Desalination, Bahrain, Tanks
Construction starts on Durrat Al Bahrain desalination plant
Bahrain-based utility Energy Central Co (ECC)announced on 4 March 2009 that a groundbreaking ceremony has taken place at the Durrat Al Bahrain development, where the company is building a seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant with an ultimate capacity of 32,000 m³/d.
Go-ahead for 113,500 m³/d Orange County GWRS expansion
Orange County's world-renowned membrane-based Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) in California is to be expanded by another 30 MGD (113,500 m³/d) following approval by the board of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) on 30 March 2011.
Bahrain oil refinery installs GE Water mobile technologies
Bahrain Petroleum Company has installed mobile technology from GE Water at Awali refinery to produce high-purity boiler feedwater.
Japan funds Cape Verde desalination scheme
Japan's International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is to provide US$ 150 million towards the funding of a US$ 200 million desalination plant for the Cape Verde republic off the coast of West Africa.
Offshore desalination prototype wins funding
Renewable sector engineering company 4NRg has won funding for its development of a prototype mechanical offshore desalination unit.
SWCC deputy governor elected as IDA president 2013-15
Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, deputy governor for planning and development of Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) will become president of the International Desalination Association (IDA) on 24 October 2013 serving for the 2013‑15 term.
June start for Clearwater RO plant in Florida
Construction is due to start in June 2013 on the second reverse-osmosis water treatment plant for City of Clearwater, Florida, following a groundbreaking ceremony on 6 May 2013.
South Australian town to get new desalination plant
South Australia's water minister, Ian Hunter, announced on 1 May 2013 that a brackish-water desalination plant to deliver improved water quality to the town of Hawker, in the Flinders Ranges 100km north of Port Augusta, had been approved for construction.
Pentair X-Flow wins UF order for Ghallilah desalination
Ultrafiltration (UF) membranes and skids are to be supplied to the 15 MIGD (68,000 m³/d) seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant at Ghallilah, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, by Pentair X-Flow.
Australia and NZ ferry RO units to Tuvalu
Australia and New Zealand are leading an urgent response to the drought currently afflicting the South Pacific islands of Tuvalu and Tokelau by transporting reverse-osmosis (RO) units to provide a water supply.
BEL hooks up with Strand for RO pressure-vessels in US
Desalination pressure-vessel manufacturer BEL Group Ltd, through BEL Composite America Inc, announced a strategic partnership on 30 July 2011 with Strand Composite Engineering & Construction LLC of Harrison, Arkansas, USA.
Solar panels commissioned at UK desalination plant
Thames Water in the UK at the end of July commissioned a 450 kW array of solar panels at its 150,000 m³/d Beckton brackish-water desalination plant as part of a bid to become Britain's biggest on-site solar power producer and industrial user.
GDF Suez looking to sell Al Hidd power/desalination stake
French energy group GDF Suez was reported by Reuters on 28 July 2011 to be planning to sell its 30% stake in Bahrain's Al Hidd power and desalination plant and has mandated HSBC as an adviser.
Protesa wins two Cyprus desalination pipe contracts
Contracts for glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) pipes and fittings for two desalination plants in Cyprus were announced on 21 March 2011 by Spanish manufacturer Protesa.
Bahrain MoU signed for wind-powered desalination technology
Wind-powered desalination technology is to be promoted in Bahrain under a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed on 31 January 2011 between Jade Consultancy of Bahrain and Synlift Systems GmbH of Germany.
West Basin district dedicates desalination demo facility
California's West Basin Municipal Water District is nearing completion of its new desalination demonstration facility, following formal dedication of the plant on 12 November 2010.
Egypt and Bahrain seek joint desalination projects
Egypt and Bahrain are looking to develop joint water desalination projects between the two countries.
IDA publishes program for Gulf desalination and environment seminar
The International Desalination Association has published details of program sessions and topics for its seminar on Desalination and the Gulf: The Relationship between the Environment and Meeting the Region's Water Needs, which will take place in Bahrain on 6-7 December 2010.
New Mexico city seeking 4 MGD desalination plant
The city of Alamogordo, New Mexico, USA, is looking to use a 4 MGD (15,000 m³/d) desalination plant to provide a safe dependable supply from brackish water wells.
West Basin demonstrating desalination intake and outfall technologies
One of the first seawater desalination demonstration facilities to employ ocean-protection technology at the source of intake and discharge has begun construction in Southern California, USA.
IDA announces four new desalination events
The International Desalination Association (IDA) announced four new events on 22 February 2010, including its next World Congress in Perth, Australia, which will be held during 4-9 September 2011.
Toray wins large RO orders in Bahrain and Spain
Toray Industries Inc announced on 24 December 2009 that it had won a series of orders to supply reverse osmosis (RO) membranes for desalination plants in Bahrain and Spain.
Al Dur desalination financing tied up
Gulf Investment Corporation (GIC) and GDF Suez announced on 26 July 2009 completion of the limited recourse financing of the US$ 2.1 billion Al-Dur Independent Water & Power Producer (IWPP) project , which includes a 218,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant as well as a 1,240 MW combined-cycle gas-turbine power plant.
Desalination plant's nitrate removal has hidden benefits
A water district in California has found a novel way to remove multiple contaminants from groundwater currently feeding a desalination plant without creating waste that requires costly treatment and disposal.
Doosan Babcock wins maintenance and support deal at giant Taweelah plant
Energy engineering company, Doosan Babcock, has won a contract with Taweelah Asia Power Company (Tapco) to provide essential maintenance and technical support services for Tapco's desalination plant in Abu Dhabi.
Sydney desalter construction reaches halfway point
Construction of Sydney's 250,000 m³/d Kurnell seawater desalination plant is just over 50% complete, D&WR has been told by Sydney Water. The intake and outlet tunnels were completed in December 2008.
Metito to supply RO plant for UAE oil base
Supply of a 2,700 m³/d reverse osmosis desalination plant and a 360 m³/d demineralization plant for an oil and gas installation on Das Island, UAE, has been awarded to UAE-based Metito by Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company.
Mott MacDonald appointed as Al Dur adviser
Bahrain's Ministry of Finance has appointed Mott MacDonald as technical adviser to the Electricity & Water Authority in Bahrain for the multi-million dollar Al Dur Independent Water & Power Project.
Oman trial plant eases water scarcity
Trial operation of a new desalination plant near the Oman capital, Muscat, is already alleviating water scarcity there according to the Oman's Public Authority for Electricity and Water.
Bahrain energy bid includes desalt
A consortium, including Saudi-owned infrastructure firm ACWA Power, has in its bid for Bahrain's 390,000 tonne a year waste-to-energy plant the provision of desalinated water.
STW finishes brine concentrator project at Horizon, Texas
Water management firm, STW Resources, has completed a US$ 2.2 million contract for the design, engineering and construction of a reverse osmosis (RO) concentrator for the Texas city, Horizon.
SWCC procures three floating desalination units
Saudi Arabia's Saline Water Conversion Corporation has procured three desalination units to provide floating capacity of 150,000 m3/d of drinking water over 20 years.
Jebel Ali project is a new direction for DEWA and Besix
The $237 million contract awarded by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant represents a big step for the client, and for Besix Concessions & Assets, which won the work in partnership with Acciona Agua.
KfW finances Euro 82 million Tunisian desalination project
KfW Development Bank is to loan €82 million ($95 million) to Tunisia for a desalination plant in Zarat, Gabes Governorate, reports Tunis Afrique Presse.
Western Cape food producer adopts desalination
Oceana, a canned fish producer based in Western Cape, South Africa, is installing two desalination plants in readiness for 'day zero,' in April 2018, when the region is expected to run out of water.
Innovative Flow Analysis Method for High Loading Rate DAF
Dissolved air flotation (DAF) is a well established method for removing suspended solids from wastewater that is gaining ground in the pretreatment of seawater for desalination. The authors describe a method for analyzing the flow of water in DAF to inform better design of DAF tanks. This article first appeared in the August 2014 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
Spain's Inexa to build Arab shipyard desalination plant
Bahrain's Arab Shipbuilding and Repair Yard company (Asry) has awarded a US$ 8.6 million contract to Gulf Marketing House for the completion and upgrading of a reverse osmosis seawater desalination plant at Asry's yard in the Bahrain capital, Manama. Under the build-operate-transfer deal Spanish engineering firm, Inexa, will construct the plant.
Abengoa's project in Agadir, Morocco, expands in size and scope
Abengoa is to expand capacity of a desalination plant project in development, and to construct additional capacity for irrigation purposes, in Agadir, Morocco.
Multi-technology GE upgrade for Russian refinery treatment
Membrane bioreactor (MBR), electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) technology will all feature in a major upgrade for the wastewater treatment at one of Russia's biggest oil refineries.
Tordera SWRO storage tanks built within 16 weeks
The challenge of upgrading and nearly doubling the potable water storage capacity as part of an upgrade of the Tordera seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in Blanes (Girona) near Barcelona, Spain, within a rigorous timeframe, was awarded to CST Vulcan, a division of CST Industries Inc. Using a specialised jacking system, allowing the tanks to be built from the ground up, construction was completed in August 2009, in less than 16 weeks total, allowing the overall project to continue on time and as planned.
Construction completed on Australia's largest recycled water project
Wastewater reuse is a hot topic in Australia, with the "toilet-to-tap" label being trotted out on many occasions. In the state of Queensland, it has a lot more relevance because, as well as a brand new desalination plant at Gold Coast, the state now has a giant new municipal water reuse scheme. This article discusses completion of the Western Corridor Recycled Water Project, the southern hemisphere's largest recycled water project, and provides a technical overview of the international award-winning Bundamba Advanced Water Treatment Plant. Producing up to 232,000 m /d of water, the WCRWP is the largest in the southern hemisphere and the third largest in the world. It provides purified recycled water, a climate- and rainfall-resilient source of pure water, to three power stations located in South East Queensland. In the future, the project will supply water to industry and potentially agricultural users, and, should the region's drinking water supplies fall below 40%, the Wivenhoe Dam. The project includes a network of more than 200 km of large-diameter underground pipes, three advanced water treatment plants, nine storage tanks and 12 pumping stations. It also provides significant environmental benefits by removing up to 50% of nutrients that would previously have been released to waterways feeding environmentally sensitive Moreton Bay. This article appeared in the May/June issue of D&WR magazine.
The Long Read: How digital is transforming desal and reuse
The digital economy is transforming water utilities and industrial players, and bringing potentially profound changes for desalination and reuse specialists. The common thread is data.
Gaza desalination plant delayed by goods blockade
Construction of a desalination plant in Gaza City, Palestine, has stalled after Israel halted the passage of goods into the State, reports Relief Web.
Singapore to tender S$5 billion of water and waste works
Singapore's PUB and National Environment Agency (NEA) are to tender more than S$5 billion ($3.7 billion) of works covering civil, mechanical and electrical engineering for Tuas Nexus, an integrated wastewater and waste treatment facility.
ACWA Emirates delivers MBR reuse plant for Saudi Aramco
ACWA Emirates has completed a water reuse plant at Shaybah Oilfield, Saudi Arabia, for crude and natural gas exporter Saudi Aramco.
Fort forges ahead with reuse project
The first water reuse project in Oklahoma state is reported to be making headway at the US army's post at Fort Sill.
Mitsubishi unit bags sludge system order
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Mechatronics Systems (MHI-MS), has picked up an order for wastewater treatment facilities using its two-phase, activated sludge system, for installation at sister company Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation's Yokkaichi Plant in Mie prefecture.
H2O Innovation lands three water/wastewater contracts
H2O Innovation Inc announced on 14 January 2014 recent contracts totalling Can$ 6.5 million (UA$ 5.93 million) in Western Canada's energy sector.
Ovivo to supply largest US MBR to Canton, Ohio
The City of Canton, Ohio, is to use Ovivo membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology to upgrade its water reclamation facility from 39 MGD (147,600 m³/d) to 88 MGD (333,000 m³/d).
New Zealand city commissions MBR wastewater upgrade
The city of Rotorua on New Zealand's North Island has become the first city in the country to use a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for wastewater treatment on a major scale.
Canada's largest MBR plant will have GE membranes
A 36,000 m³/d expanded membrane bioreactor will be at the heart of an upgraded wastewater treatment plant for the city of Brandon in Manitoba, Canada.
Xylem wins US$7.3 million Bahrain wastewater upgrade deal
Switzerland-based water technology company Xylem has signed a US$7.3 million contract with Bahrain's Ministry of Works to upgrade a wastewater treatment facility in the Bahrain capital Manama.
McLaughlin takes over at CST Industries
Liquid-storage tankmaker CST Industries of Lenexa, USA, has a new president and CEO following the departure of Brian Bauerbach, who is leaving the company to lead another venture.
Parkson breaks new ground with Saudi MBR plant
A 2,000 m³/d wastewater-reuse plant based on membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology has just been commissioned in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, by Florida-based Parkson.
ABS turbocompressors selected for Jurong MBR plant
Aeration for the membrane bioreactor (MBR) and the biological treatment tanks at Jurong Water Reclamation Plant, Singapore's largest MBR plant, is to be provided by ABS Turbocompressors HST.
New Zealand district to install Zeeweed MBR system
Rotorua District Council, New Zealand, is to install advanced bacteria-removing membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology for the upgrade to its wastewater treatment plant using GE's Zeeweed 500d ultrafiltration technology.
San Francisco plans wastewater reuse plant in city park
San Francisco's Public Utilities (SFPUC) unveiled plans on 7 September 2010 for its proposed Westside Recycled Water Project, part of its Water System Improvement Program.
Modesto water quality project gets Siemens MBR equipment
Equipment for a 12.6 MGD (47,700 m³/d) membrane bioreactor (MBR) system is to be supplied to City of Modesto, California, USA, by Siemens Water Technologies for the Jennings Road Water Quality Control Facility.
Israel to join top ten water stressed by 2040
The US-based World Resources Institute has forecast that Israel will be among the world's ten most water stressed regions by 2040. Almost half of those regions will be in the Middle East according to recent report by the institute.
IDA announces nine new Gulf task force members
The importance now being accorded to the environment by the desalination industry was emphasized on 22 April 2010 when the International Desalination Association (IDA) announced the addition of nine distinguished scientists to its Gulf regional task force and an environmental symposium in Bahrain in December 2010.
Salalah IWPP passes acceptance tests in Oman
Acceptance tests for the US$ 1 billion Salalah Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) in Oman have been successfully completed, Sembcorp Industries announced on 28 May 2012.
Sumitomo allies with VA Tech Wabag
Japan's Sumitomo Corp announced on 7 December 2010 an alliance agreement with India-based VA Tech Wabag Ltd, under which the two companies will strategically cooperate in multiple areas within the water infrastructure industry
Minister launches IDA environmental symposium in Bahrain
The desalination industry must better understand its role in changes currently occurring in the Arabian Gulf, Bahrain's minister of electricity and water affairs, Eng Fahmi bin Ali Al Jowder, told an environmental symposium in Manama on 6 December 2010 organised by the International Desalination Association.
Sasakura eyes large Middle East desalination units
Sasakura Engineering Co is teaming up with fellow Japanese company Itochu Corp to enter the business of large-scale desalination plants in the Middle East.
IDA to form Gulf desalination environmental task force
The International Desalination Association (IDA) plans to form a task force to explore the environmental effects of desalination on the Arabian Gulf and recommend strategies to mitigate potential impacts.
IDA releases more Congress details
More details have been released about the program for the 2009 World Congress of the International Desalination Association (IDA), which will take place during 7-12 November 2009 in Dubai.
IDA issues Gulf environmental Blue Paper
Better availability and sharing of environmental data between the Gulf states is among the recommendations contained in a "Blue Paper" released on 18 July 2011 by the International Desalination Association (IDA).
BWA changes hands once more
Desalination and water treatment chemical specialist BWA Water Additives has been sold for the second time in three years for around £ 185 million (US$ 300 million).
MED/TVC desalination plant inaugurated in Qatar
The Ras Laffan C power and desalination plant in Qatar was officially opened on 31 May 2011 in the presence of the emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, and Gérard Mestrallet, chairman and CEO of GDF Suez.
BWA Additives acquired by Bahrain bank
United International Bank BSC, an investment bank headquartered in Bahrain, announced at the end of September 2008 its acquisition of the UK-based BWA Water Additives, a leading water treatment solution provider from Close Brothers Private Equity Ltd.
Sovereign funds back private utility Utico in UAE
Asma Capital has paid $147 million for a "significant minority stake" in Utico, the United Arab Emirates' only private utility, reports Reuters.
Koch to give IDA Congress keynote speech
David H Koch, co-owner and executive vice president of Koch Industries Inc and president of Koch Membrane Systems, will deliver the keynote address at the opening ceremony for the International Desalination Association's World Congress in Dubai on 7 November 2009.
Experience helps boost production and stability at Ras Abu Jarjur
Improving production with reduced expenditure could be the main targets of any desalination facility around the world. Such feats are being methodically achieved at Ras Abu Jarjur reverse-osmosis (RO) plant in Bahrain as a result of a series of improvements. Of the many available desalination techniques, RO was seen from the earliest days as a reliable and cost-effective technology and was therefore employed at Ras Abu Jarjur. From the huge quantity of groundwater (40 million m /year) extracted from borewells, potable water totalling 29 million m /year is produced. The other 30% of water is being rejected to the Arabian Gulf, which has a similar salinity level and higher temperatures. Trials are being carried out to extend the brine staging by one more stage from two to three for the ninth and tenth trains and from three to four for the first to eighth trains, as the reject water from the trains is already filtered, acidified, dosed with antiscalant and most importantly possessing the required pressure energy (minimum of 38 bar) to be used. This strategy would increase the overall water recovery by another 4.5%. By closely following the guidelines of the scaling indices, solubility product limits of potential scale-forming constituents in the water and various performance-monitoring tools, it would be possible to recover another 2% of the water. The full article first appeared in the November/December 2008 issue of D&WR magazine. The paper on which it was based was awarded the prize for Best Oral Presentation at the International Desalination Association World Congress in Maspalomas in 2007.
Innovative Technologies Implemented at Bahrain Petroleum Company to Treat Refinery Wastewater
The Bahrain Oil Refinery is located on the east coast of Bahrain, a few kilometers from the island of Sitra. The 267,000-barrels-a-day plant includes facilities for the primary treatment of process wastewater but more recently the company that operates the facility the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) has implemented innovative methods in secondary treatment. This article first appeared in the issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.
EDS urges knowledge sharing at Rome conference
The European Desalination Society (EDS) conference opened on Monday (23 May) with calls for greater collaboration among desalination professionals to address the rising gap between water supply and demand worldwide.
Malaysia-Bahrain MoU posits integrated waste and water project
Malay engineers Serba Dinamik in consortium with EAG Capital are to conduct a feasibility study for an integrated solid waste management and water desalination plant in Bahrain, reports The Edge Markets.
Bahrain names Acwa Power as preferred bidder on Al Dur 2
Bahrain's Electricity and Water Authority has named a consortium led by Acwa Power as preferred bidder for Al Dur 2 independent water and power project, reports TXF.
Top 20 water-stressed countries with solar potential
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has named the world's top 20 most water-stressed countries which have the most solar energy potential.
Bluewater Bio bags Bahraini upgrade project
Bluewater Bio of the UK has won a project to upgrade Tubli wastewater treatment plant in Bahrain that will more than double the plant's capacity for water reuse.
Saudi poised for sevefold hike in water reuse
Unveiling a white paper highlighting government policy options for addressing water scarcity in Saudi Arabia, GE Power & Water said the kingdom was in a position to up its reuse of wastewater sevenfold to more than 240 million m³/year.
Trinidad residents struggle as Point Lisas closes for maintenance
Trinidad's water supplies will be placed under stress after the water and sewerage authority temporarily shuts down the Point Lisas desalination plant for maintenance creating a 10% shortfall in output.
Kwazulu-Natal district consults on seawater desalination
The Ugu district municipality on South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal south coast is exploring the possibility of desalination amid a "dire" water shortage.
South Africa's Cape ponders desalination as water crisis grips
The provincial government of South Africa's Western Cape is looking to water reclamation and seawater desalination as it considers its options for securing water amid a serious crisis.
Oman seeks bids for desalination inlets consultation
Oman Power and Water Procurement (OPWP) company has invited bids from consultancies to investigate the best sea-water intake and outfall location for two independent desalination projects.
Gulf nations poised for 40% boost to desalination output by 2020
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region is poised to up its seawater desalination capacity by nearly 40% by 2020 to meet the growing demand for drinking water, according to a recent report.
LG Chem to supply eight desalination projects
LG Chem, has signed an US$ 8 million deal to supply reverse osmosis (RO) filters for eight seawater desalination projects in five nations from its newly constructed plant at Cheongju in South Korea's North Chungcheong province.
Venezuelan oil firm ups desalination to offset drought
Amid a persistent severe drought, Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA's Paraguaná refinery has upgraded its desalination facility to increase output by a third following investment in plant of some US$ 250 million.
EBRD in talks with Egypt on desalination finance
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is negotiating with the public private partnership (PPP) unit of Egypt's ministry of finance over possible private sector involvement in the unit's infrastructure projects including a desalination facility.
Anlayst forecasts desalination to double in under five years
Global desalination revenues will more than double to top US$ 19 million by 2019 reflecting a similar surge in the numbers of facilities according to a report by market analyst, Frost & Sullivan.
Singapore desalination plant upgrade will use ceramic membranes
An upgrade planned for later this year at Singapore's Choa Chu Kang Waterworks will use ceramic membranes in a first for the country.
Veolia venture finishes Spain's Campo Dalias desalination
A joint venture led by Veolia Water Technologies' Spanish operation has completed the 97.2 Ml/d Campo Dalías reverse osmosis desalination plant in the south of Spain.
Oman names preferred bidders for Sohar and Barka projects
The Oman Power and Water Procurement company has named its preferred bidders for two major water desalination projects planned at Sohar and Barka on the sultanate's Batinah coast.
Miner ties up with Chinese steel firm in desalination deal
White Mountain Titanium Corporation has signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MOU) with China's state-controlled metallurgy and engineering firm, Sinosteel Equipment and Engineering, which includes a desalination project.
Poseidon plays down watchdog's warning
The developer of a giant desalination project at Huntingdon Beach, California has played down a recent notice from the Coastal Commission telling the firm that its application for a development permit was incomplete.
Vietnam island to get Korean-financed desalination
Having acquired electricity only last year, Vietnam's Ly Son Island is to build a VND 264 billion (US$ 12.5 million), 2,000 m³/d desalination plant to provide potable water to 16,000 islanders.
Namibia nears deal on Areva desalination plant
The Namibian government has claimed to be close to completing its acquisition of a N$ 3 billion (US$ 220 million) desalination plant owned by French engineering giant, Areva. Negotiations over the deal started in 2014. Local newspapers have reported that both parties were expected to conclude their offers by the end of this month.
California gives Monterey slant test green light to resume pumping
The California Coastal Commission has given the go-ahead for water supplier, California American Water (CalAm), to resume operation of its test slant well. The well has been idle since June when groundwater fell below a threshold specified in CalAm's permit conditions that required it to cease working.
Dry Australian state mulls starting up desalination plant
A A$ 4 billion (US$ 2.93 billion) desalination plant in Australia's Victoria state could make its debut as parts of the state are suffering their driest period on record.
Emirates Singapore venture poised for bond issue
Emirates SembCorp Water and Power - the joint venture, behind the Fujairah 1 independent water and power plant - is considering issuing a project bond to refinance its debt.
Plastics group ponders suppliers for 100 Ml/d desalination project
Taiwan-based Formosa Plastics Group is considering several major international suppliers for its NT$ 5 billion (US$ 150 million) project to build Taiwan's first large-scale desalination plant. The 100 Ml/d facility will be constructed on the site of one of Formosa's naphtha crackers at Mailiao, Yunlin County to alleviate the impact on the naphtha plant of forecast droughts.