsubishi contracts Hitachi for Qatar desalination plant

Qatar Electricity & Water Company has contracted a consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation and Toyo Thai Corporation Public Company Limited (TTCL), to build the Ras Abu Fontas (RAF) A2 seawater desalination plant.

Metito lands Bechtel SWRO desalination in Australia

Dubai-based Metito has landed two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants in Australia and is currently nearing completion of one in Qatar.

Qatar MED/TC desalination plant goes to Tri-Tech

A 5,760 m³/d multiple-effect distillation thermocompression desalination plant is to be provided for a petrochemical plant in Qatar by Tri-Tech Holding Inc.

Degremont-Marubeni JV wins Doha wastewater reuse extension

Qatar's Public Works Authority has awarded a € 65 million contract for expanding the Doha West membrane-based wastewater treatment and recycling plant to a joint venture of France's Degrémont and Japan's Marubeni Corporation.

Part of the Ras Laffan C desalination plant.

MED/TVC desalination plant inaugurated in Qatar

The Ras Laffan C power and desalination plant in Qatar was officially opened on 31 May 2011 in the presence of the emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, and Gérard Mestrallet, chairman and CEO of GDF Suez.

Large wastewater expansion in Qatar to use UF

Indian engineering and construction company Larsen & Toubro announced on 11 May 2010 that its business unit had secured a contract for Doha South Sewage Treatment Works, Qatar, involving ultrafiltration technology.

Ras Laffan desalination plant sold to Qatar water company

The 40 MIGD (180,000 m³/d) Ras Laffan desalination plant in Qatar is to be owned in future by the Qatar Electricity & Water Company (QEWC).

The QWE laboratory at Texas A&M at Qatar university.

Qatar initiative seeks sustainable water and energy

An initiative to help bring sustainability to Qatar's water and energy, which will include improved technologies for desalination, efficient reuse and zero-liquid discharge systems, was launched by Texas A&M University at Qatar on 1 February 2010.

Prince launches Ras Girtas desalination construction

Crown prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani of Qatar took part in a ceremony on 4 May 2009 to mark the start of construction of the Ras Girtas Power & Water Project in the Ras Laffan industrial zone.

Norit to supply largest UF wastewater reuse plant

Keppel Seghers has ordered Norit XIGA™ ultrafiltration (UF) membrane technology for the Doha North Sewage Works wastewater reuse project in Qatar, supplier Norit X-Flow announced on 24 April 2009.

Desalination capacity increasing by 50% in 2013 says IDA

Desalination plants with a total capacity of 6 million m³/d are expected to come on line during 2013, a 50% increase on 2012, according to new data from the International Desalination Association and GWI DesalData.

The Resource Watch platform from the World Resources Institute used global horizontal irradiance (GHI), a proxy for the strength and concentration of star energy hitting a PV panel, to create the ranking

Top 20 water-stressed countries with solar potential

The World Resources Institute (WRI) has named the world's top 20 most water-stressed countries which have the most solar energy potential.

The site of the MBR system (circled) at the giant PINSA cannery in Mazatlan

Giant Mexican tuna cannery chooses MBR after pilot test

One of the world's largest tuna canneries in Mexico is installing a full-scale MeurerMBR membrane bioreactor following a successful pilot test.

Inima wins Mexico's El Salitral desalination plant

Spain's OHL Medio Ambiente Inima (Inima) has been awarded a contract for the design, construction, finance and operation and maintenance of a seawater desalination plant in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.

Australians win Cape Verde desalination agreement

A letter of intent involving a desalination plant with an initial capacity of 4,000 m³/d has been given to Water Resources Group (WRG) of Perth, Australia, from the Municipality of Santa Caterina in Cape Verde.

El Salitral desalination bids to close in July

The Comisión Estatal del Agua (CEA) in the state of Baja California, Mexico, is expecting between five and eight firm offers when tenders close on 22 July 2011 for the El Salitral seawater desalination plant in Ensenada.

Consolidated bidding for Mexican SWRO desalination

Consolidated Water Co (CWCO) has declared itself to be one of the tenderers for the El Salitral desalination plant in Baja California, Mexico. Bids are due by June.

Opening of Woongjin's new American HQ.

Woongjin opens all-Americas headquarters and factory

A new American headquarters and membrane manufacturing facility was opened on 5 April 2011 in Anaheim, California, by Woongjin Chemical America Inc, manufacturer of CSM reverse-osmosis and nanofiltration membranes for desalination and water treatment.

Desalination plant needed for Mexican mine

Denver-based Vista Gold Corp is planning to build a desalination plant to meet the needs of its planned Concordia mine in Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Desalination promotion part of Colorado river agreement

Mexico and the USA agreed to promote cooperation on desalination technology through the construction of more competitive desalination plants as part of an agreement on the use of the Colorado river signed on 20 December 2010.

Mexican desalination plant could be funded in 2011

Resources could be assigned in 2011 for a 17,280 m³/d desalination plant at Guaymas on the Gulf of California in Mexico.

Mexican desalination plant to tender soon

Comision Estadal Del Agua De Baja California (CEA) in Mexico is to build a 21,600 m³/d desalination plant in the city of Ensenada, to be tendered with a 40% federal contribution towards its estimated cost of Peso 351.900 million (US$ 28.8 million). The successful tenderer will contribute the remaining 60%.

Colgate Palmolive joins Mexico's water reuse initiative

The Mexican national water agency Conagua has signed an agreement with Colgate Palmolive for the manufacturer to join the country's Initiative for Saving and Efficient Use of Water.

Mexican desalination tender reported set for April

Conagua, the national water authority of Mexico, is reported to be set to launch a tender in April for a 21,500 m³/d desalination plant in Baja California.

H2O Innovation to grow in Mexico

Canada-based water treatment specialist, H2O Innovation, is expanding its business activities in Mexico.

Mexico seeks investment for Ensenada desalination plant

Mexico is looking for funding to build a desalination plant in Ensenada, Baja California, to supply drinking water to 96,000 people.

Texas loan boosts Gulf of Mexico project

Texas has agreed a US$ 2 million loan for the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (GBRA) to fund a study into site and transport options for a power and water project including a seawater desalination plant on the Texas Gulf coast. The project will provide additional water supplies and add diversity to the region's water sources.

RWL consortium wins Baja California desalination deal

Mid market water treatment firm, RWL Water, in a consortium with Mexican partners, Libra Ingenieros and RJ Ingenieria, has won a contract to build a 22,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in San Quintín, Baja California.

Gold miner opts for desalination to supply planned Mexican mine

The gold mining arm of energy firm, Chesapeake, has opted to use desalinated seawater to supply water for its proposed Metates gold and silver mining project in Durango state, Mexico. It has tendered for proposals to build and operate a 55Ml/d desalination facility to supply the mine with fresh water.

Mexico invests heavily in six new desalination projects

Mexico is investing more than one billion pesos in six initiatives to construct seawater reverse osmosis desalination plants on the country's coast where, according to national water authority Conagua, water availability is low while there is high potential for development.

Bank lends US$ 22 million to Korean firm to fund Mexican desalination project

The North American Development Bank has provided a U$ 22 million loan to South Korean company GS Inima Environment which is building a US$ 48 million, 28.5 Ml/d reverse osmosis desalination plant in Ensenada, Mexico.

Planned Mexican desalination plant to serve US utility

Reverse osmosis desalination company, Consolidated Water, has reported progress in its plan to build a seawater desalination plant in Mexico to supply a US water utility.

Degrémont eyes desalination contracts in Mexico

French water services company Degrémont is seeking to participate in a public tender to construct a desalination plant in three Mexican states according to a Mexican state news outlet.

Land-purchase brings Consolidated's Mexican SWRO nearer

The planned Rosarito seawater desalination project in Mexico close to the US border took a step nearer on 22 May 2014 when Consolidated Water Co Ltd announced that it had completed the land purchase for the project.

Desalitech and Veolia tie up Mexican MoU

Desalitech Inc has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies to bring advanced cost‑effective high‑recovery water solutions to Mexico and additional countries worldwide.

RWL-led Mexico seawater desalination project starts construction

A consortium of RWL Water Group and Mexico's, Libra Ingenieros Civiles and RJ Ingenieria has begun construction of 22,000 m3/d reverse osmosis (RO) seawater desalination plant in Mexico's Baja California.

Consolidated expects more desalination in Mexico and Bali

Desalination supplier Consolidated Water Co, based in the Cayman Islands, says that its Rosarito project in Mexico has presented an opportunity for two other potential Mexican projects similar in size to its larger Caribbean operations.

Memco's ERI PX-180 (left) and its Isobarix replacement (right)

Second Isobarix ER unit installed in Mexico

Isobarix has installed its second commercial XPR energy-recovery unit for Memco Sistemas de Separacion SA de CV, who operate several seawater reverse-osmosis plants at resorts in Cancun and Los Cabos, Mexico.

Consolidated back with Rosarito desalination project

Cayman Islands company Consolidated Water Co is back on board the Rosarito desalination project in Baja California, Mexico. The 100 MGD (375,000 m³/d) seawater plant is designed to supply drinking water demand on both sides of the US/Mexico border.

Desalination and reuse in Mexico-Israel water agreement

Desalination and wastewater treatment and reuse were part of an agreement signed on 14 November 2011 between the Mexican national water agency, Conagua, and Israel's Ministry of Industry, Trade & Labor.

Koreans purchase Spanish desalination company

Spanish desalination and water treatment company Inima OHL Medio Ambiente has been bought by GS Engineering & Construction, a South Korean company based in Seoul.

Consolidated seeks to sell Mexican desalination stake

Caribbean-based Consolidated Water Co is looking to sell its 50% stake in the 100 MGD (378,500 m³/d) Rosarito desalination project in Baja California, Mexico.

The stories that dominated Water. desal + reuse's headlines in 2017

Water. desal + reuse: Top 20 stories for 2017

Water. desal + reuse presents the stories that caught the industry's collective interest in 2017.

Cosin calls for better water education, warns of project delays

CEO of Almar Water Solutions Carlos Cosin has warned of potential delays to projects owing to a skills shortage in the water industry, and has proposed creating a new Masters in Water degree to plug the skills gap.

Acciona venture wins Qatar deals

Spanish desalination firm, Acciona Agua, has won two major desalination contracts in Qatar worth US$ 525 million as part of a joint venture with Mitsubishi Corporation and Toyo Thai Corporation.

A generation of knowledge and experience in water is being lost as baby boomers retire

Is water in the grip of a skills crisis?

In an engineering-heavy sector such as water, it's a truism that well qualified people are thin on the ground. But is it more accurate to say that the global water industry in the grip of a skills crisis?

Wastewater drive to boost membrane use in GCC region says analyst

Government identification of wastewater treatment in the municipal sector as a priority area in water production will be a key revenue generation source for membrane elements in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries according to market analyst Frost & Sullivan. And the demand for water in the region was set to double within twenty years the analyst forecast.

Qatar power firm to launch desalination plants

Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) is set to launch two giant desalination plants.

ConocoPhillips becomes 3rd Saltworks Technologies investor

Canadian desalination and brine treatment company Saltworks Technologies announced on 23 May 2014 that it had received investment funding from ConocoPhillips Company, Saltworks' third industrial shareholder.

Developing membrane distillation for desalination brines

Membrane distillation is the subject of a great deal of research and development around the world, as D&WR has often reported. In Qatar, the emphasis is on using it to produce a high-quality distillate from high-salinity brines rejected from thermal desalination. The team has proved the viability of the process and is now testing it under real field conditions This article first appeared in the August/September 2013 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Qatar and Sweden will hold technical workshops on a project to fuel desalination entirely by solar and wind power

Qatar and Sweden plot renewables-fuelled desalination project

A renewables-fuelled desalination project aiming to produce water for $1/m3 is to be jointly developed by Qatar and Sweden, reports The Peninsular.

Ras Abu Fontas A3 seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant will supply a million inhabitants including in Qatar's capital city, Doha

Qatar's first big seawater RO plant is nearly complete

The first large scale seawater RO plant in Qatar, Ras Abu Fontas A3, is to complete by the end of March 2017, reports Gulf Times.

Major water-sector contractor formed in Dubai

The Leighton Group, which has been involved in the construction of three of Australia's large seawater desalination plants, has brought two group companies together in Dubai, UAE, to create a strong water and environment contracting company.

Suez's international business helped to drive group performance in 2016

Suez buoyed by strong International division

Suez has reported organic revenue growth of 1.1 per cent for the year ended December 2016, driven by a 4.7 per cent rise at its International division.

Qatar wants to build new water facilities to support development works ahead of the 2022 World Cup

Qatar looks to boost capacity ahead of 2022 World Cup

Qatar is to expand its desalination capacity to support construction works ahead of the 2022 World Cup, and in line with the country's transformation plan Vision 2030, Qatari newspaper Al Sharq reports.

EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference

The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.

Qatari research aims to

The Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) and Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop two pilot projects that could 'radically reduce the cost and energy use' of desalination.

Qatar backs Palestinian water projects

The Qatar Development Fund has signed up to back Middle East Desalination Research Center (MERDC) projects in Palestine and Jordan.

Qatar researchers trial membrane distillation system

Researchers at Qatar University College of Engineering, in collaboration with a team from petrochemical giant, ConocoPhillips' Global Water Sustainability Centre, have developed low- carbon desalination technology, membrane distillation.

IDA announces nine new Gulf task force members

The importance now being accorded to the environment by the desalination industry was emphasized on 22 April 2010 when the International Desalination Association (IDA) announced the addition of nine distinguished scientists to its Gulf regional task force and an environmental symposium in Bahrain in December 2010.

The new research paper synthesises data to create a world map of brine production

UN urges desalination industry to improve on brine

The United Nations has called on the desalination industry to clean up its act on brine as the number of desalination plants worldwide continues to climb.

IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force

The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.

The Global Water Awards winners are awarded through voting by industry professionals

Suez and Middle East plants top 2018 Global Water Awards

Suez has scooped the Desalination Company of the Year Award, and Middle East facilities topped the desal plant categories at this year's Global Water Awards from Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

Israel to join top ten water stressed by 2040

The US-based World Resources Institute has forecast that Israel will be among the world's ten most water stressed regions by 2040. Almost half of those regions will be in the Middle East according to recent report by the institute.

Locations of the Toray contracts.

Toray wins Gulf quartet

Toray Industries Inc announced in September that its reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane business had won orders from four seawater desalination plants with a total capacity of 332,000 m³/d in the Gulf.

Tri-Tech to aid ZLD status for Mexican steelworks

Beijing based Tri-Tech Holdings announced on 27 March 2012 the award of a contract to provide a preconcentrator mechanical vapour compression (MVC) evaporator system and final MVC concentrator for a Mexican steel plant.

'It is extremely important to manage water better, through viable technologies.' Renato Ramos, Dow Water & Process Solutions

Q&A: Dow's Renato Ramos on how water tech can support Latin America

Renato Ramos, commercial director for Latin America at Dow Water & Process Solutions explains how intelligent use of water technology can support prosperity in Latin America

Oasys deal to treat Texas produced water with FO

Oasys Water has struck an agreement with Houston-based Select Energy Services, LLC (SES), a leading provider of engineered water solutions to the oil and gas industry, for exclusive use of its forward osmosis (FO) technology in the Permian Basin in West Texas and New Mexico, USA.

Almogordo trial for commercial-size solar desalination still

Indiana-based Suns River is nearing completion of a commercial-sized solar still at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in Almogordo, New Mexico, USA, following the issue of a patent on its process (US #8,088,257) on 3 January 2012.

VSEP system treats Colombian landfill leachate

Calfornia-based New Logic Research (NLR) announced on 8 February 2012 that it had successfully commissioned a landfill leachate treatment system in Colombia using its vibratory shear enhanced process (VSEP) membrane separation system.

From top left: Juan Miguel Pinto, Energy Recovery Inc, Guillaume Clairet, H20 Innovation, Renato Ramos, Dow Water & Process Solutions, and Miguel Angel Sanz, Suez

The experts' pick of the panels at IDA World Congress 2017

The crack team behind the technical program at IDA World Congress 2017 in Sau Paulo, Brazil, have selected their personal not-be-missed favourite sessions from a packed line-up.

Henry Charrabé is a protégé of investor Ronald Lauder, and is backed by him as CEO of newly created Fluence Corp

Interview: Henry Charrabe, Fluence Corp

Henry Charrabe, newly appointed chief executive of Fluence Corporation, the company formed in July by the merger of RWL Water and Emefcy, has worked for the business' major investor Ronald Lauder for 16 years.

A computer generated aerial view of the proposed desalination project

Mexico project passes permissions hurdle

Otay Water District in California, US, has won a presidential permission to build a pipeline across the border with Mexico, clearing an important hurdle for Consolidated Water's proposed Rosarito Beach project.

'Carlsbad Desalination Plant is operating, people can come and kick the tyres, if you will, and make decisions based on facts, rather than hyperbole.' Carlos Riva, Poseidon Water chief executive

Interview: Poseidon CEO Carlos Riva

Desalination plant developer Poseidon Water received an apparent boost in January, when its proposed Huntington Beach, Orange County, desalination plant turned up on a list of infrastructure projects favoured by the new US president Donald Trump.

Rosarito Beach, Baja California, Mexico, is the site of the proposed desalination plant

Rosarito Beach project faces uncertain future

Consolidated Water's proposed mega-project in Baja California, Mexico, faces an uncertain future owing to "significant macroeconomic changes" since the US presidential election of November 2016.

An installation of Voltea’s CapDi technology at a horticultre client in Mexico. Growers can adjust the level of salt in their irrgation water to enable optimal yield from tomato plants, and to grow peppers for the first time

'Our capex is on a par with traditional desal'

The commercialisation of Voltea's electrodialysis-based desalination technology, CapDI, is happening apace says chief executive Bryan Brister.

Opportunities await at IDA World Congress 2017 in Brazil

Latin America, and particularly Brazil, is a big user of desalination and water reuse technology, and there is huge potential for the growth of these technologies in the region, writes Emilio Gabbrielli, president of the International Desalination Association (IDA).

“The membrane industry as we know it would not exist without Dr Sourirajan’s breakthrough.” Photo credit Krishna Rajan 1967

AMTA's Hall of Fame honours industry pioneers

A raft of industry awards was unveiled at the Membrane Technology Conference 2017, including AMTA's four-strong Hall of Fame 2017, which recognises pioneering careers in membrane technology.

Top 10 most read stories of 2016

It was a big year for desalination and water reuse, with two major businesses up for sale, and mega plants grabbing the headlines. We present our top 10 most read stories of 2016.

Hermasillo desalination plan rejected

The water commission for the Mexican state of Sonora (Comisión Estatal del Agua - CEA) has apparently rejected the idea of a desalination plant for the state capital Hermosillo.

The Yuma desalination plant

Yuma desalination plant pilot run concluded successfully

The year-long pilot run of the revamped Yuma desalination plant on the Colorado river in the USA has ended in success, the Bureau of Reclamation announced on 1 April 2011.

Aerial view of the Yuma desalting plant, Arizona

Yuma salinity/desalination conference - abstract deadline nears

Abstracts for the Salinity & Desalination in the Southwest conference in Yuma, Arizona, USA, on 26-27 April 2011 must be in by the end of February.

'Challenges are shared across the border', Mitch Thompson, Otay

Water from NSC Agua's desalination plant in Rosarito, Baja California, is a critical component of Otay's diversification efforts.

'Challenges are shared across the border', Mitch Thompson, Otay

Water from NSC Agua's desalination plant in Rosarito, Baja California, is a critical component of Otay's diversification efforts.

Sumitomo allies with VA Tech Wabag

Japan's Sumitomo Corp announced on 7 December 2010 an alliance agreement with India-based VA Tech Wabag Ltd, under which the two companies will strategically cooperate in multiple areas within the water infrastructure industry

The new desalination plant at Playas de Rosarito will be on the coast adjacent to the existing power station

Consolidated Water lines up Mexican mega-project

The Playas de Rosarito seawater RO desalination mega-plant project has been six years in the making. It began as a twinkle in Consolidated Water's eye even before Mexico had introduced its new public-private partnerships law, but the act's introduction in 2012 gave the project a clear structure for moving ahead.

The site of the new Rosarito Seawater Desalination plant (r), adjacent to Rosarito Power Station (l)

Consolidated Water confirms details of PPP with Baja California for mega plant

Consolidated Water confirmed details of a deal with the state of Baja California, Mexico, through subsidiary Aguas de Rosarito, to design, construct, finance, and operate a seawater desalination plant in Playas de Rosarito.

Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch

B&V puts forward four water-reuse recommendations

Four key recommendations have been put forward by Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch's global water business, for overcoming global barriers to reuse of water as part of an integrated water industry portfolio.

NSC Agua, with the Mexican entities of NuWater and Degremont, will build a mega size desal plant in Rosarito, Mexico

Consolidated Water Q2 figures reflect Mexico project costs

Consolidated Water has reported net income of $2.2 million for the second quarter of 2016, flat year-on-year, on revenues that rose by 6 per cent to $15.4 million.

1,100 US counties face water supply crisis by 2050, says report

A new analysis for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), examining the effects of global warming on water supply and demand in the contiguous United States, has found that more than 1,100 counties will face higher risks of water shortages by mid-century as the result of global warming.

New Mexico city seeking 4 MGD desalination plant

The city of Alamogordo, New Mexico, USA, is looking to use a 4 MGD (15,000 m³/d) desalination plant to provide a safe dependable supply from brackish water wells.

Artist's impression of the Seadog installation

Wave-powered desalination about to be installed

A company in Texas, USA, is preparing to demonstrate the use of desalination with the wave-power facility it is about to install in the Gulf of Mexico.

Yuma desalination plant restarted for pilot run

Representatives from the US Department of the Interior and three municipal water agencies gathered on 28 April 2010 to launch a one-year pilot run of the Bureau of Reclamation's Yuma Desalting Plant.


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