Chile, Spain, Pipework


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Agbar subsidiary submits EIS for Chile desalination plant

An environmental impact study (EIS) has been submitted for the construction of a 1,000 L/s (86,400 ³/d) seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in the coastal town of Chañaral, near the city of Caldera in Chile's Region III.

Acciona extends Chilean desalination contract work

Spanish group Acciona has been awarded an extension to its existing contract for the Copiapó desalination plant in the Atacama III region of Chile.

Bechtel contract for Escondida desalination project

BHP Billiton has contracted Bechtel to provide engineering, project management and construction services for the water supply to the Escondida copper mine in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.

Acciona to build RO plant for Chile mines

Spain's Acciona Agua has been selected by Grupo CAP to design, build, bring into service and operate for 20 years a seawater desalination plant to service mining operations in the Copiapó Valley in Chile's Atacama Region III.

Abengoa to build power-plant RO project in Chile

Spanish contractor Abengoa has been selected by Chilean energy company AES Gener to develop a reverse-osmosis desalination plant for the Angamos power plant.

Escondida desalination is first Doosan job in Latin America

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction announced its first seawater desalination plant project in the Latin American market on 25 August 2013.

ERI Q Series chosen for Acciona project in Chile

Spanish contractor Acciona Agua has chosen Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) energy-recovery equipment for its contract for the Minera CAP expansion desalination project in the Copiapó Valley in Chile's Atacama Region III, ERI announced on 16 July 2013.

Aqualia wins SWRO contract in Chile

Spanish company Aqualia has been awarded a contract worth about € 17 million to design and supply seawater reverse-osmosis equipment for a desalination plant in Chile, its first work in that country.

Doosan chooses BEL for Escondida pressure‑vessels

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has chosen BEL reverse‑osmosis (RO) membrane pressure‑vessels for its Escondida seawater RO project in Chile.

Rodrigo Turra

New Chile office and country chief for IDE Technologies

IDE Technologies has opened a new office in Chile and appointed Rodrigo Turra as country sales director.

Doosan Enpure secures Escondida pretreatment contract

Doosan Enpure has secured a US$ 17 million contract to design, procure and supply the pretreatment plant for the desalination part of the Escondida Water Supply Project at the world's largest copper mine in Chile's Atacama desert.

Chilean politicians launch mining desalination bill

A cross-party group of eight deputies in the lower house of the Chilean national congress has submitted a bill to require mining companies using more than 150 L/s of water for extraction purposes to install seawater desalination equipment.

Private players are reshaping desalination says report

Private water companies are "reshaping global desalination" with nine of the top ten capacity additions in 2015 coming from private sector players according to market researcher Bluefield Research.

EIS filed for SWRO desalination plant for Chile fishery

An environmental impact study (EIS) has been filed by Seven Seas Water Chile SpA for the Bahía Caldera Desalination Plant in Chile's Region III.

Chile mulls desalination for drought-blighted regions

Chile's chamber of deputies has approved a resolution calling for an investigation into the feasibility of building desalination plants and prioritizing regions hardest hit by drought.

Black & Veatch to engineer Escondida desalination work

Black & Veatch has been selected as the engineer of record for the marine works and desalination components on the US$ 3.43 billion Escondida Water Supply (EWS) project in Chile.

Chile's copper mines will turn to desalination for half their water

Desalination will provide half the water demand of Chile's copper mining industry by 2026, according to findings in a report by the Chilean state copper commission, Cochilco.

Billiton clears finance for 216,000 m³/d Chile desalination

An investment of US$ 1,972 million was approved by mining giant BHP Billiton on 25 July 2013 for its 216,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in Escondida, Chile.

Mining firm strikes funding deal for desalination plant at planned mine

Mining firm, White Mountain Titanium, has agreed a deal with US private equity company, Nexo Capital Partners, to fund, construct and manage a desalination plant to form part of White Mountain's planned Cerro Blanco mining project in Chile.

Chilean mining firm strikes desalination deal with water protesters

Chilean copper mining company, Antofagasta, has struck a deal with demonstrators from the town of Salamanca in the Choapa River Valley who had been blocking access to its Los Pelambres mine in Chile, in protest against the mine's consumption of water amid severe water scarcity in the region.

Fundación Chile's demonstration plant at the opening ceremony

Chilean solar desalination demo precurses pilot project

A demonstration solar-powered desalination plant was installed in mid‑March 2013 in Arica, Chile, by Fundación Chile, in advance of a pilot project for irrigation purposes.

Municipal desalination plant planned for Chile's Copiapó

Construction of a municipal desalination plant will form part of urgent measures to address water shortages in the region around the Chilean city of Copiapó.

IDE sells more MVC desalination units to Chile

Austria's Andritz Energy & Environment has placed a purchase order for two more Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) desalination units from IDE Technologies for AES Norgener, a 280 MW coal-fired power station in Chile.

Nirosoft to build small SWRO plant in Chile

Chilean regional water utility Aguas De Altiplano has awarded a contract to Nirosoft Industries for a small seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant.

ALADYR conference in Antofagasta in October

Chile's desalination association, La Asociación Latino Americana de Desalación y Reuso del Agua (ALADYR), which was formed in 2010, is holding its third International Desalination Conference on 1‑2 October 2012.

License sought for seawater desalination plant in Chile

White Mountain Titanium Corporation announced on 26 April 2012 that it has applied for an access license to draw seawater for a planned desalination plant in Chile.

AWC in full production at new Tampa factory

American Water Chemicals (AWC) has resumed full production of its membrane water treatment chemicals following its recent move into a new 41,000 ft² (3,800 m²) building.

MBR/RO at heart of PepsiCo reuse plant in Chile

A membrane bioreactor (MBR), reverse osmosis (RO) and ultraviolet (UV) disinfection are all part of a wastewater treatment and reuse plant upgrade being completed by Siemens Industry Automation Division for PepsiCo in Chile.

ERI to supply two S American mining desalination plants

Two large contracts in desalination projects for the mining industry in South American were announced on 1 March 2012 by Energy Recovery Inc (ERI), which will be supplying its PX Pressure Exchangers to both projects.

Acciona forecasts Chilean desalination surge on back of revitalized copper mining

Spanish clean energy and water company, Acciona, has forecast a surge in demand for desalination plants in Chile as the country's copper mining industry expands.

New EIA submitted for Antofagasta desalination plant

A revised environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been submitted by Aguas de Antofagasta for the 86,000 m³/d desalination plant for Antofagasta in Chile's Region II, according to Business News America on 21 September 2011.

Ministry reported to have rejected Chile desalination EIS

The Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (Environment Ministry) in Chile has apparently rejected the environmental impact study (EIS) produced by Suez subsidiary Agbar Chile for an 86,000 m³/d desalination plant in Northern Region III.

Chilean mine SWRO gets environmental approval

An environmental impact study (EIS) for a 26,000 m³/d desalination plant for a mining operation in northern Chile is reported to have been approved by the regional office of the Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (environment ministry).

FCC Aqualia bags Chile deals

Water management company FCC Aqualia, has won two water supply and purification contracts in Chile's mining and petrochemical industries worth a total of € 27 million (US$ 30.7 million).

Aqualogy starts up copper mine desalination plant in Chile

Aqualogy has inaugurated the operation and maintenance of a US$ 100 million reverse osmosis desalination plant built for the Mantoverde copper mine.

CaribDA to sponsor Chile desalination seminar

The Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA) announced on 14 October 2010 that it would be a sponsor of a seminar on Desalination, Innovations & Sustainable Development to be held in Antofagasta, Chile, during 29 November - 1 December 2010.

Severn-Trent wins Chilean mining desalination contract

US water and wastewater treatment company Severn Trent Services has been awarded a contract to provide a seawater desalination plant that will serve the potable and process water needs of the Minera Esperanza copper and gold mine in Antofagasta, Chile.

Seawater desalination plant for Chilean iron ore project

Chile's iron and steel producer CAP announced at the beginning of October 2009 that it will spend US$ 140 million to build a seawater desalination plant in Punta Totoralillo.

EIA submitted for 276,000m³/d RO plant in Chile

An environmental impact assessment (EIA) was filed in early September by Minera Escondida, operated by BHP Billiton, for its project Supplementary Desalinated Water Supply for Minera Escondida in Chile.

Spanish desalination plant pipe contract for Protesa

Glass-reinforced plastic piping and fittings for the low- to medium-pressure process lines of the Marina Baja Desalination Plant, situated in the district of Mutxamel in Alicante, Spain, will be supplied by Protesa, the Spanish pipe manufacturer.

Desalination capacity increasing by 50% in 2013 says IDA

Desalination plants with a total capacity of 6 million m³/d are expected to come on line during 2013, a 50% increase on 2012, according to new data from the International Desalination Association and GWI DesalData.

BHP is implementing a $2.5 billion expansion of Spence copper mine in Chile’s Atacama desert

Mitsui & ACS source finance for Spence copper mine project

Mitsui & Co and ACS Group have secured $560 million in financing for the Spence copper mine desalination plant project in northern Chile, reports Latin Finance.

BHP Billiton's Chuquicamata mine, Chile, is the largest open pit copper mine in the world

Mitsui and Tedagua win Spence copper mine desalination project, Chile

Japan's Mitsui & Co and Tedagua of Spain have formed special purpose company Caitan to deliver a desalination project at Spence copper mine in Chile.

The new desalination plant will bring fresh water to 70 per cent of people in Atacama region, Chile

GS Inima and Claro Vicuna win Atacama desalination plant contract

A consortium of Spain's GS Inima and Claro Vicuna Valenzuela of Chile have won the engineering and construction contract for a desalination plant in Atacama, Chile, reports Diaro Finaciero.

Sorek GRP pipe contract awarded to Protesa

A contract for the supply and installation of 2,900 m of glass-fibre reinforced polyester (GRP) piping has been awarded to Protecciones Plasticas (Protesa) of Spain for the Sorek plant in Israel, the world's second largest desalination plant to date.

Chuquicamata copper mine in Chile is among those owned and operated by BHP Billiton

BHP and Coldeco push forward Chilean desal projects

Two major desalination projects to support the copper mining industry in Chile are moving ahead, reports Reuters.

Avshalom Felber, formerly Israel Ports and Railway Authority CFO, and deputy director of budgets at Israel's Ministry of Finance, has steered IDE for 14 years

Interview: IDE Technologies CEO Avshalom Felber

Above all, IDE is a solutions provider. So says chief executive Avshalom Felber, the former financial whizz turned water industry leader, as he outlines the company's unique mix of thermal and reverse osmosis (RO) technologies, operational expertise, and contractual nous.

Inside Carlsbad: IDE has won plaudits for its 50 million gallons per day capacity desalination plant in California

China's CCCC tables a $650 million bid for IDE Technologies

Hong Kong Stock Exchange-listed China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) has bid $650 million for IDE Technologies, reports Engineering News-Record.

Chile mine desalination agreement

Mining firm, White Mountain Titanium Corporation has secured a US$ 2 million debt funding agreement with private equity firm Nexo which included an exclusive development rights agreement relating to a desalination plant proposed for White Mountain's Cerro Banco mine in Chile.

The desalinated water water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate.

Solar desalination plant to supply Chilean mines is approved

Trends Industrial's ambitious, multi-client, solar-powered desalination project to supply water to mines in Atacama desert, Chile, has been approved by the country's environmental agency.

Brian O'Neill

Seven Seas appoints Lazard advisor to board

Desalination and advanced water treatment company Seven Seas Water announced on 27 June 2013 the appointment to its board of a former US Treasury deputy assistant secretary, Western Hemisphere.

The project is the first to propose large-scale use of desalinated water for mining in Tarapacá Region

Teck wins approval for Chilean copper mine desalination project

Canadian mining firm Teck Resources has won environmental approval for a proposed desalination plant at Quebrada Blanca copper mine in northern Chile.

ALADYR is seeking technical papers for its Congress 2018 in Chile

Call for papers for LatAm Congress 2018

ALADYR, the Latin America desalination and water reuse association, has put out a call for technical papers for presentation at its upcoming International Congress on desalination and water reuse in Santiago, Chile.

The new desalination facility will support production of copper at the mine in northern Chile

IDE to supply desalination for Teck copper mine

IDE is to design and supply a modular desalination plant for Teck Resources' Quebrada Blanca copper mine extension project in northern Chile.

FCC appoints new chief

FCC Group - the parent of desalination company, FCC Aqualia - has appointed Carlos M Jarque as its new chief executive officer.

Using UF to pretreat Chile's SWRO mining desalination plants

Two desalination plants are described in this article to illustrate the use of ultrafiltration (UF) as pretreatment to seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination in Chile. One plant (Gas Atacama) was commissioned in June 2011 and has since been operated successfully. A second plant is currently under construction. This article first appeared in the August/September 2012 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region

Almar Water Solutions signs MoU with ENAPAC project, Chile

Almar Water Solutions has become an equity investor in ENAPAC, a proposed solar-powered desalination project in Atacama, Chile.

Piedmont is boosting business globally with new contract wins

Piedmont signs new supply and distribution contracts

Piedmont, a producer of corrosion resistant equipment for desalination plants, has signed a roster of new supply and partner distribution agreements globally.

Juan Miguel Pinto is confident that Latin America’s market for desalination and reuse projects is poised for growth. The question is not if, but when?

Interview: Juan Miguel Pinto, ALADYR president

The new president of ALADYR, the Latin America desalination and water reuse association, sees his organisation as a window onto the region for international companies. His big aim is to step up events during 2018, taking knowledge of desalination and reuse out to the market.

Projected water use by copper mines in Chile

Chile predicts 230 per cent rise in seawater use in mining

Projections from the Chilean Ministry of Mines are for 230 per cent growth in use of seawater by the nation's copper mining industry in the next 10 years.

Torishima wins pump deal for Chilean reverse osmosis desalination

Japanese pump manufacturer Torishima Pump has received an order for high-pressure pumps and booster pumps for a new reverse osmosis desalination plant being built in Copiapo, Chile.

Chilean powerplant buys MVC desalination unit from IDE

Chilean power company Norgener (owned by AES Gener) has ordered an additional mechanical vapour compression (MVC) desalination unit from IDE Technologies to provide supplementary boiler-feed water to a powerplant in Tocopilla.

Abengoa signs desalination deal with Chilean power group

Chilean generator AES Gener signed a contract with Spanish engineering firm Abengoa for a water desalination plant that will supply the power for the Angamos northern coal-fired power plant. And a water utility also in the north of country has pledged to forge ahead with a desalination project despite public opposition.

Degrémont eyes desalination contracts in Mexico

French water services company Degrémont is seeking to participate in a public tender to construct a desalination plant in three Mexican states according to a Mexican state news outlet.

'We all, as a global community, cannot afford to use water once and dispose of it.' Peter Nichol, CH2M global market director

Q&A: Peter Nicol, CH2M global market director, on Brazil's reuse policy

Peter Nicol, global market director for CH2M, outlines how the firm is helping to develop Brazil's action plan for a national water reuse policy

ALADYR affiliates to International Desalination Association

The Asociación Latinoamericana de Desalación y Reuse del Agua (ALADYR) has become the newest affiliate organization to join the International Desalination Association (IDA), bringing to 15 the number of regional and association IDA affiliates around the world.

From top left: Juan Miguel Pinto, Energy Recovery Inc, Guillaume Clairet, H20 Innovation, Renato Ramos, Dow Water & Process Solutions, and Miguel Angel Sanz, Suez

The experts' pick of the panels at IDA World Congress 2017

The crack team behind the technical program at IDA World Congress 2017 in Sau Paulo, Brazil, have selected their personal not-be-missed favourite sessions from a packed line-up.

ZLD wastewater pilot makes first water in Beijing

A pilot NanoClear™ zero-discharge wastewater treatment plant in Beijing has just produced its first water, according to developer Dais Analytic Corporation.

Capstone has completed a positive technical review of Santo Domingo copper-iron-gold project in Chile

Capstone to develop Santo Domingo with desalination

Capstone Mining Corporation is reviewing its holding in Santo Domingo copper-iron-gold project in Chile, after completing a technical report on future developments to include a desalination project.

Los Pelambres is a sulphide deposit in Chile’s Coquimbo region

Antofagasta to construct $500 million desalination plant

Antofagasta is to expand Minera Los Pelambres copper mine in Chile, constructing a new desalination plant and water pipeline as part of the works.

Produced water will be pumped 45 miles and across a height of 700 metres to a new reservoir in Copiapó, near the Tierra Amarillo mountains, where mining companies operate. The system comprises five pumping stations, one at the intake, one at the treatment plant, two on the piping route, and one at the reservoir.

Chile project envisions multiple mining clients for solar-powered SWRO

Energias y Aguas del Pacifico (ENAPAC), a proposed solar-powered seawater desalination plant and water transport project aims to support expansion of mining operations in Chile's Atacama region.

Desalination EIS submitted for Chilean iron mine

Chile's iron and steel group CAP has completed an environmental impact study for a 17,000-35,000 m³/d seawater desalination plant in the Atacama region, the company announced in mid-November.

The proposed new desalination plant will serve Caldera, Chañaral, Copiapó, and Tierra Amarilla

Bidding heats up for Atacama desalination project

Nine consortia of local and international companies are bidding for a desalination plant project in Atacama, Chile, reports Diaro Financiero.

Opportunities await at IDA World Congress 2017 in Brazil

Latin America, and particularly Brazil, is a big user of desalination and water reuse technology, and there is huge potential for the growth of these technologies in the region, writes Emilio Gabbrielli, president of the International Desalination Association (IDA).

KMS supplies first large-diameter SWRO system

The port facilities for Chile's Minera Esperanza copper/gold mine will soon be provided with drinking water from an innovative new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) system supplied by Koch Membrane Systems (KMS). The system is the first full-scale large-diameter membrane RO system for seawater that KMS has developed. The system uses KMS MegaMagnum high capacity seawater membranes, made from a unique thin-film composite developed specifically for seawater applications. The original pilot operates at a rate of 20 m /h. Upon completion of the installation of the second phase of the project, this unit will be removed and will be replaced by the permanent RO system consisting of two new MegaMagnum MM2 units, which will provide the port facilities with a capacity to store about 80 m /h (1,900 m /d). This article was first published in the May/June 2010 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

The new SWRO mega plant at Escondida copper mine is fed by seawater from the Port of Antofagasta, 170 kilometeres away

Escondida mega plant poised to produce water in March

Mining giant BHP Billiton has reported the "mechanical completion" of Escondida Water Supply project, Chile, with the first water expected in March 2017.

AquaVenture chief executive Doug Brown is an engineer-turned-private equity investor-turned-water industry leader

"We're now at more than $100 million revenue." Doug Brown, AquaVenture chairman and CEO

AquaVenture chief executive Doug Brown has a track record of delivering shareholder value. When he joined water technology and engineering firm Ionics as chief executive in 2003, the struggling business was trading at $16 a share.

US agency picks trio for desalination project pipe deal

US water agency, California American Water (CalAm), has selected three firms to construct a 30km pipeline with pumping stations and storage facilities to deliver desalinated water from a planned facility under its Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project.

California county mulls tapping into nuclear plant desalination

As part of its plans to combat ongoing severe drought, California's San Luis Obispo County (SLO) is considering the construction of a 10 km pipeline to tap into the spare capacity of a desalination plant currently providing only the needs of a nuclear power plant.

Carlsbad connects with San Diego network

Construction of a 15 km pipeline connecting California's near-complete giant Carlsbad desalination plant to the San Diego County Water Authority's distribution system is complete.

Carlsbad desalination negotiation to extend beyond June

It looks as if the forecast June 2012 date for signing the water price agreement for California's Carlsbad Desalination Project was a little optimistic.

SWRO corrosion pre-conference workshop for CaribDA

A workshop on Understanding and Preventing Corrosion in Caribbean SWRO Plants will take place in Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, on 19 May 2012, prior to the 2012 Conference of the Caribbean Desalination Association (CaribDA).

Cautious thumbs-up for Red-Dead project feasibility

The large-scale conveyance of seawater from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea is technically possible and could deliver large amounts of desalinated water using conventional processes.

Beijing desalination project 'aims at 3 million m³/d'

The residents of Beijing, China's capital, could be drinking desalinated seawater within five years, and the source could become a main supply in efforts to deal with the water shortage.

Protesa wins two Cyprus desalination pipe contracts

Contracts for glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) pipes and fittings for two desalination plants in Cyprus were announced on 21 March 2011 by Spanish manufacturer Protesa.

Titanium supplier chosen for Ras Azzour desalination plant

Uniti LLC, a US-Russian industrial titanium venture jointly owned by Allegheny Technologies Inc and Verkhnaya Salda Metallurgical Production Association, announced on 16 December 2010 that it has been chosen to supply a significant portion of the commercially pure (CP) titanium to be used in the Ras Azzour desalination plant in Saudi Arabia.

Protesa lands Venezuelan desalination pipe supply

Spanish pipemaker Protesa has been awarded a contract for the supply and installation of glass-reinforced plastic pipes and fittings for the desalination plant at the Paraguaná Refinery in Venezuela, in collaboration with Acciona Agua.

Membrane skid being delivered

Aqua commissioning desal/demin plant in Abu Dhabi

Aqua EPC LLC of Dubai, whose parent group Christ Water Technology is currently in the middle of a takeover, is currently installing and commissioning a 20,304 m³/d seawater desalination and demineralisation system for an industrial client in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

The Gold Coast  seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia

Some Gold Coast desalination issues still unresolved

A large number of non-compliance issues relating to the Gold Coast seawater desalination plant in Queensland, Australia, have been listed in a letter sent on 2 July 2009 by Keith Davies, CEO of WaterSecure, who are taking over the project, to the Queensland Department of Infrastructure & Planning.

EDS lists desalination courses for 2013

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has released a complete list of its courses for 2013. EDS has been giving training certificates since 2003 to over 400 participants from all over the world.

Acciona to build Sembcorp's Fujairah 1 expansion

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries has signed a 20‑year water purchase agreement with the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC) which will enable it to expand its Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) by 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

Sumitomo consortium wins Al Ghubrah desalination

The contract for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP) in Muscat, Oman, has been awarded to a consortium of Sumitomo Corporation of Japan, Malakoff Corporation Berhad of Malaysia and Cadagua SA of Spain.

EDS publishes desalination courses line-up for 2013

Five courses for the first half of 2013 have been announced by the European Desalination Society (EDS). All except one will be staged in Genoa, Italy.

Victaulic acquires MTS desalination plug valve

Pipe-jointing specialist Victaulic has acquired the desalination business of Spain's MTS Valves & Technology, which designs and manufactures valves for the global desalination market, including the MTS Plug Valve.

Spanish prominent in Al Ghubrah desalination bidders

Spanish companies are involved with five of seven bidders that have been invited by the Oman Tender Board to submit proposals for the Al Ghubrah Independent Water Project (IWP).

Desalination / reuse part of large EIB loan to Spain

Desalination plants, water-reuse schemes and connections from them to water networks will be among schemes funded by a € 350 million loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB) to the Spanish government agency Acuamed.

Changes for Severn Trent Services in Spain

Severn Trent Services (STS) has set up a website for its Spanish subsidiary STS/Aplicor, which will henceforth be known simply as Severn Trent Services.

EDS adds SDI Workshop to Barcelona events

The European Desalination Society has added a workshop on the Silt Density Index to the satellite events around its upcoming Barcelona conference, the society confirmed in an announcement on 12 March 2012.

Acciona Agua in bidding for Sydney desalination lease

Acciona Agua of Spain is part of one of at least three consortia bidding for leases on the Sydney seawater desalination plant in Australia.

EDS desalination course dates for 2012 published

The European Desalination Society (EDS) has published dates for its series of courses for 2012, which will take place in February, April and June.


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