Materials, Corrosion


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Weir Materials acquired by Rolled Alloys

The Weir name finally dropped out of the desalination mainstream in mid-October when Weir Materials was acquired by Rolled Alloys (RA) a US-based supplier of heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant alloys and branded stainless steels.

SEDA December workshop to look at chemicals for RO

The Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) has announced a technology transfer workshop on Chemical Treatment for Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be held in Palm Bay, Florida, in December 2013.

SWRO corrosion pre-conference workshop for CaribDA

A workshop on Understanding and Preventing Corrosion in Caribbean SWRO Plants will take place in Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, on 19 May 2012, prior to the 2012 Conference of the Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA).

Three hundred Fybroc seawater pumps ordered for giant aquarium

The Global Pump Solutions business unit of Met-Pro Corporation has received an order to supply more than 300 corrosion-resistant glass-fiber centrifugal pumps for a marine life park at a world-class casino resort complex in the heart of Southeast Asia.

The Gold Coast  seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia

Shutdown to follow full production at Gold Coast desalination plant

The Gold Coast seawater desalination plant in Australia began delivering water to the South East Queensland Water Grid at 100% capacity on 9 March 2009.

Corrosion and vibration slow Gold Coast commissioning

The progress of the Gold Coast seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, towards its commissioning targets has been slowed by several problems, which are now being addressed.

Innovations in IDA Congress technical program

Round-table sessions and touch-screen availability of poster presentations will be used for the first time in the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai on 7-12 November 2009, IDA announced on 19 October 2009.

Cutting the costs of corrosion in seawater desalination with shut-off butterfly valves

Lower cost materials and coatings used in addition to corrosion-resistant valve designs both urged on by preferences in plant construction contracts have reduced the capital and operational costs of valves used in membrane and thermal seawater desalination. The design of the valve too has a significant role to play in keeping a rein not only on corrosion but also cost of operation. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Low-pressure valves for desalination: time for a new look at the butterfly?

Across the entire water industry spectrum, valves are an essential element in the treatment of water and in its supply. The subject of butterfly valve technology and its suitability for desalination plants is one particular aspect that rightly demands attention, particularly in respect of specifying materials that will withstand corrosion. The centred-disc butterfly valve is a proven technology and, according to KSB's Amri Water Valve Division Competence Centre in La Roche Chalais, France, it is in widespread demand from all types of desalination plant. It is a simple yet effective design principle whereby the disc rotates around an axis at right angles to the flow. When open, the fluid passes around both sides of the disc. "Low pressure valves are rarely considered as a critical item," says Pascal Viaud, "but if not correctly specified at the outset of a project problems can occur over the long term. Wrong selection of valves can be the cause of up to 40% all operational problems, so the customer must consider the real importance of valves at the specification stage. Even though valves may only constitute 1% of the plant investment costs, it only takes a single valve to create problems and seriously affect plant production." Butterfly valves are installed in the low-pressure areas of a desalination plant, usually in the early stages of production upstream of the membranes and then again at the end on the permeate lines. By keeping the butterfly valves open each valve creates a pressure loss and with the centred disc the differential pressure is much lower than an offset disc valves. Where a high number of valves, say 1,000 units, are installed in a desalination plant the accumulation of pressure saved on each valve will contribute to lower energy savings. The full article first appeared in the November/December 2008 issue of D&WR magazine

Mega-ton project symposium set for Tokyo in November

A symposium is to be held in Japan in November 2013 centred on the Mega-Ton Water System, a national research program to develop sustainable water treatment technologies, including large-scale desalination, that have a low environmental load and are energy-saving and low in cost.

Italmach acquires Compass, adds manufacturing base in North America

Italmach Chemicals has acquired Compass Chemical International, adding a strategically important site in Texas that it hopes will support its growth in the oil and gas industry.

IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates

More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.

Treatment chemicals annual demand rise to top 3%

Demand for water treatment chemicals in the US will rise 3.2% a year to US$ 7.3 billion by 2019, according to a report by market researcher, ReportLinker.

Energy Recovery hires senior management duo

Pressure energy technology firm Energy Recovery has appointed Chris M Gannon as chief financial officer and Eric O Siebert as vice president of corporate strategy. Both appointments are effective from 8 June 2015.

Membrana filtration curbs corrosion in Disney Shanghai cooling

Membrane manufacturer Polypore has supplied its Membrana ultrafiltration units for Shanghai Disneyland to curb corrosion in the resort's cooling water system.

Membrane market growth to run until 2020

The fruits of growing research and development in forward osmosis for desalination are highlighted in a recent sector report as drivers of growth in the market for membrane separation technologies running to at least 2020.

H2O Innovation updates Piedmont Pacific acquisition

Its recent acquisition of Piedmont Pacific means that Canada's H2O Innovation Inc is now supplying flexible pipe couplings to some of the largest desalination plants under construction in the world.

Q&A: De Nora group CEO Paolo Dellacha on the acquisition of MIOX

Electrochemical tech company De Nora has acquired water purification firm MIOX. De Nora group chief executive Paolo Dellacha explains the thinking behind the deal and what the future holds

Two workshops ahead for SEDA in January

The Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) is holding two technology transfer workshops in Florida at the end of January 2013.

Erich Dawson becomes VP sales for Americas and Europe

Promotions and appointments announced by BWA

Two appointments affecting the European and Americas regions were announced by BWA Water Additives of the US on 2 April 2012, as well as two new vice-president positions.

CaribDA opens registration for Aruba conference

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) has opened registration for its 2012 Conference & Exposition 80 Years Of Desalination Makes For One Happy Island.

Voltea gets funding for two desalination applications

Dutch desalination innovator Voltea BV announced on 21 February 2012 that it had completed a € 4.5 million funding round to support the commercial rollout of its Capacitive Deionization (CapDI) technology.

Piedmont is boosting business globally with new contract wins

Piedmont signs new supply and distribution contracts

Piedmont, a producer of corrosion resistant equipment for desalination plants, has signed a roster of new supply and partner distribution agreements globally.

The screens on the wedgewire water intake system that Poseidon is proposing for its seawater RO desalination plant at Huntington Beach, California, will be 1mm wide in order to meet new regulations

Huntington Beach is 'precedent-setting' for California

When the California State Water Board adopted new regulations on seawater desalination plants in 2015, Poseidon, the developer of a proposed 50 million gallons a day (189,000 m3/d) capacity seawater RO plant in Huntington Beach, California, went back to the drawing board on its water intake technology.

The Tugun desalination plant.

Gold Coast desalination plant finally handed over

The Tugun desalination plant in Gold Coast, Australia, was handed over to the Queensland state government on 1 October 2010 and has become part of the South East Queensland Water Grid (SEQWG).

IDA publishes program for Gulf desalination and environment seminar

The International Desalination Association has published details of program sessions and topics for its seminar on Desalination and the Gulf: The Relationship between the Environment and Meeting the Region's Water Needs, which will take place in Bahrain on 6-7 December 2010.

The Gold Coast seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Tugun.

Gold Coast desalination plant producing water again

The major phase of final works at the Tugun desalination plant on Queensland's Gold Coast in Australia has been completed, the minister for infrastructure and planning, Stirling Hinchliffe, announced on 10 September 2010.

RO included in Czech powerplant water treatment upgrade

Wabag Brno has begun modernisation of the water treatment plant at the Prunéřov power station in the Czech Republic, involving clarification, filtration, reverse osmosis, softening and demineralisation.

Flowserve valves for Perth 2 desalination plant

Flowserve Corporation announced on 3 June 2010 that it had received an order for plug valves for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant in Western Australia. The order was booked in the fourth quarter of 2009.

The Gold Coast  seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia

Some Gold Coast desalination issues still unresolved

A large number of non-compliance issues relating to the Gold Coast seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, have been listed in a letter sent on 2 July 2009 by Keith Davies, CEO of WaterSecure, who are taking over the project, to the Queensland Department of Infrastructure & Planning.

Calder bought by Flowserve

US pump and valve manufacturer Flowserve announced on 21 April 2009 that it acquired Swiss desalination energy-recovery system provider Calder AG. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

The WRF wants to provide guidance on blending for direct potable reuse water projects

WRF unveils initial findings of study into blending variables in DPR

The US Water Research Foundation has shared preliminary findings from its ongoing research into the impact of blending variables on direct potable reuse water.

Gold Coast desalination plant starts at 33% capacity

The Gold Coast desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, began operating on 26 February 2009 at 33% capacity, producing more than 40,000 m³/d.

The Victorian Desalination Plant is located at the southerly most tip of Australia on the Bass Coast

AquaSure's Victorian Desalination Plant secures its first water order

The Victorian Desalination Project (VDP) is a mega-size seawater RO facility, able to produce up to 150 billion litres of water a year when running at full capacity. Located at the southerly most tip of Australia on the Bass Coast, it was procured by the Victorian State government from AquaSure, a joint venture of Degrémont (now Suez), Macquarie Capital, and Thiess (now Ventia), in 2009, for a capital cost of $3.5 billion.

Chinese licensee joins Dow residential Filmtec program

Haier Group of China, a leading multinational home appliances and consumer electronics company, has become the latest official licensee to partner with Dow Water & Process Solutions in its newly launched Filmtec™ reverse osmosis (RO) ingredient branding program.

IWA extends deadline for Toronto membrane papers

The International Water Association (IWA) has extended the deadline for submission of papers for the 7th IWA Specialised Membrane Technology Conference & Exhibition for Water & Wastewater Treatment & Reuse.

Azerbaijan will have largest UF plant for surface water

Work is due to be completed later this year on the world's largest ultrafiltration (UF) treatment plant for surface water which is to be built in Baku, Azerbaijan, by Dow Water & Process Solutions and HidroLotus LLC, a joint venture between the Azeri Hidro Group and the Turkish Lotus Group.

IWA schedules nanotechnology symposium for China

The International Water Association is to hold a regional symposium on Nanotechnology And Water Treatment in China in 2013.

What are the options for disposal of old RO membranes?

Where do old desalination and water treatment membranes go to die? In Australia, as in many other countries, the option for membrane disposal is landfill, which due to the materials composing membrane modules is a very unsustainable practice. A research project funded by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination has been looking at alternatives. This article first appeared in the May/June 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

ACWA appoints nanotechnology membrane specialist

UK water and wastewater specialist ACWA Services announced on 6 June 2012 that it has appointed a membrane nanotechnology specialist, Dr Oscar Hernandez-Ramirez as a chemical process engineer.

NSF publishes commercial/residential water-reuse standard

The first US national standard for commercial and residential onsite water-reuse treatment systems was published on 15 November 2011 by NSF International, the US-based public health and environmental organization.

Osmoflo wins industrial water-reuse project

Australia's Osmoflo has won a tender to design, build, operate and maintain a Aus$ 5 million (US$ 5.3 million) water-recycling plant and reticulation system at the Nyrstar Port Pirie smelter north of Adelaide in South Australia.

Tonner to join Consolidated Water as COO

Experienced desalter John Tonner is joining Consolidated Water Co Ltd as chief operating officer from 1 September 2011.

Outfall and intake problems hit OC desalination

The pilot plant for the South Orange Coastal Ocean Desalination Project in California has been forced to close down due to relocation of its outfall pipe due to heavy storms . The project has also run into problems with its intake water.

Dutch to build ceramic membrane demo plant in Singapore

PWN Technologies (PWNT) of the Netherlands is to build Singapore's first ceramic membrane demonstration plant at Choa Chu Kang Waterworks.

Giant Turkish landfill leachate plants use UF and MBR

On 17 August 2010, Norit X-Flow and ISTA (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Environmental Protection & Waste Materials Valuation Industry) celebrated the handover of a notable wastewater treatment project: the treatment of leachate from the Istanbul landfill in Odayeri and Kömürcüoda. The installation has become the largest membrane leachate plant in the world and involves the most advanced water treatment technology available. This article first appeared in the November/December 2010 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

CDA/EDS seeking Qingdao desalination abstracts by 15 March

Abstracts for the 2011 Qingdao International Desalination Conference in China (20-23 June 2011) must received by 15 March 2011 with final papers by 10 May 2011.

Desalination plants part of Palestine agreement

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu issued a statement on 4 February 2011 agreeing to improvements in water, sewerage and electricity in Palestinian areas, following a meeting with Tony Blair, representative of the "Quartet" (USA, the United Nations, Russia and the European Union).

ZLD wastewater pilot makes first water in Beijing

A pilot NanoClear™ zero-discharge wastewater treatment plant in Beijing has just produced its first water, according to developer Dais Analytic Corporation.

Aquatech wins Mongolian ZLD job

Aquatech has been awarded a contract for a 2,400 m³/d zero liquid discharge (ZLD) plant for a coal-to-chemicals facility in Hailer in Inner Mongolia.

Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch

B&V puts forward four water-reuse recommendations

Four key recommendations have been put forward by Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch's global water business, for overcoming global barriers to reuse of water as part of an integrated water industry portfolio.

World's largest membrane leachate-treatment plant handed over

Norit X-Flow and ISTAÇ (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Environmental Protection & Waste Materials Valuation Industry) celebrated the handover on 17 August 2010 of a notable wastewater treatment project: the treatment of leachate from the Istanbul landfill in Odayeri and Kömürcüoda.

Desalination demonstration to tackle California's agricultural drainage

Desalination technology is to be used in California's Central Valley to convert high salinity agricultural drainage water into fresh water for irrigation and CO2-negative products derived from the waste salts.

Russia sets up water treatment membrane development project

The Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies (Rusnano) is to finance a project for producing nanostructured membranes and separation modules for water treatment in various industries.

Ras Azzour could cost 25% less says SWCC

Saudi Arabia expects the cost of the Ras Azzour power and water desalination project to be 20-25% below initial estimates partly because the price of materials have fallen, according to Reuters.

X-raying goods vehicles at Kerem Shalom commercial crossing between Israel and Palestine

Gaza desalination plant delayed by goods blockade

Construction of a desalination plant in Gaza City, Palestine, has stalled after Israel halted the passage of goods into the State, reports Relief Web.

The groundbreaking ceremony in Beijing

Toray sets up membrane JV in Beijing

A groundbreaking ceremony for a large membrane production facility was held in the industrial development area of Shunyi Airport, Beijing, China, on 24 August 2009.

Doosan ships giant evaporator to UAE

Evaporator No 1 for the Shuweihat S2 seawater desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was shipped by its manufacturer, Doosan Heavy Engineering, on 15 June 2009.

Reuse highlighted in WSAA urban water roadmap

The volume of water being recycled by the largest water utilities in Australia has increased by 117% since 1999/2000. In addition, it is estimated that, by 2013, 460 million m³/year will be supplied to Australia's growing cities by desalination plants.

EDS desalination courses relocate to Genoa

Following the disastrous earthquake which affected the headquarters of the European Desalination Society in L'Aquila, Italy, on 6 April 2009, the EDS has rescheduled and relocated upcoming courses to Genoa in July 2009.

IDA Fellowship winners from Iran and Japan

This year's winners of the International Desalination Association's Fellowship awards come from Iran and Japan, IDA announced on 27 April 2009.

Ionizable hydrophobes behind new IBM desalination membrane

US computer giant IBM, Tokyo-based Central Glass and the King Abdul Aziz City for Science & Technology (KACST) unveiled a novel desalination membrane technology at the World Water Forum in Turkey on 16 March 2009.

Tender issued for Israel's largest desalination plant

The tender has been issued for Israel's largest ever desalination plant. The 411,000 m³/d plant will be in the Soreq region south of Tel Aviv close to the Mediterranean.

The schedule of tenders on Tuas Nexus was unveiled at Singapore International Water Week 2018 at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore

Singapore to tender S$5 billion of water and waste works

Singapore's PUB and National Environment Agency (NEA) are to tender more than S$5 billion ($3.7 billion) of works covering civil, mechanical and electrical engineering for Tuas Nexus, an integrated wastewater and waste treatment facility.

Kuwait's 136,000 m³/d Shuwaikh plant awarded to Doosan

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction won the contract in September for the 136,000 m³/d (36 MGD) Shuwaikh Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Desalination Plant, the first in the country to use SWRO. Simultaneously, Doosan awarded the energy-recovery contract to Energy Recovery Inc (ERI).

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be used to capture salt and ions in seawater

MOF membranes will slash energy use, harvest lithium, say researchers

The authors of a new study on metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes have claimed that the material can desalinate water with far higher energy efficiency compared to traditional desalination membranes.

The desalination plant would provide drinking water for residents of Gaza City, Palestine

Six submit tenders for Palestine desalination project

The Palestinian Water Authority has received six tenders, including designs, for a desalination plant in at Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, reports Ma'an News Agency.

From top left: Juan Miguel Pinto, Energy Recovery Inc, Guillaume Clairet, H20 Innovation, Renato Ramos, Dow Water & Process Solutions, and Miguel Angel Sanz, Suez

The experts' pick of the panels at IDA World Congress 2017

The crack team behind the technical program at IDA World Congress 2017 in Sau Paulo, Brazil, have selected their personal not-be-missed favourite sessions from a packed line-up.

MOUs concerning desalination were signed between Japanese companies and Saudi Arabia's government in March 2017

Japan firms to supply desalination expertise to Saudi Arabia

Several Japanese companies have signed up to provide desalination technology and commercialisation expertise to Saudi Arabia, reports Asian Review.

"We are selecting the best presentations from 323 abstracts"

Miguel Sanz, chair of the technical program for IDA World Congress 2017, introduces the main themes and highlights to look forward to at this year's event in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

“The membrane industry as we know it would not exist without Dr Sourirajan’s breakthrough.” Photo credit Krishna Rajan 1967

AMTA's Hall of Fame honours industry pioneers

A raft of industry awards was unveiled at the Membrane Technology Conference 2017, including AMTA's four-strong Hall of Fame 2017, which recognises pioneering careers in membrane technology.

Avantium has acquired Liquid Light's portfolio of patents for producing chemicals and materials from CO2

Avantium acquires 'extensive patent portfolio' of Liquid Light

Chemical technology company Avantium has acquired the assets of Liquid Light, a developer of proprietary process technologies that make chemicals from carbon dioxide (CO2).

At its site in Krefeld, Germany, Lanxess manufactures specialty chemicals, high-performance plastics, and pigments.

Lanxess's realignment bolsters Q2 ebitda, as sales decline

Specialty chemicals manufacturer Lanxess has reported net income down 13.8 per cent to E75 million in the second quarter of 2016, on sales that decreased by 7.7 per cent to E1.94 billion.

Masdar graphene study bags Abu Dhabi research prize

A graphene desalination membrane research project was among six proposals from Abu Dhabi's sustainable technology-focused university, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, that each won a AED 2 million (US$ 500,000) Abu Dhabi Education Council Award for Research Excellence.

Nine water purification projects bag US$ 1.49 million in funding

The US Bureau of Reclamation has selected nine projects to receive US$ 1.49 million under its Desalination and Water Purification Research programme.

Energy Recovery bags US$ 1 mlllion US deal duo

Flow energy technology firm, Energy Recovery,  has won US$ 1 million in deals for desalination projects in California and Texas.

MIT spinout cracks fracking water waste

A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) spinout, Gradiant Corporation, is working toward making hydraulic fracturing (fracking) a water-neutral process, by making water reuse more economical. Fracking produces millions of litres of wastewater and much of it is discarded into deep injection wells, and clean water has to be purchased.

Singapore's PUB draws curtain on algae

Singapore's national water agency PUB has for the first time installed silt curtains at the waters off Tuaspring and Singspring desalination plants, to protect them from damaging fouling of their reverse osmosis membranes by mounting levels of algae in the water.

Melbourne researchers' anti fouling membrane claim

Researchers from the Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne have developed what they claim to be an anti fouling microfiltration system that outstrips existing technology on energy efficiency with negligible compromise on performance.

US Bureau of Reclamation seeks proposals for US$ 1.4 million funds

The US Bureau of Reclamation is seeking proposals under two funding opportunities totalling up to US$ 1.4 million to improve water treatment technologies aimed at increasing water management flexibility. The first opportunity is for research, laboratory studies and the second is for pilot projects.

Global desalination pump market to grow 7.7% a year

Market researcher, TechNavio, has forecast growth in the global water desalination pumps market at 7.7% during 2015-2019 with "intelligent" pumps showing an increasing profile.

The DoE's new Energy-Water Desalination Hub will have $100 million to invest in early-stage research and development

US DoE announces $100 million for Energy-Water Desalination Hub

The US Department of Energy (DoE) has announced $100 million in funding to establish an Energy-Water Desalination Hub.

Israel Chemical sells water treatment arm to Kurita in US$ 317 million deal

Israel Chemical (ICL), has sold its water treatment business, APW, to Japanese water treatment giant Kurita Water Industries for €250 million (US$ 317 million). The sale was part of ICL's aim to divest non-core assets.

GE and Saudi Aramco launch $200k technology competition

General Electric and Saudi Aramco have launched a $200,000 challenge to improve the energy efficiency of seawater desalination.

Korean-led venture strikes Tunisian desalination plant deal

South Korean-owned, water treatment company GS Inima Environment has secured a €69.4 million ($93.9 million) deal to build a desalination plant in Tunisia.

Woongjin America changes name to TCK Membrane America

Woongjin Chemical America Inc, which makes both spiral-wound and hollow-fibre desalination and water treatment membranes, has changed its name to TCK Membrane America Inc.

Veolia gains Colombian produced-water clean-up contract

Ecopetrol America Inc, the US subsidiary of the Colombian national oil company, has awarded a contract to Veolia to provide equipment and services that will be used to treat the produced water from the Castilla oilfields in the Llanos Basin, southeast of Bogota.

Gulf red-tide early-warning system funding 'soon'

A new early-warning system in the Gulf for harmful algal blooms (HABs), also known as red tides, using satellite imagery, remote sensing, and modeling could be one result of a conference on HABs held on 16‑17 April 2014 by the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC).

ALADYR affiliates to International Desalination Association

The Asociación Latinoamericana de Desalación y Reuse del Agua (ALADYR) has become the newest affiliate organization to join the International Desalination Association (IDA), bringing to 15 the number of regional and association IDA affiliates around the world.

Water Planet to use 3M polymer in membrane manufacture

Water Planet Engineering (WPE), a spinoff company from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), has entered into a joint development agreement with global company 3M to explore commercial production of a new polymer material with widespread industrial application.

Toray takeover of Korea's Woongjin Chemical agreed

Japan's Toray Industries Inc announced on 6 November 2013 that Toray Advanced Materials Korea Inc (TAK), its Korean subsidiary, had agreed the same day with Woongjin Holdings Co Ltd and others to purchase a 56.2% stake in Woongjin Chemical Co Ltd for Won 430 billion (US$ 406 million).

2014 Oman conference to look at HABs and desalination

An international conference on Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) & Desalination is to be held in Muscat, Oman, in April 2014.

Dudek appoints Carlsbad expert as environmental manager

The lead environmental planner for the Carlsbad desalination plant, Joe Monaco, is to manage the environmental division of California consulting firm Dudek, headquartered in Encinitas.

Toray set to buy Korea's Woongjin Chemicals

Reports from Korea indicate that membrane-maker Woongjin Chemical is to be acquired by Toray Advanced Materials of Japan.

The new adsorption-based facility will use solar energy to power the desalination process

Saudi Arabia to build solar-powered, adsorption desalination plant

Saudi Arabia is building a solar-powered desalination plant using adsoprtion technology, in one of seven strategic projects that include the nation's first nuclear research reactor.


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