Abu Dhabi, Desalination, Australia, Algae, Algae


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Algae biomass membrane order for Denmark's LiqTech

Denmark's LiqTech International Inc has received a purchase order of around US$ 300,000 for a prototype filtration system to be used in an algae biomass project.

Ras Al Khaimah seawater desalination has algae shield

Northernmost of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Ras Al Khaimah, has opened a 68 Ml/d seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) project in Ghallilah on the emirate's west coast that is equipped to "overcome the red tide phenomena" - the seasonal proliferation of algae that blights the emirates' coastline.

Singapore's PUB draws curtain on algae

Singapore's national water agency PUB has for the first time installed silt curtains at the waters off Tuaspring and Singspring desalination plants, to protect them from damaging fouling of their reverse osmosis membranes by mounting levels of algae in the water.

Saudi boost for LiqTech ceramic membranes

The Saudi Arabian Ministery of Water & Electricity has announced that ceramic flat-sheet membranes are the technology of choice for groundwater applications, according to Danish company LiqTech International.

Suez Environnement lands US$ 200 million Middle Eastern deals duo

Suez Environnement has won a desalination contract in Abu Dhabi worth more than US$ 180 million and a separate water reuse deal in Oman taking the total value of the Middle East wins to more than US$ 200 million.

Dr Corrado Sommariva

Sommariva secures International Desalination Association presidency

Dr Corrado Sommariva, managing director of ILF Consultants Middle East, was elected president of the International Desalination Association on 5 September 2011, the first day of the IDA's World Congress in Perth, Australia.

Direct membrane filtration simplifies reuse process

Recent trials have proven that direct membrane filtration of high solids (algae) and disinfection provides a simpler treatment process with substantial cost reduction. In Pillbara, Australia, two plants are being constructed to treat wastewater for recycling aiming for a 4-log removal of bacteria and viruses by filtering alone. Ultraviolet treatment provides the final requirement to reach the required 6-log removal rate. This article gives an overview of the application, and details on the technology and design used. It first appeared in the August/September 2013 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Major water-sector contractor formed in Dubai

The Leighton Group, which has been involved in the construction of three of Australia's large seawater desalination plants, has brought two group companies together in Dubai, UAE, to create a strong water and environment contracting company.

2014 Oman conference to look at HABs and desalination

An international conference on Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) & Desalination is to be held in Muscat, Oman, in April 2014.

Modern Water claims first FO commercial desalination contract

UK-based Modern Water has won what is believed to be the first ever forward-osmosis (FO) commercial contract for desalination, following its award of a UK£ 500,000 (US$ 810,000) contract for a 200 m³/d plant by Oman's Public Authority for Electricity & Water (PAEW).

International projects to feature in NCEDA workshop

Reports from major international projects will form the basis of a Desalination Workshop to be held in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2013 by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Electrochemical desalination MoU signed in Singapore

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Singapore's national water agency, PUB, and Evoqua Water Technologies to further develop electrochemical desalination technology was one of five MoUs signed during Singapore International Water Week, which ended on 5 June 2014.

The algal bloom hit Barka desalination expansion plants 1 and 2 in the Gulf of Oman

Abunayyan resigns as chair of ACWA Power Barka

Mohammad Abdullah Abunayyan has resigned as chairman and board director of ACWA Power Barka in Oman, citing personal reasons.

The Sidem distillers were delivered in two major shipments direct to the project site, each one weighing 2,600 tonnes. Six of the distillers were shipped from UAE, and the other four came from China

How we delivered Az Zour North phase one

"With hindsight we were very lucky to get everything through on time and that our construction partner Hyundai Heavy Industries was on time. Fortunately we escaped a lot of those little wrinkles that need sorting out during construction, and can drag on and on, and so we kept to time," says Andy Biffen, chief executive of project delivery vehicle Az Zour Shamal.

RO-based advanced treatment plant for West Virginia mines

A 5 MGD (19,000 m³/d) membrane-based wastewater treatment plant is to be built to serve a number of coal mines in West Virginia, USA, as a result of government action following pollution violations.

HTI deal takes forward osmosis to China

The world's only commercial manufacturer of forward-osmosis (FO) membranes, modules and systems, Hydration Technologies Innovations LLC (HTI), reached an international distribution, services and cooperation agreement for FO technology with Chinese company Tri-Tech Holding Inc.

Ashwin Gulati (left) of Spiral Water receives the Innovation Award from BlueTech Research chief executive Paul O'Callaghan

Spiral scoops innovation award for its 'disruptive' automatic self-cleaning filter

Spiral Water has picked up an Innovation Award from BlueTech Research for its automatic self-cleaning water filter, a "disruptive" new filter technology according to Spiral chief executive Ashwin Gulati.

Algae: a tide of trouble

The water services provider at the industrial port at Sohar in the Oman has learned the hard way, how to combat the seasonal algal wave that can grind vital reverse osmosis desalination and other water treatment to a halt. Despite unprecedented assaults the notorious Red Tide has been tamed. This article first appeared in the May 2015 issue of Desalination & Water Reuse magazine.

Xylem supplies wastewater denitrification systems in China

Water technology company, Xylem, has supplied denitrification systems to three wastewater treatment plants in eastern China as part of a national strategy to improve wastewater treatment by 90% over five years.

The XTB Nanobubble Generator is a patented technology that can reduce energy consumption in water treatment

Nanobubble specialist Moleaer raises capital, seeks people

Moleaer, the California, US-based water technology firm that developed the XTB Nanobubble Generator has raised $6 million to support overseas expansion.

Marubeni lowest of six consortia for Al Mirfa

A Marubeni-led consortium led the way when bids were opened by the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) on 6 March 2013 for the Al Mirfa Independent Power & Water Project.

Timeline established for IDA desalination energy guide

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has established a timeline for producing its guidelines for reducing energy consumption in desalination ending at its 2015 World Congress.

RFP to follow UAE renewable-energy desalination launch

A pilot program to test and develop advanced energy-efficient seawater desalination technologies that could be powered by renewable energy sources was launched on 17 January 2013 by Masdar, the UAE renewable energy company.

Acciona to build Sembcorp's Fujairah 1 expansion

Singapore's Sembcorp Industries has signed a 20‑year water purchase agreement with the Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC) which will enable it to expand its Fujairah 1 Independent Water & Power Plant (IWPP) by 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

Veolia tops targets in Masdar desalination pilot programme

Interim findings by engineering giant, Veolia, from trials designed to up efficiency and develop renewable energy-driven desalination have already outstripped energy reduction targets the company has reported.

IDA backs Abu Dhabi water summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) announced on 12 November 2012 that it would be supporting the 2013 International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi as a Knowledge Partner and would lead sessions on water and energy.

ADWEA issues RfP for Mirfa power and desalination

The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority (ADWEA) last week issued a request for proposals from prequalified bidders for its build‑own‑operate extension of power generation and reverse osmosis (RO) water desalination at Al Mirfa.

Abu Dhabi rejects more desalination despite growing water stress

Environment Policy and Planning at Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) has rejected upping desalination as a means to counter growing water scarcity in the emirate, opting instead for conservation and reuse.

Sembcorp to develop SWRO desalination plant in Abu Dhabi

Singapore's Sembcorp Utilities has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) in the UAE to develop and build a new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination facility with potable water production capacity of around 30 MIGD (136,000 m³/d).

The ultrafiltration system in Abu Dhabi supplied by inge watertechnologies AG will treat 80,000 m³/d.

UF modules ordered for UAE steelworks' RO pretreatment

Ultrafiltration modules from Germany's inge watertechnologies AG have been ordered for a 80,000 m³/d seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant at the Emirates Steel Industries steelworks in Mussafah, UAE.

Membrane skid being delivered

Aqua commissioning desal/demin plant in Abu Dhabi

Aqua EPC LLC of Dubai, whose parent group Christ Water Technology is currently in the middle of a takeover, is currently installing and commissioning a 20,304 m³/d seawater desalination and demineralisation system for an industrial client in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

GDF Suez secures funding for Shuweihat 2

Funding totalling US$ 900 million for the Shuweihat 2 power and water project in Abu Dhabi, UAE, has been secured by GDF Suez, the company announced on 6 January 2009.

Metito to supply RO plant for UAE oil base

Supply of a 2,700 m³/d reverse osmosis desalination plant and a 360 m³/d demineralization plant for an oil and gas installation on Das Island, UAE, has been awarded to UAE-based Metito by Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company.

Suez/Doosan to build 450,000 m³/d Abu Dhabi plant

French energy giant GdF Suez won a construction contract and a 20-year power and water purchase agreement in July for the Shuweihat 2 power generation and seawater desalination plant in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Shuweihat 2 is a greenfield, natural gas-fired installation that will deliver 1,500 MW of electricity and 454,610 m³/d of water.

Emirates Singapore venture poised for bond issue

Emirates SembCorp Water and Power - the joint venture, behind the Fujairah 1 independent water and power plant - is considering issuing a project bond to refinance its debt.

Exova bags power plant testing deal in Abu Dhabi

Testing firm, Exova, has won a five-year contract to provide testing services for the Taweelah B power and desalination plant in Abu Dhabi.

Low-energy desalination trials delayed

Trials of four new energy efficient desalination systems from leading water technology players that could "revolutionise the industry" have been delayed from their summer 2015 start with October forecast as the date when all will be in pilot operation.

Abengoa forms desalination research partnership in Abu Dhabi

Spanish energy sustainability company Abengoa has formed a research partnership with the Masdar Institute and the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company to optimize membrane distillation technology for the treatment of reverse osmosis brines.

Masdar city, Masdar Institute, Laborelec, and Degrémont to collaborate in renewable-powered desalination project

Abu Dhabi university, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, has unveiled recently its research collaboration with three leading energy and clean technology corporations in a research project supporting the development of a full-scale, completely solar-powered, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

GDF Suez kicks off giant Mirfa desalination project

Paris-based GDF Suez has begun work on the desalination component of its Mirfa gas-fired power and water project, the French firm said.

Degremont chooses Dow for green reverse osmosis pilot

Suez Envionnement water treatment subsidiary, Degremont Technologies, has selected Dow Water and Process Solutions to supply ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis membranes for a pilot desalination project in Abu Dhabi, in partnership with renewable energy company Masdar.

Masdar graphene study bags Abu Dhabi research prize

A graphene desalination membrane research project was among six proposals from Abu Dhabi's sustainable technology-focused university, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, that each won a AED 2 million (US$ 500,000) Abu Dhabi Education Council Award for Research Excellence.

Gulf should look to solar to power desalination expert says

The Abu Dhabi Environment Agency has called on Arab Gulf states to shift their focus to solar and other renewable energy when considering power for desalination.

Desalination quartet booked for Masdar pilot plants in UAE

Three major contractors in the global desalination business - Abengoa, Degrémont and Sidem/Veolia - together with forward-osmosis developer Trevi Systems, were awarded contracts on 5 May 2014 by Abu Dhabi's Masdar, to each start the construction of a 1,500 m³/d desalination plant as part of Masdar's pilot project announced in 2013.

Abu Dhabi signing for Al Zawra desalination plant

A 30 MIGD (136,400 m³/d) seawater desalination plant is to be built in Ajman, UAE, following the signing of a memorandum of understanding on 4 February 2014 between Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC (TAQA) and the Federal Electricity & Water Authority (FEWA).

The Shuweihat S1 plant

ACWA Power buys into Shuweihat S1 company

Saudi Arabia's ACWA Power International announced on that it has agreed to acquire the 20% stake held by Summit Global Management VIII BV, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sumitomo Corporation, in Shuweihat CMS International Power Company PJSC, which owns the Shuweihat S1 Power & Desalination Plant (S1 Plant) in Abu Dhabi, and its 50% equity interest in the Shuweihat O&M Limited Partnership.

IDA president calls for new thinking on sustainability

The president of the International Desalination Association (IDA), Dr Abdullah Al-Alshaikh, described the transition to sustainability as "one of the most important paradigm shifts of the modern era," when he addressed the International Water Summit (IWS) in Abu Dhabi on 21 January 2013.

Topics and presenters announced for IDA Academy course

The next International Desalination Association (IDA) Academy course, to be held at the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi on 21‑22 January 2014 will feature Integration of Hybrid Technologies with Renewable Energy to Improve the Sustainability of Water Desalination and Sustainable Operation with Advanced Membrane Filtration.

IDA to support UAE water summit as knowledge partner

The International Desalination Association has announced that it will again be supporting the International Water Summit (IWS) 2014 in Abu Dhabi, UAE, as a knowledge partner.

Fujairah expansion kicks off

The Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) and Sembcorp Industries have completed construction and begun operation of a US$ 200-million expansion to the Fujairah 1 Independent Water and Power Plant (IWPP) in the United Arab Emirates.

GdF Suez wins Abu Dhabi power and water deal

GdF Suez has signed a 25-year power and water purchase agreement with Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Company for the Mirfa independent water and power project which includes a new 136,380 m3/d seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant.

IDA continues support of the International Water Summit

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has announced its continued support for the International Water Summit (IWS). The latest summit is being held at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibit Centre 18-21 January. "Now in its fourth year, the IWS is a global platform for promoting water sustainability and addressing water challenges across the region," said the IDA in a statement.

IDA to be knowledge partner at the International Water Summit for third year in a row

The International Desalination Association (IDA) has been appointed as a 'knowledge partner' for the International Water Summit for the third consecutive year.

Singapore company wins UF reuse plant in UAE

Boustead Singapore's subsidiary Salcon has won an AED 55 million (US$ 5.6 million) contract to design, engineer and construct a new ultrafiltration wastewater reuse plant.

World Bank to help energy/water development link

The World Bank is to help developing countries to better plan and scale-up their energy demand in tandem with water resource management.

Schlumberger partners EAD in Abu Dhabi aquifer-recharge symposium

Schlumberger Water Services today announced that it is partnering the Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi to organize the 7th International Symposium on Managed Aquifer Recharge (ISMAR7), which will be held in Abu Dhabi, UAE, on 9-13 October 2010.

IDA energy task force meeting in Abu Dhabi

The International Desalination Association (IDA) will convene the first meeting of its global Energy Task Force in conjunction with the International Water Summit, which takes place on 15-17 January 2013 in Abu Dhabi.

Australian advisor urges government desalination sell off

Australia's Productivity Commission, in a recent report, has urged the country's state and federal governments to sell off a swathe of infrastructure assets including desalination plant.

Population surge to reinstate mothballed desalination

Population growth in the Gold Coast region of Queensland, Australia, could lead to the reinstatement of a controversial, mothballed seawater desalination plant at Tugun from summer 2020.

Mott MacDonald absorbs Australasian water specialist

The Mott MacDonald consultancy group has taken in AWT, a specialist water technology and consulting company based in New Zealand and Australia.

Ex-Adelaide desalination chief joins Singapore's Hyflux

Milind Kumar, formerly project director of the Adelaide Desalination Plant for South Australia Water, has been appointed to a senior position in Singapore group Hyflux Ltd.

Desert community MD trial produces first water

First water was produced in mid-November 2013 by the membrane distillation plant set up in the Great Victoria Desert, Australia, by a team from the National Centre for Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA).

Australian state approves temporary desalination plant

Australia's Queensland state government has approved a US$ 7 million temporary desalination plant to supply a community near Townsville on Palm Island with water for nine months.

Osmoflo wins Australian port desalination deal

Desalination specialist, Osmoflo, has won a contract to build a desalination facility and supply water to Fortescue Metals Group at Port Hedland in Australia.

Detailed design finished for wave-energy desalination

Australian wave-energy developer Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd announced on 31 October 2013 the completion of the detailed design of its wave‑powered desalination pilot plant.



Refinancing 'reduces costs' for Melbourne desalination plant

Suez Environnement has drawn a line under its financial situation relative to the Victorian Desalination Plant in Melbourne, Australia, after operator Aquasure, 21% owned by Suez, concluded a refinancing agreement worth Aus$ 3.7 billion (US$ 3.55 billion).

Solar/MED design aims to desalinate CSG water

A three-way partnership in Australia has entered a solar-powered desalination system for the coal‑seam gas (CSG) industry into the Australian Innovation Challenge being run by Shell and The Australian newspaper.

Water Corporation cooperates on wave-energy desalination

Western Australia's Water Corporation has signed a cooperation agreement to support the wave-powered seawater desalination pilot project proposed by Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd.

Fourth IDE Progreen unit to go to Australian resort

IDE Technologies is to install its Progreen™ desalination system - the fourth installation worldwide - at a five‑star island resort on Australia's Great Barrier Reef to replace an existing thermal desalination plant.

Perth groundwater replenishment project gets go-ahead

The Western Australia state government announced on 1 August 2013 that it was adopting groundwater replenishment with reused municipal and industrial wastewater to help secure Perth's water supplies.

Australia's MAK Water buys Clearmake for expansion

Australian reverse-osmosis desalination manufacturer MAK Industrial Water Systems has acquired Queensland-based Clearmake Water Treatment & Recycling Solutions as part of a national expansion strategy across Australia.

Graham Dooley

Osmoflo's Dooley becomes new AWA chairman

The chairman of desalination system provider Osmoflo, Graham Dooley, became president of the Australian Water Association at the close of the association's Ozwater '13 conference and exhibition in Perth on 9 May 2013.

Audit says Adelaide desal expansion failed cost/benefit test

The awarding of two federal grants totalling Aus$ 328 million (US$ 333 million) for the Adelaide Desalination Plant (ADP) in South Australia has been heavily criticised in report published on 7 May 2013 by the Australian National Audit Office (ANAO).

South Australian town to get new desalination plant

South Australia's water minister, Ian Hunter, announced on 1 May 2013 that a brackish-water desalination plant to deliver improved water quality to the town of Hawker, in the Flinders Ranges 100km north of Port Augusta, had been approved for construction.

Australian wave-energy desalination pilot to get funding

Australia's Carnegie Wave Energy announced on 28 February 2013 that it had received a government grant of Aus$ 1.27 million (US$ 1.30 million) to support a wave-powered seawater desalination demonstration project.

Osmoflo to supply two ship-mounted ROs to gas field

Potable and process water is to be supplied to a gas field north of Australia by ship-mounted seawater reverse-osmosis (RO) plants supplied by Adelaide-based desalination specialist Osmosflo.

NCED Australia opens operator training registration

The National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia has opened registration for its operator training in desalination and water treatment in 2013.

First seawater in Perth's 2nd desalination plant

The first intake of seawater into the second stage of the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant (SSDP) in Western Australia on 22 January 2013 marked another major milestone in commissioning the Aus$ 450 million (US$ 470 million)expansion project.

Melbourne plant reaches full capacity

Suez Environnement announced on 7 December 2012 that the Victorian desalination plant being built in Melbourne, Australia, by its subsidiary Degrémont was officially commissioned on 17 November 2012 and has reached its full drinking water production capacity of 450,000 m³/d (150 million m³/year).

Australian SWRO firm signs MoU for Saudi pilot

Australian desalination start-up Water Resources Group (WRG) announced on 4 December 2012 that its subsidiary Water Resources International (WRI) had signed a memorandum of understanding with Knowledge Industry Company (KIC) of Saudi Arabia.

Melbourne desalination plant now two-thirds operational

The performance test for the second treatment line at the Victorian seawater desalination plant in Melbourne, Australia, was successfully completed on 26 October 2012.

Adelaide desalination plant's standby savings challenged

Putting the Adelaide seawater desalination plant into standby mode will not reduce the amount SA Water's customers pay by anything like the Aus$ 100 million (US$ 103 million) per year that has been claimed, says a report by the Essential Services Commission of South Australia (ESCOSA) released on 16 October 2012.

Adelaide desalination plant to be put in 'standby mode'

South Australia Water is planning to place its US$ 1.9 billion Adelaide desalination plant in 'standby mode' and use its lower-cost water sources first to keep costs down for its customers,

Solar still v RO comparison for S Australia desalination

A full solar distillation plant was compared with reverse osmosis (RO) for a small groundwater desalination project in South Australia and RO was chosen as the preferred option.

NCEDA's CEO attacks east-coast desalination critics

As Perth, on Australia's west coast, experiences its driest July on record, the CEO of the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA), Neil Palmer, has taken on the media and politicians on the country's east coast over the recent spending on desalination.

Metito lands Bechtel SWRO desalination in Australia

Dubai-based Metito has landed two new seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants in Australia and is currently nearing completion of one in Qatar.

"First water" video for Victorian desalination plant

The Aquasure consortium building the much delayed Victorian desalination plant for Melbourne, Australia, has released a video to celebrate the production of first water on 30 June 2012.

Wave energy for Perth southern desalination plant?

Australian wave-energy developer Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd (CWE) announced on 5 July 2012 that it had been advised by West Australia's Water Corporation that it wished to move forward on discussions for up to 2MW of renewable energy supply for the Southern Seawater Desalination Plant on an exclusive basis.

Dr Mike Dixon

Mike Dixon awarded IDA 2012 Fellowship Award

Dr Mike Dixon, research and development (R&D) engineer for South Australian (SA) Water Corporation's Adelaide Desalination Project has been named by the International Desalination Association's 2012 Fellowship Award.

GHD appointed OE for Huntington Beach desalination

Consultant GHD is to lead a multi-disciplinary team serving as owner's engineer (OE) for the 50 MGD (189,000 m³/d) Huntingdon Beach desalination project in California, USA.

The Gold Coast desalination plant at Tugun

Minister seeks review of Gold Coast desalination operation

Queensland's minister for energy and water supply, Mark McArdle, said on 5 May 2012 that he was closely examining all options on the future of the Gold Coast Desalination Plant to save taxpayer losses on the 125,000 m³/d project.

Sydney Desalination Plant leased for US$ 2.3 billion

The New South Wales state government in Australia accepted on 10 May 2012 a binding offer for refinancing the Sydney Desalination Plant (SDP) from a consortium of Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (OTPP) and Hastings Funds Management.

MD desalination pilot successfully used with waste heat

Results from an Australian trial to demonstrate the potential for a membrane distillation (MD) process to use waste heat from heavy industry to desalinate saline effluent have shown the system can produce high-quality water at temperatures as low as 30°C without an increase in greenhouse-gas emissions.

Sydney desalination lease shortlist now only three - report

The shortlist for the lease to run the 250,000 m³/d capacity Sydney desalination plant is reported to have been narrowed to three consortia.

Sydney desalination plant cuts production to 45,000 m³/d

Australia's Sydney Water announced on 29 February 2012 that it was cutting back production at the 250,000 m³/d Sydney desalination plant from the already reduced rate of 90,000 m³/d to 45,000 m³/d, the minimum amount to keep the plant running.

Amiad provides prefiltration for Australian membrane projects

Two very different contracts for prefiltration equipment prior to membrane water treatment and desalination have been won by Amiad in Australia.

NWC report boosts Australian brackish desalination

Brackish groundwater desalination can be considered a viable community water supply option in some areas, says a report just announced by Australia's National Water Commission (NWC).

Agency approves W Australian desalination plant

Western Australia's Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on 13 February 2012 announced conditional approval for Grange Resources Ltd's proposal to construct and operate the Cape Riche Desalination Plant.

Melbourne desalination problems cost Suez € 237 million

Cyclones and labour problems in 2011 at the Melbourne desalination plant in Victoria, Australia, cost the Suez Environnement group a total of € 237 million, group CEO Jean-Louis Chaussade said when the group's figures for the year were announced on 8 February 2012.

Australian workshop on desalination intakes and discharges

An international workshop on intakes and discharges for seawater desalination is to be held by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia is in Adelaide on 16-17 May 2012.


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