Finance, Switzerland, Russia, Multiple Effect Distillation


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AquaSwiss to market IDE's MED technology in MENA and SE Asia

Desalination system manufacturer IDE Technologies announced on 4 May 2010 that it had signed a technology transfer agreement with AquaSwiss AG, a Switzerland-based provider of advanced water solutions

Russia sets up water treatment membrane development project

The Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies (Rusnano) is to finance a project for producing nanostructured membranes and separation modules for water treatment in various industries.

Russia looks to export nuclear power and desalination packages

Russia's nuclear power company, Rosatom, is aiming to sell integrated, large nuclear power and desalination plants overseas through its export arm Rosatom Overseas.

Russian nuclear giant musters experts to lead desalination drive

Russia's nuclear energy corporation, Rosatom, has formed a group of expert desalination advisors as part of its push to win customers for its thermal desalination technologies. The company is targeting world regions where clean water is scarce as a path to becoming "leaders in the global nuclear market," according to Rosatom.

Calder bought by Flowserve

US pump and valve manufacturer Flowserve announced on 21 April 2009 that it acquired Swiss desalination energy-recovery system provider Calder AG. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

Swiss water treatment to use PAC/UF combination

Wabag Water Technology has announced two water-treatment contracts in Switzerland based on ultrafiltration (UF) and worth around € 6 million which were won by the company at the end of 2012.

Thomas Will becomes Aquarion Group COO and MD

Switzerland's Aquarion Group announced on 14 April 2014 that Thomas Will had joined the company as chief operating officer and managing director.

Multi-technology GE upgrade for Russian refinery treatment

Membrane bioreactor (MBR), electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology will all feature in a major upgrade for the wastewater treatment at one of Russia's biggest oil refineries.

Vapour compression desalination plants for Indian oilfield

Texas-based MECO, which supplies desalination equipment to the offshore, pharmaceutical and military sectors, announced in December 2011 that it would be designing and constructing two vapour compression (VC) desalination plants for an oilfield off the Indian coast.

Vladivostok SWRO project for Aqua-Chem

A custom-built 2.64 MGD (10,000 m³/d) seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant is being installed in eastern Russia, off the coast of Vladivostok, by Aqua-Chem Inc of the USA.

Norit X-Flow Aquaflex membranes

Giant Moscow UF plant gets Norit X-Flow membranes

One of the largest ultrafiltration (UF) plants in the world, the South-West Moscow drinking water plant in Russia, is currently being expanded to a total of 275,000 m³/d using Norit X-Flow membranes.

US$ 8 million contracts boost for H2O Innovation

Quebec-based H2O Innovation Inc announced new contracts for desalination and water treatment systems totaling Can$ 7.8 million (US$ 8 million) on 24 March 2011.

Nuclear energy to supply Jordan desalination plants

Four nuclear power plants in the southern region of Jordan will provide almost 750 MW of energy for desalination and water pumping, according to a report in the Jordan Times.

Russians to cooperate on Jordan desalination

Desalination plants were included in a nuclear cooperation agreement signed on 22 May 2009 by Russia and Jordan, which also included power stations, research facilities and personnel training centres to be built in Jordan.

Ex-USSR water minister promotes desalination for Crimea

Desalination of water from the Azov Sea could be one of the best sources for a water supply to Crimea, recently annexed by the Russian Federation, according to Polad Polad-zade, former USSR minister of water resources and deputy president of the Union of Watermen & Irrigators.

ADB backs US$ 240 million Chinese water-reuse loans

A US$ 240 million loan package was agreed in Beijing on 20 November 2013 to upgrade wastewater treatment plants in China to meet the grade 1A standard, which means the water can be reused for industry cooling and watering city gardens.

The coastal region of Bushehr, in the Persian Gulf, is in the south west of Iran

Iran poised to finance nuclear plants with co-located desalination

Iran has begun constructing two nuclear power plants, to be co-located with desalination facilities of 200 million m3/d, reports Iranian government news agency, Islamic Republic News Agency.

Chris MacNee, chief executive of Hydrology, believes that Brazil offers opportunities for smaller operators

'Adjustable' desal plant in Brazil financed by project bond

UK water company Hydrology is to build and operate an "adjustable" desalination plant in Cubato in Sao Paulo state, Brazil, to supply industrial conglomerate Unigel.

Aquatech wins Oman MED deal

Water and wastewater technology firm, Aquatech, has won a contract to design and supply a multiple effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for Oman's Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company (Orpic).

Oman funds renewable desalination research

Oman has approved funding for research into harnessing renewable energy sources for water desalination in the sultanate.

Kuwait invites bids for Doha desalination plant as Az-Zour is 65% finished

Kuwait's ministry of electricity and water plans to invite bids for the first phase of a new desalination plant at Doha. Separately, construction of the first phase of a US$ 1.4 billion power and water plant at Az-Zour is close to twp-thirds complete.

Qatar MED/TC desalination plant goes to Tri-Tech

A 5,760 m³/d multiple-effect distillation thermocompression desalination plant is to be provided for a petrochemical plant in Qatar by Tri-Tech Holding Inc.

Fujairah F2 desalination plant inaugurated

The Fujairah F2 Power & Seawater Desalination plant was inaugurated in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 9 May 2011.

Germans delivering small MVC/MED units to Saudi Arabia

Medesa GmbH of Germany has delivered a 180 m³/d desalination unit to the Al Marshad Group for the industrial area in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia.

Aquatech awarded a 10,000 m³/d MED plant in Egypt

Aquatech is to design and supply a multiple-effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for the Abu Qir Thermal Power Plant near Alexandria, Egypt.

Prince launches Ras Girtas desalination construction

Crown prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani of Qatar took part in a ceremony on 4 May 2009 to mark the start of construction of the Ras Girtas Power & Water Project in the Ras Laffan industrial zone.

Entropie wins Algerian MED desalination units

Sidem subsidiary Entropie has been awarded a contract by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the supply of three multiple-effect distillation (MED) desalination units with a net capacity of 3,600 m³/d each.

The Sidem distillers were delivered in two major shipments direct to the project site, each one weighing 2,600 tonnes. Six of the distillers were shipped from UAE, and the other four came from China

How we delivered Az Zour North phase one

"With hindsight we were very lucky to get everything through on time and that our construction partner Hyundai Heavy Industries was on time. Fortunately we escaped a lot of those little wrinkles that need sorting out during construction, and can drag on and on, and so we kept to time," says Andy Biffen, chief executive of project delivery vehicle Az Zour Shamal.

Palmachim only Israeli desalination plant to agree extension

Only one of the three existing large desalination plants in Israel asked to submit proposals to the government for increasing their output has come up with an offer.

CalAm seeks resolution of Monterey desalination finances

California American Water (CAW) has invoked a disputes procedure in continuing wrangles with its partners in the proposed Monterey Regional Desalination Project.

Ashdod desalination agreement finally signed

The agreement was finally signed in Israel on 8 August 2011 to establish Israel's fifth large seawater desalination plant at Ashdod through Mekorot Development & Enterprise, a spinoff of the national water agency.

Ashdod desalination plant gets financial approval

Israel's Ministerial Tender Committee for Desalination, under the Finance Ministry, announced on 7 July 2011 that it had accepted the proposal from national water company Mekorot to build the seawater desalination plant in Ashdod.

Groundbreaking follows Singapore II desalination finance deal

A day after Hyflux Ltd announced that it had secured financing for the second Singapore seawater desalination plant, a groundbreaking ceremony took place on 5 July 2011 at the International Water Week linked by video to the site.

Agreement at last on Ashdod water price

Israel's national water company, Mekorot, is reported to have won its battle against the Ministry of Finance over the price of water from the upcoming Ashdod desalination plant.

Bahamas desalination plant production to be expanded

Consolidated Water Co Ltd announced on 1 February 2011 that it has entered into a binding letter agreement with its customer, the Water & Sewerage Corporation (WSC), to increase the daily production capacity of its Blue Hill plant in Nassau, Bahamas, by approximately 67% to 12 million GPD (45,000 m³/d) compared with the plant's current capacity of 7.2 million GPD (27,000 m³/d).

UNEP report informs financiers about power-water relationship

The opportunities available to financial institutions to encourage the adoption of best practices, which may include the introduction of eco-friendly technologies, such as membrane technology to recycle wastewater, are stressed in a report just published by the UN Environment Programme's Finance Initiative (ENEP FI).

IFC to support large Moroccan desalination project

The International Finance Corporation (IFC), part of the World Bank, signed an agreement on 4 May 2010 with the government of Morocco to support private investment in a new desalination and irrigation plant that will help improve the water supply to a vital agricultural region.

Netanyahu steps into Ashdod desalination argument

Prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has ordered Israel's national water authority, Mekorot, the Finance Ministry and the Infrastructure Ministry to submit proposals for a cost-effective desalination plant in Ashdod within 30 days, according to Israel National News (Arutz Sheva).

Barclays backs US$ 43 million Biwater British Virgin Islands project

Barclays Corporate and Investment Banking has awarded a two-tranche, US$43 million finance facility to Biwater to fund the construction of a seawater desalination, water storage and wastewater plant on Tortola - the largest and most populated of the British Virgin Islands.

US Ex-Im Bank claims first ECA carbon policy

The US Export-Import Bank is claiming to be the first export credit agency (ECA) to adopt a comprehensive carbon policy after announcing on 3 November 2009 a new policy to guide its support of US exports in light of climate change concerns.

Poseidon disputes FWW Carlsbad finance figures

Poseidon Resources described as "erroneous information" figures in a press release issued on 30 October 2009 by consumer group Food & Water Watch (FWW) related to finance for the Carlsbad desalination project.

Bank Hapoalim heads Ashdod desalination financing

Bank Hapoalim is to head a syndicate that will provide NIS 1.5 billion (US$ 395 million) for the Ashdod desalination plant for Mekorot National Water Company subsidiary Mekorot Development and Initiations Ltd.

Finance secured for Palmachim desalination expansion

Financing for the expansion of Israel's Palmachim desalination plant from its current capacity of 30 million m³/year up to 45 million m³/y and ultimately even to 100 million m³/y was closed on 16 August 2009 by the Derech Yam Company.

US$ 2.9 billion Melbourne desalination contract goes to Degremont group

The Suez/Degremont-led consortium Aquasure has been awarded the contract to build the 150 million m³/year seawater desalination plant for Melbourne, Australia.

Al Dur desalination financing tied up

Gulf Investment Corporation (GIC) and GDF Suez announced on 26 July 2009 completion of the limited recourse financing of the US$ 2.1 billion Al-Dur Independent Water & Power Producer (IWPP) project , which includes a 218,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant as well as a 1,240 MW combined-cycle gas-turbine power plant.

Befesa closes Quindao desalination finance

Spanish contractor Befesa announced on 23 July 2009 that its subsidiary Befesa Water has closed financing for the design, construction and operation over 25 years of a 100,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in Qingdao, China.

US export finance boost for water and energy projects

US exports for renewable-energy, water and nuclear-power projects approved after 1 July 2009 are eligible for a maximum repayment term of up to 18 years under export financing provided by the Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank).

The Hadera plant illustrated in front of its associated power station.

Hadera desalination extension finance fixed

Financing worth US$ 80 million has been agreed for the 74,000 m³/d expansion of the Hadera reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Israel, IDE Technologies announced on 3 July 2009.

Barclays to assist with Carlsbad desalination financing

Poseidon Resources announced on 17 June 2009 that it has selected Barclays Capital as its financial advisor in connection with the financing of its 50 MGD (189,000 m³/d) reverse-osmosis seawater desalination plant in Carlsbad, California.

Befesa ties up Tenes project finance

Madrid-based contractor Befesa, through its subsidiary Befesa Agua, announced on 1 December 2008 closure of the US$ 185 million financing for the design, construction, funding and 25-year operation of the Tenes seawater desalination plant in Algeria.

Balochistan is a dry desert region with a coastline on the Arabian Sea

Pakistan breaks ground on desal plant for Balochistan

Pakistan has broken ground on a desalination plant in Balochistan province, in a project backed by the governments of the United Arab Emirates, and Switzerland.

A slew of special awards were awarded at the close of IDA World Congress 2017

IDA World Congress 2017 award winners in full

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has recognised the best technical papers and other contributions at IDA World Congress 2017 with a roster of special awards.

Sulzer's axially split MSD pumps will provide a high pressure feed for reverse osmosis at the Sohar plant

Sulzer to supply a package of pumps to Sohar plant

Swiss technology and services company Sulzer is to provide a package of 49 pumping units to the new 250,000 m3/d desalination plant in Sohar, Oman.

A mixture of fixed charges, variable charges, and environmental charges for water are in use worldwide

IWA highlights levels of water consumption and tariffs globally

Households in Washington DC, US, are the biggest consumers of water compared to 169 other world cities, while households in Jinja, Uganda, use the least amount of water, a new report shows.

Inventor of water technologies Marc Vergnet adjusts the controls on Osmosun, his new solar-powered reverse osmosis desalination system that does not use batteries or energy storage, chemicals, or grid supplies of electricity

Masdar desal pilot: the results so far

Masdar Clean Energy set a target for its pilot projects of one cubic metre of water for every 3.6 kilowatt hours of energy used. This is a particularly challenging target in the Persian Gulf, where salinity is very high, the water temperature is high, it's very shallow, and there's high organic matter.

Xylem wins US$7.3 million Bahrain wastewater upgrade deal

Switzerland-based water technology company Xylem has signed a US$7.3 million contract with Bahrain's Ministry of Works to upgrade a wastewater treatment facility in the Bahrain capital Manama.

RWL-led Mexico seawater desalination project starts construction

A consortium of RWL Water Group and Mexico's, Libra Ingenieros Civiles and RJ Ingenieria has begun construction of 22,000 m3/d reverse osmosis (RO) seawater desalination plant in Mexico's Baja California.

California board offers low-interest water‑reuse finance

California's Water Resources Control Board (WRCB) has approved new low-interest financing terms for water-recycling projects that can be completed within three years of governor Jerry Brown's drought declaration on 17 January 2014.

Marc Messerli

Aquasource appoints Marc Messerli as COO

Degrémont subsidiary Aquasource, which specializes in ultrafiltration membranes systems for water treatment, has appointed Marc Messerli as its new chief operating officer (COO) as from 1 January 2013.

Chilton joins Toray Membrane in Europe

Mark Chilton has joined Tory Membrane Europe as European specialty products manager effective 1 January 2013.

Ronan McGovern

MIT's McGovern wins IDA 2012 scholarship award

The International Desalination Association has awarded its 2012 Channabasappa Memorial Scholarship to Ronan McGovern, a PhD candidate at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States.

Rochem and APTwater announce merger

A merger was announced on 9 November 2011 between APTwater Inc of California, USA, and Rochem AG of Switzerland.

Xylem to distribute GE membrane filtration products

Xylem Inc, the ITT water technology spin-off officially launched on 1 November 2011, has signed up to be GE's distribution partner into the public utilities market for its advanced membrane filtration products.

Swiss venue for IWA conference on nanotech in water

The International Water Association has announced a conference on nanotechnology in the water sector to take place in Switzerland on 15‑18 May 2011.

Biwater gets Barclays backing for Caribbean SWRO plant

A Caribbean water and wastewater project, including a 10,400 m³/d seawater desalination plant, has received financial backing worth US$ 43 million from Barclays, backed by a UK Export Finance Guarantee.

Lee Muller

Seven Seas hires ex-ContourGlobal VP as CFO

Florida-based Seven Seas Water Corporation announced on 17 December 2013 that Lee Muller has joined the company as senior vice president, chief financial officer (CFO) and a member of the executive committee.

Suez supports a biological treatment system for water reuse at the Bashneft oil refinery, Russia

Suez and Rosneft to build on 'exploratory agreement'

Suez's new agreement with Russian oil and gas giant Rosneft, signed in May 2018, aims to support improved water treatment across the oil company's vast portfolio.

Population growth, drought, pollution, and high levels of leakage threaten water supply in the world's big cities

The world's top 11 most water-challenged cities

The BBC world news desk has compiled a list of the top 11 cities most likely to run out of water -- and they're not where you might think.

Grundfos headquarters in Bjerringbro, Denmark, is the base for a global pumps business

Grundfos gains outpace global pumps market

Pumps manufacturer Grundfos has reported organic sales growth of 0.5 per cent for 2016, helped by a strong second half.

IDE Technologies will supply RO technology to support industry on the Taman Peninsular, Russia

IDE Technologies sells RO system to Russia's Oteko

IDE Technologies is to provide a reverse osmosis desalination system to Russian oil transporter Oteko for a plant on the shores of the Black Sea.

Moody's rates water district high positive on back of Huntingdon proposal

Credit rating agency, Moody's Investors Service, has given a positive credit appraisal to the Orange County Water District's (OCDW's) approval of a non-binding arrangement to buy 70,000 Ml of water from Poseidon Water's proposed Huntington Beach desalination plant in California.

Malakoff ties up Al Ghubrah desalination finance

Malakoff Corporation Berhad announced on 26 July 2013 that it had signed the financing agreements of the 42 MIGD (191,000 m³/d) Al Ghubrah independent desalination project in Oman.

Aquarion sets up in Russia

Swizerland-based water systems company, Aquarion Group, has established a Russian operation, Aquarion Russia, to focus on providing water and wastewater treatment to industrial customers in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Russian heavy oil recovery enhanced by water reuse

OPERATED BY Russia's second largest oil producer, a heavy oil field in northwest Russia has been increasing the volume of crude processing with technology that supports enhanced recovery rates and reduced environmental impact. In 2008, they took the first steps to develop a less water-intensive way of processing produced water by conducting a feasibility study comparing different water reuse strategies. By replacing traditional treatment methods with thermal evaporator technology for produced water, this will be the first entity in Russia to use recycled water from enhanced oil recovery in the treatment of heavy oil produced water. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Billiton clears finance for 216,000 m³/d Chile desalination

An investment of US$ 1,972 million was approved by mining giant BHP Billiton on 25 July 2013 for its 216,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in Escondida, Chile.

Chinese licensee joins Dow residential Filmtec program

Haier Group of China, a leading multinational home appliances and consumer electronics company, has become the latest official licensee to partner with Dow Water & Process Solutions in its newly launched Filmtec™ reverse osmosis (RO) ingredient branding program.

Sanjeev Sharma

Sharma leads IDE's marketing in Indian region

Sanjeev Sharma has been appointed head of marketing for desalination company IDE Technologies Ltd in the Indian region.

Aquatech wins ZLD job in Turkmenistan

Aquatech has been awarded a contract to design and supply a zero‑liquid discharge ZLD wastewater-reuse system in a gas‑field development project in Turkmenistan.

Arizona RO plant opens solar-energy system

A 459 kW photovoltaic (PV) solar power system has been completed at the Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Facility for the Town of Gila Bend, Arizona, by Solon Corporation, the company announced on 13 February 2013.

Qingdao desalination plant starts commercial operation

Spanish company Abengoa has begun commercial operations at the 100,000 m³/d desalination plant in Qingdao in Shandong province, the second largest commercial port in northern China.

Hyflux looking for Tuaspring desalination finance

Singapore desalination provider Hyflux Ltd announced on 11 January 2013 that it was starting financing discussions for the Sing$ 1.05 billion (US$ 855 million) Tuaspring Desalination Plant in Singapore.

Work on Carlsbad should start early in 2013

Work on the 189,000 m³/d Carlsbad seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant is expected to start early in 2013, following approval by the board of the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) on 29 November 2012 of the water-purchase agreement between SDCWA and Poseidon Resources, developers of the desalination plant.

Desalination plants part of Palestine agreement

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu issued a statement on 4 February 2011 agreeing to improvements in water, sewerage and electricity in Palestinian areas, following a meeting with Tony Blair, representative of the "Quartet" (USA, the United Nations, Russia and the European Union).

Russians award Aqua-Chem SWRO contract

The Russian government has ordered the second phase of a 10,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination system from Matrix, a division of Aqua-Chem Inc of Florida, USA.

Almogordo mobile desalination project in train

A mobile desalination facility to treat 4,000 acre-ft per year (af/y) (4.9 million m³/y) near Almogordo, New Mexico, moved closer to realisation when the City Commission approved an approach for a US$ 2.7 million loan/grant from the New Mexico Finance Authority on 1 November 2012.

Loans for Texas town proposing direct potable reuse

The Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) on 20 September 2012 approved loans totalling US$ 12 million to the City of Brownwood from the Texas Water Development Fund to finance wastewater system improvements, including possible direct potable wastewater reuse (DPR).

UF nuclear plant contract for inge in China

Germany's inge watertechnologies AG will equip the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant near Dalian in the east of China with its dizzer 5000plus ultrafiltration (UF) modules, each rated for an output of up to 5.0 m³/h each.

Carlsbad desalination agreement to be published soon

A proposed purchase agreement for water from the Carlsbad Desalination Plant will be released to the public later in August, the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) announced after a special meeting of the board on 9 August 2012.

Sydney Desalination Plant

Sydney desalination plant may not restart for 3 years

Sydney's 250,000 m³/d desalination plant is to be switched off on 1 July 2012 and may not be restarted for three years.

SDCWA considered Carlsbad desalination size reduction

Some of the thinking of the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) about the ongoing negotiations over the purchase of water from the Carlsbad desalination plant were revealed at a special board of directors meeting on 14 June 2012.

Desalination / reuse part of large EIB loan to Spain

Desalination plants, water-reuse schemes and connections from them to water networks will be among schemes funded by a € 350 million loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB) to the Spanish government agency Acuamed.

Financial meetings held over Gaza desalination project

The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) announced on 18 January 2012 that a delegation headed by deputy secretary general Rafiq Husseini visited Kuwait and Saudi Arabia during the previous week to present the Gaza water desalination project to financing institutions.

Ashdod desalination financing agreement signed

A financing agreement Tuesday to build and operate the Ashdod desalination plant in Israel for 25 years was signed on 13 December 2011 by a subsidiary of state-owned national water company Mekorot.

Djibouti 'planning desalination plant with EU aid'

The government of Djibouti in east Africa is planning to build a 45,000 m³/d desalination plant with European Union (EU) finance, according to a report in Gulf News on 4 December 2011.

Lessees sought for Sydney desalination plant

The government of the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW) has called for registrations of interest (ROIs) for the long-term lease of Sydney's three-year-old 250,000 m³/d desalination plant.

GES takes control of Palmachim desalination plant

Global Environmental Solutions Ltd (GES) will take control of Israel's Palmachim seawater desalination plant after its acquisition of the 28% stake in the plant's facility company, Via Maris, previously held by Tahal Group International BV.

Veolia wins Az Zour MED desalination plant in Kuwait

Veolia Environnement announced on 13 January 2014 that its Sidem subsidiary had won the contract to build the seawater desalination plant at the Az Zour North complex in Kuwait for € 320 million.

Sidem to build Kuwait's Az-Zour MED desalination plant

A consortium of Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) of South Korea and Sidem, a subsidiary of Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies, has announced the signing on 12 December 2013 of a US$ 1.4 billion engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Shamal Az-Zour Al-Oula to build the first phase of the Az-Zour North Independent Water & Power Project (IWPP) in Kuwait.

Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water

A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.

SWCC Governor Dr Abdulrahman bin Mohammed Al-Ibrahim, Doosan  president and COO Keysun Han with SWCC and Doosan executives at the Yanbu Phase 2 Expansion MED  Seawater Desalination Plant.

Ceremony marks Yanbu 2 MED desalination completion

The completion ceremony for the Yanbu Phase 2 Expansion seawater desalination plant was held on 19 December 2012 by Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.


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