Egypt, Municipal, Monitoring, Reverse Osmosis, Malta


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LG Chem bags five orders worth US$ 8 million

LG Chem has acquired new orders for water purification filters totalling US$ 8 million under exclusive deals with five desalination projects. The projects are at sites in Israel, Spain, Malta, Egypt and Mexico, the company said.

Desalia starts works on Egypt reverse osmosis plant

Spain's Desalia has started site works for a new, 24,000 m³/d seawater reverse osmosis plant west of Alexandria, Egypt near the city of Matrouh.

Aquatech signs for Egypt's first ZLD plant

Egypt's first integrated zero liquid discharge (ZLD) plant is to be built by Aquatech, under a contract from the Egyptian Ethylene & Derivatives Company (ETHYDCO) to provide a water treatment facility.

Egyptian SWRO plant to use ERI pressure exchangers

Egypt's largest desalination plant being built at Marsa Matrouh is to be supplied with Pressure Exchanger (PX) energy-recovery devices by Energy Recovery Inc of California.

Shivsu supplies desalination plants in Oman and Egypt

Indian OEM Shivsu Canadian Clear International Ltd has become the first Indian company to successfully install desalination water plants, worth Rs 50 crore (US$ 11 million), for the Oman and Egypt governments.

Aqua Engineering wins seawater desalination orders

Two major seawater desalination orders for the United Arab Emirates and Egypt have been won by Austria's Aqua Engineering GmbH, part of the Christ Water Technology Group.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

Metito collects Egypt deals worth US$ 8.5 million

Water management firm, Metito, has won contracts for four projects worth EGP 65 million (US$ 8.5 million) on the back of moves to support the revival of Egypt's local tourism economy.

Metito Overseas appoints senior process engineer

Desalination and water treatment specialist Metito Overseas Ltd, based in Sharjah, UAE, has appointed Sagi Essam El-Din A Ghafour as senior process engineer from September 2011.

Aquatech awarded a 10,000 m³/d MED plant in Egypt

Aquatech is to design and supply a multiple-effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for the Abu Qir Thermal Power Plant near Alexandria, Egypt.

Hyflux bags Suez Canal desalination deal

Singapore's Hyflux has secured a letter of intent for an engineering procurement and construction contract for a 150,000 m³/d desalination plant in Egypt's Suez Canal Economic Zone.

EBRD in talks with Egypt on desalination finance

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is negotiating with the public private partnership (PPP) unit of Egypt's ministry of finance over possible private sector involvement in the unit's infrastructure projects including a desalination facility.

Egypt unveils three public/private desalination deals for 2016

Egypt has unveiled plans for at least three desalination public private partnerships in 2016 among a dozen infrastructure projects in various sectors.

Egyptian solar desalination

The Egyptian Gazette reported on 22 September 2011 that Egypt's scientists have developed a solar-power based technology to reduce the cost of water desalination from LE 10 (US$ 1.67) to LE 4 ($0 67) per cubic metre.

Egypt and Bahrain seek joint desalination projects

Egypt and Bahrain are looking to develop joint water desalination projects between the two countries.

Egypt to step up seawater desalination efforts

Egypt's president Hosni Mubarak has instructed the government to expand its seawater desalination initiatives and step up efforts to discover additional sources of groundwater, according to the Egyptian daily Al-Masry Al-Youm.

Far East trio size up Suez Canal zone for desalination

Singaporean company Hyflux, along with Japanese industrial giants, Mitsubishi Matoto, and Toyota Tsusho have started feasibility studies for power plants and water desalination facilities in East Port Said, Egypt.

RWL Water unveils desalination deal Egypt

RWL Water and Orascom Construction have signed a memorandum of understanding with the Egyptian government to proceed with a feasibility study for building, financing and operating the first large desalination plant in Egypt for the supply of potable water.

Egypt opts to grow desalination plant

Egypt's cabinet economic committee, under prime minister Sherif Ismail, has agreed to provide the funds required to complete expansion in works and production capacity at a seawater desalination plant in Hurghada.

Egyptian power station seeks desalination plant

A tender has been issued for water treatment and desalination systems for Egypt's Ain Sokha Power Project with a deadline of 17 August 2009.

Solar mobile desalination plant inaugurated in Egypt

The Egyptian State Information Service reported that a mobile water desalination plant powered by solar energy was inaugurated in Marsa Matrouh governorate on 18 April 2014.

Tunisia and Malta to share desalination expertise

Tunisia has signed an agreement with the Mediterranean island of Malta involving sharing of expertise on desalination plants.

Ceramic nanofiltration company gets big investor

ItN Nanovation AG, a start-up company in Saarbrucken, Germany, making nanofiltration ceramic products for the water industry, announced on 9 December 2010 a framework investment agreement with the US investment fund YA Global Master SPV Ltd, part of the Yorkville Group.

The planned SWRO plant is to supply water to the growing industrial and domestic populations at Eastern Port Said

Kuwait Fund boosts loan for desal project at Eastern Port Said, Egypt

The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) is to provide a further KDW 18.5 million ($61 million) in funding for a 150,000 m3/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant in Eastern Port Said, Egypt.

LACSD signs up Desalitech for chloride‑removal test

Desalination system developer Desalitech is to support a pilot project with the Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) to upgrade two Santa Clarita Valley wastewater treatment plants in order to meet state‑mandated chloride limits, the company announced on 2 October 2013.

Carollo selected for Texas DPR health check

Carollo Engineers has been selected by the Texas Water Development Board to carry out detailed public health analysis of the first direct potable water reuse (DPR) facility in the USA.

The facility site at SEA Lab

West Basin district dedicates desalination demo facility

California's West Basin Municipal Water District is nearing completion of its new desalination demonstration facility, following formal dedication of the plant on 12 November 2010.

Yokogawa to provide control system for Jubail SWRO plant

Yokogawa Middle East & Africa has received an order from Petroleum, Chemicals & Mining Company Limited (PCMC) to supply the control system for the SWRO-4 desalination plant, which is being built in Jubail, Saudi Arabia, by the Power & Water Utility Company for Jubail & Yanbu (Marafiq).

Misrata has a population of 280,000, and is the third largest city in Libya, behind Tripoli, and Benghazi

Libya moves to build new desalination plant in Misrata

Authorities in Libya are to build a new desalination plant in Misrata, reports Libya Observer.

Energy Recovery doubles up

Pressure technology firm, Energy Recovery, has won orders totalling US$ 2 million for two separate projects in France and Egypt.

Desalitech teams with TEC to target municipalities

Reverse osmosis (RO) specialist, Desalitech, has tied up with Treatment Equipment Company (TEC) to provide sales support for municipal water treatment projects.

Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

Water scarcity is the biggest driver of water reuse, say respondents to our industry survey

Water reuse: a growing market of opportunity and challenge

Survey findings suggest a market with the technical expertise, innovative ideas, and will to service customers' water needs, while a lack of money, reluctance to take chances on new technology, and instances of poor governance present challenges.

Two direct potable reuse projects are currently in operation worldwide, in Texas, US, and Windhoek, Namibia

The Long Read: Do we have the technology for potable water reuse?

Water reuse for drinking purposes is racing up the agenda in the US and elsewhere. Work to draw up new rules for potable reuse is advancing in states including California and Arizona, as well as in Canada and the European Union. Technologies are being piloted, and plants permitted.

IChemE forecasts more UK municipal desalination by 2050

By 2050, at least four municipal desalination plants and up to 800 smaller units could be providing water to UK households and industry.

The new Lanxess RO system at fertiliser manufacturer Alexfert, In Alexandria, Egypt, is fed by the River Nile

Lanxess elements tackle difficult Nile river water

Specialty chemicals company Lanxess is providing a new reverse osmosis plant to desalinate and demineralise water from the River Nile in Egypt, for fertiliser manufacturer Alexfert.

Fluence and partners win $74M desalination contract in Egypt

Fluence Corporation Limited says a partnership between its Egyptian joint venture The International Co. for Water Services & Infrastructure (IWSI) and Hassan Allam EPC has been awarded a $74M EPC contract to design and construct a 40,000 m3/day seawater desalination plant, with capacity for future expansion to 80,000 m3/day.

Piedmont is boosting business globally with new contract wins

Piedmont signs new supply and distribution contracts

Piedmont, a producer of corrosion resistant equipment for desalination plants, has signed a roster of new supply and partner distribution agreements globally.

Qala village is at the eastern most point of Gozo Island, close to the main Maltese archipelago

Malta tenders Euro 10 million desalination project

The Water Services Corporation of Malta has issued a tender for a reverse osmosis plant at Hondoq Bay on the Island of Gozo.

IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse will make a return visit to Dubai in 2019

IDA to return to Dubai for World Congress 2019

The International Desalination Association (IDA) is to return to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for its World Congress in 2019, building on the earlier success of the IDA World Congress held in the emirate in 2009.

Aquatech's new ZLD system is designed to protect the River Nile, Egypt's only life-giving aquifer

Egypt's first ZLD plant is up and running

The first zero liquid discharge (ZLD) plant in Egypt, part of a water treatment facility designed and supplied by Aquatech, has been commissioned.

Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages

Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.

The loan from Kuwait Fund is for a reverse osmosis desalination plant at Eastern Port Said City, Egypt

Kuwait Fund confirms loan for Port Said desalination project

The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development has confirmed a loan of KWD35 million ($115 million) to the government of Egypt for a 150,000 m3/d seawater desalination plant.

Hitachi and Veolia duo wins US$ 240 million Iraq pretreatment contract

A consortium of Japanese and French industrial giants, Hitachi and Veolia Environnement, alongside Egyptian engineering firm, ArabCo, have won a ¥ 24 billion (US$ 240 million) order from the Iraqi government to build pretreatment facilities at a desalination plant in Basrah, Iraq.

Hyflux sells half-share of Singapore membrane R&D firm

Singapore's Hyflux Ltd announced on 11 March 2014 that it had agreed with Marmon Water (Singapore) Pte Ltd (MWS) to sell to MWS its entire 50% equity interest in Hyflux Marmon Development Pte Ltd (HMD), a company devoted to membrane/media filtration research.

WHO's guidance includes case studies on potable reuse from around the world

WHO issues guidance on potable reuse

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has issued guidance on potable reuse for drinking water suppliers and regulators.

GWI's Global Water Summit 2017 in Madrid brought together water industry leaders from across the globe

View From: GWI Global Water Summit 2017, Madrid

The annual get-together of water business executives and municipal leaders from around the globe was suffused with conversation about change in Madrid 2017.

The report, Water Reuse: Drivers, Innovations and Public Perceptions, is available to download from the link below

Top five takeaways on what's shaping water reuse globally

Our survey of Water. desalination + reuse readers was conducted to gauge the industry's perceptions about the factors influencing the growth of water reuse markets globally. We present the top five facts from among the rich set of data collected.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

Municipal desalination plant planned for Chile's Copiapó

Construction of a municipal desalination plant will form part of urgent measures to address water shortages in the region around the Chilean city of Copiapó.

CH2M Hill reports to USEPA on industrial water use

Water reuse is one of a number of trends for water usage in American industry identified in a report just published by engineering company CH2M Hill for the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA).

Henry Charrabé is a protégé of investor Ronald Lauder, and is backed by him as CEO of newly created Fluence Corp

Interview: Henry Charrabe, Fluence Corp

Henry Charrabe, newly appointed chief executive of Fluence Corporation, the company formed in July by the merger of RWL Water and Emefcy, has worked for the business' major investor Ronald Lauder for 16 years.

H2O Innovation picks up contract trio to boost order book

Canada-based H2O Innovation has won two new contracts in Canada and one new deal in the US.

Modern Water gets £ 9.5 million from share issue

UK forward-osmosis (FO) and monitoring specialist Modern Water plc announced on 12 February 2013 that it had raised, subject to certain conditions, £ 10.0 million (approximately £ 9.5 million net of expenses) by way of a placing of 20,000,000 new ordinary shares with both new and existing institutional shareholders at a price of £0.50 per ordinary share.

Modern Water appoints US monitoring sales VP

UK-based Modern Water plc has appointed a vice president of sales, Americas, for its Monitoring division. This appointment will strengthen the geographical reach of the division and will drive Modern Water's sales activity in North, Central and South America.

California considering CEC monitoring in water reuse

The California State Water Resources Control Board is to consider adding monitoring of constituents of emerging concern (CECs) to its requirements for recycled water at its board meeting on 16 October 2012.

IDA reuse conference calls for abstracts

The International Desalination Association (IDA) on 1 February will open its call for extended abstract submissions to be considered for presentation at its International Conference on Water Reuse and Recycling: Turning Vision into Reality. The conference will be held on 25-27 September, 2016 in Nice, France.

Wastewater reuse set for 61% growth by 2015

Market researcher, Bluefield, has forecast 61% growth in the US market for wastewater reuse in municipal utilities over the next ten years with potable reuse increasing from 15% of the total capacity to 19% by 2025.

Wastewater drive to boost membrane use in GCC region says analyst

Government identification of wastewater treatment in the municipal sector as a priority area in water production will be a key revenue generation source for membrane elements in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries according to market analyst Frost & Sullivan. And the demand for water in the region was set to double within twenty years the analyst forecast.

GE sets up reuse online forum

GE Water and Process Technologies has launched an online platform focussing on water reuse.

GHD appoints Western Australia leader

Engineering, architecture, environmental and construction services group, GHD, has appointed Blair Shackleton as market leader - water for Western Australia.

Mann+Hummel buys into membrane-maker Microdyn-Nadir

Industrial filtration group Mann+Hummel announced on 8 May 2014 that it had taken a 50% stake of the German‑based company Microdyn‑Nadir.

Veolia chief executive for Middle East and North Africa Xavier Joseph is targeting ambitious growth in 2018

Veolia Middle East CEO Xavier Joseph targets significant growth

Veolia has investment capacity of $200 million for power and water projects across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for 2018, regional chief executive Xavier Joseph has told Emirati news outlet The National.

Egypt anticipates a reduction in Nile river water availability following completion of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Egypt's al-Sisi has a mega desal scheme in his sights

Egypt is to build a mega desalination plant in response to water scarcity concerns, reports news24.com.

Ain Sokhna is a town in Suez Governorate, on the western shore of the Red Sea

EBRD pledges €300 million for Ain Sokhna, Egypt, desalination project

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is to loan €300 million ($354 million) to Egypt for a desalination plant at Ain Sokhna, reports Egypt Today.

Russia looks to export nuclear power and desalination packages

Russia's nuclear power company, Rosatom, is aiming to sell integrated, large nuclear power and desalination plants overseas through its export arm Rosatom Overseas.

The talks between the French conglomerate and Egyptian authorities are being held in capital city Cairo

Scheider Electric and Egypt in talks over desalination plans

Schneider Electric, the French energy management group, is in talks with Egypt's ministry of housing, utilities and urban communities about investing in desalination and wastewater treatment projects, reports Almal News.

Reverse osmosis plant put on hold after rainfall.

After rainfall boosted Lake Palo Pinto in Texas, US to almost 30% capacity, officials at the city of Mineral Wells have elected to delay completion of a reverse osmosis facility for at least 12 months.

New Cairo wastewater treatment plant was delivered by FCC Aqualia and Orascom in 2017, and is a United Nation benchmark case study for water public-private partnerships

FCC Aqualia and Orascom win $320 million Cairo reuse project

FCC Aqualia and Orascom have won a $320 million contract to design, build and operate a wastewater reuse plant in Cairo, Egypt.

The new capacity will supply places such as Hurghada, in Red Sea governorate, Egypt

Egypt to invest in 16 desalination projects

Egypt is to build or upgrade 16 desalination plants across five governorates, reports Daily News Egypt.

Reverse osmosis to drive US membrane demand to $6.2 billion in 2018

Water and wastewater industry demand for membranes will drive a 7.9%-a-year increase in US demand to reach US$ 6.2 billion by 2018 with reverse osmosis membranes surging 8.6% a year according to report by market research firm, The Freedonia Group.

West Basin declares record year in recycled water output

West Basin Municipal Water District in California has declared fiscal year 2013-14 a record 12 months in recycled water production at its Edward C Little Water Recycling Facility. The plant produced 60,000 Ml of recycled water in the period.

Residents of Tobruk, Libya, are facing a severe water crisis following an abrupt halt to supplies of desalinated water

Protests erupt as Libya plant closes on lack of chemicals

Protests have erupted in Tobruk, Libya, following the closure of its desalination plant due to a lack of chemicals, reports SciDev.Net.

STW Water bags Horizon, Texas US$ 2.2 million brine concentrator deal

STW Water has won the US$ 2.2 million contract to design, engineer and construct a reverse osmosis concentrator for the Municipal Utility District of Horizon City, Texas.

Egypt is building up its desalination capacity on the Mediterranean cost

Egypt steps up desalination plant building programme

The Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces (EAAF) of Egypt has unveiled plans for three new desalination plants, as a fourth is approved for Matruh seaport, reports Egyptian business paper Al Mal.

The most-read stories on desalination and water reuse in 2018 around the globe

Most-read: our top 20 stories of 2018

The year 2018 was dominated by big project tenders in the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia. Water. desalination + reuse rounds up the top stories from our industry.

World Bank publishes report on Arab water reuse

Total water reuse in the Arab world is estimated at 2,170 million m³ per year, according to a report just published by the World Bank summarising the findings of the Expert Consultation Meeting on Wastewater Management in the Arab World, convened in Dubai in May 2011.

The Egypt-Spain forum was intended to help promote private investment in Egypt, including in the water sector

Spanish firms visit Egypt on project-led trade mission

Desalination was on the agenda at the Egypt-Spain Multilateral Partnership 2017 Forum, held in Cairo, 6 to 7 March 2017.

Ain Sokhna integrated water and power project in the Suez Canal Economic Zone will be powered by a 457MW gas-fired station, with surplus energy going to the grid

Hyflux to deliver Suez Canal project as BOO not EPC

Hyflux is to develop the Ain Sokhna integrated water and power plant project in Egypt's Suez Canal Economic Zone on a build own operate basis.

The new desalination plants will serve communities including those of the tourist resorts at Sharm el-Sheikh

Kuwait Fund finances four desalination plants in Egypt

Kuwait Fund is to loan Egypt KWD 15 million ($49 million) to construct four desalination plants in South Sinai governorate.

AMTA visiting Des Moines for tech transfer workshop

The American Membrane Technology Association is to hold a Technology Transfer Workshop in Des Moines, Iowa.

The new plants will supply sites in Northern Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast

Fluence wins Egyptian desalination works through new joint venture

Fluence has won $7.6 million of contracts to supply three Nirobox smart packaged desalination plants to projects owned by Egypt's Ministry of Housing.

ERD comparison tool developed by WateReuse project

A tool to allow engineers to evaluate commercially available energy-recovery devices (ERDs) for reverse-osmosis (RO) systems has been developed under a research project funded by the WateReuse Research Foundation.

VSEP system commissioned for Quito landfill leachate

Another vibratory shear enhanced process (VSEP) membrane reverse-osmosis (RO) system has been commissioned in South America at a municipal landfill in Quito, Ecuador.

Work on Carlsbad should start early in 2013

Work on the 189,000 m³/d Carlsbad seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant is expected to start early in 2013, following approval by the board of the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) on 29 November 2012 of the water-purchase agreement between SDCWA and Poseidon Resources, developers of the desalination plant.

The project to develop Sinai peninsular is to support economic and social growth

Egypt eyes four desalination plants in Sinai development project

Egypt is to build four desalination plants by 2022, as part of its EGP 275 billion ($15.6 billion) scheme to develop Sinai peninsula, reports Haaretz.

New distributors and EU compliance for PWT

Membrane chemicals supplier Professional Water Technologies (PWT), the US arm of Canada's H2O Innovation, recently signed agreements with two new distributors in Brazil and Argentina, increasing its presence in South America.

US$ 6.25 million equity investment for Desalitech

Reverse-osmosis (RO) innovator Desalitech Inc has secured an equity investment of U$$ 6.25 million led by Liberation Capital LLC, which will be used for business expansion and working capital.

Michael Morillon

Morillon to direct MEDRC training

Michel Morillon, former CEO and CTO of the 80,000 m³/d Sur seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant project in Oman, has joined the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC) as director of training.

Oil/gas sector MBR leads new H2O Innovation jobs

Supply of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) wastewater treatment and reuse system to an industrial user in the oil and gas industry in Alberta, Canada, was announced by H2 O Innovation Inc on 8 March 2012.

New US/Canadian contracts for H2O Innovation

Canadian H2O Innovation Inc announced on 21 December 2011 that it had recently been awarded new membrane water-treatment contracts totalling Can$ 4.7 million (US$ 4.6 million).

Toray UF membranes online in North Dakota

An ultrafiltration UF system in North Dakota, USA, has become the first large municipal drinking-water system in the US to use Toray HFS-2020 UF membrane modules.

New contracts end H2O Innovation's year strongly

Canada's H2O Innovation Inc is to supply membrane nanofiltration (NF) water supply systems to two municipalities in Canada and expand an existing system in a third, among contracts totaling Can$ 8 million (US$ 8.25 million) announced on 6 July 2011.

Marin MWD wins but desalination EIR challenge looms

Marin Municipal Water District (MMWD) won a ruling in March 2011 by a Marin superior court judge which keeps its option of a seawater desalination plant on track.

Oxnard AWPF currently under construction

Finance agreed for Camarillo regional desalter studies

Two water districts and two - possibly three - cities in southern California have agree to finance studies for a regional brackish-water desalination plant to be located near Camarillo.

District backs out of California's GRIP water-reuse project

One of the three main partners in a US$ 210 million indirect potable water-reuse scheme in California's San Gabriel Valley has walked away from the project.

The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development is supporting the development of the Sina Peninsula

Sinai development continues with plans for new desalination capacity

Egypt's Ministry of International Co-operation and the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development have signed a deal to build a new desalination plant in East Port Said.

Texas wastewater-reuse plant could be first of three

The Colorado River Municipal Water District (CRMWD) in Texas, USA, is anticipating the construction phase early in 2011 of its first regional water reclamation plant, which will be membrane-based and located in Big Spring.

Mumbai set for two 100,000 m³/d desalination plants

The Maharashtra government committee looking into desalination for Mumbai, India, has decided on two 100,000 m³/d plants using the reverse-osmosis plants in Chennai as a blueprint, although it is acknowledged that seawater conditions are different.

Singapore tenders 318,500 m³/d SWRO desalination plant

A tender for a 70 MIGD (318,500 m³/d) desalination plant to be built at Tuas, Singapore, was launched on 30 June 2010 by the country's national water agency, PUB.


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