India, Fouling


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H2O Innovation commissions pathfinding Indian membrane plant

Canada's H2O Innovation announced on 31 January 2011 that its Indian joint venture, H2O Innovation India Ltd, had commissioned the 7,000 m³/d membrane water treatment system it had designed for Larsen & Toubro Heavy Engineering (L&T) in Gujarat state.

Melbourne researchers' anti fouling membrane claim

Researchers from the Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne have developed what they claim to be an anti fouling microfiltration system that outstrips existing technology on energy efficiency with negligible compromise on performance.

Live Webinar Masterclass - Membrane Fouling Control

The first in a series of Desalination and Water Reuse Masterclass webinars will run on 12 February this year. Each event will offer practical, readily applicable guidance delivered by an expert in the topic covered.

Researchers uncover new membrane fouling mechanism

Researchers have uncovered "an additional reverse osmosis (RO) membrane fouling mechanism" arising from organic compounds present in ultrafiltration (UF) permeate during wastewater desalination.

SEDA to hold May Day membrane cleaning workshop

The Southeast Desalting Association is holding a workshop in Cape Coral, Florida, on 1 May 2014 focused on reverse osmosis (RO) membrane cleaning.

SEDA December workshop to look at chemicals for RO

The Southeast Desalting Association (SEDA) has announced a technology transfer workshop on Chemical Treatment for Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be held in Palm Bay, Florida, in December 2013.

Nearly 200 abstracts received for AMTA/AWWA conference

The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) says that 193 abstracts have been received for its joint conference next year with the American Water Works Association (AWWA) in San Antonio, Texas.

AWA to hold membrane fouling master class

Membrane fouling is to be the subject of a master class to be held by the Australian Water Association (AWA) in November 2012.

MIT membrane start-up completes funding round

The conclusion of an initial round of funding for Clean Membranes Inc, a start-up company based in Lexington, USA, will permit progress on development of a new generation of non-fouling membranes usable for sea and brackish water desalination.

Korean membranes chosen for Iranian process water

CSM fouling-resistant reverse-osmosis membranes, manufactured by Woongjin Chemical of South Korea, have been selected for the Fajr Phase II Project in Iran to help reduce biological fouling and scaling.

Cost, regulation and water scarcity are driving a shift in mindset toward resource recovery in brine treatment

The Long Read: Where's the innovation in brine treatment?

As water scarcity bites and the drive to recycle water grows, the focus on recovering clean water and other resources from brine is sharpening. The challenge is particularly pertinent for industrial operators.

India to set up low-temperature distillation desalination at power plant

A new low-temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) plant is being set up at a lignite-fired power station in southern India.

Solar electrodialysis brings water to off-grid villages

A simple set of solar panels and a battery system connected to an electrodialysis desalination unit could provide fresh water for a typical Indian village according to researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US.

India's desalination market growth to swell to 19% a year

The market for desalination in India is expected to grow by 19% a year to 2019 as government and industry seek to address escalating water demand and diminishing conventional resources according to market researcher TechSci Research.

Indian PM pledges to settle Gujarat desalination project issues

India's prime minister Narendra Modi has pledged, during a current visit to Japan, to resolve outstanding issues with a 336Ml/d seawater desalination project underway in South Gujarat and led by a Singaporean and Japanese consortium.

Tata power plant installs cooling water reuse

India's largest power company, Tata Power, has installed a reverse osmosis plant at its Power House #6 power station in Jamshedpur to recover and reuse blow-down water from cooling towers.

Hyflux sees Dahej desalination funding 'within year'

Hyflux has extended the time it foresees for financial closure on its Dahej seawater desalination plant in India to "within this year".

Hyflux aims to start Dahej desalination EPC work by July

Singapore's Hyflux, which has just posted a 28% year-on-year fall in profits, says that the group aims to achieve the financial close for its Dahej seawater desalination project in India in the first half of 2014.

LTTD seawater plant 'to be started in Chennai by July'

A start on a Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD) plant about 30 km off the coast of Chennai is to be made by July, according to a report from India.

Desalitech RO wastewater use 'will pay back in 6 months'

Desalitech, developer of the closed-circuit desalination (CCD) system, is to supply a zero liquid discharge (ZLD) advanced wastewater treatment system for a pesticide plant in Gujarat, India.

IDE wins oil refinery SWRO plant in India

Reliance Industries Ltd, India's largest private-sector company, has ordered its first seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination solution from IDE Technologies. Reliance chose IDE's SWRO solution to meet the increased water capacity needs of the plant at one of India's largest oil refineries.

RO water treatment plant inaugurated in Tamil Nadu

A 1,200 m³/d reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination water treatment plant was inaugurated at Kachipuram in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on 5 June 2013 by Shri TKM Chinnaiah, the state's minister of animal husbandry.

Indian ministry seeks to get LTTD program going again

Revised cost estimates for the six additional low temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) plants to be built at different locations in India's Lakshadweep Islands area are being prepared by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).

Funding coming for new Indian desalination

The chief minister of the southern India state of Tamil Nadu, Jayaram Jayalaitha, announced on 10 April 2013 that the state government plans to build two more 100,000 m³/d desalination plants in drought-hit Ramanathapuram and Tuticorin districts at a cost of over US$ 147 million.

Ion Exchange (India) loses founder

The founder and chairman emeritus of India's water and environment company, Ion Exchange (India) Ltd, G Shankar Ranganathan, passed away on 18 March 2013.

Second Chennai SWRO plant commissioned

The Nemmeli desalination plant in Tamil Nadu, India, was commissioned on 22 February 2013 by the state's chief minister, Selvi J Jayalalithaa. It is the second seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) plant to provide drinking water for the city of Chennai.

Hitachi signs Indian desalination water purchase accord

Japan's Hitachi announced on 13 January 2013 that its consortium with Hyflux of Singapore had concluded a water purchase agreement with Dahej SEZ Ltd (DSL), the management company of the Dahej Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Gujarat, India, for water from its proposed desalination plant in the SEZ.

Reynolds to lead CH2M Hill in MENA and India

Chartered engineer Neil Reynolds has been appointed regional managing director for CH2M Hill's operations in Middle East/North Africa (MENA) and India.

Boiler-feed treatment extension for Aquatech in India

Aquatech has been awarded a third contract extension to provide operating services for a boiler feed water treatment plant at Reliance Industries Limited's PTA (purified terephthalic acid) manufacturing unit in Hazira, Gujarat, India.

Aquatech system reuses Indian auto-plant effluent

A contract to provide a membrane-based effluent recycling system for an automotive manufacturing facility located in North India's National Capital Region (NCR) has been awarded to Aquatech.

Sanjeev Sharma

Sharma leads IDE's marketing in Indian region

Sanjeev Sharma has been appointed head of marketing for desalination company IDE Technologies Ltd in the Indian region.

Large wastewater reuse scheme planned for part of Delhi

Reuse of 40 MIGD (182,000 m³/d) of wastewater for direct non-potable or indirect potable uses will be provided for 3-4 million people in Delhi, India, under a partnership led by consultant CH2M Hill.

VA Tech Wabag wins industrial reuse plant in Gujarat

Ultrafiltration (UF), reverse-osmosis (RO) and a membrane bioreactor (MBR) will all be part of a 32,420 m³/d effluent treatment and recycling plant to be built in India by Chennai-based VA Tech Wabag.

UF membranes tackle silica at Indian powerplants

Pentair X-Flow HFS 60 Silica ultrafiltration (UF) membranes are to be used in two projects in India for the removal of colloidal silica from surface water.

Hitachi and Hyflux in Indian desalination agreement

A co-developer agreement for a seawater desalination project in Gujarat state, India, was announced on 22 March 2012 by a consortium of Hitachi Ltd and Itochu Corporation of Japan with Hyflux Ltd of Singapore.

India 'to have 500 desalination plants by 2017'

India will have more than 500 desalination plants by 2017 in a market sector that is growing at 22%, according to a recently published market research report.

Dr Krishnamurthy Rao

IDA announces death of InDA founder

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has reported the death of India's "water man" and founder of the Indian Desalination Association (InDA) Dr CH Krishnamurthy Rao.

Indian city retail quarter to get desalination plant

The giant retail quarter of Indian city Chennai, Thyagaraya Nagar is expected to get a new 41 Ml/d desalination plant that would supply some 300,000 residents.

Tender for Chennai RO water-reuse plant feasibility

Bids are due by 22 February 2012 for a prefeasibility study for a 45,000 m³/d membrane-based tertiary wastewater treatment plant in Chennai, India.

Indian desalination conference set for February

The Indian Desalination Society (InDA) has published a brochure for its National Conference on Water Purification Technologies & Management (InDACON 2012).

Ministry updates India's low-temperature desalination plans

India's Ministry of Earth Sciences (MES) released an update on 29 August 2011 about its program for development of Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD).

Aquatech buys majority stake in Indian chemical provider

Desalination and water-treatment specialist Aquatech International, based in Pennsylvania, has made a majority strategic investment in India's WEX Technologies Private Ltd, a provider of performance water-treatment chemicals and services.

Chennai III consultant to be chosen this month

India's Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board will choose a consultant in July 2011 to prepare a detailed project report for a 200,000 m³/d desalination plant at Pattipulam, a few kilometres away from the 100,000 m³/d Nemmeli desalination plant due for completion in December.

Amiad disc filters in Chennai desalination pretreatment

Arkal disc filtration technology made by Amiad Filtration Systems has been selected as part of the pretreatment system for the seawater desalination plant currently being built for the Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewage Board on India's east coast.

Aquatech wins 13,000 m³/d SWRO for Indian power plant

A 13,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant is to be provided for a 1,200 MW coal-fired power station in Tamil Nadu, India, by Aquatech.

Aquatech to build SBR/UF/RO reuse plant for Mumbai airport

A complete turnkey engineering, procurement and construction contract for a 10,000 m³/d waste and sewage treatment and recycle project for the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport at Mumbai, India, has been awarded to Aquatech. Aquatech will also subsequently operate and maintain the facility.

H20 Innovation opens Indian manufacturing plant

Canada's H2O Innovation Inc announced on 6 April 2011 the opening of a 10,000 ft² (929 m²) manufacturing plant for its Indian joint-venture H2O Innovation India Ltd near Vadodara, Gujarat.

Gujarat state to go for solar desalination

The Indian state of Gujarat is to develop solar-based desalination along its coasts on a large scale and in a cost-effective manner, the state's chief minister Shri Narendra Modi announced on 22 March 2011.

Consultants sought for Chennai III desalination plant

Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) has called for tenders for consultancy services for a third seawater desalination plant for the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India.

Go-ahead for Maharashtra UF reuse project

The deputy chief minister of the Maharashtra state government in India has directed the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC) and the Maharashtra Industries & Development Corporation to prepare a feasibility study for the PCMC water recycling project.

Chennai III desalination plant could be 200,000 m³/d, says report

The Tamil Nadu state government in India is preparing a detailed project report to set up a third desalination plant with a 200,000 m³/d capacity to meet the growing water needs of the city of Chennai, according to a report in the Times Of India on 7 January 2011.

Sumitomo allies with VA Tech Wabag

Japan's Sumitomo Corp announced on 7 December 2010 an alliance agreement with India-based VA Tech Wabag Ltd, under which the two companies will strategically cooperate in multiple areas within the water infrastructure industry

VA Tech bags Indian power water treatment contract

VA Tech Wabag Limited, based in Chennai, India, has received an order for total water management of the Kakatiya and Rayalaseema thermal power projects under a balance of plants package as part of a consortium with APGENCO. The Wabag portion involves around INR 2900 million (€ 47 million).

UNEP report informs financiers about power-water relationship

The opportunities available to financial institutions to encourage the adoption of best practices, which may include the introduction of eco-friendly technologies, such as membrane technology to recycle wastewater, are stressed in a report just published by the UN Environment Programme's Finance Initiative (ENEP FI).

Mumbai set for two 100,000 m³/d desalination plants

The Maharashtra government committee looking into desalination for Mumbai, India, has decided on two 100,000 m³/d plants using the reverse-osmosis plants in Chennai as a blueprint, although it is acknowledged that seawater conditions are different.

Committee to examine 500,000 m³/d desalination for Mumbai

The government of Maharashtra state in India has appointed a committee to study water recycling and desalination in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region and to make recommendations.

New Indian partnership for inge watertechnologies

Germany-based ultrafiltration manufacturer inge watertechnologies AG is expanding its presence in the Indian subcontinent through a sales and distribution partnership with CN Tech Engineers (CNTE).

Chennai desalination plant inaugurated at last

India's largest desalination plant, the much-delayed 100,000 m³/d Minjur plant serving Chennai, was inaugurated by Tami Nadu chief minister M Karunanidhi on 31 July 2010.

Mumbai planning three desalination plants - report

Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is planning to build three desalination plants, according to a report in the Times of India

GE signs up for Indian industry wastewater reuse partnership

GE and Ramky Enviro Engineers, the Indian environment and waste management organization, have signed emergency water and industrial wastewater treatment agreements specifically designed to address India's industrial wastewater treatment and recycling needs.

Community-level solar RO plant (250 L/h capacity)

India's BARC develops small solar RO and UF units

Domestic and community-level reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination units have been developed for producing safe drinking water by Saly T Panicker at the Desalination Division of India's Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.

Chennai II desalination to have Norit UF pretreatment

Norit X-Flow is to supply, install, commission and start up the ultrafiltration (UF) pretreatment package for the Nemmeli seawater reverse osmosis plant in Chennai, India. It will be the first advanced membrane desalination pretreatment system in the country.

Work starting on 2nd Chennai SWRO plant

Work is due to begin in January 2010 on the 100,000 m³/d Nemmeli seawater desalination plant south of Chennai, India. Chennai Metrowater issued work orders in the first week of January for the project.

Mumbai desalination study deadline extended

The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) in India has extended until 15 November 2009 its tender deadline for a techno-economic feasibility study for a desalination plant in Mubai, according to a local website.

Pressure filters at the Minjur desalination plant.

Chennai desalination plant delayed again

The Minjur seawater desalination plant in Tamil Nadu, India, which will supply the city of Chennai, has once again exceed the deadline set for its completion.

Chennai desalination plant 'will finish in 2009'

The 100,000 m³/d Minjur desalination plant in Chennai, India, will be completed this year, the state government stated on 27 June 2009, despite a warning related to the implementing consortium from the Fitch financial ratings agency.

Aquatech wins SWRO desalination contract in Gujarat

Tata Power has awarded Aquatech International Corporation an EPC contract for a 25,200 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant for India's first Ultra Mega Power Project (UMPP) at Mundra in coastal Gujarat.

Chennai Petroleum commissions SWRO plant

India's Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL) commissioned its 5.8 MIGD (26,367 m³/d) seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at Kattupalli Village, Ponneri Taluk, Tiruvallur District, on 6 January 2009.

Funding go-ahead for Chennai desalter

A 100,000m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant was approved on 2 January 2009 for the Indian city of Chennai by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.

Wabag India lands water recycling job in Vizag

Wabag India has been awarded a € 20+ million contract for the planning and completion of a comprehensive turnkey plant water system, including a wastewater treatment plant as part of the expansion of the Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd power plant in Vizag, India.

Chennai to get third desalination plant

India's Tamil Nadu state government has pushed ahead plans to build a third desalination plant at the city of Chennai with investment from German government funding agency, Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (KfW).

Bangalore strategic plan contract goes to CH2M

India's Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) has selected CH2M to develop a strategic plan for the city of Bengaluru to assist in its water and wastewater infrastructure needs to 2050.

Giant Indian desalination scheme set to be ditched

A proposed US$ 600-million, 336 Ml/d seawater desalination project in Gurarat state, India, that was to be Asia's largest, is reportedly set to be axed.

Indian state gives green light to desalination duo

India's Tamil Nadu state government has given the go-ahead for two 60 Ml/d output seawater reverse osmosis desalination plants at Kuthiraimozhi in Ramanathapuram and Alanthalai in the port city of Tuticorin. They will supply more than 1,100 rural areas where provision of safe drinking water has been a long-standing challenge.

CH2M Hill teams with PUB in India

Consultant, CH2M HILL, in partnership with the Singapore Public Utilities Board (PUB) and Singapore Cooperation Enterprise, is providing water management services to the Rajasthan state government in India.

Xylem appoints new emerging markets head

Water technology firm, Xylem, has appointed Steven Leung as senior vice president and president, emerging markets, In this newly created position, Leung will lead the company's commercial operations in China, greater Asia, India, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, as well as Australia and New Zealand.

Energy Recovery bags US$ 1 million in desalination orders in India and Ghana

Fluid flow energy efficiency firm Energy Recovery has won desalination orders totalling US$ 1 million for original manufacturer projects using its technology in India and Ghana. The company said the deals were among a continuing revenue stream from small-to-medium sized projects.

Urban surge drives 57% growth in Indian municipal water treatment market by 2018

Urban population growth in India will create huge demand for municipal water and wastewater treatment systems including desalination adding 57% to revenues over five years according to a recent report by market analyst Frost an Sullivan (F&S).

India's IVRCL sells Chennai desalination plant to Utilico FZC

Infrastructure firm, IVRCL, has agreed to sell its Chennai desalination plant to Dubai-based water and waste company, Utico FZC.

Evoqua lands five deals totalling US$ 20 million for its clarification system

In deals totalling more than US$ 20 million, five US municipalities have ordered Evoqua Water Technologies' BioMag ballasted biological treatment system for their wastewater treatment plants.

Conwed in feed spacer study

Plastic netting maker, Conwed, has provided its products for a study into options for developing and testing of feed spacers in reverse osmosis (RO) by numerical modelling, three- dimensional (3D) printing of feed spacers and experimental membrane fouling simulator studies.

Desalitech wins zero liquid deal in China

Desalitech has won a deal to supply a high-efficiency, ultrapure water treatment system for Novelis' aluminium production facility in Changzhou, China to help comply with a regulatory requirement for zero-liquid discharge (ZLD) in applicable process wastewaters. 

Dow project seeks to promote reuse

Dow Water & Process Solutions, is participating in one of ten European Commission-funded projects that aim to stimulate innovation and improve cohesion in Europe's water reuse sector.

H₂O Innovation bags Clearlogx

Membrane filtration company, H₂O Innovation, as acquired all of the assets of control technology specialist, Clearlogx, that relate to its control technology and its specialty coagulants.

IDA 2015 World Congress draws 1,700 delegates

More than 1,700 delegates from 63 countries attended the International Desalination Association's (IDA's) 2015 World Congress held in San Diego recently according to the association's key metrics published this week. Awards for papers and presentations topped US$ 30,000.

Masterclass webinar to look at combining reuse and desalination using forward osmosis

Award-winning researcher, Gaetan Bandin, will present the next Desalination and Water Reuse Masterclass Webinar on 30 June looking at opportunities and challenges for forward osmosis and pressure assisted osmosis (PAO) to combine water reuse and desalination.

Singapore's PUB draws curtain on algae

Singapore's national water agency PUB has for the first time installed silt curtains at the waters off Tuaspring and Singspring desalination plants, to protect them from damaging fouling of their reverse osmosis membranes by mounting levels of algae in the water.

The water supplied will be used for agriculture and hydroelectric applications in Beit She’an valley, Israel

IDE wins brackish water desal plant contract in Israel

IDE Technologies has won a project to build and operate a brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) plant in Emek Hamainot, Israel.

A grand conference is AMTA/ AWWA's fourth

One thousand attendees turned up at Orlando, Florida for the fourth Membrane Technology Conference (MTC) hosted jointly by the American Water Works Association (AWWA) and American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) last week.

AMTA NEWS Novel sub-nanofiltration ceramic membrane production uses DNA

A novel method for creating ceramic reverse osmosis membranes with sub-nanometre pores by using the genetic material, DNA, as a template former, overcomes the poor reproducibility encountered in conventional methods according to the developer of the technology, Cerahelix.

Microbubble membrane cleaning stems fouling

In spring 2014 we published an article on how Genesys developed its microbubble-based membrane cleaning system. In this follow up Genesys presents results from a case study of the technology in a wastewater reverse osmosis plant. This article first appeared in the February 2015 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Kuwait plant to get GE membranes

Kuwait's Sulaibiya wastewater treatment and reclamation plant will be upgraded with GE's water reuse technology.

Video Q&A: Ronit Erlitzki, AdEdge Water Technologies

AdEdge Water Technologies' director of business development Ronit Erlitzki, presents a new technology that uses flow reversal to minimise membrane fouling.

Membrane market growth to run until 2020

The fruits of growing research and development in forward osmosis for desalination are highlighted in a recent sector report as drivers of growth in the market for membrane separation technologies running to at least 2020.

Video Q&A: Doug Eisberg, Avista Technologies

Avista Technologies' director of business development Doug Eisberg, explains how new applications of membranes in water reuse systems are bringing fresh challenges.

Researchers share industry prize for fouling research

Doctoral students, Ariel Atkinson of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Erin Partlan of Clemson University, have received the 2014 Fellowship for Membrane Technology award from the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the National Water Research Institute (NWRI) for research in membrane fouling.

Nine desalination studies bag US$ 1.4 million funding

Nine research projects and pilot studies will share US$1.4 million in funding under a desalination and water purification research programme set up by the US Bureau of Reclamation.

Researchers cast doubt on economics of osmotic power

New research findings have questioned the economics of power production from pressure retarded osmosis (PRO).

Figure 1: Fabric in hollow fine fibre permeator of Du Pont Permasep

Why MFI is edging SDI as a fouling index

PARTICULATE FOULING has plagued reverse osmosis (RO) systems since their first use in desalination and remains a persistent issue today for RO and other pressure-driven systems such as microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF). In the early 1960s, the Du Pont company/Permasep Product successfully launched the hollow-fine-fibre (HFF) permeator onto the desalination market, where it dominated for several decades. A well-known weakness of this permeator was its vulnerability to fouling. Initially, this vulnerability was attributed to suspended and colloidal matter in the feed water, ie, particulate fouling. Therefore, Du Pont developed, the Silt Density Index (SDI), initially named the Fouling Index, as a parameter to characterize the fouling potential of the feedwater for permeators. The fouling mechanism turned out to be more complicated than just fouling of the membrane surface as initially assumed. Gradually it became clear that the fouling was initiated by local clogging of the woven or non-woven fabric between the fibres, which is needed to ensure equal flow distribution of the feed water (see Figure 1). This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

AMTA's awards recognise individuals for a variety of contributions to the field of membrane technology

AMTA unveils annual gongs for membrane experts

The American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) has conferred its annual roster of awards for membrane specialists, include its Lifetime Service Award, Hall of Fame Awards, and Operator of the Year Award.


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