California, Recovery, Monitoring, Reverse Osmosis, Water Quality, Malta


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Oxnard AWPF currently under construction

Finance agreed for Camarillo regional desalter studies

Two water districts and two - possibly three - cities in southern California have agree to finance studies for a regional brackish-water desalination plant to be located near Camarillo.

CCC to rule on Cambria desalination plant studies

California Coastal Commission (CCC) staff have advised the commission at its meeting this week to agree to a US Army Corps of Engineers proposal to test a beach in the Cambria region, near San Luis Obispo, for use as beach wells for a desalination plant.

The facility site at SEA Lab

West Basin district dedicates desalination demo facility

California's West Basin Municipal Water District is nearing completion of its new desalination demonstration facility, following formal dedication of the plant on 12 November 2010.

LACSD signs up Desalitech for chloride‑removal test

Desalination system developer Desalitech is to support a pilot project with the Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) to upgrade two Santa Clarita Valley wastewater treatment plants in order to meet state‑mandated chloride limits, the company announced on 2 October 2013.

West Basin desalination demo could begin next year

Construction could begin in 2010 on the Ocean-Water Desalination Demonstration Project at Redondo Beach near Los Angeles, California, the West Basin Municipal Water District announced on 30 July 2009.

MF/RO plant may be Santa Clarita salt solution

A microfiltration/reverse-osmosis (MF/RO) advanced wastewater treatment plant is one of several options being considered by the Santa Clarita Valley Sanitation District (SCVSD) in California, USA, to deal with excessive chloride levels in the wastewater it discharges to the Santa Clara River from its two treatment plants.

Santa Cruz pilot desalination results in 3-4 months

The Water Department of the City of Santa Cruz (SCWD), California, USA, confirmed on 23 March 2009 that its year-long seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) pilot plant test will be ended in mid-April with a report due in June or July 2009.

Monterey boreholes reveal good slant-well conditions

California American Water (Cal Am) reported on 20 December 2013 that data from its ongoing investigation into subsurface slant well intakes for its proposed Monterey desalination plant were showing promising results.

Escondido hires consultants for potable water reuse

The City of Escondido in southern California approved on 27 June 2012 spending of US$ 1.14 million to hire a team led by Black & Veatch and including Brown & Caldwell for services towards its Indirect Potable Reuse Program.

Contractor strength drives investment grade rating for Carlsbad bonds

Credit rating agency, Fitch, has assigned an investment grade 'BBB-' rating to bonds issued for the under-construction Carlsbad desalination plant and associated networks in California.

Two direct potable reuse projects are currently in operation worldwide, in Texas, US, and Windhoek, Namibia

The Long Read: Do we have the technology for potable water reuse?

Water reuse for drinking purposes is racing up the agenda in the US and elsewhere. Work to draw up new rules for potable reuse is advancing in states including California and Arizona, as well as in Canada and the European Union. Technologies are being piloted, and plants permitted.

The new desalination plant at Playas de Rosarito will be on the coast adjacent to the existing power station

Consolidated Water lines up Mexican mega-project

The Playas de Rosarito seawater RO desalination mega-plant project has been six years in the making. It began as a twinkle in Consolidated Water's eye even before Mexico had introduced its new public-private partnerships law, but the act's introduction in 2012 gave the project a clear structure for moving ahead.

ERI to provide pressure-exchangers for Carlsbad SWRO

IDE Technologies has selected pressure-exchangers from Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) for the 189,000 m³/d Carlsbad seawater desalination plant in California, USA.

Membrane 'summit' will precede AMTA conference

The 2nd Osmosis Membrane Summit will precede this year's annual conference of the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA) in San Diego.

West Basin demonstrating desalination intake and outfall technologies

One of the first seawater desalination demonstration facilities to employ ocean-protection technology at the source of intake and discharge has begun construction in Southern California, USA.

Orange County issues RFP for desalination pilot-plant operation

The Municipal Water District of Orange County (MWDOC) in California, USA, issued a request for proposals on 23 October 2009 for professional engineering services for the South Orange Coastal Ocean Desalination Project - Phase 3. Deadline is 19 November 2009.

Biwater picks up two desalination deals in California

Water project company, Biwater, is soon to begin work on contracts for the design, supply and supervision of installation of reverse osmosis (RO) equipment of two desalination expansion projects in California.

Biwater finishes first half of Changi performance tests

The first half of the Sembcorp Changi NEWater Plant (SCNP) in Singapore completed performance tests on 14 July, contractor Biwater AEWT told D&WR. No date has been set for plant commissioning, says Biwater.

Arlington Desalter

Desalination plant's nitrate removal has hidden benefits

A water district in California has found a novel way to remove multiple contaminants from groundwater currently feeding a desalination plant without creating waste that requires costly treatment and disposal.

Cambria desalination will bring environmental benefit

The US Army Corps of Engineers announced on 28 April 2009 that it will receive US$ 2.5 million in funding through the new American Recovery & Reinvestment Act to develop the Cambria desalination project north-west of San Luis Obispo in California.

Egyptian SWRO plant to use ERI pressure exchangers

Egypt's largest desalination plant being built at Marsa Matrouh is to be supplied with Pressure Exchanger (PX) energy-recovery devices by Energy Recovery Inc of California.

TWO process to recover sodium sulphate from ion-exchange

California-based Catalyx Inc has signed a build-own-operate contract with RG Global Lifestyles Inc, which owns Catalyx Fluid Systems (CFS), for a brine dehydration system to facilitate recovery of sodium sulfate from ion-exchange regenerant brine.

MemPulse MBR equipment with air scouring technology significantly reduces energy consumption.

Modesto water quality project gets Siemens MBR equipment

Equipment for a 12.6 MGD (47,700 m³/d) membrane bioreactor (MBR) system is to be supplied to City of Modesto, California, USA, by Siemens Water Technologies for the Jennings Road Water Quality Control Facility.

California considering CEC monitoring in water reuse

The California State Water Resources Control Board is to consider adding monitoring of constituents of emerging concern (CECs) to its requirements for recycled water at its board meeting on 16 October 2012.

Visalia wastewater upgrade will be largest MBR in California

The City of Visalia, USA, is upgrading its wastewater treatment plant with membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology and will be the largest MBR plant in California when it enters service in 2013.

Green groups pledge to drop Huntingdon appeal

Environmental groups have pledged to drop their appeal against the award of a permit for the proposed Huntington Beach desalination plant after California state water officials confirmed that the plant developer, Poseidon Water, will have to reapply for one of its permits if state regulatory amendments go into effect.

Desalitech bags water treatment deal for five power plants

Desalitech has won a contract with Southern California Edison (SCE) to supply five of its ReFlex water treatment systems for installation at SCE's peak power generating stations in California.

IDA finalises Huntington Beach desalination energy conference topics

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has finalised the speakers and topics for its new-style conference Desalination: An Energy Solution, which is being held on 2-3 November 2010 in Huntington Beach, California, the city likely to host the USA's next large desalination plant after Carlsbad.

Energy Recovery bags US$ 1 mlllion US deal duo

Flow energy technology firm, Energy Recovery,  has won US$ 1 million in deals for desalination projects in California and Texas.

New Monterey desalination plan launched by Cal Am

A 5.4-9.0 MGD (20,440-34,000 m³/d) desalination plant located in North Marina employing slant well intake technology remains at the heart of California American Water (Cal Am)'s latest proposal for supplying the Monterey Peninsula.

Pressure-exchanger court case goes to Hauge

The latest round of the "pressure-exchanger wars" between inventor Leif J Hauge, his company Isobarix Inc and energy-recovery equipment manufacturer Energy Recovery Inc (ERI) has gone in favour of Hauge.

Santa Barbara ponders US$ 2 million subsurface intake test

Californian city, Santa Barbara, may put up to US$ 2 million into a study of a desalination facility seawater intake structure after environmental groups said the existing plant's open water intake pipe could be harmful to marine life.

Santa Clara votes for advanced wastewater reuse plant

The directors of the Santa Clara Valley Water District in California, USA, approved two agreements with the City of San Jose on 23 February 2010 to build a new advanced water treatment facility involving microfiltration, reverse osmosis and ultraviolet disinfection.

Huntington Beach desalination project get NPDES permit

The Santa Ana Regional Water Quality Control Board (SARWQCB) in California, USA, on 10 February 2012 unanimously approved an amended National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit for the Huntington Beach Seawater Desalination Project.

Parsons selected for California water-reuse expansion

California's West Basin Water District has awarded its largest ever water-reuse contract to Pasadena-based Parsons Corporation on a design-build basis.

Clockwise from top left: Stan Williams, Jonathan Loveland and Chris Costello.

Poseidon signs two VPs and construction director

Three experienced US water industry personnel have joined Poseidon Resources, following the departure of Nikolay Voutchkov earlier this year, the company announced on 20 July 2009.

Orange County loses widely respected lab director

Orange County Water District (OCWD) in California announced on 21 March 2011 that Steve Fitzsimmons, director of its Advance Water Quality Assurance Laboratory, who had been a key figure in water quality testing for Water Factory 21 and gaining credibility for the Groundwater Replenishment System, died on 3 March 2011.

Desalination and reuse in California/New Mexico get funding

US Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced on 1 July 2009 27 water reclamation and reuse projects in California and New Mexico identified by the Bureau of Reclamation to share in a total of US$ 134.3 million under the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Containerized plant resolves district's drought difficulties

Membrane filtration company, H2O Innovation, has delivered a 3,200 m³/d containerized water treatment system to the Cambria Community Service District, California to "resolve promptly" the community's difficulties amid its tenth year of drought. The system treats a mix of brackish water, freshwater and secondary effluent to be injected into a groundwater basin.

Escondido moves towards indirect potable reuse

The City of Escondido in southern California, USA, could be about to follow neighbour San Diego in setting up an indirect potable water-reuse (IPR) scheme as part of a wastewater facility upgrade costing about US$ 200 million.

Agreement over failed Monterey desalination plan

Agreement was reached on 4 December 2012 on legal and monetary issues resulting from the failed Monterey Regional Desalination Project, which was abandoned earlier this year.

Monterey desalination gets commission green light

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) authorized plans on 2 December 2010 to develop the 10 MGD (37,850 m³/d) Regional Desalination Project, which will be built on the California central coast north of Monterey.

Agreement at last on desalination supply for Monterey

Tentative agreement has finally been reached by the three agencies involved in developing a regional water supply project for California's Monterey peninsula, which will include a 10 MGD (37,850 m³/d) desalination facility.

Santa Cruz desalination EIR delayed until fall

The environmental impact report (EIR) for the proposed 2.5 MGD (9,500 m³/d) desalination plant (scwd²) for Santa Cruz, California, will not now be published until fall 2012.

Multilateral accord edges Monterey desalination forward

Fifteen parties with interests in the Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project, which involves a seawater desalination plant, reached agreement with California American Water (Cal Am) on a number of issues in settlements filed with the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) on 31 July 2013.

Monterey desalination plant moves forward

Desalinated water could come to the Monterey coast of California "as soon as 2012", according to the Marina Coast Water District.

Giant solar desalination project plans US$ 10 million public offering

Shares in what would be California's first commercial-scale solar desalination plant issued by WaterFX will this year form a US$ 10 million state-registered direct public offering (DPO) in the state.

Biwater wins Pt Hueneme desalination contract

Biwater AEWT Inc announced on 30 September 2009 that it had been awarded a contract to design and supply a membrane desalination system for the City of Port Hueneme in California, USA. The new system will deliver a total of 1 MGD (3,785 m³/d) of high-quality drinking-water when completed.

District votes funds for Cambria desalination studies

The directors of Cambria Community Services District directors unanimously agreed at a special meeting on 18 September 2009 to appropriate US$166,000 for its long-planned desalination project north-west of San Luis Obispo in California.

Three key personnel join ROPV

Desalination membrane pressure-vessel manufacturer ROPV has added three key personnel to support and meet its international customer needs.

Design/build RFQ issued for Monterey desalination plant

A request for qualifications (RFQ) was issued on 1 April 2013 by California American Water (Cal Am) for the desalination infrastructure component of its Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project.

California gives Monterey environmental thumbs up

The California Public Utilities Commission's recently published draft environmental impact report on the Monterey Peninsula Water Project and has rated the desalination project as the environmentally preferred of a number of options scrutinised as possible solutions to the region's drought problems.

Cal Am looking at Monterey desalination fallback plan

At least three other projects involving desalination plants are being looked at by California American Water (Cal Am) to supply water to the Monterey peninsula in case the Regional Desalination Project does not go ahead.

New appointments for D&WR Editorial Board members

Two members of the Editorial Board of Desalination & Water Reuse have taken up new appointments.

New Monterey desalination public meeting announced

The second meeting of the Monterey Regional Desalination Project Community Involvement Forum will be held on 23 August 2011 in the Monterey Plaza Hotel, Cannery Row.

US govt to invest US$ 135 million in water reuse

The US Department of the Interior announced on 15 April 2009 the investment of US$1 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) in America's water infrastructure to create jobs and get the economy moving again. Of this, US$ 135 million is available for grants for water reuse and recycling projects.

Piedmont Pacific's Jim Medanich dies at 75

One of the best loved characters of the desalination world passed away on 9 November 2013 - James Medanich, founder and president of Piedmont Pacific Corporation.

Water-reuse funding may be used to counter drought

The US Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar on 26 February 2009 called on the Bureau of Reclamation to explore ways in which funds recently appropriated to Reclamation under the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act for water reuse and other water projects might be used to help stretch California's water supplies in the coming months.

Dr M Elisabeth Pate-Cornell (left) and Jackalyne Pfannenstiel

ERI appoints two new directors

Energy Recovery Inc, the California-based desalination energy-recovery technology company, announced on 25 February 2009 the appointment of two new directors: Stanford University professor Dr M Elisabeth Pate-Cornell and Jackalyne Pfannenstiel, former chair of the California Energy Commission (CEC).

San Diego approval leads large SoCal water reuse surge

The board of the San Diego County Water Authority on 22 May 2014 approved support for the City of San Diego's proposed large-scale water recycling project, Pure Water San Diego, which the water authority has identified as the region's most likely next source of local supply.

Maltese desalination test-bed shows SalTec energy-recovery advantages

Throughout the desalination industry, plant operators are looking for long-term solutions with lower lifecycle cost because of the link between water costs and energy costs. In order to meet operators' demands and requirements, equipment manufacturers are investing considerable resources in the development of new technologies that will reduce energy costs. The Water Services Corporation in Malta is one example of a forward-looking operator of a seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant seeking to ensure the production of high-quality drinking water at an affordable price. Established in 1993 to produce and distribute potable water on the islands of Malta and Gozo, WSC has an annual production target of 35 million m to satisfy the needs of its 400,000 residents and in excess of one million tourists. With the drive to produce greater efficiencies and water quality WSC has taken an opportunity to investigate and monitor the potential of a new technology from KSB, the SalTec pressure boosting and energy recovery system. The SalTec DT pressure exchanger in combination with KSB's HGM RO high-pressure pump creates a highly attractive proposition for RO plant designers and operators. The SalTec DT system provides a nominal capacity of 250 m /h, giving it the capability to operate in plants with train sizes ranging between 4,400 m /d and 5,000 m /d of permeate at common recovery rates.

Q&A: AMTA president Brent Alspach on why the need for membranes has never been more acute

In the week of the AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference 2018, in Florida, US, Brent Alspach, president of AMTA and director of applied research at Arcadis, outlines the water challenges and how current and in-development membrane-based treatments are addressing them.

RO consumes 4% of Malta's electricity, says new group

Reverse-osmosis desalination plants consume almost 4% of Malta's electricity supply, according to a statement from the newly-formed Malta Water Association (MWA) on 22 March 2011. The group, made up of hydrologists, engineers and other water experts, warned that urgent action is needed to protect Malta's water resources, which "are among the scarcest in the world and under severe stress."

California town uses fast-track laws to push through desalination plant

California coastal tourist town Cambria has used the state's fast-track approval scheme for measures to address its drought emergency to build a desalination plant scheduled to go on stream later this month after only six months in preparation.

Location of the Carlsbad desalination plant by the Encina power station.

Preconstruction for Carlsbad desalination can go ahead

Site demolition and preparation for the Carlsbad Desalination Project can now take place following the issue to Poseidon Resources on 3 November 2009 of its Coastal Development Permit (CDP) from the California Coastal Commission (CCC).

Massive health grant aids Chino desalters expansion

California's Western Municipal Water District announced on 28 June 2012 that it had received a "monumental" US$ 51 million grant from the state's Department of Health towards the US$ 130 million expansion of the Chino desalination plants.

Governor signs bill to accelerate California direct reuse

The governor of California, Jerry Brown, signed legislation on 8 October 2013 designed to accelerate direct potable reuse throughout the US state.

Monterey slant well test back in action

California American Water has resumed operation of its test slant well following a halt in the well's operation pending a coastal commission ruling.

California district ups desalination and reuse incentive by 36%

Southern California's Metropolitan Water District has increased by 36% the financial incentive for water agencies to develop and produce recycled water, recovered groundwater, and desalinated seawater supplies.

ACWA supports California desalination regulation rethink

The Association of California Water Agencies (ACWA) has proposed to the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) that the board's new environmental document for desalination and brine disposal should propose a method to combine the current regulatory requirements, permits and approvals.

Ratepayer group challenges Monterey desalination approval

California's Division of Ratepayer Advocates (DRA) has appealed against the approval of the Coastal Water Project on the Monterey peninsula, stating that the state Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) surrendered its oversight responsibilities to the promoters of the project, which includes a seawater desalination plant.

Boart Longyear wins slant well deal

California American Water (CalAm) has selected drilling firm, Boart Longyear, to construct seven to nine source water slant wells that would draw ocean water for a desalination facility proposed as part of CalAm's US$ 320 million Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project.

Southern California salinity workshop report posted online

The Southern California Salinity Coalition (SCSC) has released the final report of the Salinity Management Study Update Workshop, held on 1 June 2012. is now available to download.

Carlsbad desalination plant set to start construction soon

The Carlsbad desalination plant jumped two of its final hurdles towards starting construction this week when it was backed by the courts and the local water quality board (WQB).

GRA web seminar to look at California salt plans

CalDesal, the California desalination non-profit organisation, is joining a web seminar on Workflow for Salt and Nutrient Plans on 15 May 2013 presented by the Groundwater Resources Association with the Association of California Water Agencies.

Another legal blow for Monterey desalination alternative

California American Water's (Cal Am's) progress in developing an alternative desalination project for California's Monterey Peninsula received yet another setback on 2 February 2012, when a judge issued an amended ruling on the environmental impact report (EIR) originally published for the abandoned Regional Desalination Project.

Financing and legal hurdles still ahead for Carlsbad desalination

The labyrinthine complexities of the desalination permitting process in California were further illustrated this week with the latest twists in the Carlsbad seawater desalination plant saga.

Redondo Beach go-ahead for desalination demonstration plant

The California Coastal Commission approved on 9 April 2009 a seawater desalination project to be undertaken by the West Basin Municipal Water District (WBMWD) at Redondo Beach.

California approves bond issue for Carlsbad desalination

Poseidon Resources has submitted and had approved an application for US$ 780 million in tax-exempt bonds for the Carlsbad seawater desalination project.

Monterey slant test ousttrips expections

State utility, California American Water (CalAm) has reported that its test slant well for a proposed Monterey Peninsula desalination project is outstripping expected performance to a degree that suggests a smaller and cheaper production facility will be needed.

Another appeal against Carlsbad desalination project

An appeal against a court ruling allowing the Carlsbad desalination plant to use the open-ocean cooling-water intakes of the adjacent power station for its water intake was launched on 18 August 2011 by the Surfrider Foundation, a non-profit grassroots organization.

Outfall and intake problems hit OC desalination

The pilot plant for the South Orange Coastal Ocean Desalination Project in California has been forced to close down due to relocation of its outfall pipe due to heavy storms . The project has also run into problems with its intake water.

Carlsbad seawater desalination project

State budget cuts delay Carlsbad desalination approval

Cuts to the California state budget prevented officials of the San Diego County Regional Water Quality Control Board preparing recommendations regarding the proposed Carlsbad desalination plant for the board to vote on at a meeting on 11 February 2009.

GE expands HERO licensing agreement

GE Power & Water announced on 1 February 2011 that it has completed a new expanded licensing agreement to allow it to continue offering High Efficiency Reverse Osmosis (HERO™) systems to help more of its industrial customers increase their water usage efficiency and reuse capacity.

Santa Barbara forges desalination partnership

Californian city, Santa Barbara, has agreed to discuss inviting Montecito Water District to join its desalination plant project currently under construction. Santa Barbara recently received the regulatory green light for the project.

Court dismisses Carlsbad desalination permit challenge

Poseidon Resources jumped what it hopes will be the final legal hurdle for the Carlsbad Desalination Project on 24 June 2011, when the California Superior Court upheld the San Diego Regional Water Quality Control Board's most recent approval of the project.

Carlsbad desalination construction gets going at last

Poseidon Resources announced on 27 December 2012 that it had secured all necessary funding for the Carlsbad Desalination Project and that its engineering, procurement and construction contractor, Kiewit Shea Desalination, had been given the green light to start construction.

LG sees NanoH2O takeover as "new growth engine"

LG Chem, part of Korea's LG electronics group, is proposing a takeover of desalination membrane maker NanoH2O for US$ 200 million, according to a filing made to the Korea Exchange on 14 March 2014.

Australian SWRO firm signs MoU for Saudi pilot

Australian desalination start-up Water Resources Group (WRG) announced on 4 December 2012 that its subsidiary Water Resources International (WRI) had signed a memorandum of understanding with Knowledge Industry Company (KIC) of Saudi Arabia.

H2O Innovation wins Monterey SWRO subcontract

H2O Innovation Inc has been awarded the contract to design, supply and commission the seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination system for the Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project in California, USA.

Appeals launched against Huntington Beach desalination plant

A public hearing by the California Coastal Commission is the likely result of appeals launched against the Huntington Beach Desalination plant, approved by the State Lands Commission on 29 October 2010.

Carlsbad desalination water price will be US$ 1.65‑1.86/m³

The Water Purchase Agreement for the proposed Carlsbad seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant in California was released on 27 September 2012 by the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA).

San Francisco's Golden Gate Park

San Francisco plans wastewater reuse plant in city park

San Francisco's Public Utilities (SFPUC) unveiled plans on 7 September 2010 for its proposed Westside Recycled Water Project, part of its Water System Improvement Program.

Monterey consultant can't choose between projects

The Monterey Peninsula Regional Water Board (MPRWA) in California still has to decide between three competing seawater desalination projects for the area after its Technical Advisory Committee accepted on 17 September 2012 a report by consultants Separation Processes Inc of Carlsbad.

Carlsbad water-purchase deal near to conclusion

The water-purchase contract between San Diego County Water Authority and Poseidon Resources Inc relating to the Carlsbad desalination plant in southern California could be tied up by the end of July.

Marin voters could decide desalination future

Marin Municipal Water District in California will have to seek the permission of consumers to proceed any further with its investigations into the possibility of desalination, if a ballot later this year is successful.

The Encina power station (bottom left) with the site for the Carlsbad desalination plant ringed.

Desalination affected by California powerplant ruling

The powerplant with which California's new 189,000 m³/d Carlsbad seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plant is co-located has been ordered to cease once-through cooling by 2017. The Huntington beach powerplant, site of another proposed desalination plant, has been given until 2020.

SWMOA seeks papers for 2013 San Diego symposium

The Southwest Membrane Operator Association (SWMOA) has made a call for papers for its 2013 Annual Symposium in San Diego, California, on 22-24 April 2013.

Cal Am applies for US$ 3 million desalination intake grant

California American Water (Cal Am) is seeking a US$ 1 million grant from the California Department of Water Resources to help fund the installation of a US$ 3 million slant test well, which is needed for its proposed Monterey desalination project.

November ballot for Santa Cruz desalination

Barely two weeks after the City of Santa Cruz in California had accepted the preliminary design report by CDM Smith for its proposed 2.5 MGD (9,500 m³/d) seawater desalination plant, the city clerk's office confirmed on 3 July 2012 that proponents of a charter amendment for a vote on the desalination project had collected enough signatures to place it on the November 2012 ballot.


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