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IDA energy task force to run WWF6 session

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has organized a session titled Desalination: The Sustainable Solution And Hope For Future Generations at the 6th World Water Forum in Marseille, France, during 12-17 March 2012.

Padre Dam plant in drought-hit California has achieved industry-leading recovery rates

Desalitech recognised for topping water recovery rate records

Desalitech has won the IDA Industry Technology and Innovation Leader in Water Reuse and Conservation Award of Distinction, thanks in part to its work at Padre Dam Advanced Water Reclamation plant in Southern California.

Global green group seeks to carve carbon emissions out of desalination

The Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance - H₂0 minus CO₂ initiative, launched at the current climate talks in Paris, has called on its 17-nation membership to use clean energy to power new desalination plants. The call was part of the alliance's aim to tackle the water-energy nexus and climate change.

Dr Masaru Kurihara (second from left), fellow at Toray Industries, and senior scientific director of the Mega-ton Water System project, accepts an award at the IDA International Conference on Water Reuse and Recycling, September 2016

IDA celebrates leaders in global water reuse with new awards scheme

The IDA has unveiled the winners of its inaugural Water Reuse and Conservation Awards, with recipients drawn from across Asia, Europe and the US.

UF membrane cooperation agreed by inge and Aquasource

Germany's inge GmbH and France's Aquasource have agreed to enter into a strategic cooperation effective from April 2014, with each company focusing on their respective competences.

BASF industrial water business transfered to Degrémont

German chemical giant BASF announced on 30 September 2013 the successful closing of the transaction to divest its subsidiary Industrial Water Management France SAS, headquartered in Lyon, France, to Degrémont, a subsidiary of Suez Environnement.

BASF water business combined with other sectors

German chemical giant BASF has combined its water business with its oilfield and mining businesses as from 1 April 2013 to increase efficiency and support growth.

Degrémont to run all Perth's water and wastewater

France's Degrémont, which built the first Perth desalination plant in 2006, is to operate and maintain all the Western Australian city's water and wastewater assets for 10 years with a possible 5-year extension.

MEDRC to stage World Water Forum event

The Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) is to stage a side event at the 6th World Water Forum, which takes place in Marseille, France, on 12-17 March 2012.

Masdar picks four firms to test new desalination techniques

Abu Dhabi clean energy company, Masdar, has selected four international water technology firms to test techniques that could reduce the energy intensity of desalination and lead to a large renewably powered water purification station.

Tri-Tech to expand large UF/NF plant in China

The City of Ordos in China is to build what will be the largest water treatment plant in the world using ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) when it expands its existing plant to 148,000 m³/d.

French loan for two desalination evaporators in Kazakhstan

France is to loan Kazakhstan US$ 32 million to build two desalination plants to help supply water for the west of the country.

Amiad completes stage 1 of French brine-filtration system

The first stage of a salt-leaching brine-filtration system at an underground liquid hydrocarbon storage facility in France has been completed by Amiad Filtration Systems. Performance testing and operation in real conditions is now under way.

Avantium has acquired Liquid Light's portfolio of patents for producing chemicals and materials from CO2

Avantium acquires 'extensive patent portfolio' of Liquid Light

Chemical technology company Avantium has acquired the assets of Liquid Light, a developer of proprietary process technologies that make chemicals from carbon dioxide (CO2).

Experts urge Gulf investment in desalination energy efficiency

Two prominent water experts have urged Gulf Cooperation Council utility providers and businesses to invest in energy efficient desalination to reduce the technology's carbon footprint and high power costs.

Energy Recovery bags US$ 1 mlllion US deal duo

Flow energy technology firm, Energy Recovery,  has won US$ 1 million in deals for desalination projects in California and Texas.

Oasys forward osmosis concentrates in China

Massachusetts-based Oasys Water has claimed its recent contract to supply a forward osmosis brine concentrator to a fossil-fuelled power plant in China to be a world first.

ERI providing energy-recovery in Ghana and Oman

Spanish contractor Abengoa will use Energy Recovery Inc's pressure-exchanger technology in two desalination plants it is building in Ghana and Oman.

Timeline established for IDA desalination energy guide

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has established a timeline for producing its guidelines for reducing energy consumption in desalination ending at its 2015 World Congress.

Trekkopje SWRO opened at Namibian uranium mine

The 55,000 m³/d Trekkopje seawater desalination plant in Nambia was opened opened on 16 August 2010 in the presence of Namibia's minister of agriculture, water and forestry, John Mutorwa, and former president, Same Nujom

Carlsbad legal challenge loses Surfrider Foundation.

One of the two groups staging a last-ditch challenge to the Carlsbad desalination plant, Surfrider Foundation, has abandoned its legal challenge to the California State Lands Commission's approval of the project.

Innovations in IDA Congress technical program

Round-table sessions and touch-screen availability of poster presentations will be used for the first time in the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai on 7-12 November 2009, IDA announced on 19 October 2009.

ERI wins ninth Algerian supply contract

UTE Cap Djinet, a consortium consisting of Spanish contractors Inima and Aqualia, has selected PX Pressure Exchanger energy-recovery devices from Energy Recovery Inc for a large desalination plant to be built in Algeria.

First Water Standard vessel will use ERI units

Water Standard plans to use the PX Pressure Exchanger energy-recovery device made by Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) in its first Seawater Desalination Vessel (SDV), the two companies announced on 19 May 2009. Florida-based Water Standard builds and operates vessels that deliver desalinated water to clients onshore and to the offshore energy industry.

ERI wins Adelaide desalination energy-recovery contract

AdelaideAgua, the consortium which is to design, build and operate the 150,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant at Port Stanvac, near Adelaide, South Australia, has selected Energy Recovery Inc's PX Pressure Exchanger energy-recovery devices for the plant, ERI announced on 5 May 2009.

Trekkopje SWRO opened at Namibian uranium mine

The 55,000 m /d Trekkopje seawater desalination plant in Nambia was opened on 16 April 2010 in the presence of Namibia's minister of agriculture, water and forestry, John Mutorwa, and former president, Same Nujom. Designed and constructed by Keyplan, a South African specialist water treatment subsidiary of the Aveng Group, the Trekkopje seawater reverse-osmosis plant, in the heart of the Namib desert, turns Atlantic seawater into high quality potable water for use at the Trekkopje uranium mine operated by Areva Resources Namibia. The plant is currently being commissioned and has already produced high quality water. This followed a detailed environmental impact assessment, taking into account specific aspects of the coastline and potential carbon footprint of the operation. This article was originally published in the May/June 2010 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

South Florida embraces desalination and water reuse for the future

The days of limitless and cheap water in South Florida are gone. Planning, investments in alternative water sources such as desalination and reuse, and conservation are required to secure reliability and sustainability of current and future water supplies. The South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) is the oldest and largest of the five districts in Florida. The district's mission is to oversee the water resources in the southern half of the state by balancing and improving water quality, flood control, natural systems and water supply within a 16-county region. A key initiative is restoration of the Everglades, a vast wetlands and US national park. By augmenting supplies through alternative sources - including desalination of brackish and seawater, reclaimed water and reducing demand through year-round water conservation, the SFWMD hopes to continue quenching the thirst for a renewed environment and an ever-growing population. Realizing that water desalination using reverse osmosis is energy-intensive, the district also supports studies and projects that use renewable energy to reduce the carbon footprint, operate more efficiently to reduce water use, and manage concentrate to protect the environment. To encourage diversification of water resources, public utilities that use reclaimed water for outdoor irrigation are exempt from water-shortage restrictions. This article appeared in the February/March 2009 issue of D&WR magazine.

Areva insists Namibian desalination plant is for sale

Areva Resources has denied recent reports that it plans to give, free of charge, its desalination plant at Wlotzkabaken in Namibia to the south-west African country's government. The Paris-based infrastructure company insisted it intended to sell the N$ 3 billion (US$ 250 million) desalination plant to Namibia.

Energy Recovery doubles up

Pressure technology firm, Energy Recovery, has won orders totalling US$ 2 million for two separate projects in France and Egypt.

French and Kuwaitis sign solar desalination agreement

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and his Kuwaiti counterpart Sheikh Sabah Al- Khaled Al- Hamad Al-Sabah have signed a memo of understanding for implementing a project for water desalination using solar energy.

GDF Suez kicks off giant Mirfa desalination project

Paris-based GDF Suez has begun work on the desalination component of its Mirfa gas-fired power and water project, the French firm said.

IDA launches first water reuse conference

The international Desalination Association has announced its first conference focused on water reuse.

New York watchdog throws out Suez desalination proposal

The New York State utility regulator has rejected a proposal by a Suez Environnement subsidiary, United Water, for the first desalination plant on the Hudson River north of New York City.

Hitachi and Veolia duo wins US$ 240 million Iraq pretreatment contract

A consortium of Japanese and French industrial giants, Hitachi and Veolia Environnement, alongside Egyptian engineering firm, ArabCo, have won a ¥ 24 billion (US$ 240 million) order from the Iraqi government to build pretreatment facilities at a desalination plant in Basrah, Iraq.

Desalination short of pure-play investment opportunities

Investors seeking desalination openings are largely denied pure-play opportunities and have to consider exposure to other business areas according to a report by technologies business analyst Nanalyze.

India's desalination market growth to swell to 19% a year

The market for desalination in India is expected to grow by 19% a year to 2019 as government and industry seek to address escalating water demand and diminishing conventional resources according to market researcher TechSci Research.

The Rabigh 3 SWRO desalination plant will serve the populations of Jeddah, Mecca, Taif, and surrounding areas

Saudi Arabia names nine consortia as pre-quals for Rabigh 3 mega project

Saudi Arabia has prequalified nine consortia for its mega desalination public-private partnership (PPP) project Rabigh 3, reports MEED.

Oman is moving to privatise its electricity sector

Oman appoints advisers to support utility privatisation

Oman's Nama Holdings has appointed advisors to assist in privatising a number of its subsidiaries in the electricity sector.

Denis Vial

Vial appointed business development manager by inge

Denis Vial has been appointed business development manager by German ultrafiltration (UF) membrane manufacturer inge GmbH, effective 1 March 2014.

Veolia wins Az Zour MED desalination plant in Kuwait

Veolia Environnement announced on 13 January 2014 that its Sidem subsidiary had won the contract to build the seawater desalination plant at the Az Zour North complex in Kuwait for € 320 million.

'We need to introduce a mix of public and private money.' Yves Besse, Veolia Water Technologies

'To unlock LatAm is social and political,' says Yves Besse

Yves Besse of Veolia Water Technologies speaks to Water. desalination + reuse about how to unlock the Latin American market

Escondida desalination is first Doosan job in Latin America

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction announced its first seawater desalination plant project in the Latin American market on 25 August 2013.

Mega-ton project symposium set for Tokyo in November

A symposium is to be held in Japan in November 2013 centred on the Mega-Ton Water System, a national research program to develop sustainable water treatment technologies, including large-scale desalination, that have a low environmental load and are energy-saving and low in cost.

A slew of special awards were awarded at the close of IDA World Congress 2017

IDA World Congress 2017 award winners in full

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has recognised the best technical papers and other contributions at IDA World Congress 2017 with a roster of special awards.

Suez shake-up leaves Debon in charge of Degrémont

French desalination and water/wastewater contractor Degrémont is part of a reshuffle within parent company Suez Environnement that divides all operating activities under four deputy CEOs.

Marubeni lowest of six consortia for Al Mirfa

A Marubeni-led consortium led the way when bids were opened by the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) on 6 March 2013 for the Al Mirfa Independent Power & Water Project.

Marc Messerli

Aquasource appoints Marc Messerli as COO

Degrémont subsidiary Aquasource, which specializes in ultrafiltration membranes systems for water treatment, has appointed Marc Messerli as its new chief operating officer (COO) as from 1 January 2013.

Turks 'strong interest' in financing Gaza desalination

The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), which is promoting the Gaza Desalination Facility in Palestine, says that the Turkish government has expressed its strong interest in supporting the project, and a financial commitment will be discussed with the prime minister in the coming weeks.

Stockholm event highlights Gaza desalination urgency

A meeting to present the proposed Gaza Desalination Project was held at the Stockholm Water Week at the end of August 2012.

IDA announces lecturers for next Academy session

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced the line-up for the next one-day course in its Desalination Academy, which will take place on 5 December 2012 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, alongside the Saudi Water & Power Forum.

Melbourne desalination costs still hitting Suez

Cost overruns on the Victorian desalination plant in Melbourne are still hitting the bottom line of Suez Environnement, Europe's second largest water company reported on 1 August 2012.

Barka desalination plant will supply 218,000 m3/d of potable water to the people of Oman

Dow to supply RO elements to Barka desalination plant project

Dow Water & Process Solutions is to supply advanced reverse osmosis (RO) elements to Barka desalination plant project in Oman, after selection by Suez.

Michael Morillon

Morillon to direct MEDRC training

Michel Morillon, former CEO and CTO of the 80,000 m³/d Sur seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant project in Oman, has joined the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) as director of training.

IDA launches Energy Task Force in Marseille

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has formed a global Energy Task Force whose goal is to achieve a 20% reduction in energy consumption in all major seawater desalination processes by 2015.

Henry Charrabé is a protégé of investor Ronald Lauder, and is backed by him as CEO of newly created Fluence Corp

Interview: Henry Charrabe, Fluence Corp

Henry Charrabe, newly appointed chief executive of Fluence Corporation, the company formed in July by the merger of RWL Water and Emefcy, has worked for the business' major investor Ronald Lauder for 16 years.

Q&A Ziad Bouars: "When you come it's just sand"

Ziad Bouars, commissioning manager at Sidem-Veolia, explains why he has no intention of swapping a projects role out in the field for a desk job back at head office

Seokwon Yun (left), executive vice president of Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction and Thamer S Al-Sharhan, president of Marafiq, sign the contract for Yanbu II.

Doosan signs 68,000 m³/d MED desalination contract

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction is to build a 68,000 m³/d multi-effect distillation (MED) desalination plant in the Yanbu region of Saudi Arabia.

A generation of knowledge and experience in water is being lost as baby boomers retire

Is water in the grip of a skills crisis?

In an engineering-heavy sector such as water, it's a truism that well qualified people are thin on the ground. But is it more accurate to say that the global water industry in the grip of a skills crisis?

Degrémont completes AmeriWater acquisition

Suez group member Degrémont announced on 14 June 2011 completion of its acquisition of AmeriWater of Ohio, USA, which will be integrated into the French company's equipment business line.

Degremont-Marubeni JV wins Doha wastewater reuse extension

Qatar's Public Works Authority has awarded a € 65 million contract for expanding the Doha West membrane-based wastewater treatment and recycling plant to a joint venture of France's Degrémont and Japan's Marubeni Corporation.

Bids for Hassyan IPW project expected by October

Bids have been invited from a shortlist of 18 developers for the Hassyan I Independent Power & Water Project in Dubai, which will include a 120 MGD (454,000 m³/d) seawater desalination plant.

Hanwha signs for Jubail/Yanbu power and desalination

Hanwha Engineering & Construction from South Korea has signed a US$ 1.05 billion contract with Marafiq, the power and water utility for Jubail and Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, to build a power station and desalination plant.

IDA releases more detail of Portofino conference

Abstracts of four "notable" papers for the the International Desalination Association's (IDA) Desalination Industry Action For Good conference in Portofino, Italy, in May were sent out by the association on 18 February 2011.

Tabreed provides cooling solutions to clients including Dubai Metro

Engie acquires stake in cooling provider Tabreed

Engie has bought 40 per cent of National Central Cooling Company PJSC (Tabreed) from Mubadala Investment Company, becoming its key shareholder alongside Mubadala, which retains 42 per cent.

Suez is taking steps to refinance its all-cash, €3.2 billion acquisition of GE Water

Suez shores up GE Water deal with second refinancing step

Suez has taken a second step to refinance its acquisition of GE Water through an offering of undated deeply subordinated hybrid bonds priced at €600 million.

MBR system to be installed in Versailles

Koch Membrane Systems (KMS) has been selected by OTV France SNC (Veolia Group) to provide Puron® membrane bioreactor (MBR) modules for the wastewater treatment plant at Carré de Reunion in France's Versailles region. The project will upgrade and expand the capacity of the existing conventional wastewater treatment plant.

Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch

B&V puts forward four water-reuse recommendations

Four key recommendations have been put forward by Dan McCarthy, president and CEO of Black & Veatch's global water business, for overcoming global barriers to reuse of water as part of an integrated water industry portfolio.

IDA finalises Huntington Beach desalination energy conference topics

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has finalised the speakers and topics for its new-style conference Desalination: An Energy Solution, which is being held on 2-3 November 2010 in Huntington Beach, California, the city likely to host the USA's next large desalination plant after Carlsbad.

Aquasource appoints new COO

Eric Dehouck has been named as the new chief operating officer of Aquasource, the ultrafiltration subsidiary of the Degrémont group.

Sustainable Réunion wastewater plant to use MF

Microfiltration will be used as part of a modern wastewater treatment plant on the island of Réunion to be built under a concession awarded by the Réunion North Interdistrict Community to a consortium led by Veolia Water.

Toray wins large RO orders in Bahrain and Spain

Toray Industries Inc announced on 24 December 2009 that it had won a series of orders to supply reverse osmosis (RO) membranes for desalination plants in Bahrain and Spain.

IDA-GWI conference to be held in Paris in 2010

The annual conference held jointly by the International Desalination Association and Global Water Intelligence is to be held next year in Paris on 26-27 April 2010.

CH2M Hill hires UK engineer as water operations chief

CH2M Hill announced on 4 August 2009 that British civil engineer Neil Reynolds has joined the Denver-based firm as international operations director for the Water Business Group.

US$ 2.9 billion Melbourne desalination contract goes to Degremont group

The Suez/Degremont-led consortium Aquasure has been awarded the contract to build the 150 million m³/year seawater desalination plant for Melbourne, Australia.

The Hadera plant illustrated in front of its associated power station.

Hadera desalination extension finance fixed

Financing worth US$ 80 million has been agreed for the 74,000 m³/d expansion of the Hadera reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel, IDE Technologies announced on 3 July 2009.

Siemens seeks bigger Israel desalination role

According to reports from Israel, Siemens is looking to up its stake in the 275,000 m³/d Soreq desalination plant from supplier to equity partner.

FEWA evaluating Ajman desalination tenders

The Federal Electricty & Water Authority in the United Arab Emirates has received tenders from seven companies for a 7 MIGD (31,800 m³/d) plant in Zawra, Ajman and the transfer of a 3 MIGD (13,600 m³/d) plant to Zawra from Fujeirah.

Dr M Elisabeth Pate-Cornell (left) and Jackalyne Pfannenstiel

ERI appoints two new directors

Energy Recovery Inc, the California-based desalination energy-recovery technology company, announced on 25 February 2009 the appointment of two new directors: Stanford University professor Dr M Elisabeth Pate-Cornell and Jackalyne Pfannenstiel, former chair of the California Energy Commission (CEC).

Tender issued for Israel's largest desalination plant

The tender has been issued for Israel's largest ever desalination plant. The 411,000 m³/d plant will be in the Soreq region south of Tel Aviv close to the Mediterranean.

Soreq bidders wait for January

All four consortia bidding for the 275,000 m³/d Soreq desalination plant in Israel have passed the prequalification stage and have been told by the Inter-Ministerial Tenders Committee for Desalination that they will be invited to submit bids.

Locations of the Toray contracts.

Toray wins Gulf quartet

Toray Industries Inc announced in September that its reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane business had won orders from four seawater desalination plants with a total capacity of 332,000 m³/d in the Gulf.

Big three vie for Adelaide contract

Acciona, Degrémont and Veolia are all on the short-list for the Adelaide seawater desalination plant to be built at Port Stanvac, Australia.

Low-pressure valves for desalination: time for a new look at the butterfly?

Across the entire water industry spectrum, valves are an essential element in the treatment of water and in its supply. The subject of butterfly valve technology and its suitability for desalination plants is one particular aspect that rightly demands attention, particularly in respect of specifying materials that will withstand corrosion. The centred-disc butterfly valve is a proven technology and, according to KSB's Amri Water Valve Division Competence Centre in La Roche Chalais, France, it is in widespread demand from all types of desalination plant. It is a simple yet effective design principle whereby the disc rotates around an axis at right angles to the flow. When open, the fluid passes around both sides of the disc. "Low pressure valves are rarely considered as a critical item," says Pascal Viaud, "but if not correctly specified at the outset of a project problems can occur over the long term. Wrong selection of valves can be the cause of up to 40% all operational problems, so the customer must consider the real importance of valves at the specification stage. Even though valves may only constitute 1% of the plant investment costs, it only takes a single valve to create problems and seriously affect plant production." Butterfly valves are installed in the low-pressure areas of a desalination plant, usually in the early stages of production upstream of the membranes and then again at the end on the permeate lines. By keeping the butterfly valves open each valve creates a pressure loss and with the centred disc the differential pressure is much lower than an offset disc valves. Where a high number of valves, say 1,000 units, are installed in a desalination plant the accumulation of pressure saved on each valve will contribute to lower energy savings. The full article first appeared in the November/December 2008 issue of D&WR magazine

Top 10 most read stories of 2016

It was a big year for desalination and water reuse, with two major businesses up for sale, and mega plants grabbing the headlines. We present our top 10 most read stories of 2016.

Sulzer to expand pumps portfolio with Ensival Moret acquisition

Sulzer is in exclusive talks to acquire pump manufacturer Ensival Moret for EUR 80 million ($86 million).

Namibia wants to expand its desalination capacity to ensure food security

Israeli private investors eye Namibia desalination project

Officials from the Erongo region in Namibia and Israeli private investors are in advance stage talks over a second desalination plant in the county, reports New Era.

The Global Water Awards winners are awarded through voting by industry professionals

Suez and Middle East plants top 2018 Global Water Awards

Suez has scooped the Desalination Company of the Year Award, and Middle East facilities topped the desal plant categories at this year's Global Water Awards from Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

New European water reuse industry body unveils board of directors

A new industry body, Water Reuse Europe, is to promote the use of European products, services, and expertise for water reuse projects worldwide.

Dr Ritschel wants people who write tenders to consider supporting solar powered technology

Masdar's Dr Ritschel: "We identified a problem - tenders"

We launched The Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance at COP21, the United Nations' climate change conference in Paris, December 2015. In the first week of existence we already had 100 members. So many industry partners, governments, and stakeholders immediately wanted to join, it was unbelievable.

Red Sea-Dead Sea secures EIB backing

The landmark Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project has come a step closer to reality with Jordan signing a technical cooperation agreement with the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Agence Française de Développement.

IDA seeks nominations for new water reuse and conservation awards

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has invited nominations for three awards recognizing achievements in water reuse and conservation that will be presented at the association's first ever conference devoted to water reuse.

IDA opens call for papers for reuse event

The international Desalination Association (IDA) has opened its call for papers for its International Water Reuse Conference.

IDA reuse conference calls for abstracts

The International Desalination Association (IDA) on 1 February will open its call for extended abstract submissions to be considered for presentation at its International Conference on Water Reuse and Recycling: Turning Vision into Reality. The conference will be held on 25-27 September, 2016 in Nice, France.

FCC Aqualia works with more than 1,100 municipalities globally

IFM Investors snaps up 49 per cent of FCC Aqualia

Australian fund manager IFM Investors is to acquire 49 per cent of Spanish water company FCC Aqualia for €1,024 million ($1,258 million).

Kwazulu-Natal district consults on seawater desalination

The Ugu district municipality on South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal south coast is exploring the possibility of desalination amid a "dire" water shortage.

Rio Tinto mine mulls building Namibian desalination plant

Rio Tinto's Rossing Uranium mine in Namibia is planning an environmental impact study for its proposed water desalination plant.

Adionics launches liquid-to-liquid desalination system

France-based Adionics has launched a smart desalination solution that is able to remove specific salts to address the growing demand coming from oil and gas, food and beverages as well as mining.


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