Groundwater, Tunisia


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KfW signs Djerba desalination loan agreement in Tunisia

Tunisia's Société Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE) signed an agreement on 22 August 2013 with the German development bank KfW for a loan of around € 60 million for the Djerba seawater desalination plant.

Tunisia poised to tender for Sfax desalination plant

Tunisia's national water company, Sonede, is poised to launch a tender for the construction of its 150,000 m³/day desalination plant at the coastal city, Sfax in May 2015.

Tunisia desalination project completes feasibility check

Tunisia's National Water Company has completed a feasibility study for a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located at Zaarat, in the south east of the country. The plant will be constructed in two 50,000 m³/d phases.

Korean-led venture strikes Tunisian desalination plant deal

South Korean-owned, water treatment company GS Inima Environment has secured a €69.4 million ($93.9 million) deal to build a desalination plant in Tunisia.

Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise

Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.

Three desalination plants for south Tunisia in 2011

The Tunisian government announced on 30 August 2010 that Société Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE), the national water agency, had developed a plan for the creation in 2011 of three water desalination plants in the Gabes region at a total cost of more than TND 14 million (US$ 9.4 million).

Desalination booming in Tunisia

Desalination in Tunisia took a major step forward in July with the award of the 50,000 m³/d Djerba seawater desalination contract to a consortium including Befesa of Spain, announced on 14 July 2010, and the launch of a tender for the supply of ten brackish-water desalination plants at the end of the month.

Bank agrees desalination study funding in Tunisia

A study of seawater desalination at Zarat, Tunisia, was one of nine projects and programs given grants by the African Development Bank (AfDB) in agreements signed with the Tunisian government on 12 March 2010.

Tenders soon for Tunisian desalination plants

International tenders were due to be invited in October 2008 by the Tunisian water company Sonede for the remaining 11 of 14 desalination plants to be built as part of a national program to improve water supply in southern Tunisia.

Djerba desalination plant was designed, built, and commissioned by FCC Aqualia and Inima

Tunisia officially opens its first desalination plant

Tunisia's first desalination plant was officially opened by prime minister Youssef Chahed on 3 May 2018.

The island of Djerba, off the coast of Tunisia, is home to a new 50,000 m3/d desalination plant

Tunisia's SONEDE details programme of desalination plants

Tunisia's water utility, SONEDE, has shared details of recently completed and future desalination projects, including groundwater and seawater plants.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

Tunisia has a programme of water projects designed to reduce reliance on groundwater sources

KfW finances Euro 82 million Tunisian desalination project

KfW Development Bank is to loan €82 million ($95 million) to Tunisia for a desalination plant in Zarat, Gabes Governorate, reports Tunis Afrique Presse.

Q&A Ziad Bouars: "When you come it's just sand"

Ziad Bouars, commissioning manager at Sidem-Veolia, explains why he has no intention of swapping a projects role out in the field for a desk job back at head office

IDA on road to Morocco in March 2012

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced the first event of its kind in the North Africa region, a conference on desalination and sustainability in partnership with the Societé Marocaine des Membranes et de Dessalement (SMMD).

Cadagua to get 75,800 m³/d Moroccan desalination plant

Spain's Cadagua has been given a letter of intent for award of a 75,800 m³/d desalination plant in the Jorf Lasfar industrial complex in Morocco, 100km south of Casablanca.

The most-read stories on desalination and water reuse in 2018 around the globe

Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018

The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.

The new plant will be located at Zarat on the Mediterranean coast

Va Tech Wabag secures Tunisian desalination project

VA Tech Wabag has secured a contract for a 50,000 m3/d desalination plant in Zarat, Gabes governorate, Tunisia.

The city of Sfax is at a central point along Tunisia's Mediterranean coastline

Tunisia's SONEDE secures $328 million for Sfax seawater desal project

Tunisia's national water utility SONEDE has secured a loan of JPY 36.7 billion ($328 million) from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to build a seawater desalination plant at Sfax.

Jason Deal to represent PWT in south-west USA

Membrane filtration specialist Professional Water Technologies (PWT) announced on 30 July 2013 the appointment of Jason Deal as regional sales manager, based in Florida.

Southern California reused-water purchase agreed

The Water Replenishment District of Southern California (WRD) and the Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (SDLAC) signed a 30‑year recycled water purchase agreement on 29 August 2013, which will eliminate the need for water from northern California and the Colorado river for groundwater recharge.

Texas will need desalination says land commissioner

The Texas Land Commissioner, Jerry Patterson, said on 29 August 2013 at the Texas Groundwater Summit in San Marcos that the state would need more alternatives such as desalination to provide a solution for its thirsty growing population.

San Antonio first phase desalination set for 2016 finish

The first phase of a groundwater desalination plant in San Antonio is set to be completed next year. The US$ 193 million first phase will produce fresh drinking water at about 50 Ml/d for customers of the San Antonio Water System.

Ceramic membranes replace polymer in Saudi projects

German ceramic membrane-maker ItN Nanovation AG has received two orders for its flat membrane filters for groundwater projects in Saudi Arabia, replacing previously used polymer membranes.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

System for perchlorate in groundwater demonstrated

A demonstration system for the degradation of perchlorate, which minimises production of a secondary waste system such as that from ion‑exchange, has been installed at Aerojet General Corporation's site near Rancho Cordova in California, USA.

Parsons lands SAWS brackish water desalination job

Parsons Corporation is leading a joint venture to serve as the construction manager at risk for the San Antonio groundwater desalination program in Texas, USA.

Alamagordo completes first stage of RO project

The City of Alamagordo in New Mexico, USA, announced on 26 March 2013 that it had completed Phase 1 of its Westside Infrastructure Improvements Project, which will eventually include a 6 MGD (22,700 m³/d) desalination plant.

Swiss water treatment to use PAC/UF combination

Wabag Water Technology has announced two water-treatment contracts in Switzerland based on ultrafiltration (UF) and worth around € 6 million which were won by the company at the end of 2012.

Four workshops to precede AMTA / AWWA conference

There are now four preconference workshops prior to the Membrane Technology Conference & Exposition being held by the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) and the American Water Works Association (AWWA) in San Antonio, Texas, at the end of February 2013.

Almogordo mobile desalination project in train

A mobile desalination facility to treat 4,000 acre-ft per year (af/y) (4.9 million m³/y) near Almogordo, New Mexico, moved closer to realisation when the City Commission approved an approach for a US$ 2.7 million loan/grant from the New Mexico Finance Authority on 1 November 2012.

Another TWDB loan for SAWS desalination project

The Texas Water Development Board has given a US$ 50 million loan to the San Antonio Water System (SAWS) towards its first-ever groundwater desalination plant in southern Bexar County.

Brackish desalination studied for Oklahoma aquifer

The Central Oklahoma Water Resources Authority (COWRA) in the USA is currently working with local company Guernsey Engineering and California's Separation Processes Inc to do a feasibility study and pilot project to use brackish water from the Garber Wellington aquifer which underlies 3,000 sq miles (7,700 km²) of central Oklahoma.

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

Massive health grant aids Chino desalters expansion

California's Western Municipal Water District announced on 28 June 2012 that it had received a "monumental" US$ 51 million grant from the state's Department of Health towards the US$ 130 million expansion of the Chino desalination plants.

Land commission looking at Texas desalination

The Texas General Land Commission (GLO) has contracted two consulting firms to investigate the possibility of brackish-water desalination north of New Braunfels.

Western Australia's GWR scheme moves nearer

Western Australia's state government is to spend Aus$ 2.5 million (US$ 2.54 million) in 2012‑13 on preliminary design and investigation works to ensure that the Water Corporation is in a position to implement a groundwater replenishment scheme for Perth, should the trial be successful.

New Monterey desalination plan launched by Cal Am

A 5.4-9.0 MGD (20,440-34,000 m³/d) desalination plant located in North Marina employing slant well intake technology remains at the heart of California American Water (Cal Am)'s latest proposal for supplying the Monterey Peninsula.

NWC report boosts Australian brackish desalination

Brackish groundwater desalination can be considered a viable community water supply option in some areas, says a report just announced by Australia's National Water Commission (NWC).

Another legal blow for Monterey desalination alternative

California American Water's (Cal Am's) progress in developing an alternative desalination project for California's Monterey Peninsula received yet another setback on 2 February 2012, when a judge issued an amended ruling on the environmental impact report (EIR) originally published for the abandoned Regional Desalination Project.

Control contract as GWRS expansion breaks ground

KDC Systems has been awarded a contract to install and/or integrate process control systems for the expansion of the membrane-based Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) for Orange County Water District, which broke ground on 17 January 2012.

Financial meetings held over Gaza desalination project

The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) announced on 18 January 2012 that a delegation headed by deputy secretary general Rafiq Husseini visited Kuwait and Saudi Arabia during the previous week to present the Gaza water desalination project to financing institutions.

Membrane plant to treat Delaware city groundwater

A membrane treatment plant is to be part of the renovation and extension of the existing 6 MGD (22,700 m³/d) water treatment plant in City of Delaware, Ohio, USA, which will start in 2012.

North Port awards groundwater RO contract

The City of North Port in Florida, USA, awarded a US$ 9 million contract on 12 September 2011 for a 1.5 MGD (5,676 m³/d) reverse-osmosis (RO) groundwater treatment plant to Wharton-Smith Inc, also of Florida.

Outfall and intake problems hit OC desalination

The pilot plant for the South Orange Coastal Ocean Desalination Project in California has been forced to close down due to relocation of its outfall pipe due to heavy storms . The project has also run into problems with its intake water.

Perth desalination expansion to start immediately

The premier of Western Australia, Colin Barnett, announced on 1 August 2011 that work would begin immediately to double the capacity of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant, the second major desalination plant in the Perth region.

Grant for Texas pilot wind-powered desalination plant

The Texas Department of Rural Affairs (TDRA) has made a US$ 2.75 million grant to Mitchell County, Texas, towards a US$ 8 million pilot project to use wind power for a brackish-water desalination project.

More federal money sought for Chino Desalters

Western Municipal Water District (WMWD) in California, USA, is to seek additional federal money later this financial year for the Chino Desalters Phase 3 expansion.

Perth desalination expansion could swap for reuse project

The water minister of Western Australia, Bill Marmion, was quoted in the Australian media on 27 May 2011 as saying that the expansion of the Southern Seawater desalination plant may be indefinitely delayed in favour of more water reuse.

The Orange County Groundwater Replacement System

Go-ahead for 113,500 m³/d Orange County GWRS expansion

Orange County's world-renowned membrane-based Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) in California is to be expanded by another 30 MGD (113,500 m³/d) following approval by the board of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) on 30 March 2011.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

EPA funding for Arlington Desalter's biological denitrification

California's Western Municipal Water District (WMWD) confirmed on 10 February 2011 that it had secured a US$ 528,000 federal grant in January for design work on a treatment system that uses naturally occurring bacteria to remove toxic contaminants, including perchlorate and nitrate, from drinking water.

Chino desalters get first general manager

Curtis Paxton, currently assistant general manager and chief operating officer of the Palmdale Water District, is to become the first general manager of the Chino Basin Desalter Authority (CBDA) in California from 24 January 2011.

SAWS brackish desalination test plant.

Further funding for San Antonio BWRO desalination project

Initial project construction for the brackish groundwater desalination program planned by San Antonio Water System (SAWS) in the USA will now be possible following a US$ 24.6 million loan from the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB).

Commission warns Australia about gas-production wastewater

Handling the wastewater resulting from coal-seam gas (CSG) production in Australia is likely to require a precautionary approach that will demand innovation from water managers and planners, and significantly greater coordination with existing project approval processes, the National Water Commission warned in December 2010.

Australia's first groundwater replenishment trial launched

Western Australia's water minister, Graham Jacobs, launched Australia's first Groundwater Replenishment Trial on 30 November 2010, which research indicates may be cheaper than desalination.

CaribDA to sponsor Chile desalination seminar

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) announced on 14 October 2010 that it would be a sponsor of a seminar on Desalination, Innovations & Sustainable Development to be held in Antofagasta, Chile, during 29 November - 1 December 2010.

Egypt and Bahrain seek joint desalination projects

Egypt and Bahrain are looking to develop joint water desalination projects between the two countries.

Southern California gets wastewater reuse and desalination grants

Southern California's Joint Water Purification Pilot Program (JWPPP), which will evaluate the feasibility of wastewater reuse using advanced water treatment, has received a US$ 334,000 grant from the US Bureau of Reclamation's WaterSMART program.

Egypt to step up seawater desalination efforts

Egypt's president Hosni Mubarak has instructed the government to expand its seawater desalination initiatives and step up efforts to discover additional sources of groundwater, according to the Egyptian daily Al-Masry Al-Youm.

Chino Desalter expansion to start in late summer

The Western Municipal Water District in California, USA, accepted US$ 4.5 million of federal government funds on 18 May 2009 towards the Chino II Desalter expansion project, which expected to start in late summer.

EDR/MBR well treatment may debut in Utah

A membrane bioreactor (MBR) system, developed and patented in 2008 by Magna Water District (MWD), in the US state of Utah, and Carollo Engineers, could be used for the first time together with an electrodialysis reversal (EDR) facility to remove perchlorate and arsenic from the Barton Well Field in Utah.

IDA Fellowship winners from Iran and Japan

This year's winners of the International Desalination Association's Fellowship awards come from Iran and Japan, IDA announced on 27 April 2009.

Obama ups federal powers to curb river pollution

US president, Barrack Obama, has stepped up federal protection of the country's waterways and drinking water supplies with a rule that clarifies which water courses and bodies may be covered by the 1972 Clean Water Act.

Australian study finds way to up value of desalination for farming

Scientists at Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have found that the addition of nutrients could make desalinated water more financially attractive to farmers.

Joint venture wins Perth groundwater replenishment contract

Western Australia's Water Corporation has awarded a contract to design, construct, and commission a full-scale advanced water replenishment plant (AWRP) to a joint venture between CH2M Hill,and engineering company Thiess. The project will help secure Perth's drinking water supplies through 2060

Yemen poised to build first desalination plant

Yemen is set to build its first desalination plant. The $300 million project is a response to growing water demand as the country's natural water resources have become dangerously depleted.


New York PSC delays Haverstraw desalination to 2020

The proposed Haverstraw desalination plant on the Hudson river in New York state, USA, has been put on hold until at least 2020 by the New York State Public Service Commission (PSC).

LA district renews reuse plant contract with United Water

Los Angeles West Basin Municipal Water District has renewed its contract with United water for the next five years to operate and maintain the Edward C Little Water Recycling Plant including four satellite plants.

SEDA workshop to look at membrane pilot testing

The Southeast Desalination Association (SEDA) is to hold a workshop in Florida in April on Pilot Testing of Integrated Membrane Systems.

SAWS board goes for expanded desalination project

The San Antonio Water System (SAWS) board in Texas, USA, decided on 10 February 2012 to go for expanded desalination rather than importing groundwater.

Soquel Creek district to examine water-reuse options

Soquel Creek Water District in California, whose proposed desalination project with City of Santa Cruz was put on hold last year when Santa Cruz backed out, is re-evaluating water-reuse projects and their feasibility.

West Basin rehires United Water for water‑reuse plant

Suez subsidiary United Water has been awarded a renewed contract by West Basin Municipal Water District in California to continue to operate and maintain the Edward C Little Water Recycling Facility including four satellite plants.

Leila Karimi

EDR researcher wins 2013 Channabasappa Scholarship

The International Desalination Association has awarded its 2013 Channabasappa Scholarship to Leila Karimi, a PhD candidate at the Institute for Energy & the Environment, Chemical Engineering Department, New Mexico State University (NMSU).

Monterey boreholes reveal good slant-well conditions

California American Water (Cal Am) reported on 20 December 2013 that data from its ongoing investigation into subsurface slant well intakes for its proposed Monterey desalination plant were showing promising results.

Florida state official urges more seawater desalination

Florida, which is about to become the third most populous state in the USA, has been urged by its agriculture commissioner, Adam Putnam, to invest more in seawater desalination to combat water scarcity.

California to promote reuse and streamline permitting

In the future, most new water in California will come from a combination of improved conservation and water use efficiency, conjunctive use (coordinated management of local surface and groundwater), recycled water, drinking water treatment, groundwater remediation, and desalination.

Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water

A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.

The contract includes managing recycled water across Los Angeles County, US

Tetra Tech bags $60 million LA contract

Tetra Tech has won a $60 million contract from Los Angeles County, US, for planning and technical support across its Water Resource Core Services Area projects, including water reuse.

California US$ 687 million drought relief bill calls for more reuse

California governor, Jerry Brown, has signed a US$ 687 million drought relief bill that calls on the State Water Resources Control Board and Department of Public Health to devise additional measures to bring on the use of recycled water.

Go small and local on desalination warns Saudi water expert

President of the Saudi Water and Power Forum (SWPF) Dr Adil Bushnak, has warned that Saudi Arabia must end its rising dependence on "costly" centralised desalination plants.

Commission approves California American Water test slant well

The California Coastal Commission has approved the application by water utility, California American Water, (Cal Am) to construct a test slant well for its proposed 48 Ml/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination project.

Cal Am strikes deal on test well

Utility, California American Water (Cal Am), has struck a deal with cement maker, Cemex, to allow the water firm to drill slant test wells, and possibly production wells, on Cemex' north Marina sand mining plant site.

Desalination divides North Carolina neighbours

Two towns in Michigan, USA have demonstrated the full extent of divided public reaction to the prospect of a desalination plant in their midst.

California district ups desalination and reuse incentive by 36%

Southern California's Metropolitan Water District has increased by 36% the financial incentive for water agencies to develop and produce recycled water, recovered groundwater, and desalinated seawater supplies.

California's West Basin water plans look to yes vote for bond

California's West Basin Municipal Water District plans to up its water recycling capacity and push ahead with desalination research with funds from a US$ 7.12 billion water bond which is subject to a state referendum next month.

Biwater bags California reuse contract

UK water technology group Biwater has been awarded a contract to design, supply and commission all process, mechanical, electrical and control components for a planned wastewater reuse demonstration project in California, USA.

Brussels seeks options on how to up water reuse

A European Union (EU) public consultation on "policy options to optimise water reuse in the EU" is approaching its close as the bloc seeks to exploit a "significant potential for further development of water reuse" among member states.

Low-grade waste heat holds promise for desalination

Low-grade, waste heat produced by industry may be applicable to distillation desalination to make fresh water where revere osmosis is not suitable according to findings by the University of Western Australia (UWA).

Solar electrodialysis brings water to off-grid villages

A simple set of solar panels and a battery system connected to an electrodialysis desalination unit could provide fresh water for a typical Indian village according to researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US.

Nanovation wins US$ 1.7 million Veolia contract in Saudi

Germany's Nanovation has been awarded a €1.3 million (US$ 1.7 million) contract to supply its flat sheet ceramic ultrafiltration membranes to Veolia Water's VWS Saudi Industries for a new waterworks project at Al Quaiyah, east of Jeddah.

Delayed Tarpon Springs reverse osmosis plant nears completion

Construction of a long-awaited US$ 45 million brackish water reverse-osmosis plant at the US city of Tarpon Springs, Florida is close to completion a few weeks behind schedule.

Nine desalination studies bag US$ 1.4 million funding

Nine research projects and pilot studies will share US$1.4 million in funding under a desalination and water purification research programme set up by the US Bureau of Reclamation.

Water demand in Perth and across Western Australia is projected to rise to up to 100 gigalitres by 2030

Water Corporation begins feasibility studies for new desalination plant

The Water Corporation of Western Australia is poised to begin feasibility studies for a seawater desalination plant off the coast of Alkimos, north of Perth.

Graham city looks at potable reuse to tackle drought

The city council for Graham, Texas has been advised that reusing effluent would be the most cost effective and efficient water conservation option and plan.

Planned Texas inland desalination plant will be USA's biggest

San Antonio Water System (SAWS) is constructing what will become the largest inland desalination plant in the USA. The plant will desalinate groundwater from the Wilcox Aquifer in southern Bexar County, Texas.

New Texas desalination plant could reuse fracking water

A new desalination test facility in Loving County, Texas could be deployed in treating water used in hydraulic fracturing - tracking- for shale gas for reuse in the oil industry.

Valencia in Spain played host to the IDA International Water Reuse and Recycling Conference, drawing 180 delegates from 29 countries

Public opinion remains a strong barrier to water reuse

The divergence in public opinion on water reuse between people who live in Northern and Southern Europe has emerged as a potential barrier to developing new European-wide water reuse regulations effectively.

Combined cooling and desalination "limits environment impact"

Studies by a company proposing to construct a groundbreaking combination of desalination plant and data centre have shown the facility will cause only limited negative impact to the environment according to the researchers.

Research gives green light to proposed desalination plant

Studies by a company proposing to construct a "unique" combination of desalination plant and data centre have shown it will cause only limited negative impact to the environment according to the researchers.


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